State University of Fine Arts - Städelschule
|State University of Fine Arts - Städelschule|
|place||Frankfurt am Main|
The Staatliche Hochschule für Bildende Künste - Städelschule is an art college in Frankfurt am Main .
History until 1945
The banker and businessman Johann Friedrich Städel determined in his will that his assets, including an art collection, should be transferred to a foundation in the event of his death :
“My collection of paintings, hand drawings, copperplate engravings and art objects […] should form the basis of a Städel art institute that I am here to donate to the best of the local city and citizens. […] At the same time, however, I decree that children […] who want to devote themselves to the arts and building professions receive from this my art institute the necessary support […] to learn […] to become useful and useful citizens and artists should."
In 1817, one year after Johann Friedrich Städel's death, the foundation began its work as the Städelsches Kunstinstitut , which was to include an art school and a gallery as a permanent collection. She awarded scholarships, set up classes for elementary and architectural drawing, and made the Johann Friedrich Städel collection accessible to the public.
In 1829 classes for painting and sculpture were filled. This was preceded by years of legal dispute with Johann Friedrich Städel's relatives in Strasbourg , which ended in a settlement . In 1830 the Nazarene Philipp Veit , who previously worked in Rome, was appointed to Frankfurt. In the same year, the administration of the foundation decided that the “Kunstanstalt des Städel'schen Kunstinstitut […] should be divided into two main departments …”, “ ... namely into the art collection and the educational institution”. Veit became director of the art collection and at the same time professor of history painting at the school. In 1850 Eduard Jakob von Steinle became his successor in the management of the class.
Initially, the institute used a building on Neue Mainzer Strasse that housed both a museum and an art school. In 1878 the institute moved to Sachsenhausen into a new gallery building with an attached Städelschule. The painting was directed from 1895 by Eugen Klimsch and then by Wilhelm Trübner .
- Merger and partial dissolution
During the New Frankfurt era in the 1920s, the Städelsche Kunstinstitut was merged with the Frankfurt School of Applied Arts, founded in 1878, and henceforth comprised the fields of painting, architecture and design. The merger was implemented by the rector Fritz Wichert and the professor of painting Albert Windisch . At that time the institute united conservative and progressive currents alike. In 1933, as a result of the political "cleansing" by the National Socialists, Willi Baumeister had to give up his professorship for commercial graphics, typography and fabric printing. Albert Windisch took over Baumeister's courses and students. Johann Vincenz Cissarz , who retired in 1933, continued to teach due to a lack of staff. The school received state commissions, including the artistic design of the Olympic Village in Berlin for the 1936 Olympic Games . Hugo Bäppler, Albert Windisch and Franz Karl Delavilla directed the execution of this project.
In 1942, by ministerial decree in May 1942, the school was named the State University of Fine Arts - Städelschule . The school lost the area of design it had received with the arts and crafts school.
From the institute with museum and school two independently working institutions developed. Today the school is located at Dürerstraße 10, on the south side of the museum grounds. There are also workshops and studios in Daimlerstrasse in Frankfurt's Osthafen and immediately south of the university in Gartenstrasse.
In 1987 the then Rector Kasper König founded the Portikus exhibition hall as part of the Städelschule. It was initially housed in the eponymous portico of the old city library, which was destroyed in the war, and then from 2002 to 2006 in the screen house on Weckmarkt. In 2006, a new building was inaugurated on the Main Island west of the Old Bridge .
From 1989 to 1994 the Institute for New Media (INM) existed at the Städelschule , which was headed by Peter Weibel . There they dealt with experimental art and examined video, audio, computer and graphics technology for their usability in the artistic field.
In 2000 Daniel Birnbaum became rector of the Städelschule. Birnbaum left his position on September 30, 2010. The convent elected architect, curator and art theorist Nikolaus Hirsch as his successor. He was followed in 2014 by the art historian Philippe Pirotte .
As announced in March 2016, from 2016 the state of Hesse will be contributing a steadily growing subsidy to the costs of operating the university, which will become the responsibility of the state from 2019 after a transition phase.
The Städelschule enjoys a good reputation worldwide. Besides Bard College (NY), it is the only art academy listed in the “Power 100” ranking published by the art magazine ArtReview . In addition to the fine arts studies, Master’s degrees in architecture and curatorial studies are also offered.
- Ernst Benkard : The Städelschule Art School 1817–1942. A historical outline. City of Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main 1942.
- Friends of the Städelschule e. V. Frankfurt (Ed.): Städelschule Frankfurt am Main. From the history of a German art college. Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main 1982, ISBN 3-7829-0256-4 .
- Hubert Salden (Ed.): The Städelschule Frankfurt am Main from 1817 to 1995. Hermann Schmidt, Mainz 1995, ISBN 3-87439-333-X .
- Heike Belzer, Daniel Birnbaum (eds.): Teaching art teaching art - Städelschule Frankfurt / Main. Walther König, Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-86560-339-5 .
- Heike Drummer: Reform and Destruction - The History of the Städel School during the Weimar Period and National Socialism. In: Städelschule 1817-1994 (catalog). Mainz: Schmidt 1995, ISBN 3-87439-333-X , pp. 137–157.
- ^ State University of Fine Arts - Städelschule: Administration. Retrieved May 13, 2020 .
- ^ The Städelschule Frankfurt am Main from 1817 to 1995: Foundation letter from the Städelsche Kunstinstitut, contained in Johann Friedrich Städel's will of March 15, 1815 . Ed .: Hubert Salden. Verlag Hermann Schmidt, Mainz 1995, ISBN 3-87439-333-X , p. 193 f .
- ↑ K. Simon: The Beginnings of the Städel Art Institute under Philip Veit (winter 1830/31). In: In the Frankfurt area. 1, 1931, p. 29 f
- ↑ Hubert Salden (ed.): The Städelschule Frankfurt am Main 1817 to 1995. Hermann Schmidt, Mainz 1995, ISBN 3-87439-333-X , p. 154. (there reference to the official journal)
- ↑ Michael Hierholzer: Nikolaus Hirsch becomes the new rector of the Städelschule. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . April 21, 2010 ( faz.net ).
- ↑ Florian Balke: Networked all over the world - Philippe Pirotte is the new rector of the Städelschule. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . October 23, 2013, p. 39.
- ^ Claus-Jürgen Göpfert: Art Academy in Frankfurt: State of Hesse takes over the Städelschule . In: Frankfurter Rundschau . ( fr-online.de [accessed on March 3, 2016]).
- ↑ 2013 Power 100 - This year's most influential people in the contemporary artworld. Art Review, accessed September 20, 2016 .
Coordinates: 50 ° 6 ′ 8 ″ N , 8 ° 40 ′ 30 ″ E