City of Einbeck
|Height :||140 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.83 km²|
|Residents :||2455 (May 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||641 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2013|
|Postal code :||37574|
|Area code :||05563|
Location of Kreiensen in Lower Saxony
St. Joseph Church
Kreiensen is located in southern Lower Saxony in the Leinebergland and is part of the Harz and Solling foreland. It is located between the mountain ranges of Helleberg in the north, Hube in the west- south- west and Selter in the north-west. The Gande , a north-eastern tributary of the Leine with the Leineauen near Kreiensen, flows through the center of Kreiensen.
Former parish structure
The former municipality of Kreiensen was divided into 15 localities from 1974 to 2012:
Old names of the place are around 1342 Creyenhusen, 1344 Cregenhusen, before 1362 Kreyensen, 1394 Bertolt von Kregensen, 1408 Kregensen, around 1440 Kregenszen and in 1441 Kreyensen.
It was first mentioned in 1318, when Otto the Mild enfeoffed the Lords of Oldershausen . A medieval chapel belonged to the Archdeaconate of Nörten . Only in the 19th century did the place develop significantly. During the Westphalian era, Kreiensen was in the canton of Gandersheim .
On January 1, 1826, the existing post office in Kreiensen was closed. It is not known when it was established. For further details on the development of the postal system in Kreiensen, see: Braunschweig-Göttingen postal route .
The place gained special importance as a railway junction. In Kreiensen, the east-west connections of the Braunschweigische Südbahn , built in the 1860s, and the Altenbeken – Kreiensen line intersect with the north-south line of the Hannöversche Südbahn . Kreiensen was on Braunschweig territory - directly to the north and south was the state of Hanover . The Osterode – Kreiensen railway line was also connected here. However , the Kreiensen railway junction lost its importance in the 1990s with the construction of the new high-speed line from Hanover to Würzburg .
In the course of the regional reform in Lower Saxony , which came into force on March 1, 1974, the large community of Kreiensen, which existed until 2012, was created. The place Kreiensen replaced the historical central place Greene as the administrative seat. The new community belonged to the Gandersheim district until 1977 and then to the Northeim district . This municipality of Kreiensen had an area of 65.32 km².
On October 17, 2011, the local council decided to merge the Kreiensen community with the neighboring town of Einbeck , which came into force on January 1, 2013.
¹ as of December 31st
The local council of Kreiensen consists of six council members from the following parties:
(Status: local election September 11, 2016)
The local mayor is Axel Ambrosy (SPD).
The former council of the municipality of Kreiensen consisted of 18 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 6001 and 7000 inhabitants. The council members were elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor was also entitled to vote and sit on the council of the municipality.
The last local election on September 11, 2011 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
Former town mayor
coat of arms
The design of the municipal coat of arms of Kreiensen comes from Helmut Millies from the small town of Gronau (Leine) . The coat of arms was adopted by the municipal council on September 11, 1975 and approved by the Gandersheim district on October 1 of the same year.
|Blazon : “In red an oblique left silver wave bar ; above a striding, crowned golden lion , below three obliquely left golden roses with red infructescence . "|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The wavy bar symbolizes the river Leine. The line provided energy for mills and also serves as pendulum water for the pumped storage plant in Erzhausen. The lion stands for the family of the Lords of Homburg and is the heraldic animal of the Guelph dukes. The three golden roses with red clusters are from the coat of arms of those of Oldershausen . Since 1318 the Lords of Oldershausen have been connected to this room as leaning supporters.|
Culture and sights
- The neo-renaissance style station building designed by Hubert Stier in 1886 was built on the site of half-timbered terminal buildings and renovated in 1971. The east side is decorated with a Brunswick lion as a relief, the west side a Prussian eagle as a relief.
- Bürgerhaus Kreiensen for naval comradeship and local community Kreiensen
- Catholic St. Josef Church from 1967, interior design by Claus Kilian , since 2009 a branch church of the parish of Bad Gandersheim
- Friedenskirche; Evangelical Lutheran congregation belonging to the Gandersheim-Seesen provost. The church building was inaugurated in 1935 as one of the few new church buildings built in the Braunschweig regional church during the Nazi era. Before that there was only a small chapel in Kreiensen.
- Dance fun of the clubs in autumn
- Dance into May
- Castle festival of the community youth association
- Championships in the half marathon
- Kreiens Christmas market on the second Advent
- SV Kreiensen 06
- Rifle Society 1886
- Fire Brigade Association
- Heimatverein Kreiensen e. V. from 1997
- PSV Kreiensen 06
- FC Kreiensen / Greene
Economy and Infrastructure
The Kreiensen elementary school, the Kreiensen school center with secondary and junior high school and kindergartens are located in Kreiensen.
The Kreiensen station is located on the Hannöverschen Südbahn , the Braunschweigische Südbahn , the Altenbeken – Kreiensen railway and formerly on the Osterode – Kreiensen railway . Kreiensen station was the stop of individual intercity trains on the north-south connection from Hamburg to Frankfurt (Main). In local passenger transport he will
- every hour from the metronome Uelzen - Hanover - Göttingen .
- Every hour served by the Bad Harzburg - Goslar –Kreiensen– Göttingen regional train (every two hours in the direction of Göttingen).
- mostly every 2 hours served by the NordWestBahn Kreiensen - Holzminden - Ottbergen - Altenbeken - Paderborn and
- Once a day by a pair of trains to Braunschweig via Seesen and Salzgitter and daily by a pair of trains from Braunschweig.
Most IC, however, run on the high-speed line Hanover – Würzburg instead of the Hannöversche Südbahn. Only three intercity connections operate in the Leinetal and lead via Alfeld , Northeim , Elze and Kreiensen.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Werner Hillebrecht (* 1949), archivist and librarian of German origin in Namibia
People connected to the place
- Ludwig Heinrich Grote (1825–1887), theologian and publicist who campaigned for the reestablishment of the Hanoverian monarchy after 1866 and for this reason was nicknamed "Welf Pastor". His political work brought him several years' imprisonment and ultimately his flight into exile, he was arrested in Kreiensen
- Franz von Rziha (1831-1897), railway and tunnel builder and inventor, in 1861 he built the railway line from Kreiensen to Holzminden
- Hubert Stier (1838–1907), architect, construction clerk and university professor, he built train stations, museums and churches mainly in the neo-renaissance style, especially in Berlin and Hanover
- Wilhelm Krahe (1839–1921), architect and Brunswick construction clerk, he worked on the Holzmindener railway and at the local train station
- Heinrich Sohnrey (1859-1948), teacher, popular writer and publicist, the local Sohnreystraße was named after him
- Anna Schlueter (1886–1971), local politician (SPD), she was mayor of the Northeim City Council from 1919 to 1922, after her husband's professional transfer they lived in Kreiensen
- Ernst Müller (1893–1976), SS leader, died in Kreiensen
- Lothar Urbanczyk (1903–1986), politician (SPD) and member of the Lower Saxony state parliament, as a Jewish half-race at the time of National Socialism he came to a collection point in Kreiensen on October 17, 1944 and was placed in the Lenner camp near Lenne-Vorwohle near Reichsstrasse 64 housed
- Klaus Macharzina (* 1939), economist, business scientist and management teacher, he received his school education a. a. in Kreiensen
- Frank Doods (* 1961), administrative lawyer, ministerial official and politician (SPD), he has been State Secretary in the Lower Saxony Ministry for the Environment, Energy, Building and Climate Protection since 2017 and was previously State Secretary in the Lower Saxony Ministry of Finance from 2013 to 2017; he was from 2001 to 2013 Councilor and alderman of the Kreiensen community
In the documentary Schützenfest near the train station - Observations in the village of the SDR from 1961, the local rifle club was critically portrayed.
- Albrecht Lehmann: Local awareness in a workers' village. Influences of the community reform . In: Günter Wiegelmann (ed.): Community in change. Folklore community studies in Europe (= contributions to folk culture in northwest Germany . Volume 13 ). F. Coppenrath Verlag, Münster 1979, ISBN 3-920192-80-X , p. 173–186 , pp. 88–95 (215 pp., Digitized [PDF; 30.9 MB ; accessed on March 9, 2020]).
- Lower Saxony State Administration Office (ed.): Community directory for Lower Saxony . Municipalities and municipality-free areas. Self-published, Hanover January 1, 1973, p. 56 , Gandersheim district ( digitized [PDF; 21.3 MB ; accessed on March 10, 2020]).
- number of inhabitants. (PDF; 191 kB) In: Website City of Einbeck. May 1, 2020, p. 2 , accessed on July 25, 2020 .
- Jürgen Udolph (research): The "place name researcher". In: Website NDR 1 Lower Saxony . Archived from the original on December 2, 2016 ; accessed on August 5, 2019 .
- Ulrich Schubert: Community directory Germany 1900 - Gandersheim district. Information from December 1, 1910. In: gemeindeververzeichnis.de. January 5, 2020, accessed March 10, 2020 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 269 .
- municipalities in Germany by area, population and postcode. (XLS; 4.5 MB) See under: Lower Saxony, No. 1509 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2012, accessed on March 10, 2020 .
- Historical session: Kreienser council says yes to the merger with Einbeck. In: Website Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine . October 18, 2011, accessed March 10, 2020 .
- Lower Saxony State Chancellery (ed.): Law on the unification of the community of Kreiensen and the city of Einbeck, district of Northeim . Lower Saxony Law and Ordinance Gazette (Nds. GVBl.). No. 16/2012 . Hanover July 18, 2012, p. 268 , p. 18 ( digitized version [PDF; 290 kB ; accessed on March 10, 2020]).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Landkreis Gandersheim ( see under: No. 45 ). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden (ed.): Official municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany - 1957 edition (population and territorial status September 25, 1956, for Saarland December 31, 1956) . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1958, p. 206 ( digitized version ).
- Community directory - archive - regional structure - annual editions - Lower Saxony. (All politically independent municipalities in EXCEL format). In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, accessed on March 10, 2020 .
- Kreiensen local councilor. (PDF; 111 kB) In: Website City of Einbeck. Retrieved March 10, 2020 .
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Lower Saxony Regulations Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed March 10, 2020 .
- Preliminary results for the 2011 municipal elections - Kreiensen municipality. In: Website of the communal data processing center for southern Lower Saxony (KDS). September 11, 2011, accessed March 10, 2020 .
- Kreiensen's mayor Rode has his last working day on Friday. In: Website Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine. March 23, 2012, accessed March 10, 2020 .
- Helmut Millies' coats of arms. In: Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- Arnold Rabbow: Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch . The coats of arms of the communities and districts in the urban and rural districts of Braunschweig, Gandersheim, Gifhorn, Goslar, Helmstedt, Peine, Salzgitter, Wolfenbüttel and Wolfsburg. Ed .: Braunschweiger Zeitung, Salzgitter Zeitung and Wolfsburger Nachrichten. Eckensberger & Co Verlag, Braunschweig 1977, DNB 780686667 , p. 26-27 .
- Jochen Prochnow: 100 years Kreiensen station. The railway village. Northern Germany's traditional railway junction . 2nd Edition. Geiger Verlag, Horb am Neckar 2004, ISBN 3-89264-412-8 , p. 6 (120 pp., First edition: 1990).
- Christian Haegele (report), Michael Reinboth (comments): Press release from the Ministry of Economic Affairs. In: suedharzlinie.de. Retrieved March 10, 2020 .