|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|County :||Hanover region|
|Height :||53 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||151.96 km 2|
|Residents:||20,234 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||133 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||30938|
|Primaries :||05139, 05135|
|License plate :||H|
|Community key :||03 2 41 004|
|LOCODE :||DE Business Administration|
|City structure:||7 districts|
City administration address :
|Fuhrberger Strasse 4
|Mayor :||Axel Düker ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Burgwedel in the Hanover region|
Geography and nature
The settlement area of the city consists of several village cores extended by suburban settlements , which are still separated from one another by agricultural areas and forests. Of the forest areas in the district of the city, the Fuhrberg state forest is particularly noteworthy. With the Hastbruch, the Trunnenmoor , the Oldhorster Moor and the many forests, there are numerous nature reserves in the town of Burgwedel. To the north of the Wettmar district extends the Wietzenbruch, a huge moorland and pasture landscape that is uninhabited apart from a few courtyards and extends to the border of the Celle district .
The Wietze river , which touches the western edge of the municipality, as well as the Wulbeck and Hengstbeeke brooks are naturally formed bodies of water . The Wulbeck rises in the Oldhorster Moor, is then partly the border to Burgdorf in the east and then leaves the municipality north of Fuhrberg, in the state forest, to finally flow into the Aller at Wieckenberg . The Hengstbeeke is located up to the confluence, near the Fuhrberg / Mellendorf motorway exit, into the Wietze in the municipality. The upper course in the main town of Großburgwedel has had a different name since time immemorial, first Möhlenbeeke. After the place name was translated into High German, it was finally given the name "die Wedel".
In addition to numerous drainage ditches, there are two small lakes in the area of man-made surface water in the Burgwedel area, which are now used by local tourism: The Würmsee was created by peat cutting . The Springhorstsee was created in 1970 through sand and gravel mining. In 2014 the Würmsee had largely dried up at times. At the beginning of 2016, a larger area was covered with water and measures against silting were planned. The city of Burgwedel has leased parts of the lake property since spring 2016, pumps groundwater back into the Würmsee at night in summer, which stabilizes the water surface, removes neophytes and plans to remove mud or parts of plants to a moderate extent in some bank areas.
Burgwedel consists of seven districts :
- Engensen - with the district Lahberg (about 1440 inhabitants)
- Fuhrberg (about 2127 inhabitants)
- Großburgwedel (administrative seat, 9594 inhabitants)
- Kleinburgwedel - with the outsourced Mühlenberg, the settlements Heidewinkel, Wietze and Würmsee (about 2492 inhabitants)
- Oldhorst (about 115 inhabitants)
- Thönse (about 1548 inhabitants)
- Wettmar - with the settlements of Texas and Wulfshorst (about 3507 inhabitants)
The name Burgwedel is derived from the Low German names Groten- and Lüttschen Borwe , for Groß- and Kleinburgwedel.
The word Borwe came from Borchwede from the sentence “Dat schollt Borch wedde” (High German: “This should be a castle”). Borch refers to an administrative seat.
Burgwedel was first mentioned in documents in 1324 as the administrative center of the County of Burgwedel, later the Burgwedel District Bailiwick. The place was often almost wiped out by devastating fires, the last time in 1828, with two thirds of the place being destroyed.
Two routes for rail vehicles were built to and through Burgwedel. In 1901 line 17 of the Hanover tram to Großburgwedel was built, which was withdrawn to the Fasanenkrug in Hanover in 1956. In addition, the Hanover – Celle railway line was built through the city with a stop in Großburgwedel.
The Reichsbahn line in Burgwedel was used by Opel in 1928 as a test track for an unmanned rocket-powered sled.
The municipality of Burgwedel was created on March 1, 1974 as part of the territorial reform from the previously independent municipalities of Engensen, Fuhrberg, Großburgwedel, Kleinburgwedel, Oldhorst, Thönse and Wettmar. On August 26, 2003, the municipality of Burgwedel received city rights . Until December 31, 2004, Burgwedel belonged to the then administrative district of Hanover , which, like all the other administrative districts of Lower Saxony, was dissolved.
1 on June 6, 1961 with the later incorporated locations
2 on May 27, 1970 with the later incorporated locations
3 on December 31
Evangelical Lutheran Church
The Protestant St. Petri Congregation is the largest religious community in Burgwedel. The St. Petri Church in the center of Großburgwedel, after which the parish is named, is a partly Romanesque, partly Gothic church, which was probably built around 1200. The copper-clad church tower is about 60 m high (masonry 20 m, spire 38 m, spire 2 m).
Großburgwedel is also the seat of the Burgdorfer Land church district office, which is responsible for the Burgdorf and Burgwedel-Langenhagen church districts of the Hanover regional church.
The St. Marcus parish is grouped in the Wettmar-Engensen-Thönse parish. Its center is St. Mark's Church in the Wettmar district, which was completed by the architect and later consistorial builder Conrad Wilhelm Hase in 1854–1855.
The center of the Evangelical Lutheran Fuhrberg parish is the Ludwig Harms Church in the old village center.
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic St. Paul Parish of Burgwedel is the second largest religious community in the city. It belongs to the Diocese of Hildesheim and thus to the Nordic Church Province of Hamburg . Before St. Paulus was raised to a parish parish in 1976 with the re-registration of the dean's office in Hanover-North , it had already been appointed parish vicarie in 1969 and parish in 1970. Before that, the Burgwedel Catholics were also looked after by the parish of St. Nikolaus in Burgdorf. The hexagonal church building designed by the Hanoverian architect Karl-August Muth, which offers space for around 300 believers, was given the patronage of the Apostle Paulus , the patron saint of the then incumbent Pope Paul VI, by Hildesheim Bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen . , consecrated. The church building shows colored glass windows by the Braunschweig artist Claus Kilian , which depict the Way of the Cross . There is also a triumphal cross above the altar and special sculptural work on the ambo and church doors. Before the St. Paulus Church was built, Catholic services were held in the Protestant St. Petri Church.
Other Christian communities
The New Apostolic Church is located in the immediate vicinity of St. Paulus Church in the Osterwiesen residential area.
Since autumn 2005 there has also been an evangelical free church under the name “Freistil”.
The city council of Burgwedel consists of 34 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 20,001 and 25,000. The 34 council members are elected by local elections for five years each.
The incumbent mayor is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The last local election resulted in the following distribution of seats immediately after the election:
|Local election||CDU||SPD||Green||FDP||Flat share||The party||AfD||WEB||total|
|11th September 2016||16||9||3||2||2||1||1||1||35 seats|
coat of arms
The design of the coat of arms of the city of Burgwedel comes from Karl Wulf . The coat of arms can be found in interchanged colors in the former Burgdorf district . The approval of the coat of arms was granted on April 20, 1977 by the district of Hanover.
|Blazon : “ Divided diagonally to the right by black and silver , above a silver, red - tongued wolf head looking inwards; below a black, two-pointed wolf tang with a central bolt. "|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: Components of the coat of arms are the symbols of the formerly existing district of Burgdorf. By exchanging the colors there is no identity with this coat of arms. The coat of arms has its model in Hermann Löns ' peasant chronicle " The Wehrwolf ". The plot of this novel largely concerns the area of the current municipality of Burgwedel. The former communities of Engensen, Wettmar and Fuhrberg are mentioned most frequently of all the other communities mentioned.|
Coats of arms of the districts
Culture and sights
There are numerous architectural monuments in Burgwedel. A complete overview can be found in the list of architectural monuments in Burgwedel .
Economy and Infrastructure
Burgwedel is the seat of the drugstore chain Rossmann and the branch company KIND-Hörgeräte . Furthermore, the animal vaccine manufacturer Burgwedel Biotech (formerly Essex Animal Health, belongs to MSD Sharp & Dohme , also prepares vaccine against the Ebola virus), the bakery decor manufacturer Pickerd , the orthopedic company Thuasne Thämert, the cosmetics manufacturer Hildegard Braukmann, as well other medium-sized and small businesses are located in the Großburgwedel industrial park. In addition, there is a branch of the furniture store IKEA , which opened in 1976, in the immediate vicinity of junction 54 of the federal motorway 7, making it the second oldest branch still in existence in Germany.
The Protestant Pestalozzi Foundation is an institution that goes beyond Burgwedel and has a wide range of offers in the field of training and education, as well as kindergarten, youth welfare, disabled assistance and kindergarten .
In the area of the city of Burgwedel, the Fuhrberg waterworks is one of the most important water supply works in the state capital of Hanover , and there is another waterworks at Wettmar for local supply.
The Großburgwedel Clinic , which is part of the Hannover Region Clinic, is located in Großburgwedel. At the end of 2008, volunteers succeeded in opening a recognized board for those in need in Burgwedel.
The A 7 runs through the area of the city of Burgwedel with junction 54 (Großburgwedel). It connects the commercial areas with the company headquarters of Rossmann and the furniture store IKEA directly. A network of bypass roads that has been expanded in recent years is intended to relieve the city center of through traffic and also creates a direct connection from the motorway junction to the school and sports center as well as to Burgdorf and Wedemark.
The important Hanover – Celle railway line also runs here . At the Großburgwedel stop, the trains of the local rail passenger transport on the Göttingen - Hanover - Uelzen line , which has been served by the Metronom Railway Company since December 2005, stop every hour. It uses double-decker push-pull trains from the vehicle pool of the Landesnahverkehrsgesellschaft Niedersachsen mbH ( LNVG ).
In Großburgwedel there is a grammar school , an integrated comprehensive school , a secondary school , a special school (focus on learning) and a primary school . Other primary schools are located in Fuhrberg, Thönse, Kleinburgwedel and Wettmar. Pupils in grades 5, 6 and 7 have the opportunity to accept the offer of an "open all-day school" from Monday to Thursday including lunch, homework supervision and subsequent club offer.
The community library Großburgwedel is located in the old house in Großburgwedel. There are other libraries in Fuhrberg, Kleinburgwedel, Thönse and Wettmar.
sons and daughters of the town
- Carl Graf von Alten (1764–1840), Hanoverian-British general and statesman
- Otto Wöhler (1894–1987), General of the Wehrmacht
- Heinrich Dickmann (* 1941), insurance manager, governor of the German Lieutenancy of the Knightly Order of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem
- Nicole Bracht-Bendt (* 1959), politician (FDP)
- Tjark Bartels (* 1969), politician (SPD) and district administrator of the Hameln-Pyrmont district
- Stefan Heuer (* 1971), writer
- Bettina Zimmermann (* 1975), actress
- Kerstin Hoyer (* 1980), national hockey player
- Valmir Sulejmani (* 1996), football player
People connected to the city
- Albert David (1866-1940), German doctor, "Victim of the persecution of the Jews under the Nazi tyranny in Germany 1933-1945"
- Alfred Roselieb (1891–1969), executioner
- Heinrich Harmjanz (1904–1994), linguist, folklorist and sociologist
- Hermann Bahlsen (1927–2014), baked goods manufacturer
- Karsten Friedrich Hoppenstedt (* 1937), member of the European Parliament
- Martin Kind (* 1944), President of Hannover 96
- Willi Reimann (* 1949), soccer player and soccer coach
- Dieter Schatzschneider (* 1958), soccer player
- Harald Welzer (* 1958), sociologist and social psychologist, graduated from high school in Burgwedel
- Christian Wulff (* 1959), former Federal President , former Prime Minister of Lower Saxony
- Gundis Zámbó (* 1966), presenter
- Simon Licht (* 1966), actor
- Derek Meister (* 1973), writer and screenwriter
- Bettina Wulff (* 1973), wife of Christian Wulff, the former Federal President
- Gerald Asamoah (* 1978), football player
- Mike Hanke (* 1983), soccer player
- Benjamin Gallein (* 1986), cook, head chef at the starred restaurant Ole Deele in Großburgwedel
People for whom a stumbling block was laid in Burgwedel
- Erich Stoll: Großburgwedel Chronicle . Printing and publishing house Gebrüder Jänecke, Hanover 1972.
- District of Hanover (Hrsg.): Wappenbuch district of Hanover . Self-published, Hanover 1985, p. 104-121 .
- Episcopal Vicariate General Hildesheim (ed.): Handbook of the Diocese of Hildesheim, Part 2: Region Hannover . Self-published, Hildesheim 1995, p. 104-107 .
- Christian Heppner: Burgwedel - The history of the seven villages . Ed .: Municipality of Burgwedel. Hanover 1999.
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Matthias Blazek: Logging, mast and hunting in the Wietzenbruch / iron production in the Middle Ages of importance - inhospitable area used by Celle residents in community with Westerceller residents for centuries as pasture . In: Cellesche Zeitung / Sachsenspiegel 38 . September 20, 2003.
- Kartographische Anstalt Hannover (ed.): Municipality map Burgwedel . May 1, 1987.
- surface waters. In: Official website of the city of Burgwedel. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- Martin Lauber: Where is the water in the Würmsee? In: Website Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung . December 11, 2014, accessed July 13, 2018 .
- Birgit Schröder: 2016: A new attempt to save the Würmsee? In: Website Marktspiegel Verlag. January 16, 2016, accessed July 13, 2018 .
- Katerina Jarolim-Vormeier: Würmsee: No Entschlammung before 2017. In: Website Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung. April 25, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- Martin Lauber: Würmsee should not dry out in the future. In: Website Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung. October 10, 2016, accessed July 13, 2018 .
- German dictionary.
- (Low German of the Wettmar-Thönse-Engensen parish) Heinrich Heuer, born and died in Wettmar.
- (Low German of the parish Großburgwedel) 700 years of Kleinburgwedel - our village. ( Memento of June 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- Erich Stoll: Großburgwedel Chronicle . Printing and publishing house Gebr. Jänecke, Hanover 1972.
- Matthias Blazek: The fire extinguishing system in the area of the former Principality of Lüneburg from the beginning until 1900 . Adelheidsdorf 2006, ISBN 978-3-00-019837-3 , p. 153, 177, 190, 204 .
- Opel rocket car "Unsuitable terrain". In: Spiegel Online website - one day. May 29, 2003. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- Matthias Blazek: The record attempts of 1928 - The rocket-powered rail car on the Langenhagen – Celle railway line . In: Heimatbund Niedersachsen (Hrsg.): Heimatland . 2008.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 217 .
- Matthias Blazek: From the Landdrostey to the district government - The history of the district government of Hanover as reflected in the administrative reforms . Ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-89821-357-9 .
- Historical overview. In: Official website of the city. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- The history of the Catholic parish of St. Paulus. In: Website of the parish of St. Paulus. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Internet site for the Lower Saxony Regulation Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed August 19, 2019 .
- Burgwedel City Council. In: Citizen Information System of the City of Burgwedel (Allris). Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- Results of the 2016 local elections. In: Website of the city of Burgwedel. Retrieved July 13, 2018 .
- arms designs by Karl Wulf. In: Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- Landkreis Hannover (ed.): Wappenbuch Landkreis Hannover . Self-published, Hanover 1985, p. 104-105 .
- n.v . : David, Albert in the database of Niedersächsische Personen ( new entry required ) of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library - Lower Saxony State Library in the version of December 12, 2016, last accessed on November 25, 2019
- The Federal Archives: Entry: David, Albert. Memorial Book - Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny 1933–1945 , accessed on February 11, 2016 .
- Angelika Ebbinghaus, Karsten Linne: No closed chapter - Hamburg in the "Third Reich" . European Publishing House , Hamburg 1997, ISBN 3-434-52006-6 , p. 338 .
- Gerhards, Auguste: Morts pour avoir dit non - 14 Alsaciens et Lorrains face à la justice militaire nazie . La Nuée Bleue / DNA, Strasbourg 2007, ISBN 978-2-7165-0713-4 , pp. 26 ff .
- Interview: Young and Naive - Episode 304 . On Youtube. Retrieved August 26, 2017.