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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Hechthausen
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Hechthausen highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 39 '  N , 9 ° 14'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Cuxhaven
Joint municipality : Hemmoor
Height : 0 m above sea level NHN
Area : 30.71 km 2
Residents: 3453 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 112 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 21755
Area code : 04774
License plate : CUX
Community key : 03 3 52 020
Community structure: 6 localities
Address of the
municipal administration:
Marktplatz 4
21755 Hechthausen
Website : www.hechthausen.de
Mayor : Jan Tiedemann ( SPD )
Location of the municipality of Hechthausen in the district of Cuxhaven
Nordsee Schleswig-Holstein Bremerhaven Landkreis Osterholz Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme) Landkreis Stade Landkreis Wesermarsch Armstorf Armstorf Belum Beverstedt Bülkau Cadenberge Cuxhaven Geestland Hagen im Bremischen Hechthausen Hemmoor Hollnseth Ihlienworth Lamstedt Loxstedt Mittelstenahe Neuenkirchen (Land Hadeln) Neuhaus (Oste) Nordleda Oberndorf (Oste) Odisheim Osten (Oste) Osterbruch Otterndorf Schiffdorf Steinau (Niedersachsen) Stinstedt Stinstedt Wanna Wingst Wurster Nordseeküstemap
About this picture
Aerial photo (May 2012)
The mill in Hechthausen

Hechthausen ( Heckthusen in Low German ), also called "the gateway to Cuxland", is a municipality in the east of the Lower Saxony district of Cuxhaven . It belongs to the joint municipality of Hemmoor .



Hechthausen is bounded in the north, east and south by the river Oste , which is crossed here by the Niederelbe railway Cuxhaven - Stade - Hamburg and the federal highway 73 , which runs almost parallel to it.

Community structure

The present congregation was formed from the following six member congregations of the former joint congregation An der Oste:

Neighboring communities

Hemmoor Grossenwörden
( district of Stade )
( district of Stade )
Lamstedt Neighboring communities Himmelpforten
( district of Stade )
( district of Stade )
( district of Stade )


Hechthausen, or rather the noble family de Hekethusen who were wealthy here at the time , was first mentioned in a document in 1233 as "Hekethusen". The place is undoubtedly much older, although there are no records of it.

Today's community not only includes the town of the same name, but also the formerly independent villages Bornberg (first mentioned around 1680), Klint (1342), Kleinwörden (1346), Laumühlen (around 1560), Wisch (1420). A village name is missing in this list, which unfortunately has completely disappeared, although it can be found in many medieval documents: "Borchholte". This village may have included today's districts of Klint and Laumühlen. This place in the parish of Hechthausen, after which the aristocratic family de Borchholte called themselves, is mentioned as "Burcholt" in a document from Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen in 1059 .

In the High Middle Ages the de Hekethusen moved near the city of Belgard . There they founded the Vorwerk "Hechthausen" ( Polish Ocwieka ), which is still part of the village of Zarnefanz , a village in the powiat Białogardzki of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland .

In the local Hechthausen, the von Brobergen family initially succeeded the de Hekethusen, but later (around 1400) the Marschalck von Bachtenbrock family from Horneburg . This family, who is still living here today, quickly managed to set up a small, closed domain, the Hechthausen Patrimonial Court. This also included the village of Kranenburg on the other side of the Oste (largest tributary of the Elbe) . As patrons of the Marien Church in Hechthausen, they also supervised the local clergy. You were also instrumental in the appointment of the first Lutheran clergyman, Andreas Gusters (around 1550). Although the powers of the Marschalck von Bachtenbrock family were increasingly restricted by the sovereigns, the sovereignty of the Hechthausen court remained nominally in effect until it was repealed in 1850. The localities of the court were then first assigned to the Himmelpforten Office , then in 1859 - with the exception of Kranenburg - to the East Office .

After losing the war on the side of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and thus became a Prussian province . In the course of the Prussian district reform on January 1, 1885, the Amt Osten - u. a. with the towns of Bornberg , Hechthausen, Kleinwörden, Klint , Laumühlen and Wisch - and the Neuhaus district of Neuhaus (Oste). 1932 this group was with the then county Hadeln to county land Hadeln with county seat in Otterndorf combined.

After the collapse of the German Reich , the remnants of the German Wehrmacht (Corps Ems) handed Hechthausen over to the troops of the British Guard Panzer Division on May 5, 1945 (see memorial stone at the entrance to the town).


On July 1, 1972, the communities Bornberg, Kleinwörden, Klint, Laumühlen and Wisch were incorporated. These communities belonged together with Hechthausen since 1962 to the integrated community on the Oste . The new municipality of Hechthausen has been part of the Hemmoor municipality since 1972.

Population development

year Residents source
1824 000- 0¹
1848 00504 square
1910 0677
1927 0599
1933 0681
1939 0899
1950 1304
1973 2873
1975 03163 ³
1987 03407 ³
1992 03413 ³
1997 03494 ³
year Residents source
2000 3538 ³
2002 3583 ³
2007 3506 ³
2008 3513 ³
2009 3515 ³
2010 3447 ³
2011 3459 ³
2013 3445³
2015 3500³
2016 3416 ³
2017 3424 ³
2018 3425 ³

¹ 89 fireplaces
² in 95 houses (with the two estates Hutloh and Ovelgönne)
³ as of December 31st


Municipal council

The council of the municipality of Hechthausen consists of 14 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for the member municipality of an integrated municipality with a population between 3001 and 5000 inhabitants. The council members are elected for a five-year term by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The mayor is also entitled to vote in the council.

The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:

Old distribution of seats

Political party Proportional votes Number of seats
SPD 61.17% 9
CDU 35.02% 5
Green 03.79% 1
Allocation of seats in the municipal council by September 30, 2018
A total of 15 seats

The turnout in the 2016 local elections was 62.82%, above the Lower Saxony average of 55.5%.

Current distribution of seats by resigning from the party

On October 1, 2018, the municipal councilor Thorsten Grützmacher resigned from the SPD and joined Die PARTTEI , but he is considered non-attached in the council.

Political party Number of seats
SPD 8th
Green 1
Non-attached 1
Allocation of seats in the municipal council from October 1, 2018
A total of 15 seats


The council elected council member Jan Tiedemann (SPD) as honorary mayor for the current electoral term. His deputies are Hans-Georg Grell (SPD) and Uwe Dubbert (SPD).

coat of arms

Coat of arms Hechthausen

Hechthausen coat of arms
Blazon : Divided ; above:a slanted silver pike in blue , winged and with a golden crown ; below: three ascending blue tips in silver. "
Justification for the coat of arms: The upper part is borrowed from the coat of arms of the ministerial family von Hechthausen , which was located here since the 13th century. The lower part is modeled on the coat of arms of the noble family Marschalck von Bachtenbrock . This family held the patrimonial court here until 1850, which included the entire parish of Hechthausen.

Coats of arms of the districts

Community partnerships

The municipality of Hechthausen and the municipality of Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf (as the legal successor of the former municipality of Hilbersdorf) maintain an intra-German municipal partnership that was established on August 2, 1991 as part of the 825th anniversary celebration in Hilbersdorf with the signing of the partnership document.
This communal partnership was a longstanding partnership of the ev.-luth. Parish Hechthausen preceded with the local parish. After reunification, the political communities found each other on this basis. Regular meetings at the municipal level as well as between the volunteer fire brigades and the citizens of both communities have strengthened the connections between Hechthausen and Hilbersdorf, so that in October 2006 the 15th anniversary of the partnership was celebrated with a festive event in Hilbersdorf.

Culture and sights

St. Mary's Church from 1633, the stone tower is from 1971, before that it was a wooden tower


  • The Evangelical Lutheran St. Marien Church is a brick building that was first mentioned in 1384 in the Stade Copiar of the Archbishop of Bremen, but it is probably much older. Parts of the outer walls consist of boulders that indicate old building measures. Small dates (1633 and 1669) engraved in bricks above the doors on the north side seem to indicate some later construction work. Old bricks in the monastery format as well as smaller brick formats point to different renovation measures. The nave is 24.5 m long and about 10 m wide. It has an eaves height of 4.7 m and a ridge height of 11 m. The tower, newly built in 1971 (first mentioned in 1701), is 23 m high and has four bells. The interior of the church was renovated for the last time after 1960 in 2004, with three new stained glass windows being inserted in the east gable. The patronage of this church is still in the hands of the Marschalck von Bachtenbrock family.
The altar was donated in 1637, the parish chair in 1640, the baptismal font in 1642, the pulpit in 1635, the chandelier in 1700, the two epitaphs in 1687/8 and 1696.
  • In 1959, the former fire station on Wischer Strasse was rebuilt and consecrated as the Roman Catholic St. Nicholas Chapel by Bishop Heinrich Maria Janssen from Hildesheim . Since then, the building has been named after the patron saint of the Hadelner Land. Today the chapel belongs to the parish of the Holy Spirit parish based in Stade.
  • The three-story windmill "Caroline", a gallery Dutchman , was built in 1845 and is located on the Oste. It replaced an older, dilapidated post mill and was operated until the 1960s, most recently with the support of an electric motor.
  • The manor Ovelgönne, which was first mentioned in 1598, is located about 600 m north of the town center.

Architectural monuments


In the forest stadium of Hechthausen, motorcycle sand track races take place annually, which are organized by the motorsport friends Niederelbe (formerly MSC Land Hadeln).

Economy and Infrastructure

In terms of regional spatial planning, Hechthausen will function as a basic center in the future .


Hechthausen has a train station on the Niederelbebahn Hamburg – Cuxhaven (opened on November 11, 1881). After the passenger traffic was in the meantime (December 2007 to December 2018) operated by the metronom railway company with new rolling stock, since then Deutsche Bahn and its subsidiary, the transport company Start Unterelbe , have been using the same, revised rolling stock on this route.

The railway line crosses two other traffic routes southeast of Hechthausen. These are the parallel federal highway 73 and the navigable Oste . The otherwise double-track line has only been extended to a single track in this area since the end of the Second World War after the Ostebrücke was blown up. The current railway bridge was built by English pioneers. This makes it one of the last temporary bridges of Deutsche Bahn still in operation .

The German Ferry Route , the Lower Saxony Milky Way , the German Crime Road and the Lower Saxony Mühlenstraße lead through Hechthausen or are in the immediate vicinity.


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Levin von Marschalck (around 1585–1629), archdiocese of Bremen and Chancellor of the German Chancellery of King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway
  • Balthasar von Marschalck (1625–1685), archdiocese of Bremen canon and court marshal to King Charles X Gustav of Sweden
  • August Cammann (1814–1882), lawyer and politician
  • Ute Wedemeier (* 1948), politician (SPD), born in Kleinwörden

People connected to the community

  • Engelbert Johann von Marschalck (1766–1845), Landdrost of the Landdrostei Stade and landlord of Ritterhude, died in Laumühlen
  • Heinrich Rüther (1866–1954), Lutheran clergyman and local researcher, lived and died in Hechthausen
  • Karl Manzke (1928–2008), Lutheran theologian, state superintendent for the Stade district of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover (1977–1992), pastor in Hechthausen (1957–1962)
  • Wilhelm Lenz (* 1939), historian and archivist of German-Baltic origin, completed his school education in Hechthausen

Myths and legends

  • The Hechthäuser Church
  • The nightmare
  • The dog at Bornberg
  • The witch's ghost on the Geesthof
  • The white woman in Laumühlen
  • The flying pike "Jonni Hecht"
  • The story of the English gold at the ferry from Hechthausen:
“The story that I want to try to reproduce here according to oral tradition cannot claim to be absolutely correct, especially with regard to the time when it took place. I couldn't determine the year, but it can only be either the late thirties or the early forties of the 19th century. At that time, large sums of gold came from England to Hanover, where the authority was located which paid out the pensions ( half-pay ) of the officers serving in the King's German Legion . These gold shipments came by ship up the Elbe to Hamburg; only in winter when there was ice they got no further than Cuxhaven and had to be transported from there by freight wagons. Old people have told me that sometimes a number of these covered wagons pulled along the Sietwende, which leads from Hechthausen to the ferry. Let us assume that the incident took place in the winter of 1840. A transport of English gold from Cuxhaven was advised on the Oste ferry. The wagons could arrive at any moment and the miller and innkeeper, whose financial circumstances were by no means brilliant, was anxious to find a reason to hold up the transport so that the people and teams had to lodge with him. This time he thought of picking a special chicken. The freight cars arrived and wanted to continue on their way. They were told, however, that this was not feasible, since with the strong drift ice you can only take the wagon ferry over between the tides. There was no other advice, it had to go under the roof, the horses unleashed and lodging. The bins with the precious contents were duly counted, the horses poured the fodder, and then one went into the house to eat and drink. The drink will not have been harmless, but perhaps of the kind that is still referred to here on the Waterkant as 'north'. It can be concluded from this that all companions on the transport soon fell into a sound sleep. Now the miller's hour had come. With two servants who had been privy to his plans, he quietly rolled down one of the gold barrels, put chains on it and sank it - after some in a deep ditch - after others in a sluice on the Oste. At the first break of dawn - it was still pitch black - he woke his guests and signaled that if they did not want to be prepared to stay there for several days, they should now prepare to leave. They harnessed their harnesses head over heels and hurried to leave. A repeated counting of the tons was omitted, the heavy heads may have caused it. The ferryman brought them all over, and the miller laughed up his sleeve. In addition to a reward, the two accomplices involved in the theft were given the right to demand a large schnapps, so-called sergeants, free of charge as often as they came. The gold transport moved on to Harburg, where overnight camp again had to be moved. What a horror the responsible men may have got into the limbs when it turned out that a barrel was missing! The matter was reported to the authorities and a detailed investigation was carried out, but in Hechthausen people were innocent and unsuspecting and nothing came to light. Over time the matter became known. The miller, who had come to Hechthausen as a very penniless man, had borrowed 50 louis dor from Privy Councilor Marschalck when he leased the mill - in order to be able to buy inventory - now he was visibly wealthier; he rebuilt his house and barn, paid his debts, and when he died left his children a beautiful inheritance. When there was talk of this flourishing in Hechthausen and the surrounding area, it was said: 'This is what makes English gold'. It is also noteworthy that an old captain said that in the 1940s, a notice on the London Stock Exchange warned about the ferry to Hechthausen. "
by Manfred Baaske, after Auguste von Marschalck (1916), H. G. Alstedt (2007) from: F. J. Alstedt, Chronik von Hechthausen.


  • Peter von Kobbe: History and description of the country of the duchies of Bremen and Verden . Göttingen 1824, p. 163 ( limited preview in Google Book Search [accessed October 21, 2019]).
  • Rudolf Lembcke: District of Hadeln. Past and present . Ed .: District of Hadeln. Günter Hottendorff book printing company, Otterndorf 1976.
  • FJ Alstedt (Ed.): Chronicle of Hechthausen . Self-published, Hechthausen 1983.

Web links

Commons : Hechthausen  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p.  243 .
  3. ^ CH Jansen: Statistical Handbook of the Kingdom of Hanover (=  Statistical Handbooks for the Kingdom of Hanover ). Helwing'sche Hofbuchhandlung, Celle 1824, p. 256 ( digitized in Google Book Search [accessed October 22, 2019]).
  4. Friedrich W. Harseim, C. Schlüter: Statistical Handbook for the Kingdom of Hanover (=  Statistical Handbooks for the Kingdom of Hanover ). Schlüter'sche Hofbuchdruckerei, Hanover 1848, p. 150 ( digitized version in Google Book Search [accessed October 22, 2019]).
  5. ^ Ulrich Schubert: Community directory Germany 1900 - Neuhaus an der Oste district. Information from December 1, 1910. In: gemeindeververzeichnis.de. February 3, 2019, accessed October 22, 2019 .
  6. ^ A b c Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Landkreis Land Hadeln ( see under: No. 16 ). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Official municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany . Final results according to the September 13, 1950 census. Volume 33 . W. Kohlhammer Verlag, Stuttgart / Cologne August 1952, p. 49 , col. 1 ( digital version [PDF; 26.4 MB ; accessed on October 22, 2019] Landkreis Land Hadeln, p. 58).
  8. Lower Saxony State Administration Office (ed.): Municipal directory for Lower Saxony . Municipalities and municipality-free areas. Self-published, Hanover January 1, 1973, p. 44 ( digital version [PDF; 21.3 MB ; accessed on October 22, 2019] Landkreis Land Hadeln).
  9. ^ Municipalities in Germany by area and population. (XLSX; 895 kB) See under: No. 1797 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 1975, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  10. a b c d e f g h i j k Community directory - archive - regional structure - annual editions. (All politically independent municipalities in EXCEL format). In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  11. ^ Municipalities in Germany by area, inhabitants and postcode. (XLS; 3.1 MB) See under: No. 1868 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2000, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  12. ^ Municipalities in Germany by area, population and postcode. (XLS; 4.9 MB) See under: No. 2019 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2013, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  13. ^ Municipalities in Germany by area, population and postcode. (XLS; 4.4 MB) See under: No. 1994 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2015, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  14. ^ Municipalities in Germany according to area, population and population density. (XLSX; 3.3 MB) See under: No. 1958 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2016, accessed on October 22, 2019 .
  15. a b c Council of the municipality of Hechthausen. In: Website Samtgemeinde Hemmoor. Retrieved October 22, 2019 .
  16. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Lower Saxony Regulations Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed October 22, 2019 .
  17. a b Municipality of Hechthausen - overall results of the 2016 municipal council election. In: Website Zweckverband Kommunale Datenverarbeitung Oldenburg (KDO). September 11, 2016, accessed October 22, 2019 .
  18. The CDU gets the most votes nationwide. In: Website Norddeutscher Rundfunk . September 12, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2017 .
  19. Tweet from "Der Pendler": Application to join @DiePARTEI. In: Twitter website. September 19, 2018, accessed October 22, 2019 .
  20. ^ Rudolf Lembcke: Land Hadeln district. Past and present . Ed .: District of Hadeln. Buchdruckerei Günter Hottendorff, Otterndorf 1976, p. 27 (coat of arms).
  21. Eberhard Michael Iba (Ed.): Hake Betken siene Duven. The saga of the Elbe and Weser estuaries (=  special publications by the men from Morgenstern , Heimatbund at the Elbe and Weser estuaries . Volume 16 ). 3. Edition. Men from Morgenstern Verlag, Bremerhaven 1999, ISBN 3-931771-16-4 .
  22. Jo DuBosque: Jonni Hecht - a story of the Oste, the river in the land between the Elbe and Weser . Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude 2000, ISBN 3-88132-311-2 .