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Avize Coat of Arms
Avize (France)
region Grand Est
Department Marne
Arrondissement Epernay
Canton Épernay-2
Community association Epernay, Coteaux et Plaine de Champagne
Coordinates 48 ° 58 '  N , 4 ° 1'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 58 '  N , 4 ° 1'  E
height 100-246 m
surface 7.62 km 2
Residents 1,740 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 228 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 51190
INSEE code
Website www.ville-avize.fr

Avize in Champagne

Avize is a small French town in the Marne department in the Grand Est region . It is located about 32 km south of Reims and 25 km west of Châlons-en-Champagne . Avize is known for its vineyards and cellars for the production of high quality champagne . Avize has 1740 inhabitants who are called Avizois (as of January 1, 2017).


The origins of the settlement can be found in early history, as evidenced by the menhir called La Haute Borne . Gauls and Romans set up observation posts there. In the Middle Ages the city was fortified at times. Avize experienced an economic boom in the mid-18th century when the champagne method was developed to produce sparkling wine . Previously, Avize wines were considered sour.

Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2014
Residents 1888 1980 1696 1836 1680 1619 1615 1814
Source: Cassini and INSEE

Town twinning

Since 1967 there has been a town partnership with the wine-growing community Sulzfeld in Baden-Württemberg .


  • Gothic church of Saint Nicolas , interior with paintings from the early 17th century attributed to Orazio Borgiani .
  • Historic Château Desbordes , built at the end of the 19th century, now owned by the city.


Delegation of the Lycée viti-vinicole d'Avize to the Festival of Saint-Vincent Tournante 2016 in Reims.

Location and grape varieties

The municipality belongs to the region Avize Côte des Blancs of the wine-growing region Champagne . Their 268 hectares of vineyards are classified as Grand Cru . They face east to east-southeast and are between 110 and 230 meters above sea level. The forest Bois d'Avize above protects against cool and damp westerly winds .

The sub-floor is made of chalk , which has excellent moisture management properties. Since the material is very porous, it can absorb large amounts of excess rainwater. The capillary action in turn ensures an adequate water supply even in dry summers. The chalk soil on the Côte des Blancs is particularly weakly eroded. The middle of the slope offers the best conditions.

In Avize, as in most of the municipalities of the Côte des Blancs, Chardonnay grows almost exclusively , and the geological conditions are particularly pleasant. Accordingly, the champagne produced in Avize is often a Blanc de Blancs . Avize champagne is characterized by vinosity and harmony.


Large owners in Avize are the houses of Moët & Chandon , Veuve Clicquot , Louis Roederer , Duval-Leroy , Pol Roger and to Pernod Ricard belonging Mumm and Perrier-Jouet . Good quality also supplies under the brand De Saint-Gall bottling wine cooperative Union Champagne . Its members cultivate 550 hectares of vineyards.

The independent winemakers, of which there are over 40, are of particular importance in Avize. Most of these holdings have less than ten hectares of vineyards. The houses De Sousa , Franck Bonville , Michel Gonet and Simon-Selosse are known . The Revue du vin de France represents the biodynamic working Anselm Selosse regularly out particularly.

There is a viticulture school in Avize ( Lycée Viticole ).

Born in Avize

Web links

Commons : Avize  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Benoît France (ed.): Grand Atlas des Vignobles de France . Solar, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-263-03242-8
  2. a b Antoine Gerbelle: Les Grands crus de la Champagne in: La Revue du vin de France No. 521, May 2008, p. 39