District of Waldenburg i. Schles.

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City and district of Waldenburg

The district of Waldenburg (Schles) was a Prussian district in Silesia . It existed from 1818 to 1945. Its district town was the city of Waldenburg , which had formed its own urban district since 1924 . The former district area is now in the Polish Lower Silesian Voivodeship .

Administrative history

In the administrative district of Reichenbach in the Prussian province of Silesia , the new Waldenburg district was formed on January 1, 1818, from the southwestern part of the Schweidnitz district. After the dissolution of the Reichenbach administrative district, the Schweidnitz and Waldenburg districts were assigned to the Breslau administrative district on May 1, 1820 .

Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged as part of Prussia to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . On November 8, 1919, the province of Silesia was dissolved and the new province of Lower Silesia was formed from the administrative districts of Breslau and Liegnitz .

On April 1, 1924, the city of Waldenburg was raised to a separate urban district. This gave the Waldenburg district the name of a district . On September 30, 1929, all manor districts in the Waldenburg district were dissolved in accordance with the development in the rest of Prussia and assigned to neighboring rural communities.

On April 1, 1934, the rural communities Alt Reichenau and Quolsdorf from the Jauer district and the rural communities Gaablau , Liebersdorf and Rothenbach from the Landeshut district were reclassified into the Waldenburg district. At the same time, the urban district of Waldenburg was expanded to include the rural community of Ober Waldenburg and parcels of the rural communities of Dittersbach, Hermsdorf and Weißstein from the district of Waldenburg.

On September 13, 1937, the city and district were officially named Waldenburg (Silesian) . On October 7, 1937, the point in the addition Waldenburg (Schles) was deleted from the official name . On April 1, 1938, the Prussian provinces of Lower Silesia and Upper Silesia were merged to form the new Province of Silesia. On January 18, 1941, the province of Silesia was dissolved again. The new province of Lower Silesia was formed from the administrative districts of Breslau and Liegnitz.

In the spring of 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army . In the summer of 1945, the district was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement . The influx of Polish civilians began in the district, some of whom came from the areas east of the Curzon Line that fell to the Soviet Union . In the period that followed, most of the German population was expelled from the district .

Local constitution

The Waldenburg district was initially divided into cities, rural communities and manor districts. Due to the district order for the provinces of Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Posen, Silesia and Saxony from December 13, 1872, 33 administrative districts were introduced from January 1, 1874 - in the Waldenburg district from May 9, 1874 - to cover the predominantly very small communities of to relieve the growing administrative tasks. The number of these administrative districts was reduced to 26 by 1945. The district constitution in Silesia was last amended by the district order for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony on March 19, 1881.

With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . These were grouped together in administrative districts .

Population development

year Residents source
1819 35,011
1846 56,263
1871 99,452
1885 117,684
1900 143,361
1910 168.714
1925 133.504
1939 117,918

District administrators


The Waldenburg district last comprised two cities and 45 rural communities:

Wüstegiersdorf was called Nieder Wüstegiersdorf until 1917 , Hermsdorf was called Nieder Hermsdorf until 1933 and Bad Salzbrunn was called Ober Salzbrunn until 1933 . The following incorporations took place in the district up to 1937:

  • Alt Liebichau, on March 4, 1909 in Liebichau
  • Althain, in Dittersbach on April 24, 1923
  • Altwasser , on April 1, 1919 in Waldenburg
  • Bärengrund, on May 4, 1920 in Dittersbach
  • Blumenau, on January 1, 1929 in Wüstegiersdorf
  • Dittersbach in Silesia , on May 1, 1935 in Großhain
  • Freudenburg , on January 1, 1929 in Lomnitz
  • Friedersdorf, to Heinrichau on April 1, 1938
  • Reason to go to Wüstewaltersdorf on October 1, 1937
  • Hartau, on March 31, 1920 at Neu Salzbrunn
  • Jauernig, on April 1, 1938 in Hausdorf
  • Kaltwasser, on January 1st, 1929 at Wüstegiersdorf
  • Konradsthal , on June 1, 1929 in Weißstein
  • Neu Lässig, to Fellhammer on September 30, 1928
  • Neu Liebichau, on March 4, 1909 in Liebichau
  • Neu Salzbrunn, on April 1, 1927 in Weißstein
  • New Wüstegiersdorf, on January 1, 1929 in Ober Wüstegiersdorf
  • New court on April 1, 1938 at Hausdorf
  • Neuhain, on May 1, 1934 in Steinau
  • Neuhohendorf, to Fellhammer on September 30, 1928
  • Nieder Adelsbach, after 1910 to Adelsbach
  • Nieder Waltersdorf, on January 28, 1926 in Schmidtsdorf
  • Ober Adelsbach, after 1910 to Adelsbach
  • Ober Hermsdorf, on March 31, 1929 in Gottesberg
  • Ober Waldenburg , on May 1, 1934 in Waldenburg
  • Rosenau , on April 1, 1938 in Raspenau
  • Schenkendorf, on April 1, 1937 in Kynau
  • Schlesisch Falkenberg, on January 1, 1929 in Dorfbach
  • Sorgau, on April 10, 1920 in Nieder Salzbrunn
  • Steinau, on April 1, 1938 in Großhain
  • Tannhausen, to Wüstegiersdorf on January 1, 1929
  • Toschendorf, on October 1, 1937 in Wüstewaltersdorf
  • Grove, on April 1, 1938 in Erlenbusch
  • Zedlitzheide , to Wüstewaltersdorf on October 1, 1937


Fürstenstein Castle is located in the north of the former district area .



Web links

Commons : Landkreis Waldenburg (Schles)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Roman Kamionka: The reorganization of the district division of Silesia in the Stein-Hardenberg reform period , Breslau 1934
  2. ^ Statistisches Bureau zu Berlin (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Prussian state . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1821, Silesia, p. 88 ( digitized version ).
  3. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. ( Digitized version ).
  4. ^ The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population 1871
  5. ^ Community encyclopedia for the province of Silesia 1885
  6. a b www.gemeindeververzeichnis.de
  7. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. waldenburg.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. http://preussenprotocol.bbaw.de/bilder/Band%2012-2.pdf
  9. Landkreis Waldenburg administrative history and district list on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 26, 2013.