Lesser Poland Voivodeship

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Flag of Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Poland Voivodeship
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About this picture
Coat of arms and logo
Coat of arms of Malopolska
Lesser Poland logo
Basic data
Capital : Krakow
Voivode : Piotr Ćwik
Voivodeship Marshal : Witold Kozłowski
Biggest town: Krakow
ISO 3166-2 : PL-12
Residents : 3,391,380 (Dec. 31, 2017)
Population density : 216 inhabitants per km²
Area : 15,108 km²
- of which country: ? km²
- of which water: ? km²
Expansion: North-South: up to 147 km
West-East: up to 150 km
The highest point: 2499  m
Deepest point: 165  m
Landscape structure
Forests: 28.6%
Waters: ? %
Agriculture: 49.7%
Other: ? %
Administrative division
Independent cities : 3
Counties : 19th
Municipalities : 173

The Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Polish województwo małopolskie [ vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ mawɔˈpɔlskʲɛ ]) is one of the 16 voivodeships of the Republic of Poland . It encompasses the southern part of Poland around the city of Krakow and is enclosed from west to east by the Silesian , Świętokrzyskie and Subcarpathian Voivodeships . In the south Lesser Poland borders on Slovakia , with which it has shares in the Carpathian Mountains . The capital is Krakow. On April 29, 2019, the Voivodeship Parliament, the Sejmik, passed a resolution declaring the entire Voivodeship to be an “ LGBT-free zone ”. For this reason, the French region Center-Val de Loire terminated the partnership on February 24, 2020.


The three historical voivodeships of Lesser Poland Cracow , Lublin and Sandomierz until 1772 against the background of the modern administrative structure of Poland

The current voivodeship was formed with the administrative reform in 1999 from several small administrative units around the city of Krakow and is located in the area of ​​the historical Krakow Voivodeship, which also existed from 1945 to 1975.

The coat of arms is based on historical models and is as follows described : In a red gold died änderter gold-winning and gold reinforced silver eagle with golden clover stalks .



The Lesser Poland Voivodeship is dominated by the highest mountains in Poland in the south and north-west. The highest point is the north-west summit of the Rysy (Meeraugspitze) with 2499.6 meters in the High Tatras . The Vistula flows through it from west to east. Most of the rivers in Lesser Poland drain into the Baltic Sea via the Vistula . Some streams in the southwest of Lesser Poland drain into the Black Sea via the Orava and Danube .

Administrative division

The Lesser Poland Voivodeship is divided into 19 rural and three urban powiate (counties). The three cities with powiat status (independent cities) are each a powiat grodski , corresponding to a German urban district . They do not belong to the surrounding powiat ziemski (corresponding to a German district ) named after them .

One district cities

  1. Kraków ( Kraków , 767,348 inhabitants)
  2. Nowy Sącz ( New Sandez , 84.041)
  3. Tarnów ( Tarnow , 109.650)


Województwo małopolskie powiaty2018.png

The Lesser Poland Voivodeship comprises a total of 19 rural powiate, to which a total of 182 municipalities ( Gmina ) belong.

  1. Bochnia (106,096)
  2. Brzesko (93,164)
  3. Chrzanów (125,725)
  4. Dąbrowa (59,311)
  5. Gorlice (109,076)
  6. Krakow (274,843)
  7. Limanova (130,964)
  8. Miechów (49,315)
  9. Myślenice (126,339)
  10. Nowy Sącz (214,999)
  1. Nowy Targ (191.266)
  2. Olkusz (112,539)
  3. Oświęcim ( Auschwitz , 154.292)
  4. Proszowice (43,658)
  5. Sucha (84,317)
  6. Tarnów (201.268)
  7. Tatras (68,034)
  8. Wadowice (159,938)
  9. Wieliczka (125,197)

(Residents on December 31, 2017)

Biggest cities

The provincial capital Krakow is the second largest city in the country with around 770,000 inhabitants and by far the largest in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

city Resident
December 30, 2017
Kraków (Krakow) 767,348
Tarnów (Tarnow) 109,650
Nowy Sącz (New Sandez) 84.041
Oświęcim (Auschwitz) 38,678
Chrzanów 37.123
Olkusz 35,921
Nowy Targ 33,361
Bochnia 29,992
Gorlice 27,781
Zakopane 27,266
Skawina 24,325
Wieliczka 22,946
Andrychów 20,567
Trzebinia 19,954
Kęty 18,886
Wadowice 18,851
Myślenice 18,415
Libiąż 17,135
Brzesko 16,884
Limanova 15,103


Galeria Krakowska in Krakow
Rolling mill in Nowa Huta

In comparison with the gross domestic product of the EU, expressed in purchasing power standards , the voivodeship achieved an index of 62 in 2015 (EU-28 = 100). The unemployment rate was 6.0% in May 2017, which corresponds to around 68,000 people. The average salary in May was PLN 4,264.36, which was around EUR 1,000. In May 2017, 374,447 companies were registered in Lesser Poland. The share of the Polish gross domestic product in 2010 was 7.6 percent.

With a value of 0.867, Lesser Poland ranks second among the 16 Voivodeships of Poland in the Human Development Index .


There are four industrial parks in the Lesser Poland region:

  1. Krakowski Okręg Przemysłowy around Krakow
  2. Jaworznicko-Chrzanowski Okręg Przemysłowy around Jaworzno and Chrzanów
  3. Tarnowski Okręg Przemysłowy around Tarnów
  4. Karpacki Okręg Przemysłowy in the Carpathian Mountains

Natural resources

Lesser Poland is rich in natural resources. Be won:


The largest power plants are in Kraków, Skawina, Trzebina and Tarnów.


A4 near Krakow
Krakow airport train station
Vistula River in Krakow
Krakow Airport

In Lesser Poland, important transport routes cross from west to east and from north to south.


Two European roads, one motorway and twelve expressways run through Lesser Poland. The main connection is the A4 motorway, which connects Lesser Poland with the Silesian Voivodeship in the west and the Subcarpathian Voivodeship in the east. The A4 also forms the western and southern bypass roads of Krakow . The S7 expressway connects Lesser Poland with the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship in the north with Slovakia in the south. The S7 also forms the northern and eastern bypass roads of Kraków. Between Krakow and Zakopane , the S7 (in the southern part the S47) forms the Zakopianka panoramic road , which is currently being expanded to two lanes. The longest road tunnel in Poland is also being built on the Zakopianka near Chabówka .


In Lesser Poland there are 1,121 km of used railways. Regional traffic is operated by the Malopolska Railway Company, which owns forty trains made by Newag , Pesa and Kolzam . Krakow has direct train connections with all major cities in Poland as well as with Berlin, Prague, Bratislava, Budapest, Kiev and Odessa. There are 26 larger train stations in Lesser Poland, four of which are listed: Nowy Sącz , Rabka-Zdrój , Tarnów and Zakopane .


The Vistula is navigable in Lesser Poland over a length of approx. 100 km between Oświęcim and Krakow . It is planned to build a connecting canal between the Vistula and the Oder and between the Oder and the Danube . This would connect Lesser Poland with the Baltic Sea, North Sea and Black Sea via inland shipping. The largest river port in Lesser Poland is located in the eastern Kraków district of Nowa Huta .

Air traffic

John Paul II Airport Kraków-Balice is the international airport in Lesser Poland. It is located in the town of Balice , approx. 11 km west of Krakow city center, directly on the A4 / E 40 motorway and the Balice-Krakow railway line. With a passenger volume of around 5 million passengers a year, it is the second largest airport in Poland after Frédéric Chopin Airport in Warsaw . The airport has around 100 direct connections to Europe, America, Africa and Asia.

Sights and culture

Czarny Staw in the High Tatras
Turbacz in the Gorce

There are five UNESCO World Heritage Sites and six national parks in the voivodeship.

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are

The national parks are

The landscape parks are

  • Bielany-Tyniec Landscape Park
  • Ciężkowice-Rożnów Landscape Park
  • Dłubnia Landscape Park
  • Adlerhorste landscape park
  • Krakow Valleys Landscape Park
  • Small Beskydy Landscape Park
  • Pasmo Brzanki Landscape Park
  • Poprad Landscape Park
  • Rudno Landscape Park
  • Tenczynek Landscape Park
  • Wiśnicz-Lipnica Landscape Park

Health resorts are

Other attractions are:

Famous people from Lesser Poland

One of the most famous people from Lesser Poland is Karol Wojtyła, who was Pope John Paul II head of the Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005 . He came from Wadowice near Cracow.

Web links

Commons : Lesser Poland Voivodeship  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Result of the 2011 census, Główny Urząd Statystyczny: Wyniki Narodowego Spisu Powszechnego Ludności i Mieszkań 2011. Warsaw, March 2012. Online ( Memento from January 16, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF)
  2. "Malopolska ma być wolna od LGBT". Radni przyjęli deklarację. April 30, 2019, accessed February 25, 2020 (Polish).
  3. "Malopolska ma być wolna od LGBT". Radni przyjęli deklarację. April 30, 2019, accessed February 25, 2020 (Polish).
  4. Eurostat. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
  5. krakow.stat.gov.pl
  6. krakow.stat.gov.pl
  7. krakow.stat.gov.pl
  8. laender-analysen.de (PDF)
  9. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .

Coordinates: 49 ° 52 '  N , 20 ° 16'  E