24th century BC Chr.
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The 24th century BC Chr. Began v on January 1, 2400. And ended on December 31, 2301 BC. This corresponds to the period 4350 to 4251 before today or the interval 3885 to 3840 radiocarbon years .
Age / Epoch
- Subboreal (3710-450 BC).
- Nordic Middle Neolithic in Northern Europe (3300 to 2350 BC).
- End Neolithic (2800 to 2200 BC) in Central Europe .
Events / developments
- 2400 to 2300 BC Chr .:
- 2400 to 2200 BC Chr .:
- Troy II developed into a large city thanks to its strategic position in trade. The hoard treasure of Priam dates from this period.
- Around 2400 BC Chr .:
- 2380 to 2361 BC Chr .:
- The oldest known peace treaty is signed between Lugal-kiniše-dudu , the king of Uruk , and En-metena , the king of Lagaš .
- Around 2350 BC Chr .:
- The so-called pyramid texts were created under Pharaoh Unas in ancient Egypt .
- In Lagaš , Urukagina proclaimed the first historical code of law , the Urukagina Reform Laws .
- First destruction of the city of Mari in northern Mesopotamia.
- Around 2340 BC Chr .:
- The Early Dynastic Period (Early Dynastic III a / b - 2600 to 2450/2340 BC) ends in Mesopotamia .
- Lugal-Zagesi von Umma first destroyed the Sumerian city of Lagaš and then conquered Sumer (partly peaceful, partly warlike). Lugal-Zagesi was thus the first Sumerian king over an entire Sumerian kingdom (territorial state).
- 2333 BC Chr .:
- Mythological foundation of Go-Joseon , the first kingdom on the Korean peninsula , by Dangun Wanggeom .
- 2330 to 2000 BC Chr .:
- The Epic of Gilgamesh is written down. In the 24th century BC The Etana myth was also written in BC .
- around 2316 BC Chr .:
- Sargon von Akkad defeats Lugal-Zagesi and creates the Akkadian Empire , the first organized state in human history .
Inventions and discoveries
- Beekeeping is mentioned in writing for the first time in Egypt .
- First mail delivery service in Egypt.
- Around 2400 BC Chr .:
- First illustration of a scaling ladder under the pharaoh Djedkare .
- Around 2400 BC Chr .:
- The chamber of West Kennet Long Barrow in Wiltshire is being backfilled.
- 2400 to 2380 BC Chr .:
- The Pharaoh Djedkare has his pyramid built in Saqqara South .
- Around 2380 to 2350 BC Chr .:
- The Unas pyramid is being built in Saqqara . In the underground pyramid chambers are first pyramid texts attached.
- 2340 BC Chr .:
- 2318 to 2300 BC Chr .:
- 2390/2370/2349 BC Chr .:
- According to the Hebrew Bible text, the time of the flood ( Genesis 7, 11).
- 2360/2310 BC Chr .:
Note: The years of government cannot be precisely determined in this century. Therefore, these are approximate estimates.
Pharaohs of Egypt
- Teti II. (2318–2300 BC / founder of the 6th dynasty )
King of Sumer
- Lugal-Zagesi (2340–2316 BC)
King of Akkad
- Sargon of Akkad (2356–2300 BC)
Kings of Lagaš
- Enanatum II. (2400-2380 BC)
- Lugal-anda (2370–2350 BC)
- Urukagina (2350-2340 BC)
- En-hedu-anna , daughter of Sargon, first known author / poet in history
- Ptahhotep , ancient Egyptian vizier, author of the maxims of Ptahhotep .
Cultures in North Africa
Old Empire :
- 5th Dynasty (2500 to 2345/2318 BC)
- 6th Dynasty (2345/2318 to 2216/2180 BC)
- Old Empire :
Cultures in Mesopotamia and the Middle East
- 1st Dynasty (2550 to 2371 BC)
- 1st Dynasty (2550/2500 to 2340 BC)
- 2nd Dynasty (2520 to 2371 BC)
- 3rd Dynasty (2371 to 2347 BC)
- 3rd Dynasty: (around 2400 BC)
- 4th Dynasty: (around 2380 BC)
- 5th Dynasty: (2370 to 2230 BC)
- Sumer : united for the first time under Lugal-Zagesi (2340 to 2316 BC)
- Battery period : (2340/2316 to 2200 BC)
- Lagaš :
- Jiroft culture (4000 to 1000 BC)
- Schahr-e Suchte III (2500 to 2300 BC)
- Elam : Old Elamite Period (2700 to 1600 BC)
- Susa IV B (2400 to 2100 BC)
- Tepe Yahya IV A (2500 to 2200 BC), Elamite?
- Tell Brak (6000 to 1360 BC)
- Tall Leilan (5000 to 1726 BC) - Phase IIa, IIb3 and IIb2
- Tell Chuera (5000 to 1200 BC)
- Tell Hamoukar (4500 to 2000 BC)
- First Kingdom in Ebla (phase Mardikh IIb1 - 2400 to 2300 BC)
- Troy II (2550 to 2200 BC)
- Troy :
- Dilmun culture (3000 to 600 BC)
Cultures in East Asia
- Yangshao culture (5000 to 2000 BC), central and northern China
- Yingpu culture (3500 to 2000 BC) in Taiwan
- Liangzhu culture (3400/3300 to 2200 BC) in southeast China
- Longshan culture (3200 to 1850 BC) on the middle and lower Yellow Rivers
- Karuo culture (3200 to 2000 BC) in China and Tibet
- The Shanbei culture (3050 to 2550 BC) in Jiangxi is coming to an end
- Majiayao culture (3000 to 2000 BC) on the upper Yellow River
- Xiaoheyan culture (3000 to 2000 BC) in Inner Mongolia
- Tanshishan culture (3000 to 2000 BC) in Fujian
- Shijiahe culture (2600 to 2000 BC) on the middle Yangtze
- Banshan Machang culture (2500 to 2000 BC) on the upper Yellow River
- Baodun culture (2500 to 1700 BC) in Sichuan
- Middle Jeulmon Period (3500 to 2000 BC)
- Go-Joseon (2333-108 BC)
- Middle Jōmon Period - Jōmon IV (3000 to 2000 BC)
- Đa-Bút culture (4000 to 1700 BC)
- Hồng Bàng dynasty (2879 to 258 BC)
Cultures in South Asia
Indus Valley :
Indus culture : Harappa phase
- Harappa 3B (2450 to 2200 BC)
- Indus culture : Harappa phase
- Mehrgarh : Period VII (from 2600 to 2200 BC), the city is largely abandoned
- Nal culture (3800 to 2200 BC)
Cultures in Europe
- Northern Europe :
- Boat ax culture (4200 to 2000 BC) in Scandinavia and the Baltic States
Northeast Europe :
- Pit ceramic culture (4200 to 2000 BC - radiocarbon method : 5600 to 2300 BC) in Norway , Sweden , the Baltic States, Russia and Ukraine
- Rzucewo culture (5300 to 1750 BC) in the Baltic States and Poland
- Narva culture (5300 to 1750 BC) in Estonia , Latvia, and Lithuania
Eastern Europe :
- Disappearance of the Yamnaya culture (3600 to 2300 BC) in Russia and in Ukraine and the
- Fatyanovo culture (3200 to 2300 BC according to Anthony) in Russia
- Kura Araxes culture (3500/3000 to 2000/1900 BC) in the Caucasus
- Poltavka culture (2700 to 2100 BC) on the central Volga
- Potapovka culture (2500 to 2000 BC) on the central Volga
- Catacomb tomb culture (2500 to 2000 BC) in Russia and Ukraine
- Abashevo culture (2500 to 1800 BC) in northern Russia
Southeast Europe :
- Mainland Greece, Early Helladic phase FH II (2700 to 2200 BC)
Cycladic culture (3200 to 1100 BC), early Cycladic phase FK II (2700 to 2200 BC) with
- The Keros-Syros culture (2700 to 2300 BC) comes to an end
- early Minoan pre-palace period FM II (2700 to 2200 BC)
- Philia culture (2500 to 2000 BC)
- Greece :
Central Europe :
- Vlaardingen culture (3350 to 1950 BC) in the Netherlands
- The Gaudo culture (3150 to 2300 BC) in southern Italy is coming to an end
- Schönfeld culture (2900 to 2100 BC) in Germany and the Czech Republic
- End of the individual grave culture (2800 to 2300 BC) in northern Germany, Poland , the Baltic States and southern Scandinavia
- Corded ceramics (2800 to 2200 BC) in Central Europe, the Baltic States and Russia
- Bell beaker culture (2600 to 2200 BC, in Great Britain to 1800 BC) in central, western and southern Europe
Western Europe :
- Grooved Ware Culture in Great Britain and Ireland (3400 to 2000 BC)
- Seine-Oise-Marne culture (3100 to 2000 BC) in northern France and Belgium
- Peu-Richard culture (2850 to 2150 BC) in central western France - recent stage Peu-Richard II (until 2350 BC) and final stage Peu-Richard Final
- Artenac culture (2500 to 2000 BC) in western and southwestern France
Megalithic cultures :
- France (4700 to 2000 BC)
Iberian Peninsula (4000 to 2000 BC): Spain and Portugal
- Los Millares (3200 to 1800 BC)
- Vila Nova de São Pedro (2700 to 1300 BC)
British Isles (from 3800 BC)
- Stonehenge 3 III (2400-2280 BC)
- Malta : Tarxien necropolis (2500 to 1500 BC)
Cultures in america
- Independence I culture (2400/2300 to 1000 BC)
- Saqqaq culture (2400-900 BC)
North and Central America :
- Archaic period . Establishment of mounds in the eastern forest areas from 4000 BC. Chr.
South America :
- Chinchorro culture (7020 to 1500 BC) in northern Chile and southern Peru
- Valdivia culture (3950 to 1750 BC) in Ecuador
Norte Chico culture (3500 to 1800 BC) in Peru with
- Caral (from 3000 BC), Pre-Ceramic IV - VI
- San Agustín culture (3300 BC to 1550 AD) in Colombia
- ↑ Klaas Veenhof : History of the Ancient Orient up to the time of Alexander the Great. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2001, ISBN 3-525-51685-1 , p. 54.
- ↑ Gebhard J. Selz : Sumerians and Akkadians: History, Society, Culture. CH Beck, 2005, ISBN 3-406-50874-X , p. 63.
- ^ Dietz-Otto Edzard : History of Mesopotamia: From the Sumerians to Alexander the Great. CH Beck, 2004, ISBN 3-406-51664-5 , pp. 60-61.
- ↑ Peter Panitschek: Grazer Classical Studies - From the Uruk Period to Ur III. Peter Lang, 2008, ISBN 978-3-631-56194-2 , pp. 47-51.
- ↑ Christine Liew: Guest in Korea. Iwanowski´s Reisebuchverlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-86197-004-0 , p. 31.
- ^ David W. Anthony: The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World . Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ 2007, ISBN 978-0-691-05887-0 , pp. 308 .
Commons : 24th century BC Chr. - collection of pictures, videos and audio files