Technological University Bergakademie Freiburg
|Technological University Bergakademie Freiburg|
|motto||The resource university . Since 1765.|
|Students||4.016 (WS 2019/20)|
|Annual budget||Third-party funding : € 59 million (2019)|
The Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg is a state technical university in Freiberg in the state of Saxony . As a resource university , it focuses on the exploration, extraction, processing, refining and reuse of raw materials and materials.
The Mining Academy Freiberg was in 1765, during the period of Enlightenment , by Prince Xaver of Saxony to plans by Friedrich Wilhelm von Oppel (1720-1767) and Friedrich Anton von Heynitz under the name Saxon Electoral Bergakademie Freiberg (1806: Königlich- Saxon Mining Academy in Freiberg ) was founded as a training center for miners. This foundation was necessary because after the defeat in the Seven Years War , Saxony had to accelerate mining in order to be able to rebuild its economy.
The Bergakademie is the oldest still existing mining science educational institution in the world, since the four academies founded before it in Potosí ( Bolivia , 1557–1786), Kongsberg ( Norway , 1757–1814), Banská Štiavnica (1762–1919) and Prague (1762 –1772) have long ceased to exist. After the École des Ponts et Chaussées founded in 1747, it is the world's oldest technical educational institution. The mineralogical collection of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg complements the research.
Until the Technical University of Dresden was founded in 1871, the Bergakademie Freiberg was the highest technical educational institution in the Kingdom of Saxony. The Bergakademie was put on an equal footing with a technical university in 1899 , and in 1905 it received the right to award doctorates for the degree Dr. and in 1939 for a Dr. rer. nat. In 1940 two faculties were founded: for natural sciences and supplementary subjects, and for mining and metallurgy . In 1956 the Faculty of Engineering Economics was added. In 1949 the “Wilhelm Pieck” faculty for workers and farmers was established. In the field of process engineering (lignite gasification ), Erich Rammler and Georg Bilkenroth were honored with the GDR national prize 1st class for their work on high-temperature lignite coke in 1951 .
In the course of German reunification , the structural and legal infrastructure of the Bergakademie was largely redesigned and the name was expanded to "Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg". The university also developed competencies in the field of semiconductor research , which led to companies in the semiconductor industry ( Siltronic AG , Deutsche Solar - a subsidiary of SolarWorld AG ) settling in Freiberg. In addition to the classic geo and material sciences, TUBAF had acquired an ever greater reputation in the field of environmental sciences. In the meantime Freiberg has established itself as a "university of closed material cycles" in the global research landscape as a modern, ecological university.
Since 2003, TUBAF has awarded the Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz Prize , donated by the Association of PraxisPartner of the local Interdisciplinary Ecological Center (IÖZ), for outstanding achievements in the field of environmental research at the TU Bergakademie Freiberg. The prize is intended to recognize outstanding work by students and young scientists, but also the work of Hans Carl von Carlowitz.
Internationally, the geosciences are now associated with the name TU Bergakademie Freiberg . Since the German reunification, the university has positioned itself in the international university landscape as the "resource university" with the four main areas of geography, materials, energy and the environment.
International master’s programs that are offered entirely in English are:
- Advanced Materials Analysis
- Advanced Mineral Resource Development (AMRD)
- Computational Materials Science (CMS)
- Groundwater Management
- International Management of Resources & Environment (IMRE)
- International Business of Developing and Emerging Markets (IBDEM)
- Mechanical and Process Engineering (MPE)
- Metallic Materials Technology (MMT)
- Sustainable Mining and Remediation Management (MoRe)
- Sustainable and Innovative Natural Resource Management (SINReM)
- Technology and Application of Inorganic Engineering Materials (TAIEM)
Since October 2008, the TU Bergakademie Freiberg has been exhibiting the world's largest private mineral collection in Freudenstein Castle . The permanent exhibition terra mineralia is on permanent loan from Erika Pohl-Ströher from Switzerland . In October 2018 they celebrated their tenth anniversary here.
The total of around 30 technical collections now contain more than a million scientific samples, 15 000 scientific instruments and models as well as around 1000 works of art and cultural-historical objects.
With the Dr. Erich Krüger Foundation , the TU Bergakademie Freiberg received in December 2006 the largest foundation assets of a state university in Germany with a three-digit million amount. The university uses the funds flowing from the real estate assets transferred to it by the Munich entrepreneur and native Freiberger Peter Krüger to equip research with large-scale equipment and to support doctoral candidates. On July 13, 2007, Krüger, who had recently been made an honorary senator of the Bergakademie, died in Munich.
At the beginning of 2007, a foundation fund was set up by the photovoltaic company SolarWorld AG for the Freiberg mining academy. The foundation, financed with a six-figure amount, is available for the Faculty of Chemistry and Physics.
The Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg has established the following as the central organs of the university: Rectorate, Senate, Extended Senate and University Council.
In addition to the rector and the chancellor, the rectorate has three vice rectors who work part-time. The rectorate is supported by the commissions for research, education, diversity, equality and inclusion, graduate funding, budget and the Consilium decanale.
There are a total of six faculties :
- Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science
- Faculty of Chemistry and Physics
- Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geotechnics and Mining
- Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Process and Energy Engineering
- Faculty of Materials Science and Technology
- Faculty of Economics
In the autumn of 1996, an “Interdisciplinary Ecological Center (IÖZ)” was set up.
In the 2017/18 winter semester, 4,294 students were enrolled at the TU Bergakademie, 77% of them in MINT subjects, 23.5% from abroad and 31.3% female students. A total of 65 courses are offered, including 15 diploma courses, 17 bachelor courses with advanced master courses and eleven English-language master courses. The Bergakademie is characterized by a high degree of practical orientation and numerous partnerships with the private sector. This is reflected in the relatively high level of third-party funding (2017: 56.1 million euros; an average of 630,000 euros per professorship). In 2017, 31 invention reports and 28 patent applications were also recorded.
It is a campus university . Most of the TU Bergakademie site is on the campus in the north of Freiberg. There are also other properties in the city area, such as B. the main building in Akademiestraße, the media center in Prüferstraße, the old canteen on Petersstraße, the Werner building in Brennhausgasse (Institute for Mineralogy, as well as mineralogical and mineralogical collections), the Lessingstraße 45 building (economics, language center) and several buildings on the site of the teaching and research mine “Reiche Zeche”.
The TU operates the teaching and research mine “Reiche Zeche” and “Alte Elisabeth” , in which the mining history of Freiberg is presented and scientific education and research takes place.
The Seismological Observatory Berggießhübel is operated by the Institute for Geophysics of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg .
With the Helmholtz Center Dresden-Rossendorf , the university founded the joint Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology in 2011 to develop technologies for the supply and use of raw materials and environmentally friendly recycling.
The university has the following affiliated institutes :
- IBEXU Institute for Security Technology Freiberg
- Research Institute for Leather and Synthetic Sheets (FILK) gGmbH Freiberg
- Stahlzentrum Freiberg e. V.
- Institute for Corrosion Protection Dresden GmbH
- UVR - FIA GmbH process development - environmental protection technology - recycling Freiberg
- DBI - Gastechnologisches Institut GmbH Freiberg
- HAVER ENGINEERING GmbH - engineering office for mineral processing, Meißen
- DBI Virtuhcon GmbH, Freiberg
Overall, the TU Bergakademie Freiberg currently has
- 184 active partnership relationships, including
- 76 ERASMUS agreement
- 18 interdisciplinary university collaborations
- 755 contacts to other universities
- Double degree agreements with partner universities in China, France, Ghana, Italy, Poland, Russia, Thailand, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Ukraine
The international university center "Alexander von Humboldt" (IUZ) of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg, founded in 2000, is in charge of maintaining global contacts with universities and colleges with the following network:
- Colorado School of Mines (USA)
- Mining and Metallurgy Academy Krakow "Stanislaw Staszic" (Poland)
- Montanuniversität Leoben (Austria)
- Mining University Moscow (Russia)
- State Mining Institute Saint Petersburg (Russia)
- South Dakota School of Mines and Technology , Rapid City, South Dakota (USA)
- Technical University of Mining Academy VŠB Ostrava (Czech Republic)
- St. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and Geology , Sofia (Bulgaria)
- China University of Geosciences Wuhan
- National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine (NMetAU)
- Universidad de Concepción (Chile)
- Norwegian Technical University (NTH) or Norwegian University of Technology and Science (NTNU) (Trondheim)
- List of student associations in Freiberg
- List of universities in Germany
- Minerals from the collections of the Bergakademie Freiberg
- The Bergakademie zu Freiberg. To commemorate the celebration of Werner's centenary on September 25, 1850. Engelhardt, Freiberg 1850 (digitized version)
- Festschrift for the centenary of the Königigl. Saxon. Bergakademie zu Freiberg on July 30, 1866. Dresden. (Digitized version)
- The Königlich Sächsische Bergakademie zu Freiberg and the Königliche Geologische Landesanstalt, along with reports on the development and status of mining and metallurgy and the mountain police in the Kingdom of Saxony. Freiberg 1904 (digitized version)
- Reinhold von Walther : Freiberg in Saxony and its mining academy. Helingsche Publishing House, Leipzig 1929.
- Bergakademie Freiberg. Festschrift for its bicentenary November 13, 1965. 2 volumes. Leipzig.
- Bernhard von Cotta: The Bergakademie zu Freiberg, its limitation or expansion. Engelhardt, Freiberg 1849. (digitized version)
- Fathi Habashi: The first schools of mines and their role in developing the mineral and metal industries. Part 1–4. In: Bull. Can. Inst. Min. & Met. 90 (1015), pp. 103-114; 91 (1016), pp. 96-102; 91 (1017), pp. 96-106; 92 (1032), pp. 76-78; Montreal 1997, 1998, 1999.
- Walter Hoffmann (Ed.): Bergakademie Freiberg - Freiberg and its mining. The Saxon Bergakademie Freiberg (= Mitteldeutsche Hochschulen series . Volume 7). W. Weidlich, Frankfurt am Main 1959, .
- Eberhard Wächtler , Friedrich Radzei: Tradition and Future. Bergakademie Freiberg 1765–1965. Freiberg 1965, .
- Roland Ladwig: The tradition of economic education at the Bergakademie Freiberg until 1945. [Freiberg] 1978, Dissertation A Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Social Sciences, 1978) . (
- Otfried Wagenbreth , Norman Pohl, Herbert Kaden , Roland Volkmer: The Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg and its history 1765–2008. 2nd Edition. Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86012-345-4 .
- Science on site. Pictures of the past and present of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg. 2., revised. u. exp. Edition. TU Bergakademie Freiberg, 2007, ISBN 978-3-86012-304-1 .
- Dietrich Stoyan (Ed.): Mining Academic Stories - From the history of the Bergakademie Freiberg told on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of its foundation. 1st edition. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle (Saale) / Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3-95462-410-2 .
- Bertram Triebel : The party and the university. A history of the SED at the Bergakademie Freiberg. Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3-86583-951-0 .
- Gerd Grabow : Montanist university with a history steeped in tradition. In: steel and iron . 135, No. 9, 2015, pp. 91-94.
- Official website
- Website of the International University Center "Alexander von Humboldt" at TUBAF
- Website of the largest private mineral collection in the world
- Student council
- Graduate college on the history of the Bergakademie Freiberg in the 20th century
- TU Bergakademie Freiberg University ›Organization› Rectorate ›Rector website of TU Freiberg, accessed on June 29, 2020.
- Figures, data, facts: Statistical information - TU Freiberg website, accessed on June 29, 2020.
- Bergakademie Freiberg: Festschrift for its bicentenary on November 13, 1965. Volume 1. Freiberg, 1965, p. 339.
- Bergakademie Freiberg: Festschrift for its bicentenary on November 13, 1965. Volume 1. Freiberg, 1965, p. 355.
- Workers and Farmers Faculty "Wilhelm Pieck": Festschrift for their 25th anniversary in 1974. Freiberg, 1974.
- Thomas Schade: The metropolis of minerals. ( Memento from September 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Sächsische Zeitung, October 21, 2008.
- Michael Bartsch: Blessing for Freiberg. taz , January 24, 2007, accessed August 11, 2009.
- Millionaire founder Peter Krüger becomes honorary senator of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg. Idw press release, June 4, 2007, accessed on August 11, 2009.
- SolarWorld AG founds an endowment fund for research and teaching in Freiberg. Solarworld AG press release, January 19, 2007, accessed on August 11, 2009.
- Mathematical Café of the TU Freiberg , accessed on May 16, 2010.
- see information at http://tu-freiberg.de/universitaet/einrichtungen/an-institute as of December 2015.
- Individual scientific contacts | Freiberg Mining Academy and Technical University. Retrieved April 23, 2019 .