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Šakvice coat of arms
Šakvice (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Jihomoravský kraj
District : Břeclav
Area : 1183 ha
Geographic location : 48 ° 54 '  N , 16 ° 43'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 53 '50 "  N , 16 ° 42' 57"  E
Height: 187  m nm
Residents : 1,428 (Jan. 1, 2019)
Postal code : 691 67
License plate : B.
Street: Hustopeče - Šakvice
Railway connection: Brno – Břeclav
Šakvice – Hustopeče u Brna
Status: local community
Districts: 1
Mayor : Drahomíra Dirgasová (as of 2018)
Address: Hlavní 12
691 67 Šakvice
Municipality number: 584924
Website : www.sakvice.cz
Šakvice train station

Šakvice (German Schakwitz ) is a municipality in the Czech Republic . It is located five kilometers south of Hustopeče and belongs to the Okres Břeclav .


Šakvice is located on the left side of the Thaya on the north bank of the lower three Thaya reservoirs, Novomlýnská nádrž, in the Dolnomoravský úval ( southern March basin ). The Štinkovka flows into the reservoir southeast of the village. In the north rise the Zebrák ( Pettler , 292 m) and Křížový vrch ( Kreuzberg , 250 m), to the northeast the Kouty ( Fleckenberg , 238 m) and in the northwest the Šibeniční vrch ( Galgenberg , 196 m) and the Slunečná ( Langer Sonnberg , 236 m). To the southwest are the Pavlovské vrchy ( Pollau Mountains ). To the north runs the Brno – Břeclav railway line , from which the branch line Šakvice – Hustopeče u Brna branches off at the Šakvice railway station two kilometers from the village .

Neighboring towns are Starovice and Hustopeče in the north, Horní Bojanovice and Starovičky in the north-east, Velké Pavlovice in the east, Zaječí in the south-east, Nové Mlýny and Milovice in the south, Pavlov in the south-west, Dolní Věstonice and Strachotín in the west and Popice in the north-west.


Archaeological finds in the church show that the village of Číčovice existed as early as the 12th century. It is believed that the village went extinct in 1278 when Rudolf I invaded southern Moravia after the battle of the Marchfeld and devastated the country. Číčovice was first mentioned in writing in 1371, when Margrave Johann Heinrich donated the desert village to Wolf von Pritlach for repopulation . Číčovice was laid out as a street village on both sides of a wide Angers called Dědina , on which the church stood. In 1385, Beneš from Krumlov bought the village on Krumlov . During the Hussite Wars , Číčovice fell again desolate and was then repopulated with German colonists. During this time the new place name Schakwitz was created . In 1527 Heinrich von Leipa acquired the goods. In 1533, Hutterer settled in Schakwitz . However, the Hutterites were expelled from the village two years later when a wave of persecution directed against the Anabaptist movement broke out. In 1538 they were allowed to return. The local Bruderhof temporarily became the center of the Hutterite movement. In 1542 an Anabaptist convention took place in Schakwitz . The persecution of this religious movement began again five years later. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Liechtensteiners acquired the goods. After the Battle of White Mountain , Schakwitz was sacked in 1620 and 1621. In October 1622 the Hutterites were finally completely expelled from Schakwitz. They lost all their possessions and emigrated to Transylvania . During the Thirty Years War the village lost two thirds of its inhabitants. In the hoof register of 1656 57 farmed properties are shown for Schakwitz , around 360 people lived in the village. The registers have been kept since 1740. In 1749 the construction of a village school began. At that time Schakwitz was multilingual , since 1749 the municipal accounts were written in Czech. In 1752 the population consisted of 41 Czech and 30 German families. A major fire destroyed several houses in 1764. In 1790 547 people lived in the 84 houses of the village. In 1801 the church, the rectory, the school, the courtyard and six other houses burned down. When Napoleonic troops passed through Šakvice, damage amounting to 38,323 guilders occurred. The land registers have been kept since 1812. Major fires broke out again in 1835, 1842, 1843 and 1856. In 1839 the Emperor Ferdinand's Northern Railway opened the railway connection from Vienna to Brno north of the village; in an open field, a station that the name originated Auspitz Poppitz received. In 1840, Šakvice consisted of 184 houses and had 768 inhabitants.

After the abolition of patrimonial Šakvice / Schakwitz formed from 1850 a municipality in the district administration Auspitz . After the German War , Prussian soldiers settled in Šakvice in 1866. In 1894 the Auspitz Local Railway started operating the branch line from the Auspitz-Poppitz station to Auspitz. In 1900, 1154 people lived in the 230 houses in the village. After the district town of Auspitz and the villages of Groß Steurowitz , Poppitz , Saitz , Neumühl , Milowitz , Pollau , Unter Wisternitz and Tracht were added to the German Reich in 1938 as a result of the Munich Agreement , Šakvice bordered the German Reich in the north, west and south until 1945 . The village was initially assigned to the political district of Brno-Land and in 1942 to the political district of Göding .

After the end of the war, the Okres Hustopeče was restored. On December 24, 1953 there was a collision between a passenger train and an express train on the Brno – Břeclav railway line at the Šakvice station, in which 103 people died and 83 were injured. After the territorial reform of 1960, the community was assigned to the Okres Břeclav on January 1, 1961 . In 1975 the construction of the Thayatalsperre began. The Thaya lowlands and the Šakvický rybník pond were flooded. The system consisting of three reservoirs was completed in 1988 and has a water surface of 3226 hectares. Since 1997, Šakvice has had a coat of arms and a banner. In 2003 the village consisted of 523 houses and had 1380 inhabitants. There are extensive vineyards to the west of the village.

Community structure

No districts are shown for the municipality of Šakvice.


Šakvice is known for its brass bands. The first, directed by the conductor František Fic, was created in 1885. In 1952, Rudolf Štrubl founded his band . Josef Šural has continued this tradition since the 1970s. He was particularly committed to training young musicians and founded the Túfaranka band in 1978 . In 1992, Sokolka, another successful brass band , was formed in Šakvice .


Parish Church of St. Barbara
  • Parish Church of St. Barbara, the building on the upper part of the village green has a Gothic core. After the fire of 1801, it was rebuilt and rededicated in 1802. Remains of paintings and handle elements discovered in 2000 can be dated to the 12th century.
  • Statue of St. Johannes von Nepomuk on the village green, it is a gift from Maria Antonia von Liechtenstein and was made in 1724. In 1950 the sculpture was removed for plans to expand the street and re-erected after 1990.
  • Statue of St. Isidor from 1748, she is also a gift from Maria Antonia von Liechtenstein
  • Statue of St. Trinity on the village square, donated in 1913 by the married couple Josef and Barbora Karas
  • Thaya reservoirs
  • Table with inlaid council monogram from 1783 in the mayor's office


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Rudolf Štrubl (1912–1982), composer, conductor and organist
  • Josef Šural (1927–2002), conductor

Lived and worked in the community

  • František Nosek (1840-1924), the local history researcher and author of a local chronicle, worked as mayor for ten years and was a member of the state parliament from 1884 to 1896.

Web links

Commons : Šakvice  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.uir.cz/obec/584924/Sakvice
  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  3. Christian Hege : Schäkowitz (Moravia, Czech Republic) . In: Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online