|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1970)|
|Administrative headquarters :||Eckernförde|
|Area :||775.35 km 2|
|Residents:||74,000 (Jun 30, 1968)|
|Population density :||95 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||ECK|
|Circle key :||01 0 31|
|Circle structure:||55 parishes|
|Location of the Eckernförde district in Schleswig-Holstein|
At the beginning of 1970, the district bordered counterclockwise in the north, beginning with the districts of Flensburg-Land , Schleswig and Rendsburg and the independent city of Kiel . In the east it bordered the Baltic Sea .
The first historical forerunner of the Eckernförde district is Fræzlæt - a Danish administrative area that existed around the year 1200.
After the German-Danish War in 1864, Schleswig-Holstein became a Prussian province in 1867 . One urban district and 19 rural districts , including the Eckernförde district, were formed. The Eckernförde district became “the town of Eckernförde ; the Schwansener and Dänischwohlder aristocratic goods districts and the Amte Hütten . ” This area included the parts of the district of Rendsburg-Eckernförde and the city of Kiel that are now north of the Kiel Canal . The direct predecessors of the Eckernförde district were Eckernförde Harde, formed in 1853, and the historic Hütten Office (which existed until 1867) .
As early as 1878, Büdelsdorf and most of the municipalities of today's offices of Hohner Harde and Fockbek, a large part of the Eckernförde district came to the Rendsburg district . In 1894, the administration was in the in Borby newly built Kreishaus moved; In 1924, in the immediate vicinity, the previous teachers' seminar building was taken over , which from then on was called the District Office as an additional district administration building . Thus, until the incorporation of Borbys in 1934, the district administration was outside the district town. Holtenau , the manor district of Friedrichsort and Pries were incorporated into Kiel in 1922 and Schilksee in 1959 . Most recently the district comprised 55 communities.
The district went up on April 26, 1970 without the communities Kopperby and Olpenitz in the new district of Rendsburg-Eckernförde . Kopperby and Olpenitz were merged into a new municipality Kopperby, which came to the Schleswig district and was incorporated into Kappeln in 1974 .
|1944 , Feb. 7||48,387|
|1945 , March 5th||59.176|
|1945 , June 25th||87,979|
|1946 , May 27||93.034|
|1946 , Oct.||91,073|
|1950 , 13. Sep||86,646|
- 1868–1870: Traugott von Baudissin
- 1870–1871: Bong-Schmidt
- 1870–1877: Ludolf von Estorff
- 1877–1881: Eberhard von der Recke von der Horst
- 1881–1896: Cai von Bülow
- 1896–1917: Ernst von der Recke
- 1917–1920: George von Schröder
- 1920–1926: Eduard Adler , SPD (first acting in 1920/1921)
- October 15, 1926 - July 1941: Walter Alnor , DNVP , NSDAP from 1933
- July 1941 - March 1943: Hans Kolbe (i. V.), NSDAP
- March 13, 1943 - January 26, 1944: Peter Matthiesen , NSDAP
- January 27, 1944 - January 4, 1945: Hans Kolbe (i. V.), NSDAP
- January 5, 1945 - May 12, 1945: Walter Mentzel (i. V.), NSDAP
- May 12, 1945 - July 4, 1945: Heinz Loewer , NSDAP
- July 7, 1945 - October 16, 1945: Heinrich Bausch
- October 17, 1945 - January 24, 1946: Detlef Scheel , SPD
- January 25, 1946 - October 30, 1946: Wilhelm Stöcken , SPD
- October 30, 1946 - May 14, 1950: Hermann Diekmann , CDU
- May 15, 1950 - June 30, 1956: Peter Alwin Hauschild , FDP
- July 1, 1956 - January 31, 1965: Walter Mentzel, CDU
- 1965–1970: Egon von Gayl
Before its dissolution on April 26, 1970, the Eckernförde district last consisted of the following 55 municipalities:
The following list contains the municipalities of the Eckernförde district that have been incorporated into other municipalities during its existence:
|Borby||Eckernförde||April 1, 1934|
|Holtenau||Kiel||October 1, 1922|
|Norby-Boklund||Owschlag||April 1, 1941|
|Praised||Kiel||October 1, 1922|
|Ramsdorf||Owschlag||April 1, 1941|
|Schilksee||Kiel||April 1, 1959|
|Söby||Wooden village||September 30, 1928|
|Careful||Owschlag||April 1, 1941|
On 1 July 1956 the circle was the distinguishing mark in introducing today valid license plate ECK assigned. It was issued until April 25, 1970. It has been available again in the Rendsburg-Eckernförde district since November 15, 2012.
- Gerhard Stalling AG: Eckernförde district. Gerhard Stalling AG Wirtschaftsverlag, Oldenburg (in Oldenburg), 1963.
- Karl Graucop, Detlef Thomsen (Ed. IAd Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde eV): Heimatbuch des Kreis Eckernförde. Volume I, Verlag CJ Schwensen, Eckernförde 1967.
- Karl Graucop, Detlef Thomsen (Ed. IAd Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde eV): Heimatbuch des Kreis Eckernförde. Volume II, Verlag CJ Schwensen, Eckernförde 1971.
- Arnold Wicke: The fate of the expellees in the Eckernförde district. Publisher CJ Schwensen (Ed .: Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde), Eckernförde 1979.
- Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster , historical seminar: Expert opinion: Scientific processing of the history of the district administrators with regard to possible entanglements during the time of National Socialism , undated
- Eckernförde district administrative history and list of district administrators on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 23, 2013.
- Ordinance on the organization of the district and district authorities, as well as the district representation in the province of Schleswig-Holstein of September 22, 1867, PrGS 1867, 1587
- State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein (Ed.): The population of the communities in Schleswig-Holstein 1867-1970 . State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel 1972, p. 21 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. eckernfoerde.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1969
- Information for 1944 to 1950 according to: Statistisches Landesamt Schleswig-Holstein: The refugee situation in Schleswig-Holstein as a result of World War II as reflected in official statistics , Kiel 1974 ( online here ), pages 19, 27, 29 - The information for the period 7.2.1944 to 27.5.1946 include the civilian population and foreigners in camps; the figures for October 29, 1946 included the local population, displaced persons , German prisoners of war and service group members in camps are not included in these figures; The resident population was recorded on September 13, 1950
- Initially provisional, from March 7, 1927 officially.
- District Administrator of Schleswig, as war representation for Alnor
- officially until May 1945
- as a war representative for Matthiesen
- provisional for Peter Matthiessen, was arrested and deposed by the British on May 12, 1945. Ref .: Ilse Rathjen-Couscherung: Eckernförde under British occupation , Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde, 2008, ISBN 978-3-00-025744-5 , page 38
- Loewer was mayor of Eckernförde ; the British occupation forces initially left him in this office and temporarily assigned him the office of provisional district administrator of the Eckernförde district after Walter Mentzel was arrested; was deposed by the British Military Government in July 1945. Ref .: Rathjen-Couscherung, page 38
- Bausch was deposed by the British military government.
- State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein (Ed.): The population of the communities in Schleswig-Holstein . Historical municipality directory: District of Rendsburg-Eckernförde. Kiel 1972 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed on April 21, 2015] digitized version ).
- Municipalities and manor districts in the Eckernförde district, as of 1910