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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Schwartbuck
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Schwartbuck highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 21 '  N , 10 ° 29'  E

Basic data
State : Schleswig-Holstein
Circle : Plön
Office : Luetjenburg
Height : 47 m above sea level NHN
Area : 13.15 km 2
Residents: 748 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 57 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 24257, 24217
Area code : 04385
License plate : PLÖ
Community key : 01 0 57 076
Office administration address: Neverstorfer Strasse 7
24321 Lütjenburg
Website :
Mayor : Peter Manzke ( SPD )
Location of the community Schwartbuck in the district of Plön
Ascheberg (Holstein) Barmissen Barsbek Behrensdorf (Ostsee) Belau Bendfeld Blekendorf Boksee Bönebüttel Bösdorf Bothkamp Brodersdorf Dannau Dersau Dobersdorf Dörnick Fahren Fargau-Pratjau Fiefbergen Giekau Grebin Großbarkau Großharrie Heikendorf Helmstorf Högsdorf Hohenfelde Höhndorf Hohwacht (Ostsee) Honigsee Kalübbe Kirchbarkau Kirchnüchel Klamp Klein Barkau Kletkamp Köhn Krokau Krummbek Kühren Laboe Lammershagen Lebrade Lehmkuhlen Löptin Lütjenburg Lutterbek Martensrade Mönkeberg Mucheln Nehmten Nettelsee Panker Passade Plön Pohnsdorf Postfeld Prasdorf Preetz Probsteierhagen Rantzau Rastorf Rathjensdorf Rendswühren Ruhwinkel Schellhorn Schillsdorf Schlesen Schönberg (Holstein) Schönkirchen Schwartbuck Schwentinental Selent Stakendorf Stein Stolpe Stoltenberg Tasdorf Tröndel Wahlstorf Wankendorf Warnau Wendtorf Wisch Wittmoldtmap
About this picture

Schwartbuck is a municipality in the Plön district in Schleswig-Holstein .


Schwartbuck is located about 12 km northwest of Lütjenburg and about 3 km from the Baltic Sea . The districts Schwartbuck and Schmoel belong to the community. Gut Schmoel is located in the municipality.


Schwartbuck, which was originally called "Suarzepouc", goes back to a Slavic foundation. The place was first mentioned in 1216. Under Adolf IV , the country was colonized with Frisian and Westphalian settlers, with the Slavic settlement being taken over.

Good Schmoel

The Schmoel estate , owned by the Rantzau family from the 15th century , was first mentioned in 1433. Originally the manor house was laid out as a moated castle.

In 1686 there were witch trials on Schmoel , in which a total of 18 people were executed. As a result, the landlord Christoph von Rantzau was sentenced to a fine due to a procedural error. Two years later he abolished serfdom on the estate, which his successor revised a few years later. In contrast, the farmers carried out several lawsuits in the 18th century. Since 1740 Gut Schmoel belonged to the rule Hessenstein , with which the Swedish King Friedrich provided for his illegitimate son Friedrich Wilhelm von Hessenstein . This only lifted serfdom between 1795 and 1800.

Since the early 1990s, the beach landscape near Schmoel has been a nature reserve that is an important breeding and resting area for ducks and other birds.


Community representation

The 2018 election resulted in the following:

Allocation of seats in the Schwartbuck municipal council since 2018
A total of 11 seats
  • SPD : 4
  • KWG : 4
  • CDU : 3rd

coat of arms

Blazon : "A slightly raised blue wavy bar in silver, a red gatehouse above, a black fork and a black flail crossed diagonally below."

Economy and Infrastructure

There is a kindergarten and a primary school in Schwartbuck. There is also a chocolate factory and a guest house.

Web links

Commons : Schwartbuck  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
  2. Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 9: Schönberg - Tielenhemme . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-926055-91-0 , p. 49 ( [accessed July 30, 2020]).
  3. ^ Schmoel Castle on the Rantzau board
  4. ^ History of Schwartbuck
  5. Wolfgang Prange: Christoph Rantzau on Schmoel and the Schmoeler serfdom processes . Neumünster 1965 (sources and research on the history of Schleswig-Holstein 49)
  6. Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms