|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Spelle|
|Height :||35 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||34.22 km 2|
|Residents:||9545 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||279 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||48480|
|Area code :||05977|
|License plate :||Tbsp|
|Community key :||03 4 54 049|
|LOCODE :||DE SLE|
|Mayor :||Andreas Wenninghoff ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Spelle in the district of Emsland|
The municipality of Spelle is a member municipality and the seat of the combined municipality Spelle in the district of Emsland in Lower Saxony . The community has about 9,000 inhabitants and an area of 34.20 km².
Spelle is located in the south of the Emsland district, immediately north of the state border with North Rhine-Westphalia . The Speller Aa flows through the municipality . Around 3 km to the southwest, a section of the Dortmund-Ems Canal leads past Spelle.
In addition to Spelle, the districts of Varenrode and Venhaus belong to the municipality of Spelle .
Varenrode (old: Farnrodun 890 , Farnrotha , Pharanrodun 1000) is a part of the municipality with about 500 inhabitants. Similar to Spelle, the place is mentioned for the first time in 890 in the Werden Heberegister as part of the Venkigau . According to H. Abels, the defining word can be derived either from far = sheep or rather from föhr = pine, meaning pine clearing. Ecclesiastically, the place is assigned to the Catholic parish of Lünne. The place has no industry of its own, the majority of the residents work in the neighboring town of Spelle or other surrounding communities.
Venhaus is located in the southwest of the municipality. Adjacent to the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia in the south, Venhaus extends over an area of approx. 10 square kilometers and is traversed by the Speller Aa. In the west, the federal highway 70 runs through the town to the north. The Dortmund-Ems Canal with its port and the Venhaus lock runs roughly parallel to the main road . In the northeast the place borders on Spelle.
The formerly politically independent Venhaus has been part of the municipality of Spelle since 1971. Around 1500 people live in Venhaus, although the boundaries between Spelle and Venhaus are now blurred. Individual residential and commercial areas are difficult to assign to the towns of Spelle or Venhaus. The village center has about 500 inhabitants.
The actual town center is on the Speller Aa and has been able to partially retain its rural appearance. In the center of the village are the castle park around the former Venhaus castle with the still existing Catholic St. Vitus Church, the denominational St. Vitus kindergarten, the St. Vitus elementary school, youth home and cemetery, the fire station , and a few retail and handicrafts - and farms as well as a restaurant with a hall.
In addition to the castle park on the Aa, Hookstraße with its rural buildings and old streets is also worth seeing. In the 1990s, two new residential areas were built around the village center, but largely without any urban links to the village structure. In the southeast are the industrial areas "Südfelde" and "Portlandstrasse" with a total of approx. 1000 jobs.
Neighboring communities in the southeast are the town of Hörstel , in the south the town of Rheine (both districts of Steinfurt, North Rhine-Westphalia), in the west the communities of Salzbergen and Emsbüren , in the north the community of Lünne and in the east the community of Schapen (all districts of Emsland).
Spelle was 890 for the first time as Spinoloha ( spindle tree forest ) in lifting registers of Werden Abbey as part of Venkigaus mentioned. Spelle belonged to the county of Tecklenburg in the Middle Ages . After the defeat of the Tecklenburg Counts in the Schmalkaldic War , Spelle became part of the County of Lingen in 1548 . Under King Friedrich I. Spelle became part of Prussia in 1702. After the French occupation under Napoleon, Spelle came to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815 .
As part of the regional reform, the municipalities of Spelle, Schapen and Lünne have been part of the Spelle municipality since March 1, 1974.
On January 1, 1971, the municipalities of Varenrode and Venhaus lost their political independence and became part of the new municipality of Spelle.
In the last 50 years the population has almost quadrupled (year 1961: 2,290 to 8,688 inhabitants in 2013).
Mayor has been Andreas Wenninghoff of the CDU since November 2016 .
- 2006-2016 Georg Holtkötter (CDU)
- 1991–2006 Josef Löcken (CDU), until 2004 also mayor of the municipality
The council has 23 elected members. As a result of the local elections on September 11, 2016, it includes councilors from three parties and electoral communities.
The next local elections will take place in 2021.
Economy and Infrastructure
Spelle is characterized by the manufacturing industry. Important employers are the company Krone (agricultural machinery), Rekers Maschinen- und Anlagenbau, Rekers concrete works , August Storm ( engine repair ) and Gerhard Herbers GmbH with the associated subsidiaries. There are predominantly retail and service companies within the village. In the south of Spelle there are several industrial parks (Südfelde and Portlandstraße).
In the west, the B 70 crosses the municipality. The next motorway ( A 30 ) can be reached via the Rheines junction. The Dortmund-Ems Canal runs at the intersection with the B 70 as a federal waterway with the Spelle-Venhaus port .
Spelle is connected to the railway network via the Duisburg – Quakenbrück railway line. The railway line from Spelle to Rheine is operated by Regionalverkehr Münsterland for freight traffic. The northern extension to Freren , Fürstenau and Quakenbrück has been closed. In December 2015, a siding to the port on the Dortmund-Ems Canal went into operation. Occasionally there are special passenger trains from Rheine to Spelle.
Bus connections from Verkehrsgemeinschaft Emsland-Süd are available with line 195 to Rheine and Freren - (Handrup -) Fürstenau and with line 141 to Rheine and Lingen. Spelle was also connected to the VGE night bus service "Nachteule", which was discontinued on November 1, 2015.
The largest sports club is the SC Spelle-Venhaus , where table tennis, basketball, athletics, volleyball (women play 3rd league) and tennis (men 30 play in the regional league in summer 2015) are offered alongside football (plays in the major league) . There is also a chess club and in Varenrode also a sports club, the SV Schwarz-Weiß Varenrode, which has more members (640) than Varenrode residents (535) (as of 2019). Here the offer concentrates on football, tennis and dancing (children's dance groups and Zumba). Spelle has a large and a small gym and a large sports field with several ball courts. In addition, school swimming, DLRG training and swimming courses take place in the “Speller Welle” swimming pool .
Spelle has a school center with a primary school and a high school in the center of the village. There is also a primary school in Venhaus.
There is a Catholic church each in Spelle and Venhaus. A Protestant church and a parish hall is located in Spelle not far from the town hall.
Fire and rescue services
There is a volunteer fire brigade in the community with two local fire brigades in Spelle and Venhaus. The fire station of the Speller fire brigade was rebuilt in 2006. In 2007 the first aerial rescue vehicle was procured for the fire brigade. The German Red Cross , which also has two groups of the Youth Red Cross , and the German Life Saving Society have local groups in Spelle.
There has also been a youth fire brigade in Spelle since 2007 , which now consists of 25 members (as of 2017).
An ambulance from the German Red Cross has been available around the clock in Lünne (Samtgemeinde Spelle) since July 2014 . The ambulance is stationed in the local fire station and is responsible for emergency medical care for the Spelle community.
In addition to the castle park in Venhaus, the Wöhlehof, now a community center, is worth seeing, as is the Krone Agricultural Machinery Museum .
To the north of Spelle is the Speller Dose moorland with a nature trail and a lookout tower.
- Bernard Krone, founder of the machine factory Bernard Krone
- Heinz Kulüke (* 1956), Catholic missionary and initiator of aid projects in the Philippines, superior general of the Steyler missionaries , holder of the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon
- Karl Rekers, entrepreneur, founder of Rekers GmbH Maschinen und Anlagenbau
Sons and daughters of the church
- Heinz Kulüke (* 1956), religious priest, from 2012 to 2018 general superior of the Steyler missionaries
- Wolfgang Schütte (* 1974), former professional soccer player at VfL Osnabrück
Personalities who have worked on site
- Johannes Wübbe (* 1966), auxiliary bishop in Osnabrück, pastor in the parish community Spelle / Lünne / Schapen / Venhaus until 2014
- Helmut H. Boyer: Varenrode - contributions to a local history. Varenrode 1987.
- Teachers' association of the Diocese of Osnabrück: The Lingen district. Contributions to local studies in the Osnabrück administrative district, volume I , R. van Acken publishing house, Lingen / Ems 1905.
- Werner Kaemling: Atlas on the history of Lower Saxony , Gerd J. Holtzmeyer Verlag, Braunschweig 1987, ISBN 3-923722-44-3 .
- Hermann Abels: The place names of the Emsland, in their linguistic and cultural-historical significance , Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, Paderborn 1929.
- Christoph Oberthür, Franz Busche, Franz Barth, Heinrich Dünheuft: Home map of the Lingen district with statistical information , Verlag R. van Acken, Lingen / Ems 1953.
- Ernst Förstemann, Hermann Jellinghaus (Ed.): Old German Name Book , Volume II, 1 and 2: Place Names , Bonn 1913/1916 (Reprint: Volume II, 2, Hildesheim 1967/1983, ISBN 3-487-01733-4 ).
- Homepage of the municipality of Spelle
- Homepage of the Venhaus district
- Homepage of the Catholic parish
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 255 .
- Geodata Center Spelle - Varenrode - Venhaus , accessed on August 1, 2015
- 100 percent for Georg Holtkötter. In: NOZ.de (Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung). November 9, 2006, accessed March 25, 2018 .
- politics with passion. In: NOZ.de (Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung). November 27, 2006, accessed March 25, 2018 .
- Joint municipality of Spelle. Retrieved August 28, 2018 .
- Night Owl. Retrieved August 28, 2018 .
- Joint municipality of Spelle. Retrieved August 28, 2018 .