Return of the Jedi
The Return of the Jedi (Original title: Return of the Jedi ) is an American space opera film from 1983 and is the third feature film and the sixth episode of the Star Wars saga by George Lucas , which is in Germany appeared on December 9, 1983 and The Empire Strikes Back continues. Alternatively, the film is also known as Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi .
The body of Han Solo , frozen in carbonite , is now in the possession of Jabba , who set it up in his desert fortress on Tatooine as a bizarre wall decoration. While trying to save Han, Princess Leia is caught and held as a personal slave by Jabba. In a rescue operation, however, Luke Skywalker manages to free his two friends. Luke then goes into the Dagobah system to finish his training with the old Jedi master Yoda . Yoda explains to Luke that he doesn't need any further training to face Vader and defeat him. Defeating Vader would make Luke a Jedi Knight. Yoda also confirms that Vader is Luke's father and was once Obi-Wan Kenobi's student . Shortly thereafter, Yoda dies peacefully of old age and becomes one with power . After Yoda's death, Luke learns through the power spirit of Obi-Wan Kenobi, who appears to him on Dagobah, that Leia is his twin sister.
Meanwhile, the rebel fleet gathers to prepare for the decisive battle against the forces of the Empire. The Empire is on the verge of completing a new, more powerful Death Star , the construction of which the Emperor will personally oversee.
A small rebel commando, led by Han, Luke and Leia, goes to the forest moon Endor to destroy the generator of the protective shield that surrounds the Death Star. But Luke has other plans: He wants to face his father Darth Vader again in a duel and bring him back from the dark side of the force. For this purpose, he voluntarily allows himself to be captured. He is taken to the Death Star by Darth Vader, where the Emperor is already waiting for him.
Meanwhile, Han and Leia are ambushed while trying to blow up the protective shield and are captured. When the rebel fleet arrives, the Death Star's shield is still active and the Imperial Armada engages them in what appears to be a hopeless battle. Given the situation of the rebels, a desperate Luke attacks the Emperor, but is prevented from doing so by Vader, and a fight with the lightsaber begins between the two . Meanwhile, the tide turns on the moon: the captured rebels receive unexpected help. The Ewoks, the natives of the moon, consider C-3PO to be a deity because of its gold-colored metal shell. On Luke's orders, the protocol droid brings the Ewoks to ally with the rebels. Together they can beat the Imperial forces and blow up the shield generator.
The attack on the Death Star begins while Luke is still fighting Darth Vader. Luke knows that if he gives in to his hatred and kills Vader, he would fall into the dark side of the Force. Again and again he tries to hold back. But when Vader realizes Leia's true origins and threatens to convert her, Luke gives in to his hatred: He beats him wildly and can sever his right hand, in which he is holding his lightsaber. When Vader lies defenseless at Luke's feet, the Emperor tells him to kill Vader. Luke, however, throws away his lightsaber and refuses. When the emperor wants to kill him with lightning bolts, Vader takes sides for his son Luke, who asks him for help in pain. Vader grabs his master and hurls him into a reactor shaft of the Death Star. The Emperor is dead. And Darth Vader, who is badly injured by the outflow of dark power from the Emperor, collapses too. But before he dies, he has his son remove his black breathing mask so that he can see him again with his own eyes. Luke, who intended to take his rescued father with him, can only escape from the Death Star with Vader's corpse.
The attack of the rebels leads a short time later to success and the 2nd Death Star is destroyed in a huge explosion.
Luke meets his friends again at the victory celebration on the forest moon. During the victory celebration, the power spirits of Obi-Wan, Yoda and Anakin Skywalker appear, with Anakin appearing in his young guise. The film ends with a feast as many planets in the galaxy celebrate their liberation from the Empire's reign of terror.
Classification in the Star Wars universe
The film takes place about a year after the events of its direct predecessor The Empire Strikes Back and about four years after Star Wars and forms the end of the classic trilogy (1977-1983).
|films and series||fictitious calendar (in years)|
The Phantom Menace
Attack of the Clones.
Revenge of the Sith
The Empire Strikes Back
Return of the Jedi
The Force Awakens
The Last Jedi
The Rise of Skywalker
The Clone Wars (+ movie )
The consequences of the series The Powers of Fate take place at different times, so that a list in the table is not meaningful. Also not listed miniseries, short stories, comics, books and other ancillary works of the official Star Wars - canon and the theme park Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge (between VIII and IX). The fictitious calendar of the Star Wars universe is used for the schematic classification of the actions . This differentiates between the years before the Battle of Yavin (VSY) and after the Battle of Yavin (NSY). The Battle of Yavin IV marks the end of Star Wars (1977), in which Luke Skywalker and the Rebel Alliance destroy the first Death Star .
- Luke Skywalker ( Mark Hamill ), the son of Jedi Anakin Skywalker , who is actually Darth Vader. His final test as a Jedi Knight is to defeat his father. He is the twin brother of Leia Organa.
- Han Solo ( Harrison Ford ), is a smuggler and the captain of the Mad Hawk . He has strong feelings for Leia.
- Leia Organa ( Carrie Fisher ), former Princess of Alderaan and the biological daughter of Jedi Anakin Skywalker. After Han is handed over to Jabba the Hutt by Boba Fett, she sets out to save him. She also has strong feelings for Han.
- Darth Vader / Anakin Skywalker ( David Prowse , Sebastian Shaw , Hayden Christensen ), born Anakin Skywalker , is a Sith Lord and the father of Luke and Leia. His goal is to get his son to the dark side.
- Lando Calrissian ( Billy Dee Williams ), is the general of the Rebel Alliance and the former Cloud City Baron Administrator. After betraying his friend Han, he joined the Rebel Alliance to save him.
- C-3PO ( Anthony Daniels ), a humanoid protocol droid who has seen most of the adventures since Anakin Skywalker's training as a Jedi, mostly with his friend and companion R2-D2 at his side, is in the service of Leia Organa.
- Chewbacca ( Peter Mayhew ), a 200 year old Wookiee from the planet Kashyyyk . He is Han Solo's loyal companion.
- Sheev Palpatine ( Ian McDiarmid ), Emperor of the Galactic Empire. He is also Darth Vader's Sith master. His goal is to end the rebellion and get Luke to the dark side to make him his new student.
- Yoda ( Frank Oz ), a 900 year old, small, green being. He was the Grand Master of the Jedi who, after the Clone Wars ended, lived as an outcast on Dagobah . After Obi-Wan's death, he became Luke's new master.
- Obi-Wan Kenobi ( Alec Guinness ), a Jedi master and the former mentor and friend of Anakin Skywalker. Since his death, Kenobi has appeared as a power spirit and continues to give Luke advice.
- Boba Fett ( Jeremy Bulloch ), a bounty hunter hired by Darth Vader to capture Han Solo. He now works for Jabba the Hutt.
- Tatooine , a desert planet in the Outer Rim orbiting a pair of twin suns. Ruled by Jabba The Hutt, the planet is a refuge for smugglers, criminals and people who don't want to be found on the edge of the Outer Rim Territory, away from important trade routes. Otherwise, apart from wet farms and bars, it doesn't have much to see. It is the home planet of Luke Skywalker and his father Anakin Skywalker. Jabba's owned Han Solo is also on Tatooine.
- Dagobah , a remote planet, the surface of which is largely made up of swamps. The Force is very strong on this planet so there is also a strong natural presence of the dark side of the Force. The planet is Yoda's self-determined exile.
- The second Death Star , after the destruction of the first, is a huge battle station of the Empire. The second Death Star is even larger and more dangerous than its predecessor.
- Endor , a heavily forested moon in the Outer Rim with some savannahs and mountain regions. The moon is used by the empire as the location of a protective shield generator, whose shield is supposed to secure the construction of the second Death Star. Endor orbits an uninhabitable gas giant, also known as an endor.
- "The Return of the Jedi" should initially have the title "Revenge of the Jedi". Paramount shot at the same time " Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan " which was then still called "Revenge of Khan". After long negotiations, Paramount decided on the title "The Wrath of Khan". Shortly before it was released, the third film in the Star Wars saga got a new title: "Return of the Jedi". George Lucas commented on this change by stating that Jedi do not seek revenge. Unfortunately, at this point in time, a licensed t-shirt manufacturer had already printed thousands of fan shirts with the wrong name, which fans now sell in the four-digit euro range.
- Originally, the confrontation between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader was supposed to take place on the imperial throne world Had Abbadon , which much later provided the basic idea for the planet Coruscant , which had a brief appearance as an imperial throne world from the Special Edition of 1997 and also one of the main locations in the later filmed episodes 1-3 is. However, the setting of the confrontation from Return of the Jedi was later moved to the new Death Star and the forest moon Endor.
- During the shooting, the film was codenamed “Blue Harvest - Horror Beyond Imagination” in order to calm the fans and press representatives.
- As with the filming of the second part, Harrison Ford suggested that George Lucas let Han Solo die to add depth to the character, but Lucas was against it.
- The scene in which the Emperor is thrown over a railing by Darth Vader into the Death Star reactor was initially intended to be played by a stuntman. After the scene still didn't work after several attempts with wire ropes and other tricks, David Prowse was disillusioned and called to the set. Despite a swelling in his knee, he shot the scene and it worked on the first shot.
- In the special edition of the film from 1997, the victory celebration on Waldmond Endor was supplemented by a new score , as well as further celebration scenes on the other planets of the previous films (except Hoth). The planet Coruscant was shown here for the first time, although it was only two years later in Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace that it would play a more important role.
- In the 2004 DVD version, the ghost of old Anakin Skywalker was replaced by the young Anakin portrayed by Hayden Christensen from episodes II and III. Originally, Sebastian Shaw was featured in this scene alongside Obi Wan and Yoda, who continues to appear as Anakin Skywalker in the credits.
- On this version, the planet Naboo from Episode I was also included in the closing ceremony at the end of the film.
Titles and versions
In 1997 the film was re-released in cinemas as a special edition . This version has been extended with the new technical possibilities (more special effects; replacement of model-based effects with computer-generated ones) and is also a few minutes longer.
For the again revised DVD release in 2004, the additional Special Edition was dropped from marketing . Nevertheless, the term Special Edition is still unofficially used for all film versions since 1997, in order to distinguish these digitally revised versions from the previous versions.
The 2004 version was bundled with the 1983 cinema version in 2006 as a limited edition on DVD. This is the last time that George Lucas published the non-digitally revised version on a current home video format, although no digital processing or adaptation of the film material to the conditions of the DVD data carrier was carried out for this either. Instead, the footage from earlier Laserdisc releases was simply transferred to DVD.
For the release of the Blu-Ray Saga Box in 2011, the film was digitally revised again in several places and thus represents the fourth version of The Return of the Jedi .
|role||Actor or speaker||German voice actor|
|Luke Skywalker||Mark Hamill||Hans-Georg Panczak|
|Han Solo||Harrison Ford||Wolfgang Pampel|
|Princess Leia Organa||Carrie Fisher||Susanna Bonaséwicz|
|Lando Calrissian||Billy Dee Williams||Frank Glaubrecht|
|C-3PO||Anthony Daniels||Joachim Tennstedt|
|Darth Vader /
( James Earl Jones , voice)
Reiner Schöne (a scene since 2011)
( Hayden Christensen as power spirit)
|Sheev Palpatine / Darth Sidious||Ian McDiarmid||Helmut Heyne|
|Obi Wan Kenobi||Alec Guinness||Ernst Wilhelm Borchert|
|Yoda||Frank Oz||Hugo Schrader|
|Wedge Antilles||Denis Lawson||Ingolf Gorges|
|Mon Mothma||Caroline Blakiston||Alexandra Lange|
|Admiral Ackbar||Tim Rose||Arnold Marquis|
|Erik Bauersfeld ( voice )|
|Admiral Piett||Kenneth Colley||Hans Nitschke|
Cinema saw the end of the Star Wars series "unfortunately not as innovative as its two predecessors" , but was able to convince with "breathtaking action sequences and never before seen special effects" . Overall, it was an "action-packed conclusion to a great sci-fi epic."
The film service was also more critical of the third space adventure. So it only has "in places the carefree charm of the comic strip, while the multitude of effects gives the impression of a computer-controlled puppet theater."
The New York Times rated the 1983 film similarly. You see "dancing Ewoks, Jabba the Hutt, and other mixed creatures that are so devoid of visual characteristics that you can only remember isolated details." Furthermore, the fighting scenes of the film were found to be tiresome because "is never sure who shoot whom with these laser beams and neutron weapons. "
- Special Oscar for the best visual effects to Richard Edlund , Dennis Muren , Ken Ralston and Phil Tippett
- Nomination in the category Best Production Design for Norman Reynolds , Fred Hole , James L. Schoppe and Michael D. Ford
- Nomination for Best Score for John Williams
- Nomination for Best Sound for Ben Burtt , Gary Summers , Randy Thom and Tony Dawe
- Nomination in the category Best Sound Editing for Ben Burtt
- Award in the Best Visual Effects category for Richard Edlund , Dennis Muren and Ken Ralston
- Nomination for Best Production Design for Norman Reynolds
- Nomination in the Best Mask category for Stuart Freeborn and Phil Tippett
- Nomination for Best Sound for Ben Burtt , Tony Dawe and Gary Summers
- Award in the category of best science fiction film
- Award for Best Actor for Mark Hamill
- Award in the Best Costume category for Aggie Guerard Rodgers , Nilo Rodis-Jamero
- Award in the Best Make-up category for Phil Tippett and Stuart Freeborn
- Award in the Best Special Effects category for Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren and Ken Ralston
- Nomination in the category Best Director for Richard Marquand
- Best Actress nomination for Carrie Fisher
- Nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Billy Dee Williams
- Nomination for Best Score for John Williams
- Nomination for Best Original Music Album for a Film or TV Special for John Williams
- most dramatic presentation
- Award in the Best Film category
- 3 million viewers in 18 months
The German Film and Media Assessment (FBW) in Wiesbaden awarded the film the rating of particularly valuable.
The Return of the Jedi from 1983 continued in 2015 with Star Wars: The Force Awakens.
- James Kahn: Return of the Jedi. Novel adaptation . Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag , 1983, ISBN 3-442-06639-5 (re-edition 2015: ISBN 978-3-7341-6067-7 )
- An extensive literature list for the film series can be found in the article Star Wars .
- Laurent Bouzereau: Star Wars: The Annotated Screenplays , 1997, ISBN 978-0-345-40981-2
- Michael Kaminski: The Secret History of Star Wars , Legacy Books Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-9784652-3-0
- JW Rinzler: The Making of Return of the Jedi: The Definitive Story Behind the Film , Quarto Publishing 2013, ISBN 978-1-78131-076-2
- Tom Angleberger: Beware of the Dark Side of the Force (Star Wars Return of the Jedi) , Panini , 2015, ISBN 3-8332-3025-8
- Return of the Jedi in theInternet Movie Database(English)
- Return of the Jedi in the online movie database
- Return of the Jedi atRotten Tomatoes(English)
- Extensive video documentation from a fan about the making of the film
- Comparison of the cut versions Special Edition - DVD Edition , Theatrical Version - Special Edition , DVD Edition - Blu-ray Edition of The Return of the Jedi at Schnittberichte.com
- German dubbing index: The Return of the Jedi Knights (complete list of German dubbing actors)
- Release Certificate for Return of the Jedi . Voluntary self-regulation of the film industry , July 2005 (PDF; test number: 54 191 V / DVD).
- The Complete Del Rey Books Timeline. In: Random House Books. Retrieved May 26, 2018 (English).
- Emil Fortune: Star Wars: Galactic Atlas . Ravensburger, 2017, ISBN 978-3-473-49038-7 (Original title: Star Wars: Galactic Atlas . Translated by Wolfgang Hensel).
- Jamie Lovett: Lucasfilm Reveals Official Timeline of the Star Wars Saga. In: comicbook.com. August 24, 2019, accessed on August 29, 2019 .
- Stephen J. Sansweet, Peter Vilmur: The Star Wars Collection: 30 Years of Cult: the unique illustrated book with many faithful reproductions and 2 audio CDs . Blanvalet Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7645-0277-5 , p. 66.
- Stephen J. Sansweet, Peter Vilmur: The Star Wars Collection: 30 Years of Cult: the unique illustrated book with many faithful reproductions and 2 audio CDs . Blanvalet Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7645-0277-5 , p. 67.
- Star Wars Union Online
- The data material of the DVD release of the pre-1997 version comes from the earlier Laserdisc release ( Memento of February 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (English); Accessed: June 28, 2012.
- Return of the Jedi. In: synchronkartei.de. German dubbing file , accessed on March 2, 2017 .
- Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983). Rotten Tomatoes . Retrieved June 28, 2016 .
- Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi. Metacritic , accessed June 28, 2016 .
- Return of the Jedi (1983). IMDb , accessed June 28, 2016 .
- Return of the Jedi. Cinema , accessed June 3, 2015 .
- Return of the Jedi - Short Review. Film service , accessed June 3, 2015 .
- Vincent Canby: LUCAS RETURNS WITH 'THE JEDI' , in: New York Times, May 25, 1983, accessed on Feb. 22, 2015