Evangelical Lutheran Deanery Rügheim

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Evangelical Lutheran
Dean's Office

Dean's office in Rügheim
Deanery district Rügheim
Church district Bayreuth
Regional church Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria
Parishes 23
Parishes 40
Parishioners 23,000
dean Jürgen Blechschmidt
Dean's Church Parish Church, Rügheim
Address of the Dean's Office Pfarrgasse 7
97461 Rügheim
Web presence www.dekanat-ruegheim.de

The Evangelical Lutheran deanery in Rügheim is one of the 16 deaneries in the Bayreuth church district . 23,000 parishioners are looked after in the deanery. Jürgen Blechschmidt has been dean since 2007.


The landscape of the deanery district is shaped by the Haßberg Mountains. Politically, the parishes are in the district of Haßberge apart from Wetzhausen, Mailes and Oblauringen, which have belonged to the district of Schweinfurt since the regional reform .

Parish church in Rügheim


Parishes and parishes

The Grabfeld and the Haßgau were part of the district of the Würzburg diocese, founded in 741 . The early church organization took place through original parishes . The oldest parish seems to be Hofheim (patronage: John the Baptist). Before 1105, Schweinshaupten was separated from this as a noble patronage parish. In 1047 Friesenhausen already had its own parish. The second large original parish in the Haßberge was Pfarrweisach . Ermershausen becomes independent in 1300, Birkach 1348, Burgpreppach 1383. Another church focus was the mother parish Rügheim (Patrozinium: Maria) whose Sprengel about with the hen bergischen centering covered Konigsberg. The district of Rügheim gradually disintegrated when Fulda property in the Nassachtal was sold to monasteries and nobles. In 1363 an Augustinian monastery was founded in Königsberg and took over the pastoral care of Hellingen, Römershofen, Unter- and Oberhohenried and Sylbach. Goßmannsdorf separates from Rügheim in 1353, Unfinding 1394, Humprechtshausen , Kleinsteinach , Kleinmünster , Mechenried in 1407 and Holzhausen in 1420. The original parish of Wettringen was located in the upper Nassach valley . Very early, d. H. Altenmünster was probably able to break away in the 12th century. Wetzhausen became independent parishes in 1407, Aidhausen in 1453. Mailes and Nassach by 1465 at the latest and Happertshausen in 1498.

Almost all parishes and parishes in the deanery district have a long Protestant tradition since the Reformation . The rulers at that time were the Wettins , who were inclined to Luther , the Catholic monasteries of Bamberg and Würzburg, as well as the Free Imperial Knighthood of the State of Franconia, who were mainly oriented towards the Reformation and organized in the canton of Baunach. In 1400 the office of Königsberg fell to Landgrave Balthasar of Thuringia from the House of Wettin. It formed an exclave separate from the home country of the Coburg care organization, from which Erlsdorf and later Nassach represented parts that were blown off. In all localities, early, i. H. between 1523 and 1525 the Reformation was enforced. Königsberg had been facing Luther since 1523. In 1525, the parishes of Rügheim , Holzhausen , Unfind , Hellingen and Unterhohenried were subordinated to the superintendent of Königsberg and separated from the diocese of Würzburg. The superintendent of Königsberg itself were subordinated to the general superintendent of Coburg. The last abbot of the Augustinian monastery in Königsberg becomes the first Protestant pastor in Rügheim after the monastery is dissolved in 1526. In the entire Electorate of Saxony , Luther's teaching was made a state religion in 1528 . The Koenigsberg Office was expanded considerably through acquisitions before the Thirty Years War . In 1614 goods were acquired in Hellingen, Unfind, Altershausen and Köslau . In 1618 the manor Dörflis and Kottenbrunn were acquired. For decades, especially during the time of the Counter-Reformation, there were legal disputes between Würzburg, Saxony and the knighthood , which, after long negotiations, resulted in a fundamental revision of rights at all levels in the Hassfurt Recess in 1696 and led to a condominium. The eleven Ganerbendörfer Altershausen , Hellingen , Holzhausen, Junkersdorf , Kleinmünster , Oberhohenried, Römershofen , Rügheim, Sylbach, Uchenhofen and Unfind were affected . In Unterhohenried, after the successful Counter-Reformation in 1558, only the church remained Protestant; the pastoral office was moved to Oberhohenried. The Saxon exclave Nassach was its own parish from 1450 until the dissolution of the Sonnefeld monastery in the course of the Reformation in 1525. South of the Main, Saxony had rights in the places Eschenau and Westheim , in which the Saxon population became Protestant around 1530.

From 1745 the imperial knights in the Ganerbe places were also granted rights in ecclesiastical and landlord issues. The Reformation was officially introduced in the knightly canton of Baunach in 1563. The families of the Truchseß von Wetzhausen and the Fuchs von Bimbach had the greatest influence on the fortunes of the knight's canton . The Truchseß rulers were Wetzhausen and Mailes , where they had jurisdiction since the 15th century. Later they acquired the old knightly place Oberlauringen and Altenmünster (Counter Reformation 1600) from the original possession of the Teutonic Order. With the town of Manau , the Bettenburg line was enfeoffed by Bamberg and Saxony until the 19th century. In Bundorf , the Truchseß were enfeoffed by Würzburg from 1443 to 1769 at the latest and held the office of hereditary forester on the great Haßberg during this time. The majority of the subjects in Bundorf were, however, Würzburg and thus Catholic. The castle chapel was used for qualified ev. House devotions. Lendershausen , which was detached from the parish of Hofheim in 1799 , was also one of the ganher places in the Königsberg condominium . Protestant life in Altenmünster, Lendershausen and Jesserndorf continued under the protection of the Truchseß . In the Würzburg Ganerbeort Aidenhausen , a new parish was established in 1750 for the Protestant part of the population and the Church of Friesenhausen was assigned. The Fuchs took control of Burgpreppach in 1340 , and in 1408 Schweinshaupten , which became Protestant in 1608. In the 16th century they were the largest landowner in the Haßberge with goods and the like. a. in Birkach , Ditterswind , Lendershausen . The Hutten from Arnstein had built up an ancestral seat with their own neck dish from 1520 with Birkenfeld and Ermershausen . The Reformation was introduced around 1550. The Reformation was introduced in Ueschersdorf at the end of the 16th century and a parish was established. After the Counter Reformation in 1630, the community stayed after Manau and Walchenfeld.

The Rotenhan's holdings are concentrated in the Baunachtal around Eyrichshof , Fischbach and Rentweinsdorf . In 1533 an evangelical preacher was installed in Eyrichshof and thus a parish was established. Also in 1533 Rentweinsdorf was separated from Ebern as a parish with the Salmsdorf branch and became Protestant. Since there were other landlords besides the Rotenhan in Salmsdorf, it took until 1612 for all residents to convert to Protestant faith. In 1597 the Church of the Holy Trinity was built in Rentweinsdorf. An ev. (Castle) parish was founded in Fischbach in 1601 and a branch of Eyrichshof in 1653. The Merzbach line of the Rotenhan, raised to the rank of count in the 18th century, introduced the Reformation in Untermerzbach and Obermerzbach around 1540 . Simultaneum was introduced in 1678 after the patron saints returned to old beliefs in 1670. The Obermerzbach church dates from the 11th or 12th century and is the oldest in the deanery.

The Stein vom Altenstein owned properties around Altenstein . Hafenpreppach became Protestant and a parish around 1530, as the mother parish of Seßlach remained Catholic. Altenstein became Protestant in 1552, Maroldsweisach followed in 1555 as a separate parish. In Junkersdorf bei Ebern, the Counter Reformation failed in 1629. The Evangelicals were looked after from Altenstein, whose branch it opened in 1828. Eckartshausen also belonged to the Altenstein family and became Protestant.

Eichelsdorf was raised to an evangelical parish in 1570 because Hofheim remained Catholic. The church patronage remained as in Lendershausen near Würzburg.

In the town of Memmelsdorf the sovereignty was during the Reformation with a Ganerbschaft under the leadership of the v. Lichtenstein on Geiersberg. In 1524 they introduced the Reformation.

Dean's office

In 1809 a Würzburg inspection with the parishes of Birkenfeld, Ditterswind, Ermershausen, Holzhausen, Manau, Rügheim, Schweinshaupten, Unfind, Oberhohenried and Walchenfeld was established. Since June 19, 1802, the inspection became Bavarian . Rügheim has been a Bavarian dean's office since December 1, 1820. Then parishes from neighboring deans were added or were given up. The last major change took place in 1975 when the Ebern deanery was merged with Rügheim.


The deanery district of Rügheim includes the following 23 parishes, their 40 parishes and church buildings:


  • Historical Atlas of Bavaria Ecclesiastical organization, the Protestant Church, Komm. Für Bayer. Regional history, Munich 1960.
  • Historical Atlas of Bavaria Franconia Series I, Issue 13: Hofheim, Komm. Für Bayer. National history, 1964.
  • Historical Atlas of Bavaria Franconia Series I, Issue 15: Ebern, Komm. Für Bayer. Regional history, Munich 1964.
  • Historical Atlas of Bavaria Franconia Series I Issue 33: Haßfurt, Komm. Für Bayer. Regional history, Munich 2003.

Web links

Commons : Evangelical Lutheran Deanery Rügheim  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

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