|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Středočeský kraj|
|Area :||445.3177 ha|
|Geographic location :||50 ° 2 ' N , 13 ° 39' E|
|Height:||445 m nm|
|Residents :||144 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||270 35|
|License plate :||S.|
|Street:||Lubná - Krakovec|
|Mayor :||Bořek Švarc (as of 2013)|
270 35 Petrovice u Rakovníka
|Location of Krakov in the Rakovník district|
Krakov (German Krakau ) is a municipality in the Czech Republic . It is located nine kilometers southwest of Rakovník in the Rakonitz Hills and belongs to the Okres Rakovník .
The village is located on the southern slope of the Krakov hill (512 m) above the Krakovský potok valley. To the east is the Polský rybník pond.
Neighboring towns are Petrovice in the north, Malinová in the northeast, Panoší Újezd in the east, Zhoř and Nový Dvůr in the south, Krakovec in the south-west, Všesulov in the west and Zavidov in the north-west.
Another village called Křakov is located 73 km southwest, belonging to the Mířkov municipality .
Legend has it that Krakov, together with Krakovec, was the seat of the legendary forefather Krok . In his historiography of the Rakonitz Land, Václav Kočka takes the view that the name of the villages is derived from the Polish city of Krakow and can be traced back to Břetislav I's raid into Poland in 1039, during which the Duke brought prisoners from Krakow and Gniezno settled in the sparsely populated Rakonitz mountainous region. Both the nearby towns of Hedeč and Hedecko and the Polský rybník ( Polenteich ) fit in well with this variant.
The first written mention of the village comes from 1358. At that time the village belonged to the local aristocratic family von Krakov. One of the subsequent owners of the Krakov estate with the villages of Rousínov, Skupá and Všesulov was Jíra von Roztoky, a favorite of Wenceslas the Lazy , who had Krakovec Castle built. In 1620 Johann Zeller von Rosenthal bought the property and Alena Marie Vchynsky von Wchynitz and Tettau , who united him with Petrovice , bought it from him . Later, Karl Joseph Hildprand von und zu Ottenhausen, who resided in Slabce , followed. After the replacement of patrimonial Krakov became an independent municipality in 1848. The manor was bought by Alex Prince von Croÿ in 1855 .
In 1850 324 people lived in the village and in 1869 there were 306 in 48 houses. A population decline began at the end of the 19th century. The residents lived from agriculture.
In 1930 Krakov had only 266 inhabitants and in the second half of the 20th century the number of inhabitants halved due to the rural exodus.