Johannesberg (Bavaria)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Johannesberg community
Johannesberg (Bavaria)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Johannesberg highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 2 '  N , 9 ° 8'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Franconia
County : Aschaffenburg
Height : 372 m above sea level NHN
Area : 13.63 km 2
Residents: 3923 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 288 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 63867
Primaries : 06021, 06029
License plate : AB , ALZ
Community key : 09 6 71 133
Community structure: 5 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Oberafferbacher Str. 12
63867 Johannesberg
Website :
Mayor : Peter Zenglein ( CSU )
Location of the municipality of Johannesberg in the district of Aschaffenburg
Alzenau Kahl am Main Karlstein am Main Kleinostheim Stockstadt am Main Großostheim Mainaschaff Mömbris Johannesberg (Bayern) Glattbach Wiesener Forst Forst Hain im Spessart Heinrichsthaler Forst Heinrichsthaler Forst Waldaschaffer Forst Schöllkrippener Forst Sailaufer Forst Rohrbrunner Forst Rothenbucher Forst Dammbach Dammbach Goldbach (Unterfranken) Geiselbach Westerngrund Schöllkrippen Kleinkahl Wiesen (Unterfranken) Krombach (Unterfranken) Sommerkahl Blankenbach Hösbach Sailauf Haibach (Unterfranken) Heigenbrücken Heinrichsthal Laufach Weibersbrunn Rothenbuch Waldaschaff Bessenbach Mespelbrunn Heimbuchenthal Dammbach Weibersbrunn Aschaffenburg Hessen Landkreis Miltenberg Landkreis Main-Spessartmap
About this picture
Municipal area with districts of Johannesberg
Parish Church of St. John Beheading; View from the northeast

Johannesberg is a municipality in the Lower Franconian district of Aschaffenburg . The place of the same name is both the capital and the seat of the municipal administration.


Geographical location

The place Johannesberg is in the Bavarian Lower Main region , about six kilometers from Aschaffenburg. The Church of St. John Beheading is located on the highest point of the Johannesberg, 372 meters above sea level. NN. The state road 2309 and the Franconian Marienweg lead through the village . The topographically highest point of the municipality is located on the mountain summit of the Hague north of Rückersbach at 403  m above sea level. NN (location) , the lowest is on the Steinbach southwest of Steinbach at 170  m above sea level. NN (location) .

Community structure

There are five districts corresponding to the districts (the type of settlement and the number of inhabitants in brackets), over which seven towns are distributed:

Neighboring communities

City of
Mömbris market
Municipalities of
Karlstein am Main
Neighboring communities Market
community Mainaschaff City of
Municipalities of



Johannesberg takes its name from the church of St. John the Baptist (today St. John's Beheading ), which was built on the top of the mountain. The place is popularly called "Koansbäich".

Earlier spellings

Earlier spellings of the place from various historical maps and documents:

  • 1513 Johannesberg
  • 1532 Johans Berg
  • 1625 Johannisberg
  • 1805 Johannesberg


Until the 18th century

Between 1200 and 1300 the first church must have been built as a Romanesque church on the Johannesberg, with a west-east orientation. As a high-altitude church, it was built outside the village of Oberafferbach, which was still called Oberaffholdersbach in 1818. Rauenthal was first mentioned in a document in 1351. The Aschaffenburg Abbey received the Geipelshof near Johannesberg as a fief in 1440 .

The old rectory, Hauptstrasse 8, was first mentioned in 1550. With the death of Count Philipp von Rieneck in 1559, the family died out, and the bishops of Mainz finally took over power in the Spessart. In 1682, the Electorate of Mainz declared that all children between the ages of six and twelve were required to attend school.

In the course of the Austrian War of Succession with the Battle of Dettingen , English troops destroyed the Johannesberg Church in 1743, which was rebuilt and larger in the spring of 1768. The completion must have been around 1774.

19th and 20th centuries

On July 1, 1862, the district office of Aschaffenburg was formed, on whose administrative territory Johannesberg lay. In 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. Johannesberg was now one of the 33 communities in the old district of Aschaffenburg . On July 1, 1972, this merged with the Alzenau district in Lower Franconia to form the new Aschaffenburg district.

The administrative community Rauenthal , which was founded in 1976 when the communities Johannesberg and Glattbach merged , was dissolved by law in 1994. The municipality of Johannesberg again has a town hall administration under its own authority.

The official partnership between Johannesberg and Val Orne-Ajon in the French department of Calvados was concluded in 1990 with: Avenay, Amayé-sur-Orne, Maizet, Montigny, Préaux-Bocage, Maisoncelles-sur-Ajon, Sainte-Honorine-du- Fay and Vacognes-Neuilly. On May 18, 1996, the French municipality of Trois-Monts was added as the ninth municipality.


With the first voluntary phase of the territorial reform on July 1, 1972, the formerly independent communities of Breunsberg, Johannesberg, Oberafferbach and Rückersbach merged to form a new community called »Johannesberg«. In 1976 the communities Johannesberg and Glattbach form the administrative community "Rauenthal". According to the decision of the government of Lower Franconia, the »Rauenthal« part of the municipality - formerly an exclave - with about ten inhabitants at the time, was reclassified from the Johannesberg municipality to Glattbach on July 1, 1976 . After the voluntary phase, the Steinbach community was forced to join Johannesberg on January 1, 1978.

Population development

  • 1961: 2196 inhabitants
  • 1970: 2730 inhabitants
  • 1987: 3391 inhabitants
  • 1991: 3615 inhabitants
  • 1995: 3779 inhabitants
  • 2000: 3833 inhabitants
  • 2005: 3887 inhabitants
  • 2010: 3831 inhabitants
  • 2015: 3911 inhabitants


Municipal council

The municipal council has 16 members plus the first mayor.

CSU SPD FWG YES Green total
2008 6th 2 3 5 0 16 seats
2014 8th 0 2 6th 0 16 seats
2020 7th 0 2 3 4th 16 seats

(Status: Local elections in Bavaria 2020 on March 15, 2020)


  • 1812 Peter Flittner
  • 1848–1838 Fecher
  • 1843 Junker
  • 1859 Eisert
  • 1876–1881 Stadtmüller
  • 1882–1887 Denk
  • 1888–1919 Conrad Fecher
  • 1919–1929 Martin Stadtmüller
  • 1930–1945 Anton Kraus
  • 1945–1949 Ferdinand Stadtmüller
  • 1948–1956 August Eisert
  • 1956–1962 Anton Kraus
  • 1962–1974 Alois Hain
  • 1974 Hans Glaser
  • 1974–1983 Alois Hain
  • 1984-2008 Michael Rosner
  • since June 15, 2008 Peter Zenglein

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the municipality of Johannesberg (Bavaria)
Blazon : "Above a red three-mountain, inside a six-spoke silver wheel, in silver a blue oblique left-hand shaft bar, covered by a slanting, fallen blue sword."

Coat of arms history: The sword is used to express the patronage of the church (Johannes beheading) of the local parish church, the name of which is also echoed in the base word of the place name. For centuries, the municipality was part of the Mainz spa state, which is symbolized in the coat of arms by the Mainz wheel . The three mountains indicate the geographical location of the municipality in the Vorspessart with the mountain districts Johannesberg, Breunsberg, Sternberg, while the brook symbol indicates the districts Oberafferbach, Steinbach and Rückersbach.
Coat of arms since March 22, 1976 following a decision by the municipality and approval by the government of Lower Franconia.

Town twinning

  • FranceFrance France : Since 1990 there has been a partnership with eight municipalities in Calvados , organized in the umbrella organization I. C. L. Val Orne-Ajon , to which the municipalities Avenay, Amaye sur Orne, Maizet, Montigny, Preaux Bocage, Maisoncelles / Ajon, Sainte Honorine du Fay and Vacognes- Belong to Neuilly.


The Catholic parish church of St. John's Beheading has stood on the mountainside since 1769. The extremely rare titular feast of the church fits in with the exclusive location of the parish church, which can be easily seen from all directions over many kilometers. Every year the Catholic parish celebrates its patronage on August 29th, the day on which the Church commemorates the Passion of John the Baptist . A postcard motif by Adalbert Hock shows the church tower with a viewing platform above today's clock.

Soil monuments

See: List of soil monuments in Johannesberg (Bavaria)

Economy and Infrastructure

Economy including agriculture and forestry

In 2017 there were 281 jobs subject to social security contributions in the municipality. Of the resident population, 1,448 people were in an employment relationship subject to compulsory insurance. This means that the number of out-commuters was 1167 more than that of in-commuters. 57 inhabitants were unemployed. In 2016 there were 14 farms.

Council taxes

In 2017, the municipal tax revenue was € 3,657 thousand, of which the trade tax income (net) was € 467 thousand and the municipal share of income tax was € 2,744 thousand.


The only northern connection to Aschaffenburg leads through Johannesberg. The community serves as a transit point and covers large areas of the Kahlgrund . This means that there is considerable noise pollution, especially on the main road. Measurements have shown that at times up to 10,000 vehicles pass Johannesberg every day. Several attempts to reduce noise z. B. in the form of a zone 30 were not allowed. Since the main traffic artery is a state road ( St 2309 ), all rights are with the Free State.

Furthermore, with the steady expansion of Frankfurt Airport, there is increased noise pollution from aircraft in Johannesberg . A citizens' initiative in this regard is already active.


In 2018 there were the following institutions:

  • A day care center with 268 approved places and 256 children
  • An elementary school with six classes, seven teachers and 135 students


Alfons Goppel (1905–1991), German politician ( CSU ), Prime Minister of Bavaria from 1962 to 1978 , died in Johannesberg.


  • Angelika Röhrs-Müller: Affolderbach-Johannesberg. 800 Years of Church History , 1991, ISBN 9783980271806
  • Johannesberger Heimat- und Geschichtsblätter 1987–2006


Web links

Commons : Johannesberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Johannesberg residents ( Memento of the original from January 10, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (As of December 31, 2012)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. a b Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 113 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  5. ^ Konrad Dahl: History and description of the city of Aschaffenburg, the former Schmerlenbach monastery and the Spessart . Darmstadt 1818. Page 266. Affolter = Affholder = Middle High German and means apple.
  6. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 422 .
  7. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 736 .
  8. Municipal council election 2020 on the municipality homepage , accessed June 20, 2020
  9. ^ Local council [,] committees. Johannesberg Congregation, accessed on August 26, 2020 .
  10. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Johannesberg (Bavaria)  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  11. ^ Mühlbergfest Johannesberg