Bow (city)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
City coat of arms arch
Bow (city)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bogen highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 55 '  N , 12 ° 41'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Bavaria
County : Straubing arch
Height : 322 m above sea level NHN
Area : 49.75 km 2
Residents: 10,197 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 205 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 94327
Area code : 09422
License plate : SR , BOG, MAL
Community key : 09 2 78 118
City structure: 77 districts

City administration address :
Stadtplatz 56
94327 Bogen
Website :
First Mayor : Andrea Probst ( CSU )
Location of the town of Bogen in the Straubing-Bogen district
Bogen (Stadt) Windberg Wiesenfelden Straßkirchen Steinach (Niederbayern) Stallwang Schwarzach (Niederbayern) Sankt Englmar Salching Rattiszell Rattenberg (Niederbayern) Rain (Niederbayern) Perkam Perasdorf Parkstetten Oberschneiding Niederwinkling Neukirchen (Niederbayern) Mitterfels Mariaposching Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg Loitzendorf Leiblfing Laberweinting Konzell Kirchroth Irlbach Hunderdorf Haselbach (Niederbayern) Haibach (Niederbayern) Geiselhöring Feldkirchen (Niederbayern) Falkenfels Atting Ascha Aiterhofen Aholfing Straubing Landkreis Kelheim Regensburg Landkreis Landshut Landkreis Regen Landkreis Dingolfing-Landau Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Cham Landkreis Cham Landkreis Regensburgmap
About this picture
The parish church of St. Florian

Bogen is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Straubing-Bogen .


Geographical location

The city is located in the Danube Forest region on the Danube , on the Bogenbach and at the foot of the Bavarian Forest .

The highest elevations are in the Degernbach district. The Eselsberg ( ) is 451  m high and an unnamed elevation ( ) near Nesselbach and Eden Hofen is approximately 475  m , the highest point in the area of the city sheet. In the vicinity of the Danube, there are some areas in the Oberalteich, Bogen and Pfelling districts at a height of around 313  m .

Community structure

There are 77 parish parts:

There are the districts Bogen, Bogenberg, Degernbach, Oberalteich and Pfelling.


Memorial plaque at the town hall on the history of Bogen
The Bogenberg

Until the 19th century

Bogen is first mentioned under the name Villa Pogana around the middle of the 8th century. Initially, the Babenbergs were the owners of the county rights here. Then it was the seat of the Counts of Bogen , whose white and blue diamond coat of arms is now part of the Bavarian state coat of arms . As early as 1220, Bogen was known as a "forum" (market).

After the death of the last count of Bogen, their territory fell to the Wittelsbach family in 1242 . In 1341, Bogen received market rights . In the 15th century, Bogen experienced a heyday in connection with the Bogenberg pilgrimage. In the Thirty Years' War the market suffered a considerable loss of population. The important pilgrimage to the Bogenberg pilgrimage church once again provided an upswing for the whole town .

Bogen belonged to the Straubing Rent Office and the Mitterfels Regional Court in the Electorate of Bavaria . It had a market court with its own magistrate rights. The Oberalteich monastery had an open court market here . Fires devastated the place in 1719 and 1837.

In 1839, Bogen became the seat of a regional court . In 1860 the market had 1,350 inhabitants and no fewer than twelve breweries. From 1862, Bogen continued to gain importance because the district office and the notary's office were separated from the regional court as separate authorities. A little later, the legal part of the regional court became the Royal Bavarian District Court . On December 9, 1895, Bogen received a railway connection with the completion of the first section of the Straubing – Miltach railway line .

20th century

The city elevation of Bogen took place in 1952. With the construction of the Graf-Aswin barracks in 1958, a grammar school, secondary school and eight industrial companies as well as incorporations, the size and importance of Bogen increased significantly after the Second World War.

Due to the integration of the district of Bogen into the district of Straubing-Bogen on July 1, 1972, a large part of the administrative functions in the city was lost.

21st century

In 2012, the Europa Park Bayern-Böhmen recreational park was inaugurated.


On January 1, 1972, the communities Bogenberg and Degernbach were incorporated. The municipality of Oberalteich followed on January 1, 1978, and Trudendorf and Muckenwinkling were incorporated from the dissolved municipality of Agendorf and parts of the municipality of Pfelling on July 1, 1974 . In 1978 the Windberg parts of the community Gottesberg, Mitterbühl and Osterberg were incorporated into Bogen.

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018 the city grew from 8,307 to 10,263 by 1,956 inhabitants or 23.6%.

  • 1961: 07,118 inhabitants
  • 1970: 08,623 inhabitants
  • 1987: 08,199 inhabitants
  • 1991: 08,922 inhabitants
  • 1995: 09,921 inhabitants
  • 2000: 10,157 inhabitants
  • 2005: 10,105 inhabitants
  • 2010: 10,090 inhabitants
  • 2015: 09,771 inhabitants


City council

The local election on March 15, 2020 led to the following result with a turnout of 54.71%:

The town hall
Party / list Be right % Seats
CSU 39.65% 10
SPD 9.36% 2
Citizens' Initiative Bogen (BI-Bogen) 13.74% 3
FDP / Free Voting Group 24.80% 6th
Free Christian Voter Association (FCW) 12.45% 3


Mayor is Andrea Probst (CSU), who won the runoff election on March 29, 2020 with 53.43%.

coat of arms

Coat of arms from arch
Blazon : "In blue, a golden bow with a silver string over a six-pointed golden star."

Town twinning

The pilgrimage church


  • The town square, which dates back to the Middle Ages, is very spacious with a length of 400 m and a width of 30 m. It is mostly lined with town houses from the 17th to 19th centuries.
  • The Gothic and later Baroque-style parish church of St. Florian emerged from a church built in 1486 and expanded from 1927 to 1937. The choir has a ribbed vault and late Gothic frescoes.
  • On the Nepomuk Bridge over the Bogenbach there is a statue of St. Nepomuk from 1744.
  • Pilgrimage Church of the Assumption on the Bogenberg; Destination of the oldest Marian pilgrimage in Bavaria (since 1104).
  • Bogenberg Church of St. Salvator with hermitage and savior in the dungeon
  • Bogenberg District Museum
  • Oberalteich Monastery Church .


sons and daughters of the town
Arch-related persons


  • Volksfest Bogen (annually)
  • Pentecost pilgrimage (annually)
  • Bogener Rautentage (every 2 years, in 2018 for the fifth time)
  • Bogener Beer Festival (first July 2018, repeated in July 2019 due to high visitor numbers)
  • Monastery market in Oberalteich

Economy and Infrastructure

The former station building of Bogen

Economy including agriculture and forestry

Since 1958, Bogen has been a major Bundeswehr location with the Graf Aswin barracks .

The Straubing – Miltach railway was shut down from Bogen in May 1994.

According to official statistics (2017), there were a total of 5,726 employees at the place of work; thereof 31 in agriculture and forestry, 2,697 in manufacturing and 864 in trade and transport, and 2,134 in other economic sectors (services). There were a total of 4,406 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There were 13 companies in the manufacturing sector and eight in the construction sector. In addition, in 2016 there were 95 farms with an agriculturally used area of ​​2595 ha, of which 2005 ha was arable land and 590 ha was permanent green space.

In the Hofweinzier district there is a slaughterhouse owned by Donautal Geflügelspezialitäten, which belongs to the Lohmann subgroup of the PHW Group (known under the Wiesenhof brand). The plant, with a capacity of up to 250,000 slaughterings per day, one of the largest in southern Germany, burned down in February 2015, but it was rebuilt in a similar size and has already started operations again.

Several large companies are located in the Bogener industrial areas, for example hydraulic and welding companies.


There are the following facilities:

  • Day-care centers for children: 380 places with 351 children
  • Albertus School Special Education Center Bogen with a total of 31 full-time teachers and 152 students (school year 2018/2019)
  • three primary schools with a total of 20 full-time teachers and 327 pupils (school year 2018/2019)
  • Herzog-Ludwig-Mittelschule Bogen with 29 full-time teachers and 290 students (school year 2018/2019)
  • Ludmilla-Schule Staatliche Realschule Bogen with 45 full-time teachers and 638 students (school year 2018/2019)
  • Veit-Höser-Gymnasium Bogen with 51 full-time teachers and 599 students (school year 2018/2019)


  • Heimatbuch der Stadt Bogen, 2nd edition, Bogen 1987
  • Hans Neueder: 500 years of St. Florian in Bogen, Bogen 1986
  • Hans Neueder: 1250 years of Bogen, 40 years of the city of Bogen, Bogen 1992
  • Franz X. Bogner: The district of Straubing-Bogen from the air, Straubing 2018

Web links

Commons : Arch  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Result of the mayor's runoff election 2020 on March 29, 2020, Stadt Bogen
  3. CSU sheet
  4. Bavaria Atlas of the Bavarian State Government ( notes )
  5. ^ Stadt Bogen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library
  6. District. Municipalities and districts. Bavarian Surveying Administration, archived from the original on April 11, 2013 ; accessed on March 31, 2015 .
  7. District in PDF. (PDF; 1.9 MB) Bavarian Surveying Administration, archived from the original on April 2, 2015 ; accessed on March 31, 2015 .
  8. ^ Homepage of the city of Bogen
  9. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 437 .
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 631 and 632 .
  11. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Hrsg.): The municipalities of Bavaria according to the territorial status May 25, 1987. The population of the municipalities of Bavaria and the changes in the acquisitions and territory from 1840 to 1987 (=  contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 451). Munich 1991, p. 71–72 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00070717-7 ( digitized version ).
  12. Result of the 2020 city council election on March 15, 2020, Stadt Bogen
  13. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Bogen (city)  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  14. ^ Official statistics of the Bavarian State Office for Statistics
  15. ^ Official statistics of the Bavarian State Office for Statistics
  16. ^ Albertus School Special Education Support Center Bogen in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  17. Primary school arch in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  18. Josef-Landstorfer-Grundschule Oberalteich in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  19. Montessori Schule Donau-Wald, sheet in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  20. Herzog-Ludwig-Mittelschule Bogen in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  21. ^ Ludmilla-Schule Staatliche Realschule Bogen in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.
  22. ^ Veit-Höser-Gymnasium Bogen in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on August 27, 2019.