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Mediaș coat of arms
Mediaș (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Sibiu
Coordinates : 46 ° 10 '  N , 24 ° 22'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 9 '52 "  N , 24 ° 21' 34"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 330  m
Area : 62.62  km²
Residents : 47,204 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 754 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 551xxx
Telephone code : (+40) 02 69
License plate : SB
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : Municipality
Structure : Mediaș, Ighișu Nou
Mayor : Gheorghe Roman ( PNL )
Postal address : Piața Corneliu Coposu, no. 3
loc. Mediaș, jud. Sibiu, RO-551018
Website :

Mediaș ( pronunciation ? / I ; German Mediasch , formerly Medwisch, Transylvanian-Saxon Medwesch or Meddesch , Hungarian Medgyes ) is a city in Transylvania in the Sibiu district in Romania . It is located on the Târnava Mare ( Great Kokel ) and is an important traffic junction in central Romania. Audio file / audio sample  


Official entrance sign with the Romanian, Hungarian and German place names
Mediaș, neighboring cities: Sibiu , Alba Iulia , Turda , Târgu Mureș
Mediaș in winter: center with St. Margaret's Church
Mediasch in 1862


The city is located in the Kokel Valley of the Subcarpathian Mountains and is surrounded by numerous mountains. In the north from the steep slopes of the Galchberg, the Burg, the Hunsrück and Keppenberg and in the south from the Busder Plateau, Hasengarten, Vogelstange, Hirschberg, Kreuzberg and Stempelwald. The total length of the city limits is 35 km, the market square is at an altitude of 305 m, the highest point is the Weberln-Berg ( 555  m ).


Mediaș is located in a mixed forest zone with holm oaks and red beeches , willows and alders grow on streams and rivers and many types of grasses and wild flowers grow on the meadows and floodplains.


  • There is a moderate continental climate
  • The average rainfall is 600 mm per year
  • The average number of rainy days per year is 123 days

Neighboring villages

In the vicinity of Mediaș are the villages of Bazna ( Baaßen ), Blăjel ( Klein-Blasendorf ), Păucea ( Puschendorf ), Dârlos ( Durles ), Brateiu ( Pretai ), Buzd ( Bußd ), Moșna ( Meschen ), Ighișul Nou ( Eibesdorf ) and Târnava ( Groß-Probstdorf ).


Medias was settled in the middle of the 13th century by Transylvanian-Saxon settlers from the "Altland" of the Sibiu province through internal colonization. It was first mentioned in a document in 1267. The name could come from the Latin per medias via (roughly at the crossroads ). This could also mean the center of historical Transylvania , which Mediasch roughly marked. Another explanation is the adoption of the place name of a previously existing Szekler settlement called Medyes . The name is said to refer to the tree vegetation in the area and means sour cherry (New Hungarian Meggy ), from which the current name is said to have emerged over time by shifting sounds . In the first documentary mentions it says u. a. Mediesy (1267) or Terra Meddies (1289). The German name Medwisch ( Honterus card, 1532; Siebenbürgischer Würg-Engel , 1670) is also found later .

Seal, 1549
Medias on map 173 of the Josephinian survey of Transylvania, 1769–1773.

Mediasch initially emerged as a settlement on aristocratic soil , d. H. the first German settlers were subservient to the Hungarian nobility and did not enjoy the same privileges of freedom as the settlers on the so-called royal soil . Within a few generations, however, the Mediascher fought for these privileges (1315) and, together with the surrounding villages, even achieved the status of a "chair" ( two chairs , later Mediascher chair), that is, a separate jurisdiction and extensive self-administration.

From around 1523 writings by Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchton came to the city. The Reformation was introduced around 1550 because the estates had given each other a free choice of faith. The changing history of Transylvania is reflected in the history of the city of Medias. Again and again various armies moved through the country, there were Ottoman incursions, Austrian and Hungarian counter-attacks and often enough local princes and counter-princes who fought bloodily for supremacy. Mediasch was besieged and plundered several times, with 1605 going down in history as a "year of horror". Medias was also hit several times by the second scourge of the Middle Ages , the plague . The citizens of Medias managed to make life in the city bloom again and again. Perhaps the often unfavorable external conditions contributed to strengthening the inner cohesion. However, this related almost exclusively to the German population, Hungarians or even Romanians were almost completely excluded.


The dominance of the Transylvanian Saxons of German descent lasted into the 19th century. In Medias the growing influence of the Hungarian state power and its endeavors to “ Magyarize ” Transylvania became particularly evident. In 1849 the city of Hungarian military was occupied and the Media shear Stephan Ludwig Roth arrested, eminent spokeswoman of the Transylvanian pastor teacher and writer, in Cluj convicted in a show trial to death and summarily executed. Hundreds of other people, most of them Romanians, were shot dead. Nevertheless, thanks to traditionally good contacts to Germany and Austria, the German population managed to expand their dominance in Medias economically during the period of industrialization .

former Mediaș coat of arms

After the First World War and the unification of Transylvania with Romania, the influence of the German population in Mediaș also increasingly waned. Although they still made up the majority of the population, the Germans felt increasingly sidelined, mainly because of corresponding laws by the central government. This is how Nazi propaganda found its supporters in Mediaș: many residents of the city moved to the German side in the Second World War . On the other hand, no organized pogroms were carried out against the Jewish population and their institutions. Until after the Second World War, the population of German descent (mostly Transylvanian Saxons ) in Mediaș had a relative majority. The town, at that time still part of the Târnava-Mare district , had 15,505 inhabitants in 1930, of which 5,974 Germans (38.52%), 4,366 Romanians (28.15%), 3,876 Magyars (24.99%), 702 Jews ( 4.52%) and 345 Roma (2.22%).

In 1996 there were 62,750 inhabitants, of which 50,200 Romanians, 8,900 Magyars , 2,500 Roma and 1,150 Germans were counted.


The Mediaș Mayor's Office

Daniel Thellmann was mayor of the city from 2004 until his death in 2009 , initially elected as a member of the DFDR (Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania). In the 2004–2008 electoral period, the DFDR led city politics in a coalition with the PD , renamed PD-L in 2007 . On April 18, 2008 the incumbent mayor switched to PD-L, which led to political disputes. As a result, Klaus Johannis , the chairman of the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania, announced the discontinuation of all cooperation between the DFDR and the PD-L. Thellmann had to resign his offices in the Democratic Forum of the Germans.

Local elections

The elections to the city council ( consiliul local ) in 2016 resulted in the following distribution of mandates:

  • PNL (National Liberal Party) : 10
  • PSD (Social Democratic Party) : 7
  • UDMR (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania) : 2
  • PMP (People's Movement Party) : 2

After Daniel Thellmann's death from serious illness, his deputy Teodor Neamțu took over the office of mayor in 2009. Gheorghe Roman has been the city's mayor since 2016.

List of Mayors of Medias

The following mayors of the city have been notarized since the 16th century and occasionally before:

1402 Cuncz, villicus
1552-1559 Simon Pellio, Stadthann
1559-1569 Simon Pellio
1569-1575 Joachim Koch
1575-1577 Georg Cseh
1577-1579 Joachim Koch
1579-1580 Georg Cseh
1580-1581 Johannes Literatus, alias Schuller
1581-1582 Joachim Koch
1582-1583 Johann Weiss
1583-1585 Joachim Koch, † February 19, 1585
1586 Johannes Schuller, † July 28, 1586
1586 Johann Weiß, † September 4, 1586
1586 Philippus Kirschner (Pellio), alias Ernst
1587-1588 Philip Ernst
1588 unknown
1589-1590 Philippus Ernst or Michael Fleischer
1590-1591 Martinus White
1591-1592 Michael Fleischer
1592-1595 Martinus White
1595 Philip Ernst
1595-1597 unknown
1598-1599 Martinus Weiß or Michael Fleischer
1599-1601 Martinus White
1601-1603 unknown
1603-1604 Francis Cseh
1604-1605 Michael Goldschmidt
1605-1607 Achatius Schimert
1607-1609 Simon Zachariä
1609-1616 Peter God mercy
1616-1617 Andreas Fleischer, alias Gräf
1617-1619 Petrus Hann, Latin Hannius or Honnius
1619-1620 Andreas Fleischer, alias Gräf
1620-1623 Peter God mercy
1623-1627 Petrus Hann
1617-1631 Georg (ius) Lander
1631-1637 Franziskus Reutsch (Reytsch)
1637-1638 Georg Lander
1638-1643 Martin (us) Klausenburger
1643-1648 Peter God mercy
1648-1651 Matthias Herbert
1651-1657 Michael Hetzeldorfer, alias Simonius
1657-1660 Stephan (us) Maurer (Lani), alias Fleischer
1660-1664 Andreas Seidner, alias Fabritius
1664-1667 Michael Rukesch
1667-1669 Andreas Seidner, alias Fabritius
1669-1671 Johannes Auner
1671-1673 Andreas Seidner, alias Fabritius
1673-1675 Johannes Auner
1675-1677 Andreas Seidner, alias Fabritius
1677-1679 Johannes Auner
1679-1681 Michael Keßleri, alias Csekelius
1681-1682 Johannes Auner
1682-1684 Michael Keßleri, alias Csekelius
1684-1686 Stephan (us) grasses
1686-1688 Matthias Tinnes
1688-1693 Samuel Conrad, from 1692 by Heydendorff
1693-1695 Petrus Hermann
1695-1697 Samuel Conrad von Heydendorff
1693-1701 Petrus Hermann
1701-1702 Samuel Conrad von Heydendorff
1702-1703 Petrus Hermann
1703-1707 Samuel Conrad von Heydendorff
1707-1710 Johann Auner
1710-1714 Martin Klausenburger, jun.
1714-1716 Daniel Kirtscher, aka Gross
1716-1721 Petrus Auner
1721-1727 Andreas Hann
1727-1731 Johannes Schuller
1731-1733 Andreas Hann
1733-1734 Johannes Schuller
1734-1738 Andreas Hann, from Hannenheim from 1742
1738-1752 Michael Schuller, from 1741 from Sonnenberg
1752-1754 Daniel Conrad von Heydendorf
1754-1763 Andreas Hann from Hannenheim
1763-1770 Daniel Conrad von Heydendorff
1770-1772 Matthias Zoppel (Czoppel)
1772-1775 Andreas Hann from Hannenheim
1775-1778 Daniel Conrad von Heydendorff
1778-1790 Daniel Schaffendt
1790-1798 Michael Conrad von Heydendorff the Elder Ä.
1798-1799 Andreas Conrad von Heydendorff
1799-1805 Jacob Georg Binder
1805-1822 Michael Conrad von Heydendorff the Elder Ä.
1822-1833 Daniel Georg Schaffendt
1833-1835 Andreas Kraus von Ehrenfeld
1835-1848 Michael Conrad von Heydendorff the Elder J.
1848-1850 Daniel Georg Gräser (* 1783, † 1869)
1850-1853 Friedrich Binder von Biedersfeld
1853-1855 Andreas Schuster
1855-1869 Friedrich Binder von Biedersfeld
1869-1874 unknown
1874-1877 Carl Conrad von Heydendorf
1877-1891 Wilhelm Greßkowitz
1891-1894 Max Kraus
1894 Wilhelm Wagner
1894-1918 Friedrich Theil
1918-1932 Julius Stenzel
1932-1934 Michael Ambrosi jun.
1934-1938 Coriolan Aslau
1938-1940 Wilhelm Binder
1940-1944 Hans Zikeli
1996-2000 Dionisie Bucur
2000-2004 Teodor Plopeanu
2004-2009 Daniel Thellmann
2009-2016 Teodor Neamțu
2016 Gheorghe novel

Town twinning

Mediaș has partnerships with:


The historical center of Mediaș (summer 2006)
Mediaș synagogue


There are two radio stations in Mediaș ( Radio Mediaș and Radio Ring ), a television station ( Nova Tv ) and three weekly newspapers ( Monitorul de Mediaș , Jurnal de Weekend and Medieșeanul ).


The most successful sports clubs in Mediaş are the basketball team and the Gaz Metan football club . In 2011 the football club surprisingly won the qualification for the UEFA Europa League against the German Bundesliga team FSV Mainz 05 .


Mediaş train station

Mediaș is located on one of the most important international railway lines in Romania ( Bucharest – Budapest – Vienna ), one of the first lines to be electrified by the Romanian State Railways ( CFR ). Moreover, Sibiu a local railway line - via Copşa Mică ( Kleinkopisch ) - achievable. The city center can be reached on foot in around 10 minutes from the train station.

The city lies at the intersection of the national roads ( drum național ) DN 14, DN 14A, DN 14B and the county road ( drum județean ) DJ 141. Via these streets are the cities of Sibiu, Blaj ( Blasendorf ), Târnăveni ( Sankt Martin ), Sighișoara ( Schäßburg ) and Agnita ( Agnetheln ) can be reached.

The public transport network consists of three trolleybus lines and some bus lines.


Coat of arms of the home community Mediasch

The city is located in the Transylvanian wine country, where the cultivation of predominantly white wine has always been an important economic factor. This is also attested by the city coat of arms, in which the old coat of arms element, the natural right hand, is augmented by a fertilized grapevine with roots, leaves and two grapes - as evidenced in a seal from 1546. The home community Mediasch also has the fertilized one next to the Tramiter tower Grapevine in their coat of arms.

The wine from Mediaș is mentioned in a prominent place in Bram Stoker's novel Dracula : “The wine was Golden Mediasch, which produces a queer sting on the tongue, which is, however, not disagreeable” (Diary entry by Jonathan Harker, May 5th, for first time on the way to the Count's castle).


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Mediaș

  • Ștefan Moldovan (1813–1900), pastor and 1848 revolutionary
  • Hermann Oberth (1894–1989), "father of space travel", scientist
  • Daniel Thellmann (1960–2009), former mayor of the city of Mediaș (2004–2009)

See also


  • Hansotto Drotloff, Günter E. Schuster (Ed.): Mediasch. A historical foray through the Transylvanian-Saxon city on the Kokel . Schiller, Sibiu (Hermannstadt) / Bonn 2009, ISBN 978-3-941271-15-9 .
  • Herrmann Fabini: Mediasch . In: Sacred architecture in Transylvanian-Saxon cities . monuMenta Verlag & Working Group for Transylvanian Regional Studies, Sibiu (Hermannstadt) / Heidelberg 2013, ISBN 978-973-7969-15-6 , p. 171-208 .
  • Otto Folberth: Gothic in Transylvania - The Master of the Medias Altar and His Time . Schroll, Vienna / Munich 1973, ISBN 3-7031-0358-2 .
  • Topographic map: Medias and the Kokelland. Schiller, Hermannstadt / Bonn 2009.

Web links

Commons : Mediaș  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania ( memento from August 18, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) at
  2. ↑ In 1315 the Hungarian King Karl Robert granted the Saxons of Mediasch, Schelk and Biertan the same freedoms as those of the Sibiu province
  3. ^ Ulrich Andreas Vienna: Transylvania - pioneering region of religious freedom: Luther, Honterus and the effects of the Reformation . Schiller Verlag, Hermannstadt / Bonn 2017, ISBN 978-3-946954-05-7 , pp. 9-16 .
  4. Sabin Manuila (ed.): Recensământul populaţiei României din 29 Decemvrie 1930. Volume 2. Institutul central de statisticǎ, Bucureşti 1938, S. 438 f.
  5. Thellmann changes to the Romanian party. In: Siebenbürgische Zeitung , May 22, 2008.
  6. Klaus Johannis: Forumul Democrat al Germanilor din Romania rupe cu Alianta PD-L . ( Memento from October 23, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
  7. Alegeri locale 5th June 2016: Mandate atribiuite pentru Consilieri locali (Romanian) . June 5, 2016.  ( MS Excel ; 1.1 MB)
  8. The mayors of Medias. In: Transylvania quarterly. Vol. 7, 1801, Second Quarter, pp. 94-109 and Third Quarter, pp. 177-188 .
  9. ^ The mayors of Medias, 1552–1944. In: Hansotto Drotloff, Günther E. Schuster (Ed.): Mediasch. A historical foray through the Transylvanian-Saxon city on the Kokel. Schiller, Sibiu / Hermannstadt a. a. 2009, ISBN 978-3-941271-15-9 .
  10. ^ Fritz Keintzel-Schön: The Transylvanian-Saxon family names . Böhlau, 1976.
  11. ^ Ceremonial signing of the new town twinning agreements. In: Wittenberger Sunday, October 9, 2019, accessed on November 3, 2019 .
  12. ^ Emil Schmutzler: Ancient oriental carpets in Transylvania . Ed .: Anton Hiersemann. 1st, reprinted in 2010. Leipzig 1933, ISBN 978-3-7772-1015-5 .
  13. ^ Stefano Ionescu: Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania . 2nd Edition. Verduci Editore, Rome 2005.
  15. See the map of Transylvania by Johannes Honterus from 1532.
  16. ^ Alber Arz von Straussenburg: Contributions to Transylvanian heraldry . Sibiu 1937.
  17. Schesäus, Christian in the German Biography
  18. Weiss, Michael in the German Biography
  19. ^ Fabini, Theodor (1828–1849), freedom fighters. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1957, p. 280.
  20. ^ Joseph Trausch : Writer's Lexicon of the Transylvanian Germans. Bio-bibliographical handbook for science, poetry and journalism. Volume 6: Hermann A. Hienz: D – G (= writings on regional studies of Transylvania. Volume 7, 6). Böhlau, Cologne a. a. 1998, ISBN 3-412-09697-0 .
  21. Gustav Schuster at
  22. Vasile Antipa: 100 years of George Popa at the "Stephan Ludwig Roth" library in Mediaș on October 19, 2012 at (Romanian)
  23. Klaus F. Schneider ( memento of November 24, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) at
  24. Ștefan Moldovan at (Romanian; PDF; 511 kB)