30th Reserve Division (German Empire)

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The 30th Reserve Division was formed as a large unit of the Prussian Army at the beginning of the First World War . From the end of December 1916, the division consisted exclusively of country team parts of the Kingdom of Bavaria and from that point on was a major unit of the Bavarian Army .

30th Reserve Division

active August 2, 1914 to 1919
Country German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire / Flag of Bavaria (striped) .svg Kingdom of Bavaria
Armed forces Prussian Army / Bavarian Army
Type Infantry Division
structure see: Outline
Insinuation XV. Reserve Corps / XV. Bavarian Reserve Corps


Mobilization 1914

  • 60th Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 60
    • Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 99
  • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment
    • 15th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment
  • Reserve Hussar Regiment No. 9
  • Field Artillery Replacement Division No. 15
  • Field Artillery Replacement Division No. 51
  • Field Artillery Replacement Division No. 80
  • Field Artillery Replacement Division No. 84
  • 2nd Reserve Company / Engineer Battalion No. 15

Division of War 1918


The association was originally set up on August 2, 1914 as the main reserve of the Strasbourg fortress . Later he was subordinate to the Eberhardt / XV Corps . Reserve Corps . Since the division consisted almost exclusively of Bavarian associations, it was renamed the 30th Bavarian Reserve Division on December 26, 1916 and the newly formed XV. Subordinate to the Bavarian Reserve Corps . The association was used exclusively on the western front in the Vosges and Alsace-Lorraine .

Battle calendar


  • August 5th to 19th - Battles in the Vosges
  • August 20-22 - Battle of the central Vosges
  • August 22nd to September 14th - Battle of Nancy - Épinal
    • August 25th - Battle near Altweiler (parts of the division)
  • from September 17th - trench warfare in the central Vosges
    • October 2 - Battle of Senones
    • October 31 to November 3 - Battles on the border ridge near Markirch


  • Trench warfare in the central Vosges
    • January 27th - Battle at Senones- Ban de Sapt
    • May 30th - Battle of Ménil
    • June 22nd to July 24th - Battle at Ban de Sapt-Launois around La Fontenelle (altitude 627)


  • Trench warfare in the central Vosges


  • until January 3rd - trench warfare in the central Vosges
  • January 14th to April 29th - trench warfare in Upper Alsace
  • April 30th to October 28th - Trench warfare in Lorraine
  • from October 29th - trench warfare in Upper Alsace


  • to November 11th - trench warfare in Upper Alsace
  • November 12th to December 23rd - evacuation of the occupied territory and march home


Rank Surname date
Lieutenant General Karl Albert von Knoerzer August 2, 1914 to September 9, 1915
Major general Robert Krause September 10, 1915 to January 17, 1917
Lieutenant General Hermann Beeg January 18, 1917 to July 5, 1918
Major general Wilhelm von Reitzenstein July 6, 1918 to the end


  • Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen , Friedrichfranz Feeser : The Bavaria book of the world wars 1914-1918. Volume 1. Chr. Belser AG publishing house bookstore. Stuttgart 1930.
  • Hall of Fame of our Old Army. Published on the basis of official material from the Reich Archives . Military Publishing House. Berlin 1927. pp. 69, 130.
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army Which Participated in the War (1914-1918). United States War Office as War Department Document No. 905. Office of the Adjutant. 1920. pp. 392-394.

Individual evidence

  1. General Staff: The German Forces in the Field . 6th revision edition. War Office, April 1918, p. 64 .
  2. ^ Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Armed Forces 1815-1939 In: Dermot Bradley (Ed.): Formation history and occupation of the German armed forces, 1815-1990. Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815–1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1990, ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 , pp. 176, 671.