San Lugano saddle
|San Lugano saddle|
The parish church of San Lugano on the top of the pass
|South Tyrol , Trentino-Alto Adige , Italy||Trentino , Trentino-Alto Adige , Italy|
|expansion||Strada Statale 48|
|Map (South Tyrol)|
The San Lugano saddle (also San Lugano Pass ; Italian Passo di San Lugano ) is an Italian passport in the Fiemme Mountains , the municipality Auer in the Etschtal and Unterland with Cavalese in Val di Fiemme thus and South Tyrol with the Trentino connects. At the top of the pass, at an altitude of , lies the town of San Lugano , which belongs to the municipality of Truden . In the northeast the transition is dominated by the peaks in front of the Schwarzhorn ; Immediately to the southwest, in the Trudner Horn Nature Park , there are mountain ranges that are under protection.
The Fiemme Valley Railway ran over the saddle until 1963 .
An ancient path leads over the San-Lugano-Saddle, in later times it was expanded again and again and over the years has consistently been of supraregional importance. The pass was first mentioned in a document as early as 1230.
From 1840 onwards, the adjacent general community in particular applied for the old mule track to be converted into a modern driveway. In 1845, the municipality of Fleims had the construction of a modern road leading from the Fleimstal over the saddle from San Lugano to Auer, at their expense, tackled . Originally, this should continue to Neumarkt . A few years later a new 13 km long stretch of road between Kaltenbrunn and Auer was built, which had to be partially blasted out of the rocks of the Cislon . In 1859 this road was completed and replaced the old road that had led over Truden and Glen .
In the late 19th century, the desire arose locally to connect the Adige Valley with the Fiemme Valley by means of a railway line. Initially, however, there was a dispute about the route of this railway: the Italian-speaking Trentino people wanted a route from Lavis via Cembra to Cavalese , whereas the German-speaking South Tyroleans wanted a more direct route. This was supposed to connect Cavalese with Neumarkt via the San-Lugano-Saddle and would therefore have been more in line with the interests of the German-speaking population. Shortly before the First World War, an agreement was reached on the construction of both railway lines, whereby the line over the San-Lugano-Sattel was only to become a branch line. Italy's entry into the war on the Entente side in 1915, unlike the other planned Alpine railways, did not mean the end of construction work. The railway over the San-Lugano-Sattel, also known as the Fleimstalbahn, was now vital for Austria's survival . In particular for the protection of Tyrol , since an important part of the front line supply should run through it. Admittedly, only the train over the San-Lugano-Sattel was necessary, the train through the Cembra Valley , however, offered little strategic sense.
- Steffan Bruns: Alpine passes - history of the alpine pass crossings. From the Inn to Lake Garda . 1st edition. tape 3 . L. Staackmann Verlag, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-88675-273-7 , p. 166 .