Frankfurt am Main fire department

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Frankfurt am Main fire department
Coat of arms of Frankfurt am Main Office of the City of Frankfurt am Main
Fire / Disaster Control and Rescue Center (BKRZ)
Fire / Disaster Control and Rescue Center (BKRZ)
Professional fire brigade
Founding year: 1874
Locations: 12 + dinghy station
Employee: circa 940
Volunteer firefighter
Founding year: 1852
Departments: 28 + rescue dog squadron
Active members: 806
Youth fire brigade
Groups: 28
Members: 484
Vehicles: 2 (GW logistics and fun mobile)
Children's fire brigade
Founding year: 1992
Groups: 18th
Members: 160
Vehicles: 1 (trailer)

The fire department Frankfurt am Main is the public fire department of the city of Frankfurt am Main . It consists of a professional fire brigade and 28 volunteer fire brigades .


From the Middle Ages to the establishment of the professional fire department

In the Middle Ages , personal assistance in fighting fires was one of the most important civic duties. Every citizen received a leather fire bucket when taking his citizenship oath , which he had to keep ready in his house at all times. In the 14 quarters of the city - two in Sachsenhausen , twelve in the old town and the new town  - the citizen fire brigade was under the command of a citizen captain . As early as 1439 the council had ordered two handheld fire syringes in Nuremberg . In the course of time, the equipment pool was repeatedly adapted to the state of the art. In the narrow streets, however, only small two-wheeled hand pull syringes could be used. Effective fire fighting was hardly possible. In the two worst fire disasters that affected Frankfurt - the Great Jewish Fire of January 14, 1711 and the Great Christian Fire of June 27, 1719 - entire districts with hundreds of houses were burned down. In both cases, only the rapid demolition of entire houses had prevented them from spreading to the neighboring quarters.

Testing of the first steam fire engine in 1863
Cathedral fire on August 14, 1867

Therefore, after 1720, preventive fire protection was used in order to protect the city from such fires in the future. The city building regulations were tightened drastically. Between 1740 and 1800 around 3000 houses were converted or rebuilt to improve fire protection. The most important measures included

  • the erection of effective firewalls,
  • the requirement to build at least the basement of all houses in stone,
  • and limiting the overhangs. Each house was only allowed to have an overhang no more than a shoe and a half deep.

The civil fire brigade was supplemented by a military fire fighting battalion from 18 companies. It remained in this form until the end of the Free City of Frankfurt in 1866. About 3,000 of the 70,000 inhabitants at the time were organized in this fire brigade. The Höchst volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1852, making it one of the oldest fire brigades in Germany. The fire station is now at Palleskestrasse 36, shooting range.

In 1863 the first steam fire sprayer was tested in Frankfurt, a design by the American company W. Lee & Co. During a spraying competition on the Römerberg , it was used on November 21, 1863 against the manually operated city ​​fire sprayer No. 2 from Metz . The hand syringe operated by eight men proved to be superior to the steam syringe. Although this pumped more water than the hand syringe, it took 10 minutes to warm up before it was ready for use. The city then withdrew from the procurement.

However, the growth of the city and the progress of technology soon required a different form of organization. This was particularly evident when the cathedral burned on August 14, 1867. In a beer tavern in Fahrgasse , directly behind the cathedral, a fire broke out at around 1:30 a.m. The fire brigade did not succeed in preventing the fire, which was fanned by strong easterly winds and flying sparks, from spreading to the cathedral. By morning the medieval coronation church of the German emperors was completely burned out.

However, the accident also indirectly led to the reform of the outdated Frankfurt fire services. In 1869 the district fire brigade association of volunteer fire brigades was founded in Frankfurt, in 1874 the Frankfurt professional fire brigade.

The Frankfurt fire brigade since the establishment of the professional fire brigade

The professional fire brigade was also initially equipped with manual pressure sprayers. It was not until 1887 that the first steam sprayer was procured from the London company Merryweather & Sons . Around 1890, the company JS Fries Sohn , based in the Frankfurt district of Seckbach, became a leading company in fire fighting equipment technology. Steam sprayers and pneumatic ladders were manufactured here and exported to all European countries.

1874–1882, under the direction of August Assmann

August Aßmann headed the professional fire brigade in Frankfurt am Main until his impeachment in 1882. Aßmann became known above all through the Aßmann patent manager, who was invented by him and resulted in a serious accident involving two seriously injured firefighters.

1882–1890, ...

1890–1906, under the direction of Richard Schapler

Richard Schapler was also inventive. The pneumatic ladder he invented enabled a significant gain in time compared to the ladders that had been extended by hand using a winch until then. The forklift ladder was used by the fire departments in Berlin, Stockholm and Vienna, among others.

Its inventor was less successful in office. Disciplinary proceedings have been initiated against Schapler for various reasons. On March 2, 1906, like his predecessor Assmann, he was finally dismissed from service. He also failed with his own company in Langen and had to take the oath of disclosure in 1920 .

1906–1931, under the direction of Johannes Schänker

Johannes Schänker in his office on Burgstrasse
Early attempts with a launcher

Schapler's successor as chief fire officer, Johannes Schänker (1866–1950), has a reputation for being the most innovative of all Frankfurt fire directors. During his 25-year tenure, he introduced a number of inventions to fire fighting. Under Schänker, the Frankfurt professional fire brigade was the first to be fully motorized in Germany as early as 1914. Many of the vehicles used were built by the Adler works in Gallus .

Probably the most outstanding invention of Schänker is certainly the centrifugal fire pump, which was operated from the vehicle engine. Until then, steam syringes had been used, the coal pumps of which constantly created pressure surges and thereby destroyed the sensitive hemp hoses. Schänker also introduced petrol engines for fire fighting vehicles. Quite a few of the German fire directors thought it was madness to drive to a fire with gasoline in the tank. Schänker also invented a kind of early fire extinguisher and was already experimenting with the extinguishing agents commonly used today, powder, foam and carbon dioxide for fire fighting.

On Schänker's initiative, the Free Doctors and Medicine Fund was founded in 1911 as health insurance for members of the professional fire brigade. The health insurance company is now active nationwide and is also open to police and judicial officers.

Due to his services to the common good, a Frankfurter Strasse was to be named in 2014 in honor of the fire protection pioneer. However, the naming failed due to resistance from the Greens. Schänker had joined the NSDAP three years after his retirement, but was only classified as a follower in the course of denazification.

1931–1955, under the direction of Franz Lomb

In 1931 Franz Lomb took over the management of the Frankfurt fire brigade. He remained in office even after the NSDAP came to power in 1933 and the associated conversion of the fire brigade into a fire police and the surrender of the German Wehrmacht in 1945. Lomb headed the Frankfurt fire brigade during the tactically most demanding period of its existence, which was marked by numerous political upheavals.

As in many other cities, synagogues were set on fire in Frankfurt am Main during the November pogroms (Reichskristallnacht) on November 9, 1938 and in the days after . The fire brigade went out whenever there was a fire, but according to the operational order only had to prevent the fire from spreading to the neighboring houses. While the main synagogue , the Börneplatz synagogue and the synagogue on Friedberger Platz burned down completely, the Westend synagogue was preserved despite severe fire damage.

The fire brigade was unable to do much against the fires that were sometimes specifically caused by the air raids of World War II , despite the fact that extinguishing water basins were installed throughout the city from 1942. In particular, the firestorm that was triggered on March 22, 1944 changed the cityscape forever. In eight heavy air raids in October 1943 and in March and September 1944 , the entire old town and large parts of the other districts were destroyed. Of the several thousand half-timbered houses in the city, the Wertheym house at Fahrtor alone survived the war. As a precautionary measure, the fire brigade flooded it with every air alarm in order to keep the escape route from the old town to the Main open. Over 5000 residents of the city, including prisoners of war, lost their lives. Duds from the bombing, including numerous incendiary bombs, keep the Frankfurt fire brigade busy to this day.

1955–1962, under the direction of Willi Stoll

1962–1966, under the direction of Lothar Knack

1966–1989, under the direction of Ernst Achilles

After the Second World War, the Frankfurt fire brigade enjoyed a great boom , especially under the leadership of the expert Ernst Achilles , who was well known beyond the German borders . From 1963 he was fire advisor in Frankfurt am Main. From 1966 to 1989 he was the head of the fire brigade and then made his experience available until his death in 1999. In particular, the security of high-rise buildings, as they were increasingly being built in Frankfurt since the late 1960s, posed a new challenge for fire protection.

On August 23, 1973, a week before the planned topping-out ceremony, a fire broke out in the shell of the Selmi high-rise . On the 40th and 41st floors, large amounts of building material were in flames and let a glowing shower of sparks fall over the entire area. The fire brigade struggled to bring the fire under control as the risers of the shell were not yet in operation. The fire resulted in tightening building regulations for high-rise buildings.

1989–1993, under the direction of Günther Burbaum

Günther Burbaum, who had been deputy head of the department to date, succeeded Ernst Achilles in the position of director of the Frankfurt am Main fire department until he retired in 1993.

1993–2018, under the direction of Reinhard Ries

In 1993 Reinhard Ries took over the management of the Frankfurt fire brigade. The trained architect had moved to Frankfurt from the Munich fire brigade . At first Ries felt under pressure from the international reputation of his predecessor Achilles. However, according to his own statements, he quickly noticed that there were considerable deficiencies in the office that had to be addressed. Because of Achilles' numerous trips abroad, numerous tasks remained unprocessed in his own office.

At the beginning of his tenure, Ries prepared to follow in the inventive footsteps of his predecessors. So-called explosive hoses were supposed to revolutionize forest fire fighting. The Euro-Firefighters founded in Frankfurt were to be deployed as an “elite group” around the world, and the forest fire competence center, which was also located in Frankfurt, was to provide advice on an international level. All these initiatives were granted only modest success, so that these efforts have since been discontinued.

With the fire protection, rescue service and disaster control center, in 2003 Ries merged departments that were previously decentralized across the city, such as preventive fire protection, workshop and training department at the central location on Feuerwehrstrasse. The following years should also be characterized by brisk construction activity.

In 2006 he restructured the office with the so-called relay concept. Since then there have been so-called A, B, C and D services, among other things, which replace the technical operations manager as well as the platoon leaders and group leaders . In the course of this restructuring, a total of twelve guards were to be created in the entire city area in order to be able to guarantee the statutory aid period; With the commissioning of the area guard 30 in Sossenheim in November 2011, this goal was achieved. In addition, six departments were created which are headed by two department heads. The professional fire brigade currently has twelve permanently manned fire stations , most of which are smaller than before. The city area was divided into four areas, each with a large area management watch and two smaller area watch. A C service is responsible for each of these areas, and if necessary or if more than one C service is used, a B service and, depending on the situation, the A service can be superordinated to it. In addition, new tactical procedures have been introduced, so-called standard deployment rules , which are intended to enable smooth cooperation between several units.

In 2015 and 2016, the city of Frankfurt am Main was confronted with the effects of the so-called refugee crisis. Under Ries management, the Frankfurt fire brigade took on essential tasks to cope with the “mass migration” situation, such as the transport and supply of food, as well as the conversion of sports halls into accommodation. The deputy head of the fire brigade was delegated to a specially created refugee management unit.

In 2017, it was decided to replace the newly created thirteen sub-division and eight division managers and deputy divisional manager positions with the individual security officers that were usual before the introduction of the relay concept.

Since 2018, under the direction of Karl-Heinz Frank


The head of the Frankfurt fire brigade, correct: Director of the Frankfurt am Main fire department, is responsible for the two areas of danger prevention and infrastructure. These are divided into three departments each. The press and public relations department reports directly to the head of the office.

organization chart

Emergency Response Directorate

The "Danger Defense" department is made up of the operational departments of the professional and voluntary fire brigade, the training department and the preventive fire protection department.

Department G1: Fire and Rescue Service Academy / Sports Center

The training department is responsible for training the full-time and voluntary employees of the fire department. It is divided into the areas of fire protection and technical assistance, rescue service school, sports center and driving school. The department is located in the newly built fire and rescue training center (FRTC for short) and is located in the fire protection center in Eckenheim . The inauguration took place on June 15, 2013. Officially, the construction costs amounted to 25.2 million euros.

The building also includes a classroom building with an attached approximately 1,000 square meter exercise hall in which replicas of various buildings have been housed. This includes residential and commercial buildings as well as a warehouse and a street with tracks and overhead lines . On the track body comes a new subway - railcars from type "U5" the VGF used, which are rejected because of flood damage had. The backup data center of the city of Frankfurt will be housed in the building. The tracks are connected to a replica subway station in which traffic accidents, fires and rescues can be simulated in a confined space. The system is supplemented by an inclined plane, a training crane and a tree bending simulation system.

The overall system includes a 450 square meter fire hall in which controlled real fires can be carried out.

The Frankfurt Fire Brigade sports center operates a sports hall, a five-a-side football pitch, and a strength and fitness room on site.

The training and exercise facilities are available for the training of the professional and voluntary fire brigade as well as the aid organizations involved in disaster control.

Department of fire protection and technical assistance / driving school

The fire protection department is responsible for the fire-fighting training up to the level of the squad leader as well as the implementation of the annual breathing protection exercises, further training and leadership courses are carried out at the state fire brigade school in Kassel .

Rescue Service School / Frankfurt Institute for Rescue Service and Emergency Medicine

The rescue service school of the Frankfurt am Main fire brigade trains paramedics , emergency paramedics and disinfectors , among other things . In addition, she is responsible for the legally required further and advanced training of officers working in the rescue service. The school carries out regular first aid training for all municipal employees.

Sports and Health Department - Sports Center

The sports center organizes sports activities within the Frankfurt am Main fire department. In particular, the organization of service sports for fire stations, training departments and specialist departments, the maintenance and expansion of the sports infrastructure, the training and further education of employees working in sports, support for company sports, advice to supervisors and employees, in particular through the development of special training programs , as well as the support of the sports promotion groups and the implementation of regional and national fire fighting events.

Sports infrastructure

The Frankfurt am Main fire department has its own sports hall and a small sports field in the fire department training center, as well as a small gym in the Gallus fire station. Each fire station has a standardized fitness room and employees who are licensed as sports instructors at the DOSB .

Service sport

The Fire Department Frankfurt am Main is a member of the German Fire Brigade Sports Federation and provides sports facilities and material for the following sports organized there:

  • Team sports: soccer, futsal, volleyball, hockey, badminton, table tennis,
  • Individual sports: athletics and endurance training,
  • Additionally: strength, fitness and back training.

Every professional firefighter has to be a lifeguard, which is why regular lifeguarding was part of service sport until 2009 in order to maintain the level of knowledge and performance gained in training. Swimming was discontinued in order to be able to guarantee the five-minute deadline for help across the city, which the administration wanted. In 2011, for the same reason, the exemption of sporting units from minor operations such as burning rubbish bins etc. was discontinued.

All guard units must be alerted and ready for action immediately without delay from the service sport. The employees of the specialist departments carry out their professional sport as part of a course program organized by the sports center.

Sports funding

The sports promotion groups of the Frankfurt fire brigade take part in regional and national fire brigade sports competitions. The Frankfurt fire brigade maintains propensity groups in the following sports:

External subway and tram practice objects
Tunnel nozzle used for fire brigade exercises, in which the Pt car 663 is parked

The public transport company Frankfurt , the fire department decommissioned rail vehicles as training objects. In the fire protection, disaster control and rescue service center, a class N tram car has been in an accident since 2004 on a short section of track specially built for this purpose. In March 2009 the fire brigade was given a decommissioned Pt car . This light rail car stands in an unused tunnel socket in the Hauptbahnhof underground station and serves as a training object for tunnel exercises.

Department G2: Prevention and Planning

Department G3: Deployment

Professional fire brigade

The professional fire brigade currently operates four large area management guards, each of which is subordinate to two area guards. A large part of the rescue service operations are also carried out by the professional fire brigade. About 940 civil servants are employed.

The majority of the emergency service officers of the professional fire brigade do their duty in the regular shift rhythm at the fire stations. Since January 1, 2017, this has been provided by three guard departments, which take turns in an irregular 24-hour change service. Officials who primarily perform functions outside of the emergency service, such as in training or preventive structural fire protection, also provide emergency services at regular intervals. This so-called integration service takes place approximately every three weeks.

The sports center in the training department regulates and organizes the service sport of the Frankfurt fire brigade. All fire stations have standardized fitness rooms.

Fire and rescue stations
Area 1
1 Fire station 1 Feuerwehrstrasse 1
(in the BKRZ )
Eckenheim HLF 20/16 , DLK 23/12 , respiratory protection and environmental protection train, rescue vehicle , rescue vehicle rails , GTLF 5, wheel loader , LUF , KdoW (A-Dienst), ELW (B-Dienst), KdoW C-Dienst , WLF , WLF -Crane , 2 AB command lines
10 Fire station 10 Deuil-La-Barre-Strasse 71 Nieder-Eschbach HLF , DLK 23/12 , GW-STRSpTr, AC-ErkKw
11 Fire station 11 Florianweg 9-13 Enkheim HLF , GW fan, LUF
Area 2
2 Fire station 2 Heinrichstrasse 8 Gallus 2 × HLF , DLK , GW- HÖRG , ELW (B-Dienst), KdoW C-Dienst
20th Fire station 20 Kapitän-Lehmann-Strasse 4 Gateway Gardens ( Airport ) HLF , KLAF , WLF , AB decon, AB power generator, AB traffic safety,
21st Fire station 21 Erich-Ollenauer-Ring 2 Heddernheim HLF , DLK , GTLF  5
Area 3
3 Fire station 3 Nieder Kirchweg 26 Nied HLF , DLK , GTLF 10, KdoW C-Dienst , 2 × WLF , boat , GW-N , GW-L2 , AB-TH Bahn, AB crane, AB storm, AB trough, AB special extinguishing agent,
30th Fire station 30 Westerbachstrasse 175 Sossenheim HLF , DLK , crane truck , rescue vehicle , WLF (FF 35) with AB hose, GW-L1 (FF),
31 Fire station 31 Mud 318 Zeilsheim HLF , ELW 2, GW- IuK
Area 4
4th Fire station 4 Mörfelder Landstrasse 126 Sachsenhausen-North HLF , DLK , GTLF 10, GW-N , 2 × WLF , KdoW C-Dienst , AB-SEG , GW-L2 , AB foam, AB special extinguishing agent, AB supply, AB sandbag filling machine, AB-G-IBC
40 Fire station 40
"Harbor Guard"
Franziusstraße 20
(at the Osthafen )
Ostend HLF , DLK , GW boat, GW diver ,
41 Fire station 41 Schwanheimer Strasse 140 Niederrad HLF , fireboat , RSB
The fireboat on the Main is looked after by the area guard 41 (until the beginning of 2011 by the guard 40) and is located in the immediate vicinity of the guard at a specially built floating pier .

Until the move to the fire protection, disaster control and rescue service center in 2003, Fire and Rescue Station 1, the largest in Frankfurt in the Ostend, was located on Hanauer Landstrasse near the Ostbahnhof and the Grossmarkthalle  - the future location of the European Central Bank . There was another large guard on Burgstrasse in Nordend - the former fire and rescue station 2. Both guards have since been torn down. The sale of the land was intended to refinance the construction of new area guards and the associated restructuring of the Frankfurt fire brigade, which has been underway since 2006. A new building has been built for the area guard 21 in the north-west center. The new building is located diagonally opposite the north-west center in the area between Erich-Ollenhauer-Ring and Rosa-Luxemburg-Straße. The abandonment of the old location is also intended to save considerable funds from previously incurred rental costs in the north-west center. Commissioning was at the beginning of 2017.

Special services

The Frankfurt am Main professional fire brigade has a number of special services. In addition to divers, environmental protection and height rescuers, there is also a so-called single ice train and a technical assistance train. In addition, the Frankfurt fire brigade has been involved in animal rescue and insect advice for many years.

Environment and safety The professional fire brigade's environmental protection train has existed since 1962. Until 2003 he was stationed at fire and rescue station 7 (today fire and rescue station 21). The Environment and Safety Special Service has been stationed at Fire and Rescue Station 1 since 2003.

Height rescue group Since 1993, there is a height rescue group (Horg), which is designed particularly for use in high altitudes or depths and equipped. Besides the usual industrial rescue equipment it has special mountaineering equipment such as climbing ropes, descenders and harnesses. The HöRG is mainly used on high-rise buildings, industrial plants and large construction sites. She is stationed at Division Headquarters 2 in Gallus and currently consists of 39 trained height rescue workers. The troops had their strangest mission on Whitsunday Saturday, May 12, 1997: When the Frankfurt city bell rang , a 1.8-tonne bell from the Paulskirche had come loose from its yoke and fell five meters down. The height rescue group secured the damaged bell cage and another historically valuable bell that had become wedged in the accident.

Water rescue train In the course of the restructuring of the fire department, the water rescue service of the professional fire brigade has only been staffed as a jumper since 2003, i. H. If the divers / lifeguards are out in the event of a fire, they must be removed from the current mission in the event of an upcoming water emergency.

In addition to a boat and a pre-evacuation car, the group of divers stationed at area guard 40 has a mobile diver decompression chamber , which until recently was used for the treatment of smoke gas intoxication in addition to the treatment of diving accidents due to its expanded medical equipment.

For reasons of cost, however, the intensive medical equipment of the chamber was not renewed and is therefore no longer available for therapies that require intensive medical monitoring, such as smoke gas intoxication or diving accidents.

Due to the occupation of the special service in the role of jumpers, it became increasingly difficult to meet the legally prescribed training hours for fire service divers. For this reason, the Frankfurt am Main fire brigade will only hold level II fire service divers in the future instead of the level III fire service divers that were previously provided, as they have to prove fewer further training and training hours per year. As a result, the helmet diving device of the Frankfurt Fire Brigade was decommissioned and is no longer available for rescuing or salvaging casualties in heavily contaminated waters, such as sewage treatment plants.


Fireboat during an operation

The professional fire brigade has had a fireboat since 1970, which is supplemented by a lifeboat. While the tasks of the fire boat are more in the area of ​​fire and environmental protection, the lifeboat primarily serves to rescue people drowning in the Main. The ship is in the name of Frankfurt a. M. baptized

The fireboat was berthed in the east port until 2011 . In the meantime it has been manned by the officers of the newly established area guard 41 on Schwanheimer Ufer. These reach the boat stationed at a pontoon via a footbridge built over the gardens there. This, as well as the associated visitor platform, are freely accessible to the public.

Rescue vehicle rail

2nd generation rescue vehicle rail

In Frankfurt there have been two “ rescue vehicle rails” since the 1970s , which are road-rail vehicles as well as roadworthy vehicles . They can be used on the tracks of the Frankfurt tram and subway and are therefore also suitable for use on routes and in tunnels . The vehicles can be coupled and can therefore also be used in combination in bidirectional operation .

The vehicles are equipped with rescue, fire fighting and technical assistance equipment. In addition, there is additional equipment for the introduction of derailed rail vehicles . The equipment of both vehicles is partly different.

The road and rail-compatible fire service vehicle was brought onto the market by Magirus-Deutz in 1970 and was a world first at the time. The Frankfurt fire brigade was one of the first customers to purchase such a vehicle, co-financed by the Frankfurt transport company . The second generation entered service in 1986, and both vehicles were replaced by new ones in 2012. A first-generation vehicle was parked in the museum depot of the German Fire Brigade Museum in Fulda after it was decommissioned , but was returned to the Frankfurt am Main Fire Brigade Museum in 2009 . There is also an example of the second generation, the second vehicle of the second generation was handed over to the Verkehrsmuseum Frankfurt am Main and is on display there.

Ambulance service
ASB rescue station Silostraße
Emergency doctor vehicle 3/82 of the professional
fire brigade; stationed at the Frankfurt Höchst Clinic

The Frankfurt professional fire brigade has been involved in the city's rescue service since 1899. Initially, she worked with the Frankfurt Voluntary Rescue Society and the Frankfurt Samaritan Association . In 1965 an emergency doctor was added, which, in addition to the two paramedics from the Frankfurt fire brigade, also had a hospital doctor from the BGU accident clinic . A second ambulance followed in 1967 at the Frankfurt University Clinic , and a third in 1968 at the Frankfurt-Höchst City Clinic . The fourth ambulance followed in the 1990s at the Northwest Hospital . At the same time, an intensive relocation emergency doctor vehicle (INVER-NAW) was introduced, as there was a need for such a vehicle due to the increased relocation of intensive care patients from clinic to clinic and has been used throughout the Rhine-Main area since then. The intensive care transfer ambulance was first stationed in the North West Hospital and later at the Hospital of the Holy Spirit . In the meantime, however, this vehicle is parked at Division Headquarters 3 in Frankfurt-Nied and it is medically manned by the University Hospital . Uniform intensive Relocation ambulance (INVER-NAW) became the intensive care vehicles renamed (ITW). In 1993 the baby ambulance was made available at Division Headquarters 3. With the RTW 2000 project , the rescue vehicles of the fire brigade and aid organizations were standardized. Moreover, that was the rendezvous system introduced and the ambulance to the baby ambulance by the smaller ambulance emergency vehicles type Mercedes-Benz Vito replaced. The uniform ambulance vehicles 2008 are now being used. The former fire-fighting vehicle ambulances, which are occupied by the attacking force of an HLF , have been renamed additional ambulances (Z-RTW). They are used when no ambulance service is able to reach the place of operation within the auxiliary period.

Like the fire brigade, the rescue service is managed centrally from the central control center in the BKRZ and is available throughout the city ​​on the emergency number 112 . Other service providers in the rescue service are Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund , Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe , Malteser Hilfsdienst , German Red Cross and the Fraport AG fire department .

Since 2010, all four aid organizations have each provided a supplementary ambulance (E-RTW), which can be alerted around the clock by the central control center for peak coverage. The manning takes place within 30 minutes of the alarm being raised by off-duty staff equipped with radio signal receivers . In order to be able to distribute the alarms fairly and in a somewhat plannable manner, a duty roster with weekly changing priority for alarms was introduced.

Since the beginning of 2012, the qualified ambulance, which until then had been mainly left to the private sector, has again been defined as the responsibility of the carrier and is managed by the fire department. The tender was carried out in several lots, with the four aid organizations working in the Frankfurt rescue service each receiving at least one lot. In addition to the ambulances manned by the professional fire brigade and aid organizations at the fire and rescue stations, which are primarily used for emergency rescue, there are now also various bases distributed over the entire city area and exclusively manned by the aid organizations, at which MZF (five Ambulances, which are primarily used for patient transport, but can also take over emergencies at any time) and KTW (eight in total) are stationed. Private companies are no longer represented in qualified ambulance services, but still carry out ambulance trips (non-qualified ambulance services).

The current area plan for the Frankfurt ambulance service can be downloaded from the Frankfurt Fire Brigade website.

Rescue stations and emergency doctor locations

Area plan 2018

Area 1
1 Ambulance station 1 Feuerwehrstrasse 1
(in the BKRZ )
Eckenheim Professional fire brigade , Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund 2 shift ambulance , 2 day duty ambulance , 1 heavy duty ambulance (ASB) and Z-ambulance 01 / 83-1, 01 / 83-2, 01 / 84-4, 01 / 84-5, 01 / 89-6 , 01 / 85-1
Ambulance station 1a Eschersheimer Landstrasse 34 West end Workers Samaritan Association 1 shift ambulance 01 / 83-3
10 Ambulance station 10 Deuil-La-Barre-Strasse 71 Nieder-Eschbach Professional fire brigade 1 shift ambulance 10 / 83-1
Ambulance station 10a Berner Strasse 103-105 Nieder-Eschbach Johanniter Accident Aid 1 shift RTW , 3 emergency ambulance (Type B) 10 / 83-2, 10 / 93-1, 10 / 93-2, 10 / 93-3
11 Ambulance station 11
(neighboring property of fire station 11)
Florianweg 9 Bergen-Enkheim German Red Cross
(until 2004: Rescue Station Bergen-Enkheim e.V.)
1 shift ambulance and 1 day ambulance 11 / 83-1, 11 / 84-3
Ambulance station 11a Carl-Benz-Strasse 31-33 Fechenheim German Red Cross 1 shift ambulance 11 / 83-2
  Trauma clinic Friedberger Landstrasse 430 Seckbach Professional fire brigade Emergency doctor vehicle , rescue helicopter Christoph 2 01 / 82-1, Christoph 2
Area 2
2 Ambulance station 2 Heinrichstrasse 8 Gallus Professional fire brigade , Johanniter accident help 2 shift ambulance and 1 day ambulance 02 / 83-1, 02 / 83-2, 02 / 84-5
Ambulance station 2a Schwälmer Straße 24–26
(in the community center)
Bockenheim Johanniter Accident Aid 2 shift RTW , 1 Tagdienst- RTW and 1 emergency ambulance (Type B) 02 / 83-3, 02 / 83-4, 02 / 84-6, 02 / 93-3
Ambulance station 2b Schmidtstrasse 12 Gallus Maltese relief service 2 emergency ambulances (type B) , 1 special emergency ambulance (type B) 02 / 93-1, 02 / 93-2, 02 / 89-2
20th Rescue station Fraport AG
(in the area of ​​fire station 20)
on the airport apron Frankfurt Airport Fraport AG plant fire brigade 1 shift ambulance and 2 day duty ambulance (shared with Frankfurt am Main airport), emergency doctor vehicle 89 / 83-1, 89 / 84-2, 89 / 84-3, 89 / 82-1, 89 / 85-1
21st Ambulance station 21 Erich-Ollenauer-Ring 2 Heddernheim Professional fire brigade , German Red Cross 2 shift RTW , 1 day duty RTW and Z-RTW 21 / 83-1, 21 / 83-2, 21 / 84-3, 21 / 85-1
  Northwest Hospital Steinbacher Hollow 2–26 Praunheim Professional fire brigade Ambulance vehicle 02 / 82-1
Area 3
3 Ambulance 3 Nieder Kirchweg 26 Nied Professional fire brigade , Maltese relief service 2 shift ambulance , 1 day duty ambulance , baby ambulance , the infection and heavy duty ambulance "special ambulance" (S-RTW), Z-ambulance 03 / 83-1, 03 / 83-2, 03 / 84-3, 03 / 86-1 , 03 / 89-1 , 03 / 85-1
30th Ambulance station 30 Westerbachstrasse 175 Sossenheim Professional fire brigade , German Red Cross 2 shift ambulance 30 / 83-1, 30 / 83-2
Ambulance station 30A Rödelheimer Landstrasse 95 Rödelheim German Red Cross 2 emergency ambulances (type B) 30 / 93-1, 30 / 93-2
  St. Elisabethen Hospital Ginnheimer Strasse 3 Bockenheim Professional fire brigade Ambulance vehicle 30 / 82-1
31 Ambulance station 31
(near fire station 31)
Silostraße 23 Unterliederbach Workers Samaritan Association 1 shift ambulance and 1 day ambulance 31 / 83-1, 31 / 84-2
  Frankfurt Höchst Clinic Gotenstrasse 6–8 Maximum Professional fire brigade , Johanniter accident help Emergency doctor vehicle , intensive care transport vehicle (intensive relocation emergency doctor vehicle ) of the JUH, baby emergency doctor vehicle 03 / 82-1, 03 / 87-1, 03 / 80-1
Area 4
4th Ambulance station 4 Mörfelder Landstrasse 126 Sachsenhausen-North Professional fire brigade , Maltese relief service 2 shift ambulance , 1 day ambulance , Z-RTW, GRTW and SEG rescue service 04 / 83-1, 04 / 83-2, 04 / 84-3, 04 / 85-1, 04 / 98-1
40 Ambulance station 40 Franziusstrasse 20 Ostend Professional fire brigade , German Red Cross 1 shift ambulance and 1 day ambulance 40 / 83-1, 40 / 84-2
Ambulance station 40a Sonnemannstrasse

(Interim ambulance)

Ostend Workers Samaritan Association 1 layer and 1 day shift - RTW , 3 emergency ambulance (Type B) 40 / 83-2, 40 / 84-4, 40 / 93-1, 40 / 93-2, 40 / 93-3
41 Ambulance station 41 Schwanheimer Strasse 140 Niederrad Professional fire brigade , Maltese relief service 1 shift ambulance and 1 day ambulance 41 / 83-1, 41 / 84-2
  University Hospital Theodor-Stern-Kai 7 Sachsenhausen-North Professional fire brigade Emergency doctor vehicle , baby emergency doctor vehicle 04 / 82-1, 04 / 80-1
  Hospital to the Holy Spirit Long Street 4-6 Downtown Workers Samaritan Association Day service ambulance vehicle 40 / 82-1
Service rhythm

The “Bremer model” has been used as a trial duty roster since January 1st, 2017 at 7:00 am. 24-hour services are performed. The leisure phase is between 24, 48 or 72 hours.

The emergency service is performed by three security departments in 24-hour shifts according to the following basic pattern in a three-week period:

First week:

Monday, Friday, Sunday

Second week:

Wednesday and Saturday

Third week:

Tuesday and Thursday

Around every seventh shift does not have overtime (compensation).

Volunteer firefighter

Vehicles of the volunteer fire brigade Höchst

There are 28 volunteer fire brigades in Frankfurt. All volunteer fire brigades have a youth fire brigade and eleven volunteer fire brigades have a children's fire brigade (so-called mini fire brigade ). The period in which the volunteer fire brigade is alerted is usually from Monday to Friday 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. Alerts are issued around the clock on weekends and public holidays. Since 2012, the new concept has also been used to alert the volunteer fire brigades during the day from certain operational keywords. With this, the inner city area has now also been “divided” among the volunteer fire brigades.

The volunteer fire brigades are alerted at the same time as the professional fire brigade, move out with at least one qualified squadron and work together on the respective deployment sites. There are exceptions to this, among other things, in the event of floods or major storm damage, whereby the volunteer fire brigades also work alone - possibly outside the times mentioned. The volunteer fire brigade is usually not deployed for small-scale operations or when automatic fire alarm systems are triggered .

In addition, some volunteer fire brigades have a special task to deal with. The special tasks can be the illumination of emergency areas, decon , pastoral car service , water pumping over long distances via the Hytrans Fire System (short: HFS) or kitchen / catering train.

Infrastructure division

Department I4: Logistics

Department I5: Administration and rescue service sponsorship

Department I6: Information and Communication

Personnel representation and equal opportunities officer

The staff council of the Frankfurt am Main fire department, as the elected representative of the interests of the full-time employees, consists of a twelve-person committee. Currently, three employees are to be released for work on the staff council. The United Services Union Verdi currently has a majority of the representatives on the staff council.

Fire protection, disaster control and rescue service center

In 2003 the center for fire protection, disaster control and rescue service (short: BKRZ) in the district of Eckenheim went into operation. In the BKRZ, in addition to the area management watch 1, the administration of the fire department, workshops, classrooms as well as a sports and training area are housed. In addition, the central control center has been located in the BKRZ since 2005 .

An operating and real estate company, organized under private law, was founded specifically for the construction and operation of the numerous new buildings that have been built in the recent past. The BKRZ fire protection, disaster control and rescue service center - Grundstücksgesellschaft mbH is owned by the city of Frankfurt am Main.

Historical buildings

Burgstrasse fire station

Burgstrasse fire station

In 2003 the Burgstrasse location was given up. To refinance the fire protection center, the fire station was sold together with three company-owned apartment buildings that also belong to the property.

The historic fire director's villa was converted into a kindergarten and has largely been preserved in its original state. The historic hose tower of the fire station and the memorial for the employees of the Frankfurt fire brigade who died in the world wars were demolished. The actual historical guard building was demolished in the 1980s. With the so-called “Burghof”, a high-density condominium complex was created.

Gallus fire station

Fire station in the Gallus

Division control station 2 in Heinrichstrasse ( ) in the Gallus district is the oldest fire station still in use in Frankfurt. The construction took place in the years 1900 to 1902. In 2017 the Wilhelminian style building was placed under monument protection on the initiative of the Frankfurt SPD and the demolition of the historic building, which had been propagated by the administration until then, was prevented.

Associations close to the fire service

District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt am Main e. V.

In District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt the 28 volunteer fire departments, one are operational firefighters , the Fire Service and Rescue Dogs private law. The aim of the interest group is to represent the members in politics and the public.

Team of the fire brigade sports club at the Museumsuferfest 2012

Fire Brigade Sports Association Frankfurt am Main e. V.

In 2010 a fire brigade sports club was founded as part of the implementation of a comprehensive company sports and health concept . The aim of the association is to have a positive effect on the fitness and health of the employees of the Frankfurt fire brigade by offering regular sports and organizing special fire service sports events.

The multi-disciplinary association cooperates with the fire department Frankfurt am Main and has around three hundred members in the fields of soccer, volleyball, athletics, karate, kickboxing, children's gymnastics, fire fighting and lifeguarding. The most successful division is the cheerleading formation, organized in the CCVD since 2014, which won the regional and Hessen championships in 2016.

In addition to regular sports activities, the association, in cooperation with the sports center of the Frankfurt fire brigade, offers regular, free basic training for the fire brigades in Frankfurt. This consists of circuit training, a running club and regular lifeguard courses. The aim is to develop all the basic physical characteristics required for fire service.

The association organizes the annual sports and family festival of the Frankfurt fire brigade and the Nikolaus football tournament as a charity tournament of the Frankfurt offices and authorities. The association is currently working on setting up a marching band.

Fire Brigade Museum Associations

Frankfurt has two fire brigade museums: The history of the fire brigade in Germany is documented in its own fire brigade museum on the old Bonames airfield and historical vehicles and equipment are exhibited. The Frankfurt Fire Brigade Museum is exclusively dedicated to the history of the Frankfurt fire services.

Mini fire departments

In 1992 in the Praunheim district , the then military leader Wolfgang Mehmel founded the first mini fire brigade as part of the local volunteer fire brigade ( ). There, children from the age of four are taught how to behave in dangerous situations in addition to games and fun. Numerous other fire departments in Germany have now adopted this concept.

Support associations

Almost every fire brigade in Frankfurt has, in addition to the municipal emergency department, an associated fire brigade association to promote local fire protection . Membership in the fire brigade association in Hessen is independent of participation in the respective fire brigade. As a rule, however, if a fire brigade association exists, the emergency services at one location are also members of both organizations.

There are also a number of other company-related associations around the Frankfurt fire brigade. For example a fire brigade bowling club, the “Christoph2” development association and the ver.di -related fire brigade aid fund.


The volunteer fire brigades of the districts of Oberrad and Sachsenhausen shared a common fire station for many years. This fact has been ended by a new building in Sachsenhausen next to the BLW4.

There are two volunteer fire brigades in the Bergen-Enkheim district . The fire station in Enkheim was originally intended to serve as the central fire station of the formerly independent city of Bergen-Enkheim and is therefore very generously equipped with its own control center, two large vehicle halls with a washing and maintenance hall and two apartments. In 1977 - three months after the completion of the fire station - the community consisting of the districts of Bergen and Enkheim was incorporated into Frankfurt as a district, and both district services were transferred to the Frankfurt fire service. The Enkheim fire station is now also the location of another area watch of the professional fire service.

See also


  • Michael Hartmann, Mathias Schmidt: Frankfurt Fire Brigade - Fire Protection in a Metropolis . tape 1 . MIBA exclusiv, Frankfurt am Main 1994, ISBN 3-86046-004-8 .
  • Walter Gerteis: The unknown Frankfurt. Three episodes, Verlag Frankfurter Bücher, Frankfurt am Main 1960.
  • Kuno Klötzer: Text accompanying sheet 03087, in the Frankfurt archive. Archiv Verlag, Braunschweig 1994ff.

Web links

Commons : Fire Department in Frankfurt  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 50 ° 8 ′ 39.7 ″  N , 8 ° 41 ′ 22.8 ″  E

Individual evidence

  1. a b From the "forklift ladder" to the "CC" The history of the development of the Frankfurt aerial rescue vehicles. In: Museum dispatch, issue 8. Fire Brigade History and Museum Association Frankfurt am Main e. V., June 1, 2011, accessed April 20, 2017 .
  2. ^ Christian Koschorreck: From the air missile to the Aqua-Riwa . In: District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt am Main . ( [accessed on March 21, 2017]).
  3. Free doctor and medical fund of the professional fire brigade and the police. Health Insurance Center (KKZ), accessed on April 7, 2019 .
  4. ^ Frankfurter Neue Presse: Johannes-Schänker-Passage: Outrage over naming | Frankfurter Neue Presse . ( [accessed on March 24, 2017]).
  5. ^ Museum and History Association of the Frankfurt Fire Brigade: History of the Frankfurt Fire Brigade. In: history. Fire Department Frankfurt am Main, accessed on March 21, 2017 .
  6. Denise Peikert: Frankfurt fire chief: In the fight with the elements . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . September 27, 2013, ISSN  0174-4909 ( [accessed March 22, 2017]).
  7. Karl-Heinz Frank heads the refugee management department. City of Frankfurt am Main, accessed December 12, 2017 .
  8. Opening of the FRTC Fire Brigade and Rescue Training Center ( Memento from June 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  9. a b c Hans-Jürgen Biedermann: The fire brigade is there faster . In: Frankfurter Rundschau . Volume 63, No. 41 , February 17, 2007, p. 37 (S edition).
  10. Construction of the fire and rescue station 21 continues
  11. Frankfurter Neue Presse (FNP) on March 21, 2017 - Brand new fire station: Operations center in Nordweststadt is ready for operation
  12. ^ Diver pressure chamber of the professional fire brigade Frankfurt am Main
  13. Annual report of the Fire Brigade History and Museum Association Frankfurt e. V. (accessed on July 12, 2013).
  14. ^ Rescue Service Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved on January 17, 2017.
  15. ↑ District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt am Main
  16. Address of the BKRZ fire protection, disaster control and rescue service center - Grundstücksgesellschaft mbH
  17. ^ Frankfurter Neue Presse: Planning for development: New quarters for the inner city | Frankfurter Neue Presse . ( [accessed April 20, 2017]).
  18. ↑ District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt am Main e. V. District Fire Brigade Association Frankfurt am Main e. V., accessed on March 22, 2017 .
  19. Home. In: Retrieved May 3, 2016 .
  20. Chronicle of the volunteer fire brigade Enkheim ( Memento from September 19, 2012 in the Internet Archive )