DFB Cup (women)
|DFB Women's Cup|
|Game mode||Knockout system|
|Title holder||VfL Wolfsburg (7th title)|
|Record winner||1. FFC Frankfurt (9 wins)|
The women's DFB Cup is the soccer cup competition for German women's soccer club teams. It is organized annually by the German Football Association (DFB) and is the most important title in national women's club football after winning the German championship .
About the history of the women's cup in what was then the other part of Germany up to reunification, see under women's football in the GDR .
The women's DFB Cup was played for the first time in the 1980/81 season. Since there was no Bundesliga at the time , the winners of the state cups took part. In the first edition, the eighth, quarter and semi-finals were played in the first and second leg. The first cup winner was on May 2, 1981 in the Neckar Stadium in Stuttgart, the then dominating team of SSG 09 Bergisch Gladbach with a 5-0 win over the first German women's champion TuS Wörrstadt . Doris Kresimon scored three goals alone. Bergisch Gladbach was able to defend his title in 1982 with a 3-0 victory over VfL Wittekind Wildeshausen . Between 1986 and 1989 TSV Siegen wrote history with four cup wins in a row. It would take over a decade to improve this record high.
In 1990/91 the cup was only played by the winners of the national cups for the last time. In the course of the introduction of the women's Bundesliga and German reunification , the field of participants was expanded. In the future, the Bundesliga clubs were automatically qualified for the cup competition. In addition, only female referees were used from 1992 onwards . Gertrud Regus was the first woman to lead the cup final. In the following years, Grün-Weiß Brauweiler and FSV Frankfurt shared the cup titles among themselves.
The 1998 cup final between FCR Duisburg and FSV Frankfurt (6: 2) is considered by many women's soccer fans to be the best final of all time. Inka Grings scored three goals alone and thus ensured her club's first title win. After the Duisburg triumph, the great era of 1. FFC Frankfurt began . The women from Praunheim won the trophy five times in a row and during this time they played 29 trophy games in a row without defeat. Apart from the clear 5-0 victory over Hamburger SV in 2002 , the FFC was only able to win narrowly and sometimes happily. In 2003 FCR 2001 Duisburg kept up for a long time and finally lost in stoppage time to an unfortunate own goal by Martina Voss .
1. FFC Frankfurt was dethroned by arch rivals 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam , who won the finals from 2004 to 2006. The opponent was always 1. FFC Frankfurt. The Frankfurt women secured the cup victory again in 2007. Potsdam was eliminated in the second round against the eventual finalist Duisburg. 1. FFC Frankfurt won the 2008 cup final 5-1 against the team from Saarbrücken. In 2009 and 2010, the Duisburg women again prevailed: In 2009, at the last event in Berlin, they won the women's final against Turbine Potsdam with a record result of 7-0, in 2010 with 1-0 against the last East German women's soccer champion FF USV Jena took place for the first time in Cologne. A European record for national club games was set with 26,282 spectators. After 1. FFC Frankfurt won the cup final in 2011, FC Bayern Munich and VfL Wolfsburg were able to add themselves to the list of winners in the following two years . After another success in Frankfurt in 2014, Wolfsburg won the trophy six times in a row from 2015 to 2020.
Set of rules
All games in the DFB Cup are played over a regular playing time of 2 × 45 minutes. The winner of a game moves on to the next round. If there is a tie after regular playing time, the game will be extended by 2 × 15 minutes. If there is still a draw after extra time , the winner will be determined in a penalty shoot-out . The Golden Goal and Silver Goal modes, which are temporarily used in other competitions, have not yet been used in the DFB Cup. In the final, unlike the men's, a draw has been followed by a penalty shoot-out. Since the women's final has been decoupled from the men's and has been held as an independent event in Cologne, if the score is a draw, an extension is planned after 90 minutes.
Until 1991, if there was a tie after extra time, no penalty shoot-out was carried out, but a replay was scheduled. The home law was reversed. Only when it was also a draw in the replay after extra time did it come to a penalty shoot-out. Since the scheduling of replay games repeatedly led to scheduling problems, the mode was changed from the 1991/92 season.
The 36 clubs of the 1st and 2nd Bundesliga are eligible to compete, with the exception of the respective second teams, which have not been eligible to participate since 2005, as well as the five promoted teams to the 2nd Bundesliga of the past season. In addition, there are the 21 cup winners from the national associations of the DFB, provided they have not been promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. In this case, the respective cup finalist usually competes. If the second team of a Bundesliga club wins the state cup, the cup finalist can also register in this case.
The pairings are drawn before each round. In the first round only as many games are drawn as are necessary to reduce the field of participants to 32 teams. The other clubs receive a bye. The required number of byes will be distributed to the top-ranked clubs in the women's Bundesliga in the final table before the start of the draw.
The first, second and third round are played separately in regionally drawn groups. The DFB committee for women's football allocates the qualified clubs to these groups according to geographical criteria. The DFB Committee for Women's Football can define two or four groups, although it can dispense with defining groups in the third round.
Within the drawn groups, the first, second and third round will be drawn from two separate pots, which contain the qualified teams from the women's Bundesliga and the second women's Bundesliga or the teams from the national associations. The status in the game year of the competition to be drawn applies. The clubs from the regional associations have home rights in the first, second and third round of games against women's Bundesliga teams.
The final took place from the first staging up to and including 2009 (since 1985 in the Olympiastadion Berlin ) before the final of the men's competition. The only exception was 1983, when the women's final was played in Frankfurt am Main , while the men's final was played in Cologne . Since 2010 the final has been held separately from the men's final in Cologne's Rheinenergiestadion .
Participation is very attractive for the clubs involved, as the game is broadcast live on television and it takes place in front of a large crowd, which by far exceeds that of Bundesliga games. In addition, the finalists will receive a bonus of 70,000 euros from the DFB.
With regard to the venue, it was repeatedly discussed whether the final of the women's cup should be held as an independent event. Peter Peters , the managing director of FC Schalke 04 , brought up the Veltins-Arena in Gelsenkirchen as the venue for the women's final in early 2007 . He justified his suggestion by stating that the women's final was just an "appendage" of the men's final and that it had to finally emancipate itself. Peters' proposal was rejected by those responsible for the Bundesliga clubs. Ferdinand Seidelt, president of FCR 2001 Duisburg , accused Peters of only bringing up business interests. There were also controversial discussions about this topic among the fans, with most of them speaking out in favor of staying in Berlin. Nevertheless, the DFB announced the women's final in April 2009. In December 2009, the Rheinenergiestadion in Cologne was presented as the venue for the 2010 final, which has since been retained as a permanent venue. On May 15, 2010, the winners were also presented with a new trophy.
In contrast to the men's competition, winning the women's DFB Cup does not result in qualification for the UEFA Women's Champions League (until 2009: UEFA Women's Cup).
In the early years of the competition there was no actual trophy to be won; the cup winner received a roll of documents made of silver with a branch of laurel. This trophy was designed by Adolf Kunesch.
Since 1994 there has also been a “real” cup for women, just like for men; the trophy was also designed by Adolf Kunesch. The cup is made of silver and 45 cm high, its material value is 10,000 euros. It weighs three kilograms and has a capacity of four liters . The cup is formed from two interlocking half-shells, which are decorated with nine green-blue gemstone pallets made of chrysocolla . The names of the cup winners are engraved on the back of the cup: a total of 16 teams are immortalized here, most recently the winners from 2009.
Since 2010 a new trophy has been awarded to the cup winner. This cup, which is 60 centimeters high and weighs eleven kilograms, was designed by the Swiss designer Thomas Hug. To demonstrate the tradition, the previous cup winners since 1980 are engraved on the base; There is a ball on the top of the cup that contains the logo of the German Football Association inlaid in enamel . The cup made of brass was produced by the Milanese company GDE Bertoni. The material value of the trophy is 30,000 euros.
Cup finals and cup winners
|1||1. FFC Frankfurt||9||13|
|2||VfL Wolfsburg 1||7th||8th|
|5||1. FFC Turbine Potsdam||3||7th|
|6th||FCR 2001 Duisburg||3||6th|
|7th||SSG 09 Bergisch Gladbach||3||4th|
|9||FC Bayern Munich||1||4th|
|FF USV Jena||-||1|
|FC Eintracht Rheine||-||1|
|1. FC Saarbrücken||-||1|
|SC blade Seckach||-||1|
|VfL Wittekind Wildeshausen||-||1|
1 1984 as VfR Eintracht Wolfsburg
In the history of the women's DFB Cup, ten different clubs have won the title. The most successful club is 1. FFC Frankfurt with nine titles. This is followed by VfL Wolfsburg with seven and FSV Frankfurt and TSV Siegen (now Sportfreunde Siegen ) with five titles each.
Seven teams won the trophy as part of the cup win and championship double . 1. FFC Frankfurt won the double six times (1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2007 and 2008), three of them in a row. Five times - four times in a row - the VfL Wolfsburg (2013, 2017-2020), three times the SSG Bergisch Gladbach (1981, 1982, 1984) and twice the 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam (2004, 2006) won the double. TSV Siegen (1987), FSV Frankfurt (1995) and Grün-Weiß Brauweiler (1997) each won the double once.
With 1. FFC Frankfurt (2002, 2008) and VfL Wolfsburg (2013) two clubs have won the triple so far .
1. FFC Frankfurt holds two final records with ten finals in a row, five wins in a row and three defeats in a row. With six successes in a row (2015–2020), VfL Wolfsburg is the most successful here. TSV Siegen won the title four times in a row between 1986 and 1989 and had to leave the pitch twice in succession as a loser in 1991 and 1992 as well as in 1994 and 1995. During this time, five finals in a row took place with Siegen participation. Overall, the winners reached the cup final ten times (2000 as Sportfreunde Siegen). The 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam won the trophy three times in a row (2004–2006).
FSV Frankfurt, FC Bayern Munich, Hamburger SV and VfL Wolfsburg are the only clubs that were able to reach the finals for both men and women, of which FC Bayern Munich and VfL Wolfsburg win the trophy for women and men could.
Similar to the men's competition, there are regular cup surprises. Even if such sensations occur less often, first and second division teams are regularly eliminated from clubs from lower leagues.
The first big sensation came in 1983 at Tennis Borussia Berlin , who knocked the reigning champion and cup winner SSG 09 Bergisch Gladbach 3-1 out of the competition in the first round . Bergisch Gladbach returned the favor in the championship final with a 6-0 victory. Bayern Munich ended TSV Siegen's winning streak in the round of 16 in 1990 with a success in the replay with a penalty shoot-out.
The biggest cup sensation came in 1991 when the regional division Grün-Weiß Brauweiler beat a Bundesliga club in all four rounds. In the final, the team, in which the later national players Silke Rottenberg and Bettina Wiegmann were, defeated the reigning German champions TSV Siegen 1-0 and are still the only second division team to win the cup. In the same season, Brauweiler rose. The success can therefore be compared with the (men's) cup victory at Kickers Offenbach in 1970 .
The last big surprise team in 1999 was the then second division Hertha Zehlendorf . On the way to the semi-finals, the Berliners eliminated the first division clubs Grün-Weiß Brauweiler and 1. FC Saarbrücken before 1. FFC Frankfurt got the upper hand in the semi-finals.
In the early 2000s , Hamburger SV caused several surprises. In 2001 , the then second division team threw the reigning German champions FCR Duisburg 2-1 after extra time from the competition. A year later, the HSV women, meanwhile promoted to the Bundesliga and then relegated again, reached the cup final. Again the second division, HSV tripped the reigning runner-up 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam in the first round.
On October 19, 2008, FC Bayern Munich ended their ten-year series of finals with a 1-0 win against 1. FFC Frankfurt.
Top scorer since 2009
VfL Wolfsburg has the longest winning streak in successive cup games . Between 2014 and 2020, the Wolfsburg team won 30 games in a row, winning the cup six times in a row.
The longest series of finals is held by 1. FFC Frankfurt . From 1999 to 2008 they were a total of ten times in the cup final (seven of them won).
The highest victory in cup history was a 20-0, which was achieved twice. In the 2001/02 Cup , 1. FFC Frankfurt won with this result at Karlsruher SC , two years later FFC Heike Rheine repeated this result in the first round match at FC Oberneuland . A total of 98 times (up to and including the 2019/20 season) there was a double-digit victory.
The current visitor record of 26,282 spectators in the DFB Cup and at national women's club games was set on May 15, 2010 in Cologne's RheinEnergieStadion during the game between FCR 2001 Duisburg and FF USV Jena.
- All cup winners. In: dfb.de. German Football Association , accessed on May 17, 2015 .
- Mode of the DFB Women's Cup. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on May 17, 2015 .
- Women's Football Magazine No. 19, pp. 54–55.
- Katja Öhlschläger: The arguments for a separate women's final remain thin. In: womensoccer.de. Markus Juchem, May 29, 2007, accessed on May 18, 2014 .
- Trophy of the women's DFB Cup. In: dfb.de. German Football Association, accessed on May 17, 2015 .