|Canton :||Valais (VS)|
|BFS no. :||6297|
|Postal code :||3930|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH VIS|
|Height range :||637–1589 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||13.20 km²|
|Residents:||7950 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||602 inhabitants per km²|
Visp in the plain of the Rhone Valley, in the background the Vispertal
|Location of the municipality|
Visp ( French Viège , Valais German Fischp ) is a municipality in the canton of Valais in Switzerland . It is located at the entrance of the Vispertal at the mouth of the Vispa in the Rotten . The small town is the capital and largest municipality in the Visp district .
On December 23, 1388, the Visper defeated an army of the Savoy by artificially freezing the old town and then attacking the incapable of maneuvering attackers with large blocks of stone.
In 1518 a large fire destroyed numerous buildings around the castle hill.
French revolutionary troops looted large parts of Visp in 1799. In 1810, Visp and the Valais were annexed by France and, as a result of the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna , came back to Switzerland in 1815 with Valais, which was now a canton.
The name “Visp” was mentioned for the first time in 1847, while the names “Vispach”, “Vispbach” and “Fischbach” were in use before.
In 1855 Visp was hit by an earthquake. In 1860 there were major floods in central and upper Valais. As a result, the major Rhone correction project was tackled.
In 1972 the former municipality of Eyholz merged with Visp.
In 2011 there was a major forest fire in the Eyholzer Forest.
In 2013 the fire brigades of the municipalities of Visp, Ausserberg, Baltschieder and Eggerberg merged to form the base fire brigade of the Visp region.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Visp, 1981–2010
election on October 16, 2016
|ABP / CSP||3||2|
In 1909 Lonza AG , founded twelve years earlier in Gampel , chose Visp as its new location, where it started producing fertilizers . As a result, Visp developed into an important center for the chemical industry . With around 2,700 jobs, Visp is still the largest Lonza site today.
Visp is the economic center of the German-speaking Upper Valais and, together with Brig-Glis, forms a metropolitan area. Together with the chemical industry and other smaller companies, the village is the center of Upper Valais industry and has around 1,300 commuters from neighboring communities.
The Visp railway station is a major hub of the Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn , the 2003 from the merger of Brig-Visp-Zermatt , and the Furka-Oberalp railway was built. The Lötschberg base tunnel was opened when the timetable changed in December 2007 . Since then, Visp has been an important transfer station for the New Railway Alpine Transversals (NEAT) on the Lötschberg line Bern – Lötschberg – Brig to the Simplon line Lausanne – Brig – Domodossola . The travel time to Bern has thus been reduced to 55 minutes.
Visp is known as the eye of the needle in Upper Valais. In road traffic, longer traffic jams can be observed on Hauptstrasse 9 on both sides of the city at rush hour . A solution to the problem was created in the 1970s, but repeatedly discarded due to political squabbles. Since 2001, work has been carried out on the 8.8 km long four-lane Visp southern bypass with the Eyholz tunnel and the Visp tunnel . A section of the A9 national road was opened on April 13, 2018. The full expansion is expected to be completed in 2021. The planned costs will amount to around CHF 1,775 million.
The ice hockey club EHC Visp , founded in 1939, became Swiss champions in national league A in 1962 and Swiss champions in national league B in 1960, 2011 and 2014 . Since 1999 the club has been playing in the National League B again . The club has 14 teams: 3 active, 1 women, 1 senior, 9 youngsters. 300 active players are playing (as of August 2011).
Sights and culture
Several Roman Catholic church buildings and chapels characterize the town and landscape. The main church is St. Martin. Visp has also had a reformed church since 1951 .
Associations and religious communities
There are many sporting, musical, literary, religious and other cultural associations in the city.
There is very good contact and exchange between the Albanian Cultural Center Visp and its mosque , which is located in the east of the city, and the Forum Migration Oberwallis . The majority of the Albanian-speaking diaspora community in Visp comes from the North Macedonian city of Tetovo and its region. This Albanian- Muslim community has around 220 members and is Sunni in character. The mosque was built with the help of some regional parishes, the Visp municipality and donations from the emigrant community. Today around 1000 Muslims live in Visp and the surrounding communities.
- Georg Majoris (1440–1506), Governor (1494–1495 and 1499–1501)
- Anton Lochmatter (around 1480 – around 1540), mayor, Grosskastlan and district administrator
- Hans Jodok Burgener (1657–1721), Governor (1707–1721)
- Johann Joseph Arnold Blatter (1684–1752), Bishop of Sitten (1734–1752)
- Arnold Blatter (1653–1737), Governor (1731–1737)
- Franz Joseph Burgener (1697–1767), Governor (1742–1761)
- Joseph Anton Blatter (1745–1807), Bishop of Sitten (1790–1807)
- Joseph Theodul Burgener (1782–1852), State Councilor (1837–1843)
- Joseph Anton Clemenz (1810–1872), Grand Councilor (1840–1843, 1847–1871), Council of State (1843–1847, 1871–1872), National Council (1848–1851) and Council of States (1856–1857, 1861–1863, 1865– 1868)
- Adolf Imboden (1864–1935), politician, lawyer, notary and judge
- Joseph Burgener (1872–1964), State Councilor (1905–1925)
- Karl Anthamatten (1897–1957), State Councilor (1937–1957)
- Hans Ulrich Zollinger (1912–1989), pathologist
- Paul Eugen Burgener (1917–2001), canton judge (1960–1977)
- Hans Wyer (1927–2012), State Councilor (1977–1993)
- Peter Bloetzer (1933–2018), Council of States (1991–1999)
- Sepp Blatter (* 1936), President of FIFA (1998-2016)
- Walter Salzmann (1936–2012), ice hockey player and coach
- Pierre Imhasly (1939-2017), writer
- Ruth Kalbermatten (1950–2014), National Councilor (1999)
- René Imoberdorf (* 1950), Council of States (2007–)
- Thomas Burgener (* 1954), State Councilor (1999–2009)
- Urs Dietrich (* 1958), dancer and choreographer
- Norbert Pfammatter (* 1959), jazz drummer
- Hans-Peter Kunisch (* 1962), journalist and writer
- Karin Pfammatter (* 1962), actress
- Thomas Egger (* 1967), politician
- Manuel Mengis (* 1972), jazz trumpeter
- Andreas Schaerer (* 1976), jazz musician
- Matthias Lauber (1977–2010), ice hockey goalkeeper
- Dominique Gisin (* 1985), ski racer
- Marc Gisin (* 1988), ski racer
- Stefanie Heinzmann (* 1989), singer
- Herbert Schmid, Peter Steinmann, Jutta Glanzmann: The new Visp train station . Mobility and Urban Transformation. 1st edition. Birkhäuser Verlag , Basel 2009, ISBN 978-3-0346-0076-7 .
- Visp hiking map . 1: 25,000, Bürchen region, Moosalp, Augstbord region, Turtmanntal, Visperterminen, Nanztal, Simplonpass, Sonnige Halden. Rotten, Visp 2009, ISBN 978-3-905756-63-0 .
- Alois Grichting: Visp. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 2013 .
- Walter Ruppen: Visp VS. Settlement and buildings. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 356). Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1984, ISBN 978-3-85782-356-5 .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Visp - Statistics. Retrieved August 23, 2020 .
- Climate table. In: meteoschweiz.admin.ch. meteoschweiz, accessed on December 6, 2018 .
- Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
- Lonza website: Company History. Retrieved September 15, 2016 .
- Lonza website: Visp, Switzerland. Retrieved September 15, 2016 .
- The conductor of the Visper. In: Tages-Anzeiger of September 13, 2012