Lužná u Rakovníka
|Geographic location :
|1,899 (Jan 1, 2019)
|Postal code :
|License plate :
|Rakovník - Nové Strašecí
Prague – Chomutov
Lužná – Rakovník
|Václav Kejla (as of 2012)
|Masarykovo nám. 89
270 51 Lužná v Čechách
|Location of Lužná in the Rakovník district
The place is 348 m above sea level. M. in the valley of the river Čistý potok in the north of the Brdy forest . To the north is the 537 m high Louštín (Lauernstein), the highest mountain in the Džbán (Krugwald). State road 237 runs south from Rakovník to Nové Strašecí . To the west are the remains of the Hlavačov castle . At the settlement Lužná II the village has a train station on the railway lines from Nové Strašecí to Rakovník or Žatec , which fork here.
Neighboring towns are Lužná II in the north, U Nádraží in the northeast, Krásná Dolina in the east, Skelná Huť and Belšanka in the southeast, the industrial area Šamotka and the town of Rakovník in the southwest, Olešná in the west and Lišany in the northwest.
The village was first mentioned in a document in 1352, at which time the St. Barbara Church was already in existence. The place was the manor of the Luženský family. In the Hussite Wars , the parish was named as extinct in 1422. In 1579 Jiří von Lobkowitz received the place as a pledge.
In 1848 serfdom was lifted and in 1850 Lužná became an independent municipality. The character of the place changed in the first half of the 19th century. Mining was added to the previous sources of income in agriculture, forestry and fish farming. Hard coal was extracted in several shafts, a glassworks and quarries were built. At the end of the 19th century, the nearby fireclay factories in Rakonitz and the Luschna- Lischan train station , around which a new settlement had arisen, were the main employers. In 1897 a fire destroyed the lower district of Příče and in 1922 the mill burned down.
In 1938 there were 2,250 people living in Lužná and thus the number of residents had increased by almost 500 since 1921. In 1938 the V loužku coal mine started operating , which became the largest coal mine in the area and employed up to 155 miners. During the Second World War, the station was bombed, three people died in a residential building and several locomotives were destroyed.
No districts are shown for the municipality of Lužná. Basic settlement units are Belšanka, Lužná and Lužná-u nádraží, mostly called Lužná II. The settlements Krásná Dolina and Skelná Huť also belong to Lužná.
- Railway Museum Lužná u Rakovníka in Lužná II
- St. Barbara Church
- Husův Sbor Hussite Church
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)