|Residents||31,609 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||585 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||Gallo, Mussotto, Scaparone , San Cassiano, Santa Rosalia, Biglini, Madonna di Como, San Rocco Seno d'Elvio, San Rocco Cherasca, Altavilla|
|Patron saint||San Lorenzo (August 10th)|
Alba is a town with 31,609 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the north-western Italian region of Piedmont . It is located in the province of Cuneo on the edge of the Po Valley and is the capital of the Langhe hill country . The inhabitants are called Albesi in Italian .
It is the largest city in the Langhe and is located 60 kilometers northeast of the provincial capital Cuneo , 27 kilometers southwest of Asti and 13 kilometers east of Bra . The Stura di Demonte flows into the Tanaro a little above the city .
The settlement history of Alba goes back to the Neolithic (6th to 3rd millennium BC). The Ligurians settled here. 173 BC The area came under the rule of the Roman Empire and has been in existence since 89 BC. Chr. Under the name of Alba Pompeia as a Roman municipality .
In the Middle Ages, Alba was conquered by the Lombards and suffered from the Saracen invasions . In the 12th century it became a free city ( comune ) and joined the Lombard League of northern Italian cities.
Fought over between Montferrat and the Visconti , it fell to the rule of the Gonzaga , was conquered and lost three times by Charles Emanuel I and then got caught up in the power conflict between France and Spain . With the Peace of Cherasco (1631) Alba fell to the Savoy .
During the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte , the Republic of Alba existed here between April 26, 1796 and April 19, 1801. Between October 10 and November 2, 1944, the local resistance movement against the fascist dictatorship in Italy once again proclaimed the Alba Republic .
- Medford (Oregon, USA) , since 1960
- Banská Bystrica (Slovak Republic) , since 1969
- Böblingen (Germany) , since 1985
- Beausoleil (France) , since 1995
- Arlon (Belgium) , since 2004
Economy and Infrastructure
The city is surrounded by famous wine and fruit growing areas and is a center of the confectionery industry (since 1946 the headquarters of the Ferrero company ). In addition, the company headquarters of MONDO, one of the largest producers of rubber coverings and balls, is in Alba. MONDO also produces special sports surfaces and has been equipping all athletics stadiums for the Olympic Games since 1976.
The A 33 autostrada runs west of the city, with two junctions for Alba (-Ovest and -Est). The city is also on the Alessandria – Cavallermaggiore railway line . Urban public transport is handled by five bus routes.
Culture and sights
The remains of a fortification with walls and a gate as well as some buildings with mosaics have been preserved from Roman times. The most important buildings include the cathedral from the 15th century and the church dedicated to John the Baptist ( Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista ). In May 2009, the new Church of the Transfiguration (Chiesa della Trasfigurazione) in the rapidly growing Mussotto district was inaugurated, a jewel of modern architecture: the interior, which is kept entirely in white, is designed with many sharp edges and acute angles like a sky tent (the architecture is supposed to match the three tents remembering the transfiguration of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke: "Let us make three huts: one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah." Chap. 9, ver. 33), while the baptismal font contrasts with harmonious curves and dark blue; Altar and pulpit face each other, while the organ with console and sedil also face each other.
Gender towers in Alba
Sons and daughters:
- Publius Helvius Pertinax (126–193), before his assassination, Roman emperor for 87 days
- Pierino Belli (1502–1575), high-ranking Piedmontese soldier and lawyer
- Leone Proserpio (1878–1945), Jesuit, Bishop of Calicut
- Roberto Longhi (1890–1970), art historian
- Michelangelo Abbado (1900–1979), violinist, conductor and music teacher
- Beppe Fenoglio (1922–1963), writer
- Sergio Bergonzelli (1924–2002), screenwriter and film director
- Giovanni Coppa (1925-2016), cardinal
- Franco Moscone (* 1957), religious, Archbishop of Manfredonia-Vieste-San Giovanni Rotondo
- David Berbotto (* 1980), swimmer
People related to the city:
- Marcus Hieronymus Vida (1485–1566), poet and humanist, Bishop of Alba from 1532 until his death
- Pietro Ferrero senior (1898–1949), founder of the Ferrero Group , lived in Alba from 1942, his son Michele and the grandsons Giovanni and Pietro
- Gianmaria Testa (1958-2016), songwriter
- City website (Italian)
- New Church of the Transfiguration ( Memento from May 30, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (Italian)
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Website of the architecture office , accessed on April 4, 2018
- Website of the construction company ( Memento of the original from April 5, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed April 4, 2018