|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Zwettl|
|License plate :||ZT|
|Residents :||1,722 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||26 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||3911, 3920|
|Area code :||02828|
|Community code :||3 25 21|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Josef Wagner ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Rappottenstein in the Zwettl district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The market town of Rappottenstein, together with the communities of Arbesbach , Groß Gerungs , Langschlag and Altmelon, form the so-called Waldviertel highlands, which comprise the westernmost part of the Zwettl district. Rappottenstein is characterized by forest landscapes and small-scale agriculture. Near the main town of Rappottenstein, the Kamp begins at the point where the Große Kamp and Kleine Kamp flow together.
The municipality includes the following 23 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Aggsbach (17)
- Arnreith (12)
- Dietharts (17)
- Large groundwood (42)
- Grötschen (6)
- Gruenbach (91)
- Hausbach (86)
- Höhendorf (22)
- Kirchbach (157)
- Kleinkamp (26)
- Kleinnondorf (52)
- Lembach (118)
- Neustift (54)
- Oberrabenthan (61)
- Pehendorf (134)
- Pfaffendorf (49)
- Pirkenreith (57)
- Rappottenstein (304)
- Reichenbach (39)
- Riebeis (26)
- Ritterkamp (117)
- Roiten (159)
- Selbitz (58)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Dietharts, Gretschen, Großgundholz, Grünbach, Hausbach, Höhendorf, Kirchbach, Kleinnondorf, Lembach, Neustift, Oberrabenthan, Pehendorf, Pfaffendorf, Rappottenstein, Reichenbach, Riebeis, Ritterkamp, Roiten and Selbitz.
Temperature: see meteor. Station Zwettl Abbey
- Annual mean: around 6.5 ° C; January mean: −3.0 ° C; July mean: 16.0 ° C.
- Winter cold with mild phases. Low fog. Night frosts always possible.
- Summer cool. Above average hours of sunshine.
Precipitation: annual mean: about 750 mm; Monthly mean (rounded) in mm:
- 1-3: 40 each, 4:60, 5:80, 6 + 7: 100, 8:90, 9:60, 10:50, 11 + 12: 45 each.
Around 1150 the Kuenringer founded a number of castles in the Waldviertel to secure their property , the most powerful of which was the Rappottenstein. Today's Rappottenstein market soon developed under the protection of this fortress. The castle, which was never conquered despite multiple sieges - rebellious peasants in 1597, Belgian auxiliary troops in 1619, the Swedes in 1645 - came after the Kuenringers to the Dachsbergers (1305), later to the Starhemberger (1423), then to the Protestant Landauers (1566 ) and finally through purchase to the current owners, Counts Abensperg and Traun . Rappottenstein has had market rights since the 14th century , making it one of the oldest market places in the district.
The parish church, which - originally Romanesque - also has elements of later architectural styles, also dates from the time the castle was founded . For about 100 years the parish was almost 100% Protestant, and one of the lords of the castle even exchanged letters with Luther . The cemetery - once located around the church - was finally moved to its current location in 1823.
Again and again there were unpleasant billeting in the place; Troops who were on the way to relieve Vienna in 1683 lodged in Rappottenstein for a while, and the French also made themselves comfortable here. During the great fire of 1849, all but 7 houses were cremated. The church, parsonage and school also burned down. Irreplaceable archive material was lost. A volunteer fire brigade was founded in Rappottenstein as early as 1872 . While a Raiffeisenkasse was already offering its services in Kirchbach in 1893 , such an institute was only founded in Rappottenstein 4 years later (1897).
In 1902 a gendarmerie post with 3 officers was built, which no longer exists today. With a certain pride it is reported in 1912 about the installation of local lighting (2 lamps on the market square).
In 1933 the pastor Emil Fernand founded a brass band . In 1980, after a few years of interruption, the Rappottenstein Trachtenkapelle was founded, which is based on the foundations of the old brass band from 1933. In 1993 a new house for music and culture was opened.
A school in Rappottenstein is reported as early as 1580. In 1943, a secondary school was built in Rappottenstein for the first time , but it was closed again in 1945. Classes begin at today's main school was 1968. The primary school building was rebuilt 1,971th
From 1967 onwards it was merged with the municipalities of Pfaffendorf, Pehendorf and Roiten, in 1970 Aggsbach and Arnreith from the municipality of Pretrobruck were added, and finally in 1972 Kirchbach followed (without KG Kottingnondorf). At that time the new community had around 2,100 inhabitants in 23 localities and a total area of around 64 km². However, the number of inhabitants has now dropped below the two thousand mark.
In 1972 the forest pool, which has been well attended since then, was completed. There has been a kindergarten in Rappottenstein since 1977 ; the beautiful new building was built in 1989. In the eighties, two tennis courts were built; the changing rooms were completed in 1993. In 1983 the soccer field was opened.
In 1987 the establishment of a village museum began in Roiten. The opening took place in 1990. In 1991 the community received the " Golden Trowel " for the exemplary building .
coat of arms
The municipal council has 19 members.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 ÖVP and 4 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 ÖVP and 5 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 14 ÖVP, 3 SPÖ and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 ÖVP and 4 SPÖ.
- With the municipal elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 16 ÖVP and 3 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 ÖVP and 4 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 15 ÖVP and 4 SPÖ.
- 1993–2015 Friedrich Wagner (ÖVP)
- since 2015 Josef Wagner (ÖVP)
Culture and sights
- Rappottenstein Castle is one of the few castles that was never conquered and therefore never destroyed. It is a unique testimony to medieval fortifications with elements from Romanesque , Gothic and Renaissance : Romanesque tower in the south. Gothic - parts of the east wing, castle chapel, miners 'hall in the east wing, miners' kitchen and archive room. Renaissance brewery, arcades in the west wing, 2 towers at the entrance gate. As a rarity, these two towers have a double wardroom . Most of the castle's gates were once secured by drawbridges .
- Roiten Village Museum: The Roiten village center is particularly attractive: the Roiten Village Museum, planned by Friedensreich Hundertwasser , the enfant terrible of the international art scene. In addition to Hundertwasser's architectural line (ceramic columns, grass roof, etc.), the village museum offers a permanent exhibition and events (exhibitions, poetry readings) with well-known representatives of the art and cultural scene. The museum, which was built in 1989 , contains exhibits on the upper floor about old handicrafts: cobbler , saddler , blacksmith , carpenter , well builder , beekeeping , agriculture , household , mills and sawmills , weapons and many other curiosities. Carnica bees can be seen producing honey in a glass beehive . There is also a documentation about bowl stones in the Waldviertel and school documents from the closed elementary school. On the ground floor there are ongoing exhibitions with artists and craftsmen. Special exhibitions, photo documentation, poetry readings and various events complement the varied offerings of the village museum.
- Board saw Kirchbach: The old board saw in Kirchbach is a particularly clear and comprehensive representation of the simple, water-powered sawmill with a Venetian gate that was previously widespread in this region . The visitor experiences the essential parts of the system such as the water wheel , drive, saw carriage and gate in operation. The circular saw and the log elevator are also operated using hydropower . While the individual work processes of the sawing company and, using the sawing chamber, the living conditions of the working world at that time are shown directly on the upper floor, the simple but well-thought-out implementation of water power can be experienced on the ground floor via water and gears . The conclusion is an openly adjoining museum room, in which the surroundings of the former world of life and work are clearly presented using tools, reproductions of old photos and descriptions.
- Klangburg Rappottenstein: Music and theater
- House of Music and Culture
- Traditional band
- Advent market
- Sports festival
- IVV hiking day
- Fire brigade festivals of the fire brigades of the subsection
- Maypole erection in the localities
- Sautrogrennen of the rural youth Rappottenstein
- Numerous hiking, riding and mountain bike trails
- Forest bathing pond
- Schidorf Kirchbach ski slope
- Cross-country skiing
- Ice stock sport
- Skittles and darts
- Model airfield
- Table tennis
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Eduard Pernkopf (1888–1955), anatomist and National Socialist
- Honorary citizen of the community
- 2015: Friedrich Wagner, Former Mayor
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Result of the local council election 1995 in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on January 11, 2020 .
- Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on January 11, 2020 .
- Results of the 2005 municipal council elections in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on January 11, 2020 .
- Election result of the local council election 2010 in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on January 11, 2020 .
- Election results for the 2015 municipal council elections in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on January 11, 2020 .
- Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Rappottenstein. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020, accessed on January 31, 2020 .
- Roland Stöger: Friedrich Wagner BGM aD was made an honorary citizen. rappottenstein.at, October 5, 2015.