Lower Silesia (1919–1932)
|surface||299.7 km² (1910)|
|Population density||149 inhabitants / km² (1925)|
|Location of the Striegau district (1905)|
After the conquest of most of Silesia by Prussia in 1741, the royal cabinet order of November 25, 1741 introduced the Prussian administrative structures in Lower Silesia . This included the establishment of two war and domain chambers in Breslau and Glogau as well as their subdivision into districts and the appointment of district administrators on January 1, 1742.
In the principality of Schweidnitz , one of the Silesian sub-principalities, the four Prussian districts Bolkenhain-Landeshut, Reichenbach , Schweidnitz and Striegau were formed from old Silesian soft images . Johann Friedrich von Seidlitz was appointed as the first district administrator in the Striegau district. The Striegau district was under the Wroclaw War and Domain Chamber until it was assigned to the Reichenbach administrative district of the province of Silesia in the course of the Stein-Hardenberg reforms in 1815 .
In the context of border regulations between the administrative districts of Reichenbach and Liegnitz , the village of Poselwitz moved from the Striegau district to the Liegnitz district in 1817, and the villages of Panzkau and Simsdorf from the Liegnitz district to the Striegau district in 1818. On the occasion of the district reform of January 1, 1818 in the district of Breslau, the district of Striegau received the villages of Bockau, Ebersdorf and Pitschen from the district of Neumarkt and in return gave the villages of Buchwald, Diezdorf, Michelsdorf, Nieder and Ober Dambritsch, Nieder and Ober Moys and Obsendorf to the From Neumarkt district. After the dissolution of the Reichenbach administrative district, the Striegau district was assigned to the Breslau administrative district on May 1, 1820 .
Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . On November 8, 1919, the province of Silesia was dissolved and the new province of Lower Silesia was formed from the administrative districts of Breslau and Liegnitz . On September 30, 1929, all manor districts in the Striegau district were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities in line with developments in the rest of the Free State of Prussia .
On October 1, 1932, the Striegau district was dissolved; The reason were austerity measures as a result of the global economic crisis . The rural communities Beckern, Bertholdsdorf, Bockau, Damsdorf, Diesdorf, Dromsdorf-Lohnig, Ebersdorf, Eisendorf, Förstchen, Gäbersdorf , Guckelhausen, Hulm, Körnitz, Kuhnern, Lederose, Lüssen , Metschkau, Neuhof, Ossig, Panzkau, Pfaffendorf, Pitschen, Pläswitz, Sasterhausen, Simsdorf, Tschinschwitz and Zuckelnick came to the Neumarkt district , while the city of Striegau and all other communities came to the Schweidnitz district .
- 1742–1760 Johann Friedrich von Seidlitz
- 1761–1764 Gustav Adolf von Helmrich
- 1765–1766 Carl Siegmund von Seidlitz
- 1767–1775 Hans Wolff von Falckenhayn
- 1775–1780 Karl Ludwig von Richthofen
- 1781–1813 Carl Ferdinand von Richthofen
- 1813-1818 by Hocke
- 1818–1834 Carl von Richthofen
- 1835–1849 Carl Ruprecht
- 1850–1879 Richard von Rohrscheidt
- 1879–1888 from Koschembahr
- 1888–1903 Günther von Klitzing (1857–1902)
- 1903–1918 Siegfried von Richthofen
- 1918–1919 Karl von Richthofen ( acting )
- 1919–1932 Karl Daubenthaler (* 1876)
The Striegau district last comprised a town and 55 rural communities:
The following incorporations took place in the district before 1932:
- Mittel Gutschdorf, on January 4, 1923 in Gutschdorf
- Nieder Gutschdorf, on January 4, 1923 in Gutschdorf
- Riegel, 1928 in Simsdorf
- Taubnitz, 1928 to Diesdorf
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 200–201, paragraph 14.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the Province of Silesia and their people. Based on the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 137–141 ( facsimile in the Google book search).
- Breslau administrative district, German municipal register 1910
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. schweidnitz.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Roland Gehrke: State Parliament and the Public: Provincial Parliamentarism in Silesia 1825-1845 . Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2009, ISBN 978-3-412-20413-6 , pp. 45 ( partially digitized ).
- Monuments of the Prussian State Administration in the 18th century . Files from May 31, 1740 to the end of 1745. In: Royal Academy of Sciences (Ed.): Acta Borussica . tape 6.2 . Paul Parey, Berlin 1901, Royal Order for the appointment of district administrators in Lower Silesia , p. 259 ( digitized version ).
- WFC Starke: Contributions to the knowledge of the existing court system and the latest results of the administration of justice in the Prussian state . Carl Heymann, Berlin 1839, District division of the Prussian Duchy of Silesia in the 18th century, p. 290 ( digitized version ).
- Rolf Straubel : Biographical manual of the Prussian administrative and judicial officers 1740–1806 / 15 . In: Historical Commission to Berlin (Ed.): Individual publications . 85. KG Saur Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-23229-9 .
- Ordinance on the division of the Prussian state according to its new delimitation . 1815 ( digitized ).
- Territorial changes in Germany: Liegnitz district
- Territorial changes in Germany: Striegau district
- Official Journal of the Royal Government of Breslau 1817, No. XLV . New division and demarcation of the circles in the Breslau government department of October 31, 1817. Breslau, p. 476 ff . ( Digitized version ).
- Ordinance on the reorganization of districts from August 1, 1932 . In: Prussian State Ministry (Hrsg.): Preußische Gesetzessammlung . Berlin 1932, district reform in the Liegnitz administrative district, p. 256 ( digitized version ).
- Walther Hubatsch (ed.): Outline of German administrative history 1815-1945. Row A: Prussia. Volume 4: Dieter Stüttgen: Silesia. Johann Gottfried Harder Institute, Marburg / Lahn 1976, ISBN 3-87969-116-9 .
- Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 36 ( digitized version ).
- Statistisches Bureau zu Berlin (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Prussian state . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1821, Silesia, p. 88 ( digitized version ).
- Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. ( Digitized version ).
- The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population 1871
- Community for the province of Silesia 1885
- Bernd Haunfelder : Biographical Handbook for the Prussian House of Representatives 1849–1867 (= Handbooks on the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Volume 5). Droste, Düsseldorf 1994, ISBN 3-7700-5181-5 , p. 216.