Hanseatic City of Osterburg (Altmark)
|Height :||39 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||22.15 km²|
|Residents :||517 (Dec. 31, 2007)|
|Population density :||23 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 2009|
|Postal code :||39606|
|Area code :||03937|
Location of Krevese in Saxony-Anhalt
Former Krevese monastery church
Neighboring towns are Stapel in the west, Bretsch in the northwest, Röthenberg and Dequede with the Dequede television tower in the north, Polkern in the northeast, Krumke and Zedau in the southeast and Schliecksdorf in the southwest.
The hilly area around the village of Krevese reaches 73 m above sea level. NN near Polkern the highest point of the northeast Altmark. From here you can look over the landscape protection area "Eastern edge of the Arendsee plateau" to the east over the Wische to the Elbe up to the Havelberg Cathedral, about 20 km away . To the south and east the area slopes down to the piping , to the west to the Zehrengraben .
Krevese was first documented in 956 as Kribci mentioned when Otto I the pin Quedlinburg six Slavic villages from the Marca Lipani gave. In 1308 a donation in Kreveze or in Kreueze was confirmed. Further mentions are 1581 Crewesen , 1687 Crewesen . In 1804 it is called the village and the Crevese estate , there was a wheel maker, a forge, two windmills and a jug .
In 1902 the official spelling was changed from Crevese to Krevese. The government president determined the spelling with the letter K in the initial state of the state police as the official one .
Critique of the first mention 956
The historian Peter P. Rohrlach points out that the assignment of Kribci to Krevese is still controversial among historians today. Heinrich Böttger located Kribci as Clenze in today's Lüchow-Dannenberg district as early as 1874 .
The village belonged to the “Marienthal” Benedictine convent in the village, which was dedicated to Mother Mary and Saint Anisius. The monastery was founded between 1170 and 1200.
The dispute with the Benedictine convent Dobbertin in Mecklenburg over the sand propsteidorf Lärz was resolved on September 21, 1249 in Röbel / Müritz after a compensation sum of 30 marks of Slavic pfennigs was paid to the Krevese monastery in favor of Dobbertin.
"The legend of the Emma cross" reports that the monastery burned down in 1268 due to the arson of an involuntary nun, a "Geldberger", was rebuilt, burned down again in 1280 and was not revived afterwards due to lack of money. The village of Krevese used to have its own church, but since it burned down, the service for the estate and village community has been set up in the monastery church. Christoph Entzelt passed this story down in 1579 and probably adopted it from a Crewes chronicle that has not been passed down, as Hermann Bohm wrote in 1911. The cross stood in the deciduous forest area of Hagen south of the village on a large boulder, popularly called "Nunnenstein", which was blown up in 1858.
The monastery was converted into an evangelical virgin monastery in 1541 during the Reformation. According to the retelling of the legend “The haunted nuns in the monastery church of Crevese ” by Alfred Pohlmann in 1902, the last domina was Catharina von Jeetze († 1569). Beckman, however, names Catharina von Geppern († 1602) as the last dominatrix.
In 1562 the von Bismarck family received the Krevese provost in exchange for their possession of Burgstall Castle and converted it into a feudal manor . In the Thirty Years' War the manor and especially the village of Krevese were badly affected. It took until 1725 for the ruins of the war to be transformed into the new, strictly Prussian-Baroque manor house and for the empty farms in the village to be filled again.
The Krevese manor belonged to the von Bismarck family until the 19th century. In 1819 it became the property of the von Jagow family , who managed it until 1860 and then sold it to the Brückner family from Calbe / Saale . The last landlord was Joachim Brückner, who died childless in 1939.
After the expropriation, the mansion was used as the SED party school of the Osterburg district and redesigned accordingly, later it was used by the Krevese Polytechnic School , which had to close in 1993. During the GDR era, the estate's lands were farmed by two agricultural production cooperatives; one was active in plant production, the other in animal production.
After ten years of vacancy and decay, the mansion and the park have been privately owned since 2003 and are being carefully revitalized. The mansion is now a residential building again and is used as a design studio and for cultural events.
On September 30, 1928 the manor district Krevese was united with the rural community Krevese. On 25 July 1952, the municipality Krevese was from the district Osterburg in the district Osterburg reclassified. On February 1, 1974, the municipality of Dequede was incorporated into the municipality of Krevese. Previously, on July 1, 1950, the previously independent municipality of Polkern had been incorporated into the municipality of Dequede. Before that, on September 30, 1928, the Vorwerk Röthenberg was merged with the rural community of Dequede.
On July 1, 1994, the municipality of Krevese with the districts Dequede, Polkern and Röthenberg came to the district of Stendal .
The municipal councils of the municipalities Ballerstedt (on November 24, 2008), Düsedau (on November 12, 2008), Erxleben (on November 10, 2008), Flessau (on November 27, 2008), Gladigau (on November 26, 2008) decided by means of a territorial change agreement 2008), Königsmark (on November 25, 2008), Krevese (on November 12, 2008), Meseberg (on November 19, 2008), Rossau (on November 10, 2008), Walsleben (on November 10, 2008) and the Hanseatic City Osterburg (Altmark) (on November 6, 2008) that their communities were dissolved and united to form a new unified community called the Hanseatic City of Osterburg (Altmark). This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on July 1, 2009.
After the implementation of the territorial change agreement of the previously independent municipality of Krevese, Krevese, Dequede, Polkern and Röthenberg became districts of the new Hanseatic city of Osterburg (Altmark). For the included municipality, the local constitution was introduced according to §§ 86 ff. Of the municipality code of Saxony-Anhalt . The recorded community of Krevese and the future districts of Krevese, Dequede, Polkern and Röthenberg became part of the new Hanseatic city of Osterburg (Altmark). A local council with six members including the local mayor was formed in the incorporated municipality and now Krevese.
Source if not stated:
The Evangelical parish Krevese used to belong to the parish Krevese. The parish of Krevese is now looked after by the parish of Kossebau in the parish of Stendal in the provost district of Stendal-Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
The oldest surviving church records for Krevese date from 1683.
Björn Bach has been the local mayor of Krevese since 2019.
The last mayor of the Krevese community was Jutta Berger. Then she was the mayor of Krevese until 2019. In total, she was mayor in office for 25 years.
In the local council election on May 26, 2019, the Krevese community of voters (100 percent) won all 6 seats. A council became local mayor. Composition of the local council in May 2020:
- 4 seats Krevese voter community
- 1 seat CDU
Two local councilors were elected. The turnout was 59.0 percent.
coat of arms
Blazon : "Split of silver and blue, in front a Romanesque blue column, behind a three-leaf silver clover angled by three silver oak leaves." (V. Bismarck)
The colors of the former municipality - derived from the colors of the split shield - are silver (white) / blue.
The former municipality wanted and decided to use symbols in the local coat of arms that refer to the monastery and the von Bismarck family. They express themselves through the Romanesque column on the right side of the shield and the Bismarck cloverleaf on the left side of the shield. The tinctures refer to the Bismarckian colors blue-silver.
The coat of arms was designed in 2004 by the municipal heraldist Jörg Mantzsch and included in the approval process.
The flag is blue-white (1: 1) striped (horizontal shape: stripes running horizontally; lengthways shape: stripes running vertically) and centered with the municipal coat of arms.
Culture and sights
- The Protestant Church of St. Marien , the former monastery church, is a field and brick building from around 1200. The church is known for its goose organ from 1721 and the concerts in the Kreves organ summer. A renovation of the organ is planned.
- The local cemetery is in the center of the village.
- The former manor Krevese and two milestones in the village are under monument protection.
- The former kindergarten was converted into a village community center.
A state road connects Krevese with Osterburg (Altmark) in the east. A few kilometers east of Krevese runs the federal highway 189 and the parallel railway line Stendal – Wittenberge (next train station in Osterburg).
Sons and daughters (selection)
- Levin-Friedrich von Bismarck (1703–1774), Prussian Minister of Justice
- Julius Schäffer (1823–1902), musician, conductor and composer
- Ingeborg Vahle-Giessler (1915–1989), painter and graphic artist
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- JAF Hermes, MJ Weigelt: Historical-geographical-statistical-topographical handbook from the administrative districts of Magdeburg . Topographical part. Ed .: Verlag Heinrichshofen. tape 2 , 1842, p. 375-376 , 81st Krevese ( versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DHB4_AAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DPA375~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
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- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1260-1265 .
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
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- Alfred Pohlmann : Legends from the cradle of Prussia and the German Empire, the Altmark . Franzen & Große, Stendal 1901, p. 100–105 , 1. The Emma cross in the Hagen of Crevese .
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- Corrie Leitz: Introducing the Krevese district. In: osterburg.eu. 2017, accessed May 21, 2020 .
- Alfred Pohlmann : Legends from the cradle of Prussia and the German Empire, the Altmark . Franzen & Große, Stendal 1901, p. 56 , 14. The haunted nuns in the Krevese monastery church .
- Johann Christoph Becmann, Bernhard Ludwig Beckmann: Historical description of the Chur and Mark Brandenburg . tape 2 , additions to volume II. Berlin 1753, column 164 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
- Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark. Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , OCLC 614308966 , p. 185 .
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- StBA: Area changes from January 2nd to December 31st, 2009
- How many inhabitants count the individual places . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Osterburg . January 12, 2013 ( volksstimme.de [accessed April 11, 2020]).
- Nico Maß: Only four digits left . In: Osterburger Volksstimme . January 21, 2020, DNB 1047269554 , p. 13 .
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