|surface||8.75 km 2|
|Residents||249 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||28 inhabitants / km 2|
Location of Œuf-en-Ternois
in the Pas-de-Calais department
Œuf-en-Ternois is a French municipality with 249 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Pas-de-Calais in the region of Hauts-de-France . It belongs to the Arrondissement of Arras and the Ternois Association of Municipalities .
The municipality of Œuf-en-Ternois is located in the Ternois countryside in the middle of the historic Artois province , about 45 kilometers west of Arras and about 50 kilometers east of the Strait of Dover . The neighboring communities are Humières in the north, Beauvois and Siracourt in the northeast, Croisette in the east, Guinecourt in the south, Linzeux in the southwest and Willeman in the west. After extensive rainfall, the dry valleys in the municipality fill up and drain towards the southwest towards the Canche River . Except for small hillside forests in the west ( Bois Delcourt, Bois de Saint ), the 8.75 km² area of the municipality is forest-free.
There are different opinions about the origin of the place name Œuf (French for egg). You can make connections to the Latin ovum (egg) or the Latin ovis (sheep). Another theory is that the name is of Germanic origin and has the same root as the Dutch word huis (house). This is supported by the fact that the inhabitants of Œuf call themselves Oesiens .
Not far from the Church of St. Martin, a faint, unnatural slope can still be seen in the landscape. It is the remains of a former feudal moth , a primitive castle on an artificial hill surrounded by a moat and bordered by a wall. The also submerged monastery and the motte (both from the 13th century) were connected underground. There was even an underground connection to the Mont d'Œuf mountain spur west of the village. There is another, smaller hill between the church and the cemetery, under which the remains of a windmill are hidden. Since the bombing of 1944 at the latest, no traces of the monastery, moth and mill can be seen above ground. During the Second World War , in and around Œuf, most of the victims were victims of attacks by the Allies on nearby German V1 launchers.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
- Saint-Martin church: the tower dates from 1609, the nave was replaced by a new building after bombings on July 31, 1944 in the 1960s
- some stone houses on Rue d'Agerue, one of them with flint and sandstone in a checkerboard pattern
- two public fountains - one at the beginning of the Rue Linzeux and one in the Le Riez district right next to the sports field
- War memorial, it bears the names of the war victims from Œuf and the smaller neighboring village of Guinecourt
- private walk-in garden ( Jardin des Collines with a large collection of bamboo, roses and hydrangeas)
- Wayside cross and water tower on rue de Champs
- two other wayside crosses in rue de Beauvois and one in rue Guilbert
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture has always played an important role in the municipality. Mainly sugar beet and fodder beet, wheat, potatoes and flax are grown. Four and a half kilometers north of the village center there is a connection to the motorway-like D 939 from Arras to Montreuil .
- bienvenue à Oeuf on www.oeufenternois.net (French)
- "Battlefields" on www.oeufenternois.net (Dutch)
- Œuf-en-Ternois on cassini.ehess.fr
- Œuf-en-Ternois on insee.fr
- à voir à Oeuf on oeufenternois.net (French)
- welcome to Oeuf on www.oeufenternois.net (English)