|Capital :||Lucena City|
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||213 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||8,706.6 km²|
|Governor :||Rafael P. Nantes|
|- Highly urbanized cities||1|
|- provincial cities||1|
|- electoral districts||4th|
|Location of Quezon in the Philippines|
Quezon [ ˈkɛson ] is a province of the Philippines in the CALABARZON Region (Region IV-A). The province was named after Manuel Quezon , the second president of the Philippines . Its capital is the city of Lucena City with a population of 266,248 (as of August 1, 2015) .
Quezon Province is located southeast of Metro Manila and is the sixth largest province in the entire Philippine archipelago. It is surrounded by the provinces of Aurora in the north, Bulacan , Rizal , Laguna and Batangas in the west and the provinces of Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur in the east. The southern part consists of the Tayabas Isthmus , which geographically separates the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of the island of Luzon .
The northern part of the province is bordered between the Sierra Madre mountain range and the Bay of Lamon , an inlet of the Philippine Sea . The Sierra Madre runs only in the northern part of the province. Other small mountain ranges run between the Bay of Tayabas and the Gulf of Ragay on the Bondoc Peninsula . Low mountain ranges are also found on the island of Polillo . The highest mountain in the province is the Banahaw , an extinct volcano whose peak is 2,188 m above sea level. It is also the main tourist destination in the province. Many cultures and religious organizations have settled around the mountain, and especially during Holy Week it is visited by many Christians .
National parks and nature reserves
- Alabat Watershed Forest Reserve
- Alibijaban Wilderness Area
- Mounts Banahaw San Cristobal National Park
- Binahaan River Watershed Forest Reserve
- Buenavista Protected Landscape
- Calauag Watershed Reservation
- Lopez Watershed Forest Reserve
- Maulawin Spring Protected Landscape
- Mulanay Watershed Forest Reserve
- Quezon National Park
Demographics and language
According to the last census of August 1, 2015, the province, including the residents of the independent city of Lucena City, has a total of 1,856,582 people. The majority of the inhabited areas are concentrated in the flat central part of the province to which the city of Lucena City, as well as the municipalities of Sariaya and Candelaria belong. The main language of this area is Tagalog .
The population density is 213 people per km².
Quezon is divided into a total of 39 independently administered municipalities and 2 cities.
Quezon is the nation's leading producer of coconut products such as coconut oil and copra . Much of the province is covered by coconut plantations. Fishing is also an important economic factor in Quezon.
The province also produces geothermal energy through the Makban geothermal power plant.
Originally, the area now occupied by Quezon Province was divided into the Batangas , Laguna and Nueva Ecija provinces . This area was explored for the first time by Juan de Salcedo between 1571 and 1572 , when he advanced with his expedition to what is now the Camarines provinces.
In 1591 the province was founded under the name Kaliraya or Kalilayan , after the name of the place Unisan , which was the capital of the province. Around the middle of the 18th century, the headquarters were moved to Tayabas and the province was renamed again according to its new capital.
Looting and raids by the Moros increased during the Spanish reign. One of the main aims of the pirates was to counteract the colonization plans of the Spaniards, who were specifically trying to promote the spread of Christianization. The destruction of Kalilayan in 1604 by a large Moro pirate fleet forced the locals to relocate to Palsabangon, today's ( Pagbilao ).
Over the centuries, however, the Filipino population grew dissatisfied within the Spanish-ruled areas. The most important event in the history of the province was the Confradia Revolte in 1841, a rebellion led by the Apolinario dela Cruz, later known as Hermano Pule . In 1892, under the local general Miguel Malvar, the province was also one of the first to revolt against Spanish rule at the beginning of the Philippine Revolution . As a result, the Philippine Revolutionary Government took control of the province on August 15, 1898.
The Japanese occupation during World War II began on December 23, 1941 when the Imperial Japanese Army landed in Atimonan . The province was finally liberated on April 4, 1945 after troops from the Philippine and American forces reached Lucena.
After the war, Republic Act No. 14 on September 7, 1946, changed the name of the province of Tayabas to Quezon in honor of the President of the Philippine Commonwealth, Manuel Quezon. This came from the place Baler , which at that time still belonged to this province.
In 1951 the northernmost part of Quezon, including the village of Baler, was split off and from then on formed the sub-province of Aurora . Aurora was the first name of Manuel Quezon's first wife. In 1979, Aurora was finally separated from Quezon and made an independent province.
In the near future there are also concrete plans that provide for a division of Quezon into two provinces, Quezon del Sur and Quezon del Norte. On September 7, 2007, however, the legal claim of Republic Act No. 9495, which was supposed to determine this division, lapsed without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and thus without her official approval, which is why the separation is still pending.
Quezon's climate corresponds to climate categories two, three and four. The second category type is characterized by the fact that it is characterized by neither a dry period nor a distinct rainy season. The maximum amount of precipitation can be expected between November and January.
The third type provides for a relatively short dry period between November and April, with the rest of the year being more humid. Precipitation is possible here all year round, with the expected dry periods being limited to one to three months. The southern part of Quezon in particular belongs to this climate category.
Sections in the northern and southern parts of the province are specified by the fourth type of climate. Here it can rain more or less throughout the year without a specific season being revealed.
However, the lack of high mountain ranges, with which many other provinces are characterized, brings the effects of tropical low pressure areas with it for some coastal regions, so that the climate in Quezon can basically be described as tropical mild and mostly dry.
- The Malagunlong Bridge
- The Kutang San Diego (Spanish Fort)
- The San Diego de Alcala fortress
- The San Antonio de Alcala Park
- The minor basilica of St. Michael the Archangel in Tayabas
- Bird Island
- The Quezon Museum
- The Tikub Lake
- The Tayabas Bay (Sariaya Area)
- The Quezon National Park
- The Banahaw volcano
- The Cristalino Falls on Banahaw
- The Malusak caves
- Talabaan Island
- Puting Buhangin Beach