|Community association||Epernay, Coteaux et Plaine de Champagne|
|Coordinates||48 ° 58 ' N , 4 ° 1' E|
|surface||7.62 km 2|
|Residents||1,740 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||228 inhabitants / km 2|
Avize in Champagne
Avize is a small French town in the Marne department in the Grand Est region . It is located about 32 km south of Reims and 25 km west of Châlons-en-Champagne . Avize is known for its vineyards and cellars for the production of high quality champagne . Avize has 1740 inhabitants who are called Avizois (as of January 1, 2017).
The origins of the settlement can be found in early history, as evidenced by the menhir called La Haute Borne . Gauls and Romans set up observation posts there. In the Middle Ages the city was fortified at times. Avize experienced an economic boom in the mid-18th century when the champagne method was developed to produce sparkling wine . Previously, Avize wines were considered sour.
|Source: Cassini and INSEE|
Since 1967 there has been a town partnership with the wine-growing community Sulzfeld in Baden-Württemberg .
- Gothic church of Saint Nicolas , interior with paintings from the early 17th century attributed to Orazio Borgiani .
- Historic Château Desbordes , built at the end of the 19th century, now owned by the city.
Location and grape varieties
The municipality belongs to the region Avize Côte des Blancs of the wine-growing region Champagne . Their 268 hectares of vineyards are classified as Grand Cru . They face east to east-southeast and are between 110 and 230 meters above sea level. The forest Bois d'Avize above protects against cool and damp westerly winds .
The sub-floor is made of chalk , which has excellent moisture management properties. Since the material is very porous, it can absorb large amounts of excess rainwater. The capillary action in turn ensures an adequate water supply even in dry summers. The chalk soil on the Côte des Blancs is particularly weakly eroded. The middle of the slope offers the best conditions.
In Avize, as in most of the municipalities of the Côte des Blancs, Chardonnay grows almost exclusively , and the geological conditions are particularly pleasant. Accordingly, the champagne produced in Avize is often a Blanc de Blancs . Avize champagne is characterized by vinosity and harmony.
Large owners in Avize are the houses of Moët & Chandon , Veuve Clicquot , Louis Roederer , Duval-Leroy , Pol Roger and to Pernod Ricard belonging Mumm and Perrier-Jouet . Good quality also supplies under the brand De Saint-Gall bottling wine cooperative Union Champagne . Its members cultivate 550 hectares of vineyards.
The independent winemakers, of which there are over 40, are of particular importance in Avize. Most of these holdings have less than ten hectares of vineyards. The houses De Sousa , Franck Bonville , Michel Gonet and Simon-Selosse are known . The Revue du vin de France represents the biodynamic working Anselm Selosse regularly out particularly.
There is a viticulture school in Avize ( Lycée Viticole ).
Born in Avize
- Henri Carré (1870–1938), discoverer of the distemper virus
- ↑ a b Benoît France (ed.): Grand Atlas des Vignobles de France . Solar, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-263-03242-8
- ↑ a b Antoine Gerbelle: Les Grands crus de la Champagne in: La Revue du vin de France No. 521, May 2008, p. 39