|State :||Czech Republic|
|Historical part of the country :||Bohemia|
|Region :||Středočeský kraj|
|District :||Mladá Boleslav|
|Area :||2889 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||44,489 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||293 01|
|License plate :||MB (awarded until 2001)|
|Railway connection:||064 M. Boleslav-S. Paka
070 Prague – Turnov
071 Nymburk – M. Boleslav
076 M. Boleslav– (Skalsko) - (Mšeno) - Mělník
|Mayor :||Raduan Nwelati ( ODS ) (as of May 2013)|
|Address:||Komenského nám. 61
293 49 Mladá Boleslav
Mladá Boleslav ( German Jungbunzlau ) is a Czech city in the Central Bohemian Region northeast of Prague . It has 44,056 inhabitants (as of Jan. 1, 2017)and an area of 28.89 km². Mladá Boleslav is located on the Jizera .
The place was founded in the second half of the 10th century by Boleslav II as a royal castle. The town castle on a ledge at the mouth of the Klenice and Jizera comes from this time.
In the spring of 1279, Margrave Otto V, head of the Ottonian line of Brandenburg, since the death of King Ottokar II of Bohemia, he was appointed guardian of Crown Prince Wenceslaus, his nephew and imperial administrator of Bohemia, the seven-year-old heir to the throne and his mother, Queen widow Kunigunde Jungbunzlau, where both were held under harsh conditions at the local castle. The queen managed to escape soon afterwards and she made serious accusations against the margrave and his servants.
In the 16th century the town became the center of the Bohemian Brethren , who followed Jan Hus's ideas . A diocese was established and a cathedral built in the Renaissance style. The religious wars of the 17th century brought a decrease in the population and recatholization .
Industrialization began in Mladá Boleslav in the 19th century . The company Laurin & Klement was founded in 1895 , originally as a bicycle manufacturer. After successful development and diversification of production in the direction of automotive engineering, this company was sold to the heavy industry group Škoda based in Pilsen in 1925 . The automobile branch was spun off as a state company after the Second World War . This company was privatized in 1990 and has since been part of the Volkswagen Group as Škoda Auto . The plant occupies a large part of the area of the city.
In the 1920s, several buildings of Czech modernism were built in Mladá Boleslav . Emil Králík (1880–1946) built the city theater, Jiří Kroha (1893–1974) built the Gellner department store and the district polyclinic.
Economy and Infrastructure
Mladá Boleslav is located 60 km northeast of Prague on the European route 65 / Dálnice 10 motorway . The main train station is on the lines 070 Prague – Turnov and 071 Nymburk – Mladá Boleslav, 064 Mladá Boleslav – Stará Paka and 076 Mladá Boleslav – Mělník .
The headquarters and the largest factory of the automobile manufacturer Škoda Auto are located in Mladá Boleslav . The company employs 23,976 people in the Czech Republic (as of 2006), most of them in the Mladá Boleslav plant. This means that more than three quarters of all those in work in the city are employed by the subsidiary of Volkswagen AG . Škoda Auto is also the most important automobile manufacturer in the Czech Republic and the country's largest exporter.
The private university Škoda Auto Vysoká škola is located in Mladá Boleslav .
The city is divided into 13 districts: Bezděčín, Čejetice, Čejetičky, Debř, Chrást, Jemníky, Michalovice, Mladá Boleslav I, Mladá Boleslav II, Mladá Boleslav III, Mladá Boleslav IV, Podchlumí, Podlázky.
- Main factory of Skoda Auto and the Skoda Museum
- Aviation Museum at the airfield (Letecké muzeum Metoděje Vlacha)
- Regional museum in the castle
- Synagogue (Mladá Boleslav)
- Jewish cemetery from the 16th century
- Old town square with Renaissance buildings, the old town hall and its tower from the middle of the 16th century and the church 'Maria Himmelfahrt'
- Castle ruins in the Michalovice district above the Jizera from the 13th century
Born in the place
- Antonín František Bečvařovský (1754–1823), composer
- Vincenc Zahradník (1790–1836), priest
- Leopold Winterberg (1835–1912), rabbi in Aussig and Prague, chief cantor
- Anton Kohl (1867–1934), Austrian politician
- Rudolf Kraus (1868–1932), Austrian physician, pioneer of clinical chemistry and laboratory diagnostics
- Alfred Meissner (1871–1950), Czech politician and lawyer, Minister of Justice, survivor of the Holocaust
- František Gellner (1881–1914), Czech poet, anarchist, prose writer, painter and caricaturist
- Hugo Maria Kritz (pseudonym of Hugo Krizkovsky) (1905–1988), German writer
- Vladislav Brunner (1910–1989), flautist
- Adina Mandlová (1910–1991), actress
- Josef Holub (1930–1999), botanist
- Eva Bosáková (1931–1991), artistic gymnast
- Václav Roubíček (1944–2010), engineer, university president and member of the Senate of the Czech Parliament
- Vladimír Michálek (* 1956), director
- Vilém Čok (* 1961), singer
- Jan Železný (* 1966), javelin thrower
- Václav Koloušek (* 1976), football player
- Radim Vrbata (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Martin Havlát (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Marek Schwarz (* 1986), ice hockey player
- Jiří Polnický (* 1989), cyclocross rider
- Radim Šimek (* 1992), ice hockey player
- Tomáš Hyka junior (* 1993), ice hockey player
Worked in place
- Siegfried Kapper (1820–1879), Czech writer, translator and doctor
- Josef Bohumil Herclík (1903–1987), master violin maker
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Skoda outgrows its Czech roots , NZZ, April 21, 2018
- Mirko Baum, "Straße am Ende der Welt" in: archimaera (issue 1/2008)
- mb-net.cz Official website of the city (partly in German)