Provinces of Nepal

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The provinces of Nepal were created by the constitution of September 20, 2015 . Through this Nepal was divided into seven provinces, which take the role of the states within the federal republic. The provinces were formed by combining the existing districts, with districts being divided into two provinces in two cases. The number and layout of the provinces were sometimes very controversial.

The previous district structure lives on within the provinces. The districts are further subdivided into municipalities (urban parishes) and rural parishes (Gaunpalika).


The provinces began their work in full only after the first elections to the provincial parliaments on November 26, 2017 and December 7, 2017, which took place together with the elections for the House of Representatives .

All provinces were initially numbered, as the constitution provides that the newly elected provincial parliaments should determine the name and the headquarters of the province. In February 2018, the provincial parliament of Province No. 6 first decided that the province should be named Karnali and that Birendranagar should be its headquarters. In June 2018, Province No. 4 named itself Gandaki and named its provincial capital.

On September 29, 2018, Province No. 7 named itself Sudurpashchim and chose Godawari as the new capital of the province. Until then, Dhangadhi, 20 km away, had been the provincial capital. The vote in the provincial assembly resulted in a two-thirds majority for the new name, with the twelve MPs from the Nepalese Congress Party and two MPs from the Rastriya Janata Party of Nepal (RJP) boycotted the vote.

By the end of 2018, only three provinces had a name and had decided on a final capital.

On January 12, 2020, the provincial parliament of Province No. 3 decided that the province should be named Bagmati. Hetauda was set as the capital . Hetauda had already been designated as the provincial capital in January 2018.

The other provinces keep their numbers until the respective provincial parliaments come to an agreement on their name and capital.

List of provinces

Provinces of Nepal (as of October 2020)

The following lists the districts from which the provinces were created and in which administrative zone they were located. For the provinces that have already given themselves a name, the previous number is shown in brackets.

Province No. 1

Districts of the Mechi Zone :

Districts of Koshi Zone :

Districts of the Sagarmatha Zone :

Population 4,534,943, area 25,905 km²

Province No. 2

Districts of the Sagarmatha Zone :

Districts of the Janakpur Zone :

Narayani Zone Districts :

Population 5,404,145, area 9,661 km²

Bagmati Province (No. 3)

Capital: Hetauda

Districts of the Janakpur Zone :

Bagmati Zone Districts :

Narayani Zone Districts :

Population 5,529,452, area 20,300 km²

Gandaki Province (No. 4)

Capital: Pokhara

Gandaki Zone Districts :

Districts of Dhaulagiri Zone :

Districts of the Lumbini Zone :

Population 2,413,907, area 21,504 km²

Province No. 5

Districts of the Lumbini Zone :

Rapti Zone Districts :

Bheri Zone Districts :

Population 4,891,025, area 22,288 km²

Karnali Province (No. 6)

Capital: Birendranagar

The province was named after the river of the same name .

Rapti Zone Districts :

Karnali Zone Districts :

Bheri Zone Districts :

Population 1,168,515, area 27,984 km²

Sudurpashchim Province (No. 7)

Capital: Godawari

Seti Zone Districts :

Mahakali Zone Districts :

Population 2,552,517, area 19,539 km²

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Constitution of Nepal, Article 56 (4) . 2015 ( [PDF] Unofficial English Translation).
  2. ^ The Himalayan Times: New local level structure comes into effect from today. March 10, 2017, accessed January 1, 2019 .
  3. ^ Uncharted territory. Nepali Times, November 2017, accessed September 17, 2018 .
  4. Nagendra Upadhyaya: Prov 6 named as Karnali, permanent capital in Birendranagar. In: Accessed January 2, 2019 .
  5. a b c d Naming new provinces. Nepali Times, accessed September 17, 2018 .
  6. a b Kathmandu Post: Province 7 name confirmed Sudurpashchim . ( [accessed October 9, 2018]).
  7. Kathmandu Post: Province 3 assembly meet endorses Bagmati as the name of the province by majority votes. Retrieved January 13, 2020 .
  8. ^ Kathmandu Post: Provincial leaders balk at ruling party's directive to name Province 3 'Bagmati'. Retrieved January 13, 2020 .
  9. Nepal Provinces. Retrieved October 9, 2018 .