|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Height :||360 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||81.12 km 2|
|Residents:||14,801 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||182 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57271|
|Area code :||02733|
|License plate :||SI, BLB|
|Community key :||05 9 70 020|
|LOCODE :||DE HIH|
|City structure:||12 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Holger Menzel ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Hilchenbach in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district|
Hilchenbach lies within the Siegerland in the southwest part of the Rothaargebirge . Its urban area borders on Netphen in the south, Kreuztal in the west, Kirchhundem in the north and Erndtebrück in the east .
The largest river in the city is the Ferndorfbach , a tributary of the Sieg . The average height of the urban area is , with the mountain Riemen forms the highest point in the city area and in the Siegerland.
Hilchenbach consists of these districts :
- (Old) Hilchenbach
- Have to
The first documented mention of Hilchenbach goes back to June 17, 1292, when the place "Heylichinbach" is mentioned in a deed of donation from Countess Agnes von Nassau and her eldest son Heinrich to the Keppel monastery . However, there is evidence that a church in this area was founded between the years 950 and 1000 from the Corvey Monastery , which suggests a settlement.
In 1466 Hilchenbach had 47 houses and around 300 residents. The first written mention of the Hilchenbach office and court dates from 1467. This included the following settlements: Hilchenbach, Lützel, Oberndorf, Hadem, Helberhausen, Grund, Vor dem Wald, Watzenseifen, Alte Bruch, Siebelnhof, Hickebruch, Schreiberg, Sterzenbach, Haarhausen, Stöcken, Allenbach, Ginsburg Castle, Hof Wehbach, Müsen, Dahlbruch , Schweisfurth and Winterbach.
In the years 1490 and 1547 the plague raged in Hilchenbach. A customs office in Hilchenbach was first mentioned in 1533. In 1611, the first documentary mention of a school in Hilchenbach was recorded.
In 1625 the village of Hilchenbach was raised to the residence of Count Wilhelm von Nassau-Siegen-Hilchenbach as a result of an inheritance division . For this purpose, his father had acquired the Hilchenbacher Wasserburg from the Wischel von Langenau in 1622, as the Ginsburg had proven to be dilapidated. It has now been renamed Wilhelmsburg after its new owner and expanded structurally until 1627. This development subsequently raised Hilchenbach clearly above the other villages in its vicinity and also shaped the composition of its residents.
Hilchenbach was persecuted by witches from 1520 to 1653 : 21 women and men got into witch trials . The last witch trial took place in 1653. In this, chaired by the mayor 18 people (14 women and four men) sentenced to death for idolatry and witchcraft Theobald Stalp. Then ten were burned, while the rest were only beheaded and buried on earth because they amicably admitted their guilt. The victim of the last cremation on June 28, 1653 was Engen, Jacob Steinseifers zu Blittershagen, widow, commonly known as the Steinseifersche or the Klöncksche. The council of the city of Hilchenbach decided on May 25th, 2011 to rehabilitate the victims of the Hilchenbach witch persecution in a moral and socio-ethical way.
After Count Wilhelm's death in 1642, the office fell to his brother, the famous Count Johann Moritz , the "Brazilian", who bequeathed it to his nephew, Count Wilhelm Moritz von Nassau-Siegen . He began to set up a summer residence in Hilchenbach in 1682, and in this context the village was elevated to a town on May 1, 1687 . With the great fire on May 1, 1689, which cremated Wilhelmsburg and almost the entire settlement, and the Count's death in 1691, Hilchenbach's close ties with the courtly world were largely broken off. The palace, which was only partially rebuilt after the fire, subsequently became an official residence.
On May 24, 1824, the town was granted city rights . In a major fire on April 26, 1844, 42 buildings in Hilchenbach were destroyed by fire. In December 2016, a fire broke out in the traditional Deutsches Hof, which severely destroyed the well-preserved, listed half-timbered complex. The cause of the fire remained unclear, adverse circumstances prevented the fire brigade from deploying quickly and effectively. The remaining half-timbered front and other parts of the building were torn down after approval by the building department. Shortly after the decision, plans for the new building were presented.
Hilchenbach has been a climatic health resort again since 2018 , after initially being unable to meet the criteria of the Health Resort Act since 1972. The main reason for this was the leather factories that were producing in the city center until 1989.
On January 1, 1969, the Keppel Office (Hilchenbach Office until 1917) was dissolved and the associated communities Allenbach, Dahlbruch, Grund, Hadem, Helberhausen, Lützel, Müsen, Oberndorf, Öchelhausen, Ruckersfeld and Vormwald merged into the new town of Hilchenbach as part of the regional reform .
(As of December 31, residents with main residence.)
Source: State database NRW, accessed on April 2, 2017
The SPD parliamentary group has lost two seats during the current electoral term by leaving the parliamentary group. The two former SPD city councilors have come together to form a new parliamentary group called parliamentary group 2.0 and will join Die Linke on January 1, 2018 .
Mayor is Holger Menzel (independent). He succeeds Hans-Peter Hasenstab, who has been in office since 2004 (also independent), who was confirmed in office on August 30, 2009 with 78.82% against challenger Hans-Georg Ballbach (CDU).
- Six years between 1952 and 1964: Moritz Weiss († September 16, 1992)
- 1980s (re-election for third term on October 17, 1989): Paul Roth (SPD)
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a yellow or gold wolf in a blue shield and was last approved in this form on April 13, 1970.
The heraldic animal refers to a striding wolf, which is present in the surviving jury seals of Hilchenbach with the inscription: S. (= seal) of the scheffen von Helchenbach on documents dated October 6, 1477 and November 17, 1485.
- Seiffen / Erzgeb.
- Bellegra in the Italian region of Lazio , cultural agreement.
- Ruins (Netherlands) , partnership agreement of May 21, 1965
Culture and sights
Alt-Hilchenbach is the seat of the symphony orchestra Philharmonie Südwestfalen , which was founded in 1957 as the "Siegerland Orchestra" (and German youth orchestra). Its subtitle is called the State Orchestra of North Rhine-Westphalia. Charles Olivieri Munroe is currently the chief conductor. There are also various music clubs, marching bands and choirs.
The “Gebrüder Busch Theater” is located in the Dahlbruch district and is also used as a “Viktoriakino” by a private provider. This is also where the 6010 film and video festival takes place. The work of the Siegerland-Wittgenstein artist family Busch is given special recognition by the “Gebrüder Busch Kreis”.
- In the city museum in Wilhelmsburg you can find out about local history and in changing exhibitions on historical, cultural or artistic topics in connection with Hilchenbach.
- In the mining museum in Müsen, the finds from the Altenberg excavation area and the centuries-old mining tradition in the Müsen district are exhibited. There is also a visitor gallery.
- In the Agricultural Museum in Hadem, the visitor has an insight into old Siegerland agricultural processes as well as into the hard life in the times of great grandma (18th century). You can admire a farmer's kitchen and various milk processing equipment here. Every year there is the "great threshing festival".
- In the boarding school museum Stift Keppel you can see the life situation of the canon teachers in the period around 1900. Various rooms have been furnished true to the original.
Buildings and sights
The Ginsburg , located high above the Grund district, was mentioned in 1255 as a Nassau border fortification. The castle gained historical importance in 1568 when William I worked out plans for the liberation of the Netherlands at the castle and made the final preparations for the campaign there.
The Ginsburger Heide was the gathering point of the third army group under Count Ludwig von Nassau , which made Ginsburg and thus Hilchenbach a starting point for the Dutch struggle for freedom in the Eighty Years' War . Today only the keep of the castle remains after it was rebuilt in the 1960s, the rest of the complex is in ruins. According to publications by the “Ginsburg Association”, the keep is now almost half its original height.
Historic market place
The Hilchenbacher Markt is located in the center of the city. Many events, such as folk festivals, fairgrounds and more take place here. The expanse of the square, which is unusual for Siegerland standards, is characterized by handsome farm bourgeois houses, half-timbered houses and the exposed Evangelical Church. In the gable of the Sparkasse building there is a carillon which sounds with familiar melodies at fixed times.
The painter Lothar Grisebach provided an artistic view of the market square with his watercolor Marktplatz Hilchenbach , on which many well-known Hilchenbach personalities are depicted, including the former city director Hans Christhard Mahrenholz .
The former Premonstratensian monastery Keppel is one of the most important baroque gems of the Siegerland: Particularly worth seeing are the Romanesque-Gothic monastery church with its baroque interior, the new house , the convent hall and the small monastery museum .
The Keppel Monastery was founded by Friedrich vom Hain before 1239 and was under the protectorate of the Counts and Princely House of Nassau-Orange , later under that of the Prussian royal family . After the Reformation, in 1547, Keppel became an aristocratic women's monastery with a girls' school, later an upper lyceum and a seminary for teachers. Today Keppel Abbey is a grammar school with a conference and guest house and a small museum. Until secularization, the monastery was subject to changing denominational superiors . Until around 1912 there were separate farm buildings (e.g. the so-called Stiftsökonomie, one of the mightiest half-timbered buildings in Siegerland) with a Protestant and a Catholic part.
In Hilchenbach - at a different location - the teachers' seminar, built according to designs by the Berlin architect Gustav Knoblauch , was located since 1867 and existed until after the First World War . The seminar building was later used to house the Jung-Stilling-Gymnasium and, after its closure in 2008, the Carl-Krämer-Realschule. Thus Hilchenbach is next to Siegen the city in the Siegerland with the longest tradition in education.
The Breitenbachtalsperre is located between the districts of Dahlbruch and Allenbach , which with its reservoir serves to supply the Siegerland with water. There are numerous opportunities for hiking here.
Hilchenbach wind farm
In Hilchenbach there is a wind farm consisting of five Enercon E-82 wind turbines. Each of the wind turbines used has an output of 2 MW and a hub height of 138 meters. The wind turbines of the Hilchenbach wind farm were built in 2007/2008 and are the first Enercon E-82 wind turbines with a hub height of 138 meters. They were financed as a "community wind farm" by the shareholders of RothaarWind GmbH and Co. KG. In addition to the city of Hilchenbach, these are 87 private individuals from Hilchenbach and the surrounding area. To compensate for the 1.5 hectare area that had to be cleared for construction, 5 hectares of spruce forest were enriched with beeches.
The remains of a settlement from the 13th century are located on Altenberg, between the Müsen district and the Littfeld district of Kreuztal . A circular hiking trail leads through this former mining settlement. Finds are exhibited in the mining museum in Müsen.
The oldest known mining company in the entire Siegerland was located on Altenberg; lead and silver ores have been mined there since the 13th century. Because of their outstanding importance in the documentation of mining history, a large number of the finds from Altenberg were included in the German Mining Museum in Bochum . There the visitor is shown the life situation of medieval miners around a complete shaft extension using the Müsen finds .
- KulturPur - international tent theater festival at Whitsun on Mount Giller near the Lützel district
- Gillerbergturnfest - The mountain sports festival on the Giller, which has been held annually since 1907, is the largest in Germany with more than 2000 participants.
- Evangelical parish Hilchenbach
- Catholic parish of St. Augustinus Keppel in Dahlbruch
- Evangelical parish of Müsen
- Wat Doi Suthep - Thai temple
Economy and Infrastructure
The main traffic connection is in an east-west direction via the B 508 and the Kreuztal – Cölbe railway in the direction of Kreuztal and Erndtebrück, on the Hilchenbach with the stations Dahlbruch , Hillnhütten , Stift Keppel-Allenbach , Hilchenbach , Vormwald Dorf , Vormwald and Lützel lies.
There is a neurological specialist clinic in the village. Neuropsychology, psychotherapy, speech therapy / speech therapy, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, music and art therapy, nursing therapy, social counseling and nutritional and diet advice are offered.
In the Dahlbruch district, SMS Siemag AG is one of the largest employers in the region. In addition, the BKK of Siemag, one of the oldest health insurance companies in Germany, is located in the company's buildings .
Disaster and civil protection
- The fire truck 1 in Hilchenbach has a command vehicle 1 , two aid Löschgruppenfahrzeug 20 (HLF20), a trolley logistics 2 (GW-L2) and a crew transport vehicle (MTF) and a multi-purpose trailer .
- Fire fighting train 2 in Dahlbruch consists of a command vehicle 1, a fire fighting group vehicle 20/20 (LF20), a relay fire fighting vehicle (MLF) 10/10 and a turntable ladder with basket (DLK 23/12).
- The fire fighting train 3 in Müsen is equipped with a team transport vehicle MTF, an emergency fire fighting group vehicle 20 , a fire fighting group vehicle LF 10/06, an equipment car , a trailer 12 and a field stove.
- The districts of Grund, Oechelhausen and Ruckersfeld belong to the operational area of fire fighting train 4. This has a portable pump vehicle with water and a relay fire fighting vehicle (MLF) 10/10 and a personnel transport vehicle (MTF).
- Fire fighting train 5 is responsible for the districts of Helberhausen, Lützel and Vormwald. It consists of a fire fighting vehicle 10/10 , a command vehicle 1, a portable fire pump with water TSF-W, a relay fire engine 10/6 and a portable fire pump TSF-W.
German Red Cross
The DRK Ortsverein Hilchenbach eV offers a variety of leisure activities for young and old. There are offers for many different population groups, from women's clubs to emergency services to the Red Cross Youth . There are currently 50 active volunteers between the ages of 17 and 65 and around 550 passive members. The chairman is Friedhelm Plate. The DRK emergency service consists of a rapid deployment group ( SEG ) that supports the fire brigade in the event of a fire , and Hilchenbach, together with the local associations from Freudenberg and Kreuztal, forms the fourth operational unit that is involved in major incidents ( MANV ) such as a bus accident, are used. An ambulance , a medical team , an emergency patient , a team transport, a 4-stretcher ambulance and a transporter are available as operational equipment. In 2008 the DRK moved into its new DRK social center in Ruinser Weg 2. This means that the social station, operational equipment and training rooms are housed in one building complex for the first time.
- Emma Katharine Vogel (born March 5, 1843 in Dahlbruch; † April 9, 1933 there),
- Friedrich Anton Sapp (born August 26, 1847 in Fredeburg / Sauerland; † April 1, 1937 in Dahlbruch)
- Wilhelm Münker (1874–1970), co-founder of the German Youth Hostel Association and active conservationist
- Polexine Wurmbach (born June 19, 1832 in Dahlbruch; † December 31, 1932 there) was honored with an honorary citizen on her 90th birthday. The award was made in memory of her husband, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst Wurmbach (1827–1916), who was head of the Dahlbruch community for many years.
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Heinrich Jung (1711–1786), chief miner and industrial pioneer
- Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling (1740–1817), ophthalmologist, economist (camera operator) and writer
- Karl Friedrich Schenck (1781–1849), magistrate
- Eduard Klein (1837–1901), mine director and politician born in Keppel Abbey
- Wilhelm Müller-Erzbach (1839–1914), natural scientist
- Eugen Bormann (1842–1917), ancient historian and epigraphist
- Julius Wurmbach (1831–1901), manufacturer and politician
- Carl Kraemer (1873–1951), German animal rights activist
- Otto Schwarz (1891–1964), local politician (District Administrator and Lord Mayor)
- Ernst Biberstein (1899–1986), SS-Obersturmbannführer and head of a task force in Russia
- Ulf White Vogtmann (1900-1989), inventor of the aircraft ejection seat , aviation pioneer and balloon Springer
- Robert Ochsenfeld (1901–1993), physicist
- Hermann Wurmbach (1903–1976), zoologist
- Karl-Rudolf Koch (* 1935), geodesist and professor emeritus
- Elvira Hoffmann b. Klappert (* 1941), German writer
- Uwe von Seltmann (* 1964), journalist and writer
Other personalities with a connection to the city
- Wilhelm (Nassau-Hilchenbach) (1592–1642), the only count and representative of the Nassau-Siegen-Hilchenbach line
- Joseph Büttner (1898–1978), Mayor 1946–1948, District Administrator of the Siegen District and Member of the State Parliament (CDU)
- Rolf Agop (1908–1998), conductor
- Lothar Grisebach (1910–1989), painter
- Lothar von Seltmann (* 1943), writer
- Wolfgang Bell, Klaas Kort: Ruins - Hilchenbach. 25 years. 1965–1990 , ruins 1992.
- Gerhard Bensberg: Significant in Hilchenbach , Hilchenbach 2005 (self-published).
- Gerhard Bensberg: Famous Personalities in Hilchenbach , Hilchenbach 2002 (self-published).
- Wilfried Ehbrecht: Westphalian city atlas. Buer (Gelsenkirchen), Freckenhorst, Hilchenbach, Höxter and Corvey, Ottenstein , Volume 9, 2006, ISBN 3-89115-180-2 .
- Rainer S. Elkar : 300 years of Hilchenbach town rights 1687–1987 , Hilchenbach 1987.
- Rainer S. Elkar: People-Houses-Fates. Hilchenbach between monarchy, dictatorship and republic , Kreuztal 1992, ISBN 3-925498-41-9 .
- Reinhard Gämlich: History of the Wilhelmsburg. Hilchenbach Castle , Hilchenbach 2003.
- Manfred Lusznat [et al.]: The mining settlement Altenberg , Ed .: Verein Altenberg eV, Hilchenbach 1979.
- Wolfgang Leyener (ed.): 300 years of Hilchenbach town rights. 1687-1987 , Hilchenbach 1987.
- Hans Christhard Mahrenholz: The series archive images. Hilchenbach , Erfurt 2005, ISBN 3-89702-825-5 .
- Georg Sallen (ed.): Living and learning in Hilchenbach. 75 years of the Jung-Stilling-Gymnasium Hilchenbach. 1922–1997 , Hilchenbach 1997.
- Gerold Schmidt: The Claus / Klaus family from Helberhausen in Siegerland, Sauerland and Münster (Westphalia). Lineage, descendants and ancestors , in: German Family Archives, Volume 82, Neustadt (Aisch) 1983, pp. 199–261.
- Burkhard Wagner: Stories and reports to remember. On the occasion of the closure of the Wilhelm von Oranien secondary school in Hilchenbach. 1968–2006 , Hilchenbach 2006.
- Website of the city of Hilchenbach
- Timeline and history of the city of Hilchenbach
- Comprehensive information and pictures about Hilchenbach
- Website about Hilchenbacher districts, the Ferndorftal and the Siegerland
- Hilchenbach in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Siegen Document Book Volume I, Siegen , 1887, p. 39, no. 63.
- Menn, Walter: Hilchenbach, a historical overview. Festschrift for the 250th anniversary of the city. Hilchenbach 1937, here p. 24ff.
- Hilchenbach City Council template No. 252
- Siegerländer Heimatkalender 1990, p. 14, 65th edition, Ed. Siegerländer Heimat- und Geschichtsverein eV, Verlag für Heimatliteratur.
- Stefan Meinhardt: Hilchenbach is finally a climatic health resort again after 36 years . ( wp.de [accessed on August 18, 2018]).
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 70 .
- Landesdatenbank NRW , accessed on April 2, 2017
- Menzel replaces Hasenstab as Mayor of Hilchenbach on derwesten.de, accessed on November 1, 2015
- the dead, Siegerländer Heimatkalender 1993, p. 39, 68th edition, published by Siegerländer Heimat- und Geschichtsverein eV, Verlag für Heimatliteratur.
- Siegerländer Chronik from September 1, 1989 to August 31, 1990, Siegerländer Heimatkalender 1991, p. 174, 66th edition, published by Siegerländer Heimat- und Geschichtsverein eV, Verlag für Heimatliteratur.
- back ..., Siegener Zeitung, May 28, 2011.
- Hilchenbach: City Museum / Hilchenbach. Accessed November 12, 2018 (German).
- Hilchenbach: Museum / Hilchenbach. Accessed November 12, 2018 (German).
- Gustav Knoblauch, Royal School Teacher Seminar Hilchenbach. In: Architekturmuseum TU Berlin. Retrieved April 22, 2020 .
- RothaarWind GmbH & Co. KG - Village is energy (smart). Retrieved November 12, 2018 .
- Andreas Rossmann : Schachtschätze. Traces of early mining discovered in Siegerland . In: In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of August 18, 2014, p. 9.
- Hilchenbach fire-fighting train: Main page. Retrieved September 8, 2017 .
- Siegener Zeitung print edition January 31, 2015
- Friedrich Anton Sapp - Honorary Citizen ( Memento of the original dated February 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on hilchenbach.de, accessed on February 2, 2015