Veselí nad Moravou
|Veselí nad Moravou|
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Jihomoravský kraj|
|Area :||3545 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||11.006 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||698 01|
|Street:||Uherské Hradiště - Hodonín|
Veselí nad Moravou - Nové Mesto nad Váhom
Veselí nad Moravou - Sudoměřice nad Moravou
Brno - Vlárský průsmyk
|Mayor :||Petr Kolář (as of 2019)|
|Address:||tř. Masarykova 119
698 01 Veselí nad Moravou
Veselí nad Moravou (German Wessely an der March , older also Wesseli an der March , Wessele , Wesele ) is a city in the Czech Republic . It is located 14 kilometers south of Uherské Hradiště in Moravian Slovakia and belongs to the Okres Hodonín . The historical city center was declared an urban monument zone.
Neighboring towns are Milokošť and Uherský Ostroh in the north, Ostrožská Lhota in the northeast, Blatnice pod Svatým Antonínkem in the east, Louka , Lipov and Tasov in the southeast, Kozojídky and Žeraviny in the south, Zarazice and Vnorovy in the southwest, Bzenec in the west and Morseavský in the west.
The settlement emerged to the left of the March on the Freie Königlichen Steig. There was a water fortress on a river island that protected the passage to Písek. This fortress was probably built in the 11th century as a Hungarian border fortress on the then border river March. The first written mention of Wessele as a property of Sudomír von Břeclav was made in 1261 in a document by Ottokar II Přemysl . In 1315, John of Luxembourg conquered the fortress from the hands of Matthäus Csák of Trenčín . Subsequently, the Wartenberg owners of Veselí, in the second half of the 14th century, Peter von Sternberg acquired the rule. It is believed that he built the town of Veselí on the island opposite the castle. Since 1396 the designation as civitas can be proven. North of the city of Veselí was the older suburb of Veselí, which was not part of the city. In 1403 Markwart von Sternberg received the rule. Aleš von Sternberg left Emperor Sigismund , who was twice a guest at Wessely Castle in 1422 before his campaigns against the Hussite camps in Ostroh and on the island near Nedakonice , in 1423.
In the first half of the 16th century Hynek Bilík von Kornice acquired the rule. Between 1530 and 1562 he had the castle redesigned into a renaissance palace. The fish pond industry, which has existed since the 14th century, reached its heyday during his rule. Bohemian brothers settled in the city . The following owners became the Vojsko von Bogdunčovice. Karl and Friedrich Vojsko's property was confiscated after the battle of the White Mountain because of their involvement in the class uprising. In 1624 there was a dispute between Tomáš Bosnyák of Magyarbél and Mikuláš Pázmán of Panas and Rottal, who both asserted property claims. In 1707 Maximilian Želecký von Počenice bought the Wessely estate. He left the Servite Monastery and the Church of St. Establish Guardian Angels. After his death, the inheritance fell to Maximilian's brother Johann Felix Želecký, who died in 1731. Franz Karl Graf Chorinský von Ledska became the new owner of Wessely. He had the new parish church of St. Bartholomew built. His son Franz Johann Chorinský, the younger brother of Bishop Matthias Franz Chorinský von Ledska , arranged for the castle to be rebuilt.
After the abolition of patrimonial Veselí / Wessely formed a municipality in the Hungarian Hradisch district from 1850 . at that time 3629 people lived in Wessely. In addition there was the suburb of Wessely and the Jewish community, which formed their own political communities until June 27, 1919 and then became part of the city of Wessely. In 1879 the city was connected to the main line from Vienna to Krakow with an 800 mm narrow-gauge railway . A railway station named Veselí nad Moravou was built on the Brno - Trenčanská Teplá railway in 1883 . In 1887 the city received a train station on the railway over the Wlarapass . In 1891 the route from Veselí to Kúty was added. In the suburb of Wessely, a state regulatory administration was set up in 1911 to regulate the river March. In 1913, Friedrich Chorinský had the water mill converted into a power station. Suburb of Wessely was raised to a minority in 1913 .
The addition nad Moravou / an der March found general circulation and from 1919 onwards, when all three parts were united, it was also adopted as the name of the city to distinguish between places of the same name. In 1919 the wood goods factory Beer & Žádník was established, which switched production to furniture in 1925. In 1926 the Reichsfeld brothers founded a shoe factory.
In 1927 the Veselí nad Moravou-Myjava railway began operating, and two years later it was extended to Nové Mesto nad Váhom . Between 1926 and 1936 the river March was regulated and the "Baťův kanál" shipping canal was built.
In April 1945 the Chorinský family fled the castle from the approaching front and later settled in Vienna. After the Second World War, Veselí nad Moravou was elevated to a district town. In 1950 Milokošť was incorporated and in 1954 Zarazice also became a district. In the course of the territorial reform of 1960, the Okres Veselí nad Moravou was dissolved and the city was assigned to the Okres Hodonín . In 1961, a pipe works was built in the town , which became the largest employer in the area and now operates as Železárny Veselí as.
The town of Veselí nad Moravou consists of the districts Milokošť ( Milokoscht ), Veselí nad Moravou ( Wessely an der March ) and Zarazice ( Zarasitz ).
- Veselí Castle, the original medieval moated castle from the 11th century, located on an island in the March, was transformed into a baroque castle in the 18th century. It was given its present form in the middle of the 19th century according to plans by the Viennese architect Karl Schleps . It is surrounded by a French and English style palace park. In April 1945 the castle was on the front line and was badly damaged. It was restored after the end of the war.
- Monument to Ernst Gideon von Laudon , the monument erected in the palace gardens in 1789 is the work of Andreas Schweigel
- Church of St. Guardian Angel, the building, consecrated in 1739 and completed in 1764, was the monastery church of the Wessely Servite Monastery. After its secularization, the 1784 became the main church of the city. It has been a parish church since 1858. It contains the graves of the monastery founders and the Chorinský family.
- former Servite monastery, the construction of the monastery began in 1717 by the Želecký family. In 1732 the first monks moved into the monastery, which was closed in 1784 as part of the Josephine reforms.
- Church of the Virgin Mary, the church, which has been documented in writing since 1373, was built in the first half of the 13th century. In 1740 the church was repaired. It was the parish church of the city until the Bartholomäuskirche was built. In 1768 it was damaged by fire and rebuilt in 1783. In 1834 the church cemetery was closed.
- Church of St. Bartholomäus, the church built between 1733 and 1741 in place of three town houses was consecrated as the new parish church
- Bell tower in Zarazice, built at the beginning of the 19th century
- Lady Chapel in Zarazice, built in the 2nd half of the 19th century
- Chapel of the Holy Spirit in Milokošť, built between 1998 and 2000
- Bell tower in Milokošť
- Jewish cemetery , laid out in 1784
- Hydropower plant, in 1914 Count Friedrich Chorinský had an electricity plant built in the Mühle an der March with a 120 kW Francis turbine from Voith . In 1927 a second turbine house was built, whose Francis turbine with an output of 160 kW was supplied by Českomoravská Kolben as .
sons and daughters of the town
- August von Ramberg (1866–1947), German-Austrian naval , still life and landscape painter
- Ludvík Ehrenhaft (1872–1955), painter
- Salomon Kohn (1873–1944), Austrian photographer and publisher
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- L. Hošák, R. Šrámek, Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, Academia, Praha 1970, II, Academia, Praha 1980th
- History výrobních závodů. Z-Group, accessed November 18, 2019 (Czech).