KBStV Rhaetia Munich
|coat of arms||Circle|
|University / s:||Munich universities and colleges|
|Founding:||July 23, 1881|
|Corporation association :||Association-free|
|Color status :||colored|
|Cap:||Cherry red Munich flat cap|
|Type of Confederation:||Men's association|
|Religion / Denomination:||Catholic|
|Position to the scale :||not striking|
|Motto:||Cum fide virtus!|
|Total members:||400 (2014)|
The Catholic Bavarian Student Union Rhaetia is a Catholic Bavarian student union in Munich with around 400 members. It is colored and non-striking .
The KBStV Rhaetia Munich was founded on July 23, 1881 by 18 students from the Ludwig Maximilians University . These students were formerly members of the KDStV Aenania Munich , which belonged to the colored Catholic Cartel Association (CV). The background for the separation was, on the one hand, the circumstances of the time, both the culture war with the rejection of ultramontanism and the state-political views. At that time, the Rhetians wanted to distance themselves from the supporters of the German Empire and advocated the strengthening of the autonomy of Bavaria and its royal family . This also led to the rejection of the Cartel idea of the CV and KV , which was distributed over the entire German-speaking area and which all three Catholic Munich connections pursued at the time. So it came to a dispute within the association, which ended with the fact that on July 17th an application for dimission was made against those thirteen boys , "who wanted the separation of Aenania from the cartel association". This group formed and came up with the plan to establish a separate association, which was later carried out in the “Gasthaus zum Morgenstern” ( St. Anna suburb ). This shifted the focus from a Catholic German to an emphatically Catholic and Bavarian student union. The name "Rhaetia" is based on the Roman province of Raetia , which mainly covers today's southwestern Bavaria. The name Bavaria, which was first considered, was already taken.
Established until 1900
In the beginning it was difficult to achieve a reasonable number of members for the association, as three theology students moved to the Georgianum seminary . The Rhaetia benefited from the fact that in the non-colored KStV Ottonia Munich from the Catholic Cartel Association (KV) a number of southern German students had left their association for the same reason and decided to join the Rhaetia. The Bayern principle was also called into question for the first time because three of them were from Württemberg . However, it was mutually agreed to deny membership to the three in accordance with the principle.
On November 19, 1884, the decision was made to officially wear the color from the first pub . This resolution was solemnly implemented on January 10, 1885 with a couleur inaugural summer. For the 7th foundation festival, one of the founders, Mayerhofer, wrote a celebratory poem, which was proclaimed a federal song. On December 19 of this year, the first subsidiary of the Rhaetia was founded in Eichstätt under the name "Rhaetia Eystettensis", but it was dissolved after two semesters.
1900 to 1930
The Rhaetia also has the subsidiary KDStV Franco-Raetia Würzburg , which was founded on December 2, 1905 under the name "Rhaetia Herbipolensis " as a branch. Thus, the Rhaetia had two active companies at two locations and a common old gentlemen's association. In 1925 the Würzburger split off due to a decline in membership, so that the association gave up the Bavaria principle, changed the name to "KDStV Franco- Raetia" and then joined the CV. She still exists today and maintains a lively exchange with her mother connection.
At the 25th foundation festival, a member of the royal family, Prince Ludwig of Bavaria , took part in the ceremony for the first time . This tradition continued by Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria , who often visited the Rhaetia throughout his life. He also awarded the connection as such with the "Kronprinz Rupprecht Medal".
During the First World War, only two boys remained in the Aktivitas, while 200 members of the association did military service, 40 of whom died. From 1923 the quarterly, later monthly, published uniform leaflet "Der Rhaeten herold " was published.
The traditionally good and close connections between Rhaetia and the Wittelsbach family resulted from the rhaetian life principle "bavaria" as well as from the long monarchical tradition that so strongly shaped Bavaria. As a result, there was intense discussion in the 1920s about a state reorganization of Germany after the First World War. This was especially true with regard to the consideration of Bavarian interests in the Weimar Republic , also in the sense of Bavarian-rhaetian patriots such as a Johann Baptist Sigl or a Georg Heim (see known members).
1930 to 1945
Since the association had more than 600 members with 130 active members at that time, the aim was to set up its own association house , which was acquired in January 1933 at Luisenstrasse 31. Because the Nazi ideology was incompatible with the Catholic principle, in 1932, after many temporary discussions about political developments, the Nazi advocates were finally asked to voluntarily leave the association, which 13 boys and 22 Philistines then did. An article in the Münchner Zeitung also dealt with the internal strife of the Rhaetia. So by 1942 another 40 Philistines left the connection because they did not agree with the rigorous contradiction to the Nazi worldview. Before that, through middlemen , they had demanded the resignation of the Philistine Board and the Committee and threatened to follow up with further official and public steps. However, the board of directors around Max Lebsche (Philistine Senior Rhaetias from 1933 to 1957) remained firm and adhered to the course critical of the regime, strengthened by the declaration of the German bishops of March 28, 1933 and the Catholic resistance . In response to this declaration, the Rhaetias Philistine Committee issued an official declaration in June 1933 on the new political situation, according to which the "rally of the Fulda Bishops' Conference on the National Socialist Movement" on March 28, 1933 was decisive for the connection. In this declaration, the German bishops stick to their fundamental condemnation of certain religious and moral errors of National Socialism, despite certain relativizations and the hope of a concordat favorable to the Church. In this respect, Rhaetia could feel empowered. Rhaetia's declaration closes with the words "Our love and our strength belong to our ideals: God and fatherland. As in the past, we are ready to serve them now and in the future." This is one of the reasons why Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber , Archbishop of Munich and Freising , praised Rhaetia as early as 1936 with the following words: "A single pillar rises out of a vast field of rubble. Rhaetia is her name". Cardinal Faulhaber judged this even after the war. In 1949 he told his secretary, Domkapitular Josef Thalhamer , that he had not forgotten that Rhaetia endured from 1933 to 1945 "in loyalty to the church - to her faith, her customs, her homeland". Elective evidence of this is the fact that Rhaetia participated in the Corpus Christi procession in Munich with numerous active members and philistines in 1935 with batches in wichs and flags and thus publicly underscored her loyalty to faith and the church. The unyielding stance of Rhaetia against the Nazi regime resulted, among other things, in the expulsion from the Bündische Kammer der Studentenschaft , the dismissal of Max Lebsche as a professor from the civil service and the expropriation of the Rhaetian house in 1938. Thus, the Rhaetia had lost its center through which the united resistance was only possible in this form. In 1938, like all other Catholic corporations, Rhaetia was banned. As early as the winter semester of 1938/39, the Rhaetenhaus at Luisenstrasse 31 was occupied by the Nazi comradeship Prinz Eugen (as part of the old rulers of the Corps Suevia and their Aktivitas). According to the notarial deed of January 11, 1943, the connection property was transferred to the NS-Altherrenbund der Studenten without compensation. The flags, thugs (which traditionally belong to the student wank, but were not and are not used as such for strikes or duels at Rhaetia as a non-hitting connection) and the other batch accessories were kept in different places and were largely able to do so after the Second World War to be saved. On September 7, 1943, the Rhaetenhaus was destroyed by a fire bomb by the British Royal Air Force.
On July 23, 1947, the Rhaetia was re-established in the “ Schottenhamel ” hotel in Munich and the following year it continued the tradition of the Corpus Christi procession to this day. On August 1, 1948, the first post-war "Herold" was published and the return of the connecting property, that is, the ruined Rhaetenhaus , was possible after long negotiations. In 1951 there were again 60 active participants. In 1957, construction of the new Rhaetenhaus began. Also in 1957 the death of the long-time Philistine senior Max Lebsche fell . He was followed by Hans Babl, Heinz-Günter Jäckle, Ministerialrat Maximilian Wilhelm, Ministerialdirigent Berndt Jäger and Hubertus Betz in the office of Philistine Senior.
Since 1964 there has been a friendship with the academic fraternity of Glanzenburg . As a sign of solidarity with the Catholic Church, for example, in 1989 Benedict XVI. , at that time as cardinal and former bishop of Munich and Freising, and Odilo Lechner and Johannes Eckert , abbots of the opposite fraternity church " Abtei St. Bonifaz ", accepted as honorary members. The expression of the connection to the House of Wittelsbach and the Free State of Bavaria can be seen in the acceptance of Duke Franz von Bayern as an honorary member of Rhaetiae in 1997.
Colors, motto and compasses
Rhaetia is a color-bearing connection. Their colors are cherry red - white - light blue . These represent a combination of the Bavarian state colors and the original colors of the Counts of Scheyern-Wittelsbach . The latter indicates the always close connection between Rhaetia and the Wittelsbach family. The colors are also symbols of love , innocence and loyalty . This is also the reason why the fox ribbon has the colors "red and white".
The motto Rhaetiae is “Cum fide virtus”, which is the Latin translation of the motto of the Wittelsbach House Knights Order of St. Hubertus and the Bavarian Army “In Treue fest”.
The compass consists of the letters “V”, “C”, “F” and “R”. The original meaning is controversial, but probably stands for “Vivat, crescat, floreat Rhaetia!” (In German: Long live, grow, bloom Rhaetia! ).
The four principles are Religio , Amicitia , Scientia and Bavaria . This means that only Bavarians , i.e. students who were born or raised in Bavaria, are included in the association. The federal song Rhaetiae begins with the words Let your Bayern banner fly and the Bavarian anthem is sung after every official liaison event . The principles of Aenania Religio , Amicitia and Scientia were adopted and expanded to include the idea of home .
It also dates from the founding time that it is a free student association in its principles and therefore does not belong to any cartel (umbrella organization). Furthermore, the student body relationship has been practiced since 1885 . There are four families “Autharis”, “Faßl”, “Gambrinus” and “Kapfer”.
The association has about 35 active members and 370 Philistines , who are divided into 14 districts :
- Allgäu - Central Swabia
- Augsburg / North Swabia / Uhlgau
- Danube - Naab
- Ingolstadt - Eichstätt
- Munich and the surrounding area
- Rosenheim / Rupertigau
Outside Bavaria for spoiled Philistines:
The Rhaetenhaus is the heart of the fraternity and was built in its current form in 1958.
In the early days of the connection, people first met in various restaurants. In 1928 the important step was made to acquire a liaison house of their own. This was in the Ludwigsvorstadt . However, this was not to remain the home of the Rhaet for long and so in 1933 the move to the Hirth Villa, a building created by Leonhard Romeis in Maxvorstadt. However, after the general ban on all Catholic student associations in 1938, the Rhaetia was expropriated by the National Socialists . Due to numerous air raids on Maxvorstadt during the Second World War, the house looked like a ruin in 1945 . After removing 700 m³ of rubble , the Rhaetians laboriously made the house, which had been restored by the American occupiers , habitable again. However, the major damage to the house was irreparable and so, at the insistence of the city of Munich, which wanted to build a vocational school at this point , the old Hirth villa was torn down. The construction of the new Rhaetenhaus started in May 1958. It received a very rare decoration on the front or the north side in the art technique " Sgraffito ". The sgraffito created in 1958 was created by a Rhaetia member himself, the artist Erich Horndasch, which embellished the house to a particularly high degree at a price affordable in the post-war period and individualized it for the Rhaetia. The sgraffito depicts Maximilian I , among other things, at a size of around eight meters and shows the words "Rhaetia". The house was officially inaugurated at the foundation festival on November 8, 1958.
In 2007 the facade of the house was extensively restored as time and street dirt faded the color and turned gray.
- Johann Baptist Sigl (1839–1902), founder and publisher of the newspaper "Das Bayerische Vaterland"
- Carl Weyman (1862–1931), classical philologist
- Georg Heim (1865–1938), leader of the Catholic peasant movement and founder of the Bavarian People's Party
- Johann Göttsberger (1868–1958), Catholic theologian (honorary member)
- Georg Rattel (1882–1950), local politician (Bavarian People's Party) and city councilor and mayor of Bamberg
- Paul Kiem (1882–1960), musician and folk song collector
- Wilhelm Diess (1884–1957), Bavarian narrator
- Max Lebsche (1886–1957), doctor and Nazi opponent
- Hugo Lang (1892–1967), Benedictine abbot
- Josef Listl (1893–1970), Lord Mayor of Ingolstadt (1930–1945 and 1956–1962)
- Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley (1897–1945), murderer of Kurt Eisner
- Alois Hundhammer (1900–1974), Bavarian State Minister and President of the State Parliament
- Karl Bosl (1908–1993), historian and holder of the chair for Bavarian regional history at the University of Munich
- Konrad Lax (1914–2007), politician (independent) and district administrator of the Füssen district
- Fritz Stippel (1915–1974), education professor
- Matthias Defregger (1915–1995), auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising
- Max Ziegelbauer (1923–2016), theologian, auxiliary bishop emeritus of the diocese of Augsburg and honorary citizen of the city of Memmingen
- Franz Heubl (1924–2001), politician (CSU), member of the Bavarian State Parliament (1953–1990) and President of the Bavarian State Parliament (1978–1990)
- Benno Hubensteiner (1924–1985), historian
- Wolf-Dieter Montag (1924–2018), sports medicine specialist and functionary
- Erich Horndasch (1926–2010), artist
- Walter Asam (1926–2002), district administrator of the district of Schrobenhausen and from 1972 of the district of Neuburg-Schrobenhausen
- Franz Burgey (1927–2018), pastor and theologian
- Walter Brugger (* 1928), theologian and author of books on the art and regional history of Old Bavaria
- Hubert Glaser (1928–2019), German historian (honorary member)
- Herbert Kempfler (* 1931), politician (CSU)
- Helmut Kalkbrenner (1930–1984), party chairman of the Bavarian Party and the Bavarian State Party
- Friedrich Kroneck (1931–2015), German diplomat, including first ambassador to Albania
- Hans Hermann Lechner (1931–2020), economist
- Konrad Breitrainer (* 1933), politician (CSU)
- Alfred Bayer (* 1933), politician (CSU)
- Franz Duke of Bavaria (* 1933), head of the House of Wittelsbach
- Winfried Zehetmeier (1933–2019), freelance artist and longtime Second Mayor and City Councilor of the City of Munich (CSU)
- Adolf Müller (* 1935), District Administrator of the Ostallgäu district
- Hans Zehetmair (* 1936), former Minister of State for Education, Culture, Science and Art
- Helmut Zöpfl (* 1937), teacher and professor of school education
- Josef Hölzle (* 1929), historian and honorary citizen of Pfaffenhausen
- Paulus Maria Weigele OSB (* 1943), Benedictine and retired abbot of Ottobeuren Abbey (honorary member)
- Anton Mertl (* 1946), lawyer
- Jörg Hillinger (1947–1999), Ltd. Chief Public Prosecutor and Prosecutor for Max Strauss
- Günter Freiherr von Gravenreuth (1948–2010), lawyer and publisher, was appointed in 2010
- Ludwig Spaenle (* 1961), Bavarian State Minister for Education and Culture (2008–2018)
- Florian Hermann (* 1971), politician (CSU), head of the Bavarian State Chancellery since 2018
- ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 101.
- ↑ Christopher Dowe: Also educated citizens: Catholic students and academics in the Kaiserreich (= critical studies on historical science . Volume 171). Göttingen 2011, p. 182.
- ↑ Honorary member Dr. Sigl, in: Rhaetenherold No. 564/2013, p. 14 ff.
- ↑ Honorary member Dr. Heim, in: Rhaetenherold No. 565/566/2013, p. 31 f.
- ^ Heinrich Schulthess (Ed.), European History Calendar 1933, 57th edition, Munich 1965, p. 79
- ↑ Rhaetenherold No. 182/1950, p. 2.
- ↑ Handwritten letter from Cardinal Faulhaber of February 19, 1936 on the occasion of his thanks to Rhaetia for congratulations on his 25th anniversary as a bishop, facsimile in Rhaetenherold No. 202/203/1952, p. 2.
- ↑ Josef Thalhammer, from 1945 secretary to Cardinal Faulhaber, in Rhaetenherold No. 177/1949, p. 2.
- ^ Text and dated photo in Rhaetenherold No. 314/1971, p. 6.
- ↑ Rhaetenherold No. 314/1971, p. 5.
- ↑ Rhaetenherold No. 175/1948, p. 2 f.
- ^ German university calendar. Winter semester 1913/14. Leipzig 1913, p. 237.
- ↑ classification . In: rhaetia.de . Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- ↑ Christian Sturm: Guardian Angel on Earth. Focus , August 13, 2007, accessed September 5, 2012 .
- ↑ Peter Muehlbauer : Günter Gravenreuth committed suicide. In: Telepolis . Verlag Heinz Heise , February 22, 2010, accessed on February 22, 2010 .
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