|Historical region :||Transylvania|
|Time zone :||EET ( UTC +2)|
|Area :||68.26 km²|
|Residents :||8,472 (October 20, 2011)|
|Population density :||124 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||507165|
|Telephone code :||(+40) 02 68|
|License plate :||BV|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Community type :||local community|
|Structure :||Prejmer, Lunca Calnicului , Stupinii Prejmerului|
|Mayor :||Todorică-Constantin Șerban ( PNL )|
|Postal address :||Str. Mare, no. 565
loc. Prejmer, jud. Brașov, RO-507165
The place is also known by the outdated Romanian names Prajmar and Preșmer and the German names Tartlen and Tortalen .
The municipality of Prejmer is located on an area of about 6800 hectares in the east of the Brașov district, in the southeast of the historic Burzenland , southeast of the Transylvanian Basin . The place Prejmer is located on the national road ( drum național ) DN 10 and the railway line Brașov – Sfântu Gheorghe – Târgu Secuiesc about 15 kilometers northeast of the district capital Brașov ( Kronstadt ). The incorporated village of Lunca Calnicului is three kilometers, the hamlet of Stupinii Prejmerului ( Rohrau ) four kilometers from the community center.
Tartlau was founded by the Teutonic Order in the 13th century, first mentioned in a document in 1211. In the 13th century a cruciform church was built in the village , and in the 15th century one of the strongest fortified churches in Eastern Europe was built around the church. Tartlau was located in the south-east of Transylvania in the administrative area of the historic Kronstadt County in the Kingdom of Hungary . Various archaeological finds - starting with the Early Bronze Age - show that the area was settled long before. According to J. Teutsch and H. Schroller, a stone grave from the Bronze Age was found near the "Villa Misselbacher" - so called by the locals.
Since Prejmer is not far from the Bodza Pass ( Pasul Buzău Gabriel Báthory in 1611.), the place was plundered and destroyed almost fifty times by Mongols, Turks, Tatars, Cossacks and Moldovans, but the fortified church was captured only once by
The population of Prejmer developed as follows:
The highest population of today's municipality since 1850 was determined in 1977. The highest population was Romanians in 2002, Germans (2279) in 1930, Magyars (431) in 1930 and Roma (375) in 2002. In 1930 one resident claimed to be a Serb , in 1890 and 2002 one each and in 1966 two residents were Ukrainians , in 1890 eight and 1930 ten residents recognized each other as Slovaks . Furthermore, in 2002, a resident known himself as Tschango . In 2011, 510 people identified themselves as Roma.
In 2009 there were still 125 Transylvanian Saxons registered in the Protestant community in Tartlau.
- The very well restored fortified church was included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO in 1998 . The ring walls of the castle are 10–12 meters high and three to four meters thick. The battlement of the fortified church is 10 meters high and is covered by a gable roof. At the height of the battlements , the wall was equipped with numerous loopholes and casting openings ( machicolation ). There is a fall gate in the tunnel-shaped entrance of the fortified church . On the inside of the castle walls, over 200 apartments are arranged on 2-4 floors. There has also been a museum there since 1990.
A special feature of this weir is the so-called death organ. This is a thick board that can be rotated around an iron axis and was covered on both sides with five muzzle-loading guns . While one series was being fired, the other could be loaded and, after a quick turn around, fired repeatedly.
- The cruciform church with the tower above the middle of the church was built (according to various statements) at the beginning or the middle of the 13th century. The winged altar from 1450 has been renewed.
- The former Protestant school - today's elementary school -, built between 1846 and 1848, is a listed building.
- The Romanian Orthodox Church Sf. Apostoli Petru şi Pavel , built in 1791, is a listed building.
- Several houses in Prejmer built in the 18th century are also listed.
Images of the fortified church
- Erwin Neustädter (1897–1992), writer
- Michael Trein (1935–2015), Mayor
- Herta Wilk (1918–1992), folklorist
- Prejmer at ghidulprimariilor.ro
- Tartlau at sevenbuerger.de
- Tartlau on orendi.de
- Website of the 9th Tartlau neighborhood
- 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
- Dictionary of localities from Transylvania
- Institute Of Archeology - Prejmer, accessed June 19, 2012 (Romanian)
- Heinz Heltmann, Gustav Servatius (ed.): Travel Guide Siebenbürgen. Kraft, Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-8083-2019-2 .
- Census, last updated November 1, 2008, p. 46 (Hungarian; PDF; 525 kB)
- 2002 census at www.edrc.ro
- Dieter Drotleff: Pastors, curators, numbers of souls. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Zeitung. Enclosure: Karpatenrundschau , March 4, 2010, p. 3.
- 23rd meeting of the World Heritage Committee in Marrakesh (Morocco), November 29–4. December 1999 (PDF; 4.5 MB)
- Image of the battlements of the fortified church
- Image of the drop gate of the fortified church
- image of the so-called death organ of the fortified church
- List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2010 (PDF; 7.10 MB)
- Erwin Neustädter at worldcat.org
- Information on Herta Wilk in the web presentation of the 9th Tartlau neighborhood