|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||47 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||13.15 km 2|
|Residents:||748 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||57 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||24257, 24217|
|Area code :||04385|
|License plate :||PLÖ|
|Community key :||01 0 57 076|
|LOCODE :||DE 65L|
|Office administration address:||Neverstorfer Strasse 7
|Mayor :||Peter Manzke ( SPD )|
|Location of the community Schwartbuck in the district of Plön|
Schwartbuck is located about 12 km northwest of Lütjenburg and about 3 km from the Baltic Sea . The districts Schwartbuck and Schmoel belong to the community. Gut Schmoel is located in the municipality.
Schwartbuck, which was originally called "Suarzepouc", goes back to a Slavic foundation. The place was first mentioned in 1216. Under Adolf IV , the country was colonized with Frisian and Westphalian settlers, with the Slavic settlement being taken over.
In 1686 there were witch trials on Schmoel , in which a total of 18 people were executed. As a result, the landlord Christoph von Rantzau was sentenced to a fine due to a procedural error. Two years later he abolished serfdom on the estate, which his successor revised a few years later. In contrast, the farmers carried out several lawsuits in the 18th century. Since 1740 Gut Schmoel belonged to the rule Hessenstein , with which the Swedish King Friedrich provided for his illegitimate son Friedrich Wilhelm von Hessenstein . This only lifted serfdom between 1795 and 1800.
Since the early 1990s, the beach landscape near Schmoel has been a nature reserve that is an important breeding and resting area for ducks and other birds.
The 2018 election resulted in the following:
coat of arms
Blazon : "A slightly raised blue wavy bar in silver, a red gatehouse above, a black fork and a black flail crossed diagonally below."
Economy and Infrastructure
There is a kindergarten and a primary school in Schwartbuck. There is also a chocolate factory and a guest house.
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 9: Schönberg - Tielenhemme . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-926055-91-0 , p. 49 ( dnb.de [accessed July 30, 2020]).
- Schmoel Castle on the Rantzau board
- History of Schwartbuck
- Wolfgang Prange: Christoph Rantzau on Schmoel and the Schmoeler serfdom processes . Neumünster 1965 (sources and research on the history of Schleswig-Holstein 49)
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms