Wolfgang Friedrich Ischinger (born April 6, 1946 in Beuren ) is a German lawyer and diplomat . He was State Secretary in the Federal Foreign Office and Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany in Washington, DC and London . Since 2008 he has headed the Munich Security Conference as the successor to Horst Teltschik .
School and study
Ischinger was born in Beuren, in what was then the district of Nürtingen , about 45 km southeast of Stuttgart . He spent the 1963/64 school year as an exchange student with the American Field Service in Watseka , Illinois , and obtained his high school diploma in 1964 . After graduating from high school in Nürtingen and studying law (1966–1972) at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (first state examination in law in 1972) and the University of Geneva ( DAAD scholarship in 1967), he also studied as a DAAD scholarship holder in 1972/73 International law , international economic relations and contemporary history at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (MA 1973) in Medford, Massachusetts and the Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
In 1975 he joined the Foreign Service in Bonn, initially responsible for political planning. In 1978 he was a graduate of the “Young Leader Program” at the American Council on Germany (ACG). In the following years he worked for the embassies in Washington, DC (1979–1982) and Paris (1990–1993), most recently as envoy counselor and head of the political department. From 1982 to 1990 he was first personal assistant and later head of the parliament and cabinet department of the then Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher (FDP). In October 1989 he accompanied a train with which GDR refugees were brought from the West German embassy in Prague via the GDR to the Federal Republic.
From 1993 to 1995 Ischinger was head of the planning staff and from 1995 to 1998 as ministerial director head of the political department (political director) at the Foreign Office in Bonn. From 1998 to 2001 he was State Secretary under Federal Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ). From 2001 to 2006 he was Jürgen Chrobog's successor as German Ambassador to the United States of America ; his successor was Klaus Scharioth . From March 2006 to the end of April 2008, Ischinger acted as the successor to Thomas Matussek as Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to the United Kingdom ; his successor was Georg Boomgaarden .
Munich Security Conference
In the spring of 2008 he was given leave of absence from the Foreign Service at his own request, in order to take over the chairmanship of the Munich Security Conference (MSC) as the successor to Horst Teltschik, in accordance with the wishes of the Federal Government of Merkel .
From May 2008 to December 2014 he was “General Representative for Government Relations” for the newly created division of Allianz SE in Munich (“Global Head of Government Relations”).
In 2014 he was the representative of the Chairman-in-Office of the OSCE for the national dialogue at round tables in Ukraine (see War in Ukraine since 2014 ). Since 2015 he has been the chairman of the Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project, an OSCE commission for European security.
In the summer semester of 2009, Ischinger was a lecturer at the Geschwister-Scholl-Institute for Political Science at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , where he led a seminar on the subject of "Modern Crisis Diplomacy".
Since April 2011 Ischinger has been an honorary professor at the Institute for Political Science at the Eberhard Karls University in Tübingen . He leads seminars on crisis diplomacy. Since 2015 he has been teaching as Senior Professor for Security Policy and Diplomatic Practice at the private Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.
He is one of the supporters of the Charter of Fundamental Digital Rights of the European Union , which was published at the end of November 2016.
Foreign policy role
In several key positions in the Foreign Service, he was involved in the formulation and shaping of German Balkan policy, especially in Bosnia and Kosovo , in shaping the relationship between NATO and Russia , as well as in the enlargement processes of the European Union and NATO. He was a member of the high-ranking German-Russian Strategic Working Group for Economics and Finance (SAG) set up by Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder and President Putin in the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology with the aim of increased bilateral cooperation.
The work in the planning staff of the Foreign Office (1977–1979 and 1993–1995) enabled Ischinger to work on conceptual foreign policy, which was reflected in publications in German, English and French specialist journals. He paid particular attention to basic questions of German foreign policy , such as B. the question of the definition of German interests, the German security and disarmament policy , the further development of the European policy and the relationship with Russia, the steps towards a common European foreign policy , as well as questions of regional crisis prevention policy , especially in the Balkans.
Among other things, Ischinger was 1995 American US with then-special envoy for the Balkans Richard Holbrooke at the conclusion of the Treaty of Dayton for Bosnia-Herzegovina involved. From July to December 2007, Ischinger represented the European Union in the so-called Troika negotiations (together with the USA and Russia) with Belgrade and Pristina on the future of Kosovo . Ischinger regularly speaks out in foreign and security policy debates, including a monthly column on the homepage of the Munich Security Conference. Most recently, he called for more European support for US President Barack Obama and advocated stronger European engagement in Afghanistan .
As a member of the Global Zero Commission, he is committed to the vision of a nuclear-free world. He has repeatedly participated in the Bilderberg Conference and the World Economic Forum, as well as conference leader of the Berlin Demography Forum .
- Co-Chair (together with Igor Sergejewitsch Iwanow and Sam Nunn ) of the Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative (EASI) of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
- Vice President of the New Responsibility Foundation
- Board member of the Atlantik-Brücke
- Member of the Presidium of the German Society for Foreign Policy (DGAP)
- Member of the Board of Directors of the Atlantic Council
- Member of the Board of the EastWest Institute
- Member of the Governing Board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
- Member of the Policy Board of the Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD)
- Member of the Board of Trustees of the Council on Public Policy
- Member of the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" (EVZ)
- Member of the Society for Foreign Policy ,
- Member of the Bonn Academy for Research and Teaching of Practical Politics (BAPP)
- Member of the Hertie School of Governance
- Member of the AFS Intercultural Encounters
- Board of Trustees of the Science and Politics Foundation (SWP)
- Member of the Allianz Kulturstiftung
- Trustee of the International Crisis Group (ICG)
- Member of the American Academy in Berlin
- Member of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (AICGS).
- Member of the Advisory Board of the Federal Academy for Security Policy (BAKS)
- Member of the Walther Rathenau Institute
- Member of the Advisory Board of the Young Initiative on Foreign Affairs and International Relations (IFAIR)
- Member of the American Jewish Committee (AJC) Berlin
- Member of the Trilateral Commission
- Member of the European Leadership Network (ELN)
- Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
- Member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
- Member of the Independent Turkey Commission
- Member of the Académie de Berlin
- Associate Fellow of the Geneva Center for Security Policy .
- Member of the supervisory board (until 2015) of Allianz Deutschland AG
- Member of Investcorp's European Advisory Board
- Chairman of the Transatlantic Task Force of the German Marshall Fund and the Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt Foundation
Ischinger was awarded the command of the French Legion of Honor.
In 2019 Wolfgang Ischinger received the Bavarian European Medal .
- with Kurt Hesse : The threshold for development. The transition from developing country to developed country with the inclusion of 3 test cases. With 84 tables . Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1973. ISBN 3-428-02957-7 .
- The common foreign and security policy after Amsterdam (= Center for European Integration Research: Discussion paper . C 14). Center for European Integration Research , Bonn 1998. ISBN 3-933307-14-7 .
- Igor Ivanov , Sam Nunn (eds.): Toward a Euro-Atlantic Security Community. Final Report of the Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative . Carnegie Endowment for International Peace , Washington, DC 2012.
- with Des Browne , Igor Ivanov, Sam Nunn (Eds.): Building Mutual Security in the Euro-Atlantic Region. Report Prepared for Presidents, Prime Ministers, Parliamentarians, and Publics . Nuclear Threat Initiative , Washington, DC 2013.
- (Ed.): Towards Mutual Security. Fifty Years of Mutual Security . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen u. a. 2014, ISBN 978-3-525-30054-1 .
- World in danger. Germany and Europe in uncertain times . Econ publishing house . 2018.
- Wolfgang Ischinger , in Internationales Biographisches Archiv 14/2014 from April 1, 2014 (la) Supplemented by news from MA-Journal until week 14/2015, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available)
- Literature by and about Wolfgang Ischinger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Wolfgang Ischinger in the German Digital Library
- Search for "Wolfgang Ischinger" in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- CV of Wolfgang Ischinger (Munich Security Conference)
- Wolfgang Ischinger at the Hertie School of Governance
- "Train to Freedom": How the refugees from Prague came to the West, Thüringische Landeszeitung of October 1, 2014
- Allianz SE appoints Global Head of Governmental Affairs . February 18, 2008 ( online [accessed November 6, 2013] Allianz Group press release).
- Oliver Rolofs, Thaw in International Relations - 45th Munich Security Conference heralds political springtime ( Memento from February 12, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), www.securityconference.de
- Honorary professors ( memento from September 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen , accessed on September 17, 2015.
- Prof. Dr. hc Wolfgang Ischinger , Hertie School of Governance , accessed on September 17, 2015.
- Wolfgang Ischinger takes over professorship at the Hertie School ( Memento from May 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Press release of the Hertie School of Governance, February 23, 2015
- See EU appoints Ischinger , on www.n-tv.de.
- MONTHLY MIND ; monthly column on www.securityconference.de
- Wolfgang Ischinger, His failure would also be our failure , in: The European , October 28, 2009; and: Wolfgang Ischinger and Timo Noetzel , Afghanistan must not fail ( memento from February 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), Monthly Mind October 2009
- Website of the Global Zero Commission ( Memento of September 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt Foundation and German Marshall Fund establish “Transatlantic Task Force”. Accessed April 27, 2020 (German).
- Wolfgang Ischinger
- tagesspiegel.de: Federal Cross of Merit You have earned the cross , October 5, 2009
- Nunn-Lugar Award Honors German Peacemaker , accessed on February 21, 2018
- European Minister Dr. Florian Herrmann awards Wolfgang Ischinger with the Bavarian European Medal. Bavarian State Government, December 2, 2019, accessed December 6, 2019 .
German Ambassador to the United States
German Ambassador to the United Kingdom
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ischinger, Wolfgang Friedrich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German diplomat|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 6, 1946|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Nürtingen|