Muro Lucano

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Muro Lucano
coat of arms
Muro Lucano (Italy)
Muro Lucano
Country Italy
region Basilicata
province Potenza  (PZ)
Coordinates 40 ° 45 ′  N , 15 ° 29 ′  E Coordinates: 40 ° 45 ′ 0 ″  N , 15 ° 29 ′ 0 ″  E
height 600  m slm
surface 125 km²
Residents 5,200 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 42 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 85054
prefix 0976
ISTAT number 076053
Popular name Muresi
Patron saint San Gerardo Majella
Website Muro Lucano

Muro Lucano is a municipality in the province of Potenza in the southern Italian region of Basilicata with 5200 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). It is located on a rock at around 600  m slm above a gorge of the Rescio river in the Lucanian Apennines .


Muro Lucano from the east

Remains of the wall were found below the city and identified with Numistro , where 210 BC. A battle between the troops of Hannibal and Marcellus took place. This numistro is said to have been destroyed by the Saracens in 879 , causing the population to flee to the surrounding hamlets. In search of a safer place, she is said to have built a new settlement on the highest point in the area and provided it with a fortification wall. The new place was initially called Pianello , the location of the oldest houses on the fortification wall, ital. Sul muro as the name of a quarter is said to have gradually become the name for the center. Muro was a bishopric as early as the 11th century and was under the rule of various feudal lords in the following centuries. In 1382 the Queen of Naples, Johanna I , was killed in the castle on the orders of her adoptive son and successor Karl von Durazzo . In 1530 Muro became the fief of the Orsini di Gravina family, where it remained until 1830. Between 1571 and 1768 the city waged a legendary guerrilla war for pasture land for the sheep with its neighboring municipality Castelgrande . On April 24, 1863, the city was given the additional adjective Lucano to distinguish it from the Apulian town of Muro Leccese . Two earthquakes in 1694 and 1980 caused severe damage to the city.


  • The Cathedral of San Gerardo, which was built between 1725 and 1728 after an earthquake and the complete burn-down of the previous church, was almost completely destroyed by the 1980 earthquake, but has since been largely rebuilt. In it there is an altarpiece of a Rosary Madonna by the Flemish painter Cornelis Smet and a statue of the city's patron, Saint Gerardo.
  • From the ruins of the fort, the construction of which began in the 9th century, one has a comprehensive view of the area.
  • In a ravine deep below the city there is a Roman bridge from the second century AD.

sons and daughters of the town


The Muro Lucano dialect, known as Mures , differs greatly from the other Lucanian dialects; therefore theories see it in connection with the Oscar language .

Town twinning

Web links

Commons : Muro Lucano  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.