Christoph 23

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christoph 23

- Christoph 23 -
- Christoph 23 -

Air rescue center data
Operator: ADAC Air Rescue , Munich
Carrier: Ministry of the Interior and Sport of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
Helicopter type: Eurocopter (H) EC 135 P2 +
Former LFZ *: until 2014: EC 135 P1
until 1999: Bell UH-1D
Installation: January 30, 1973
Location: Bundeswehr Central Hospital Koblenz ,
Rübenacher Str. 170,
56072 Koblenz
Operational readiness: 7 a.m. to sunset
Particularities: Operation as an operator model by ADAC and Bundeswehr since April 8, 1999
Coordinates: 50 ° 22 '4.2 "  N , 7 ° 32' 42.4"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 22 '4.2 "  N , 7 ° 32' 42.4"  E
Height: 389 ft
Pilot: ADAC Air Rescue , Munich
Doctor: Bundeswehr Central Hospital
HEMS Technical Crew Member : Bundeswehr Central Hospital
* LFZ = aircraft

Christoph 23 the first of currently 53 rescue helicopters (RTH) in Germany, which in the context of civil-military cooperation of the Bundeswehr and ADAC the emergency supply for the northern Rhineland-Palatinate guarantees. The helicopter is stationed in Koblenz at the Bundeswehr Central Hospital in Koblenz .


  • Commissioned: January 30, 1973
  • Sponsor: Ministry of the Interior and for Sport Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Alert via: Integrated control center Koblenz
  • Location: Bundeswehr Central Hospital Koblenz
  • Helicopter:
  • Operator:
    • 1st Federal Minister of Defense (until April 7, 1999)
    • 2. ADAC Luftrettung GmbH (since April 8, 1999)
  • Pilots: ADAC Luftrettung GmbH
  • Emergency doctor: Bundeswehr Central Hospital Koblenz, Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care Medicine, Pain Therapy and Emergency Medicine
  • Operating times: daily from 7:00 a.m. to sunset
  • Operational area: 50 to 70 km as the crow flies around Koblenz
  • Bet numbers: 0 to 12 times a day.
  • Total deployments: 23,230 (as of December 31, 2005)

Application area

Rescue helicopter deployment figures

The operational area of ​​the Christoph 23 extends from Koblenz in a maximum radius of 70 km, which can be reached in a maximum of 21 minutes of flight time. This radius extends to Siegen in the north, Gerolstein in the west, Bad Kreuznach in the south and Wetzlar in the east.

The following rescue helicopters are adjacent to the operational area of ​​Christoph 23:


Koblenz air rescue location

The Koblenz air rescue center went into operation on January 30, 1973. At that time, air rescue in Koblenz was carried out exclusively by the Bundeswehr. The aircraft stationed there at the time was a Bell UH-1D helicopter. This machine was one of the SAR machines operated by the Bundeswehr and had the callsign SAR 73 . In addition to this military call sign, the machine stationed there already had the civil radio call name Christoph 23 . In 1990 there was a serious accident when the helicopter crashed on June 7th after contact with a high-voltage line .

Until 1996, the SAR machine stationed in Koblenz only had one landing pad and was left outside at night. The machine flew to the nearby Mendig Army Airfield to refuel . In 1996, the air rescue station with landing area, hangar facility with standby and rest rooms and a tank system , which is still in operation today, was put into operation. This landing area is very generous in terms of space compared to most landing areas at hospitals; This size is necessary so that the Bundeswehr's large-capacity rescue helicopters can land there in an emergency . There is space for two machines of this type on this landing site. The refueling system is designed so that these helicopters can also be refueled.

Civil-military cooperation

In 1999 came another important point in the history of Christoph 23. In April 1999 the cooperation between ADAC and the Bundeswehr was carried out for the first time as part of a steadily growing civil-military cooperation. Since then, the ADAC has provided the machines and the pilots, the medical staff continues to be provided by the Bundeswehr hospital; Since then, the helicopter has only been flying under the civil nickname Christoph 23 .

The model of cooperation between the civilian operator ADAC and the German Armed Forces was considered so successful that a similar project was started on April 1, 2003 at the German Armed Forces Hospital in Ulm. This model was also realized in the German Armed Forces Hospital in Hamburg on January 19, 2006, where the helicopter is now provided by the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief .

The conversion of the machine to the EC 135 (with the memorable aircraft registration D-HRET ) also brought some advantages: The machine is faster, quieter and more powerful than the Bell UH-1D and requires a smaller landing area (advantageous for landings in urban areas) . It also fulfills the requirements of JAR-OPS 3 , which require machines with two turbines for a rescue helicopter.

Rescue helicopters are particularly important in the area of ​​medical training and further training for doctors: Often, in addition to the emergency doctor, a doctor in further training (e.g. anesthesia ) flies with them to gain insight into the preclinical care of emergency patients. This training then benefits both soldiers (especially on missions abroad) and civilians who have been admitted to the Koblenz rescue center as patients .

The Bundeswehr Central Hospital in Koblenz plays a pioneering role not only in air rescue, but also in ground-based rescue services; After an ambulance was made available parallel to the helicopter , it was converted into an intensive care vehicle after an emergency ambulance was put into service.


  • ADAC Luftrettung GmbH: ADAC station atlas "Christoph - please come!" . Munich, 2006. ISBN 3-933266-46-7 .

Web links

Commons : Christoph 23 (air ambulance)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ D-HRAC., accessed January 31, 2018 .
  3. ^ D-HRAC., accessed February 1, 2018 .