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Champvent coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of VaudCanton of Vaud Vaud (VD)
District : Jura north vaudoisw
BFS no. : 5905i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 1443
Coordinates : 533 774  /  181596 coordinates: 46 ° 46 '56 "  N , 6 ° 34' 17"  O ; CH1903:  five hundred and thirty-three thousand seven hundred and seventy-four  /  181596
Height : 530  m above sea level M.
Height range : 434-586 m above sea level M.
Area : 9.03  km²
Residents: 685 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 76 inhabitants per km²
Champvent Castle

Champvent Castle

Location of the municipality
Genfersee Neuenburgersee Lac de Saint-Point Lac de Remoray Lac des Rousses Lac de Joux Lac Brenet Frankreich Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Neuenburg Bezirk Broye-Vully Bezirk Broye-Vully Bezirk Gros-de-Vaud Bezirk Lausanne Lavaux-Oron Bezirk Morges Bezirk Nyon Bezirk Ouest lausannois Bezirk Riviera-Pays-d’Enhaut Agiez L’Abbaye L’Abergement VD Arnex-sur-Orbe Ballaigues Baulmes Bavois Belmont-sur-Yverdon Bioley-Magnoux Bofflens Bonvillars Bretonnières Bullet VD Chamblon Champagne VD Champvent Chavannes-le-Chêne Chavornay VD Chêne-Pâquier Le Chenit Cheseaux-Noréaz Les Clées Concise Corcelles-près-Concise Cronay Croy VD Croy VD Cuarny Démoret Donneloye Ependes VD Fiez Fiez Fontaines-sur-Grandson Giez VD Grandevent Grandson Juriens Le Lieu Lignerolle Mathod Mauborget Molondin Montagny-près-Yverdon Montcherand Mutrux Novalles Onnens VD Orbe VD Orges VD Orzens Pomy VD La Praz VD Premier VD Provence VD Rances VD Romainmôtier-Envy Rovray Sainte-Croix VD Sergey Suchy Suscévaz Treycovagnes Ursins Valeyres-sous-Montagny Valeyres-sous-Rances Valeyres-sous-Ursins Vallorbe Vaulion Villars-Epeney Vugelles-La Mothe Vuiteboeuf Yverdon-les-Bains Yvonand TévenonMap of Champvent
About this picture

Champvent is a municipality in the Jura-Nord vaudois district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .


Aerial photo (1949)

Champvent lies at 530  m above sea level. M. , 5 km west of the district capital Yverdon-les-Bains (beeline). The scattered village stretches along the edge of the Jura plateau, above the Talniederung the Bey and the Orbeebene , opposite the Mont de Chamblon , in northern Vaud Plateau .

Before the incorporation of Essert and Villars, the area of ​​the municipality, which was 6.9 km² in size, covers a section of the Jura foot plateau. The central part of the area is the Champvent plateau ( 547  m above sea level in Montilier ), which is bordered by the Brine valley to the north and the Bey valley to the south . To the south, the municipality extends over the Bey to the foot of the Mont de Chamblon, to the southwest into the valley of the Mujon . In the northwest, the lower slope of the Pipechat ridge belongs to Champvent. Here is at 590  m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of the municipality. In the northeast, across the Brine stream, there is the former Mornens exclave , which includes a cleared island and part of the surrounding forest area. Since the incorporation of Essert-sous-Champvent, the former exclave has been connected to the municipality. In 1997, 4 percent of the municipal area was in settlements, 25 percent in forests and woodlands, 70 percent in agriculture and a little less than 1 percent was unproductive land.

The farm settlements Grange Neuve ( 446  m above sea level ) in the valley of the Bey below the village and Saint-Christophe ( 545  m above sea level ) on the edge of the Jura foot plateau above the valley of the Mujon as well as some individual farms belong to Champvent January 2012 the former municipalities of Essert-sous-Champvent and Villars-sous-Champvent . The neighboring municipalities of Champvent are Suscévaz , Mathod , Rances , Baulmes , Vuiteboeuf , Orges , Valeyres-sous-Montagny , Montagny-près-Yverdon and Chamblon .


With 685 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Champvent is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 94.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.0% German-speaking and 1.3% Spanish-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Champvent was 431 in 1850 and 416 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 264 by 1970, a slight increase has been recorded since then.


Until the second half of the 20th century, Champvent was a predominantly agricultural village. Even today, agriculture has an important role in the income structure of the population. There are several wine-growing areas on the southern slopes of the Jura foot plateau below the village . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In recent decades, Champvent has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Numerous workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Yverdon .


The community is located off the major thoroughfares, but is easily accessible from Yverdon . The Yverdon-Ouest motorway connections on the A5 (Yverdon-Grandson) opened in 1984 and Orbe on the A9 opened in 1989 are each around 5 km from the town center. A Postbus course connects Champvent with Essert-sous-Champvent station on the narrow-gauge line Yverdon- Sainte-Croix and thus connects to the public transport network.


The place was first mentioned in a document in 1011 under the name Canvent . Numerous other names appeared later: Canventum (1012), Chaventum (1049), Chanvent (1224), Chanvenz (1237), Chanvens (1260), Chanventz (1275), Chanvant and for the first time Champvent (1315) and Champvenz (1347).

Champvent formed a rule from the 11th century under the Lords of Grandson . Through an inheritance, Champvent came to a side branch of the lords of Grandson- La Sarraz in the 13th century . The new masters called themselves de Champvent from that time , and their rule was henceforth independent of the rule of Grandson. This stretched from the Orbe plain near Suscévaz northwards over the Jura foot plateau to Sainte-Croix . Shortly after 1300, La Mothe and in 1317 also Sainte-Croix with Bullet split off from the Champvent dominion. The settlement of the same name north of the castle was probably founded in the 13th century by the Lords of Champvent.

After the family of the Lords of Champvent died out, the rule came in 1336 to the Counts of Neuchâtel , in 1373 to Marguerite de Vufflens and after their marriage to the Burgundian family de Vergy. Because the lord of the castle had ties to Duke Charles the Bold , the confederates burned the castle down in 1475. After the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the Champvent lordship belonged to the Yverdon bailiff . From 1611 to 1731 the rule belonged to the von Diesbach family , after which Johann Rudolf Tillier became master of Champvent through marriage. The castle and property remained in the possession of the last owner family until they died out in 1940. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic , which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Yverdon district. The hamlet of Saint-Christophe, which previously belonged to Mathod, was added to the commune of Champvent in 1811. With effect from January 1, 2012, the previously independent municipalities Essert-sous-Champvent and Villars-sous- Champvent were incorporated into Champvent.


Champvent Castle

The Notre-Dame parish church was rebuilt in 1693 on the site of a previous medieval building, the front tower dates from 1890 and the rectory from 1682. In the town center, some characteristic farm and wine-growing houses from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved.

The present castle, an excellent example of the Carré Savoyard (square floor plan), dates from the second half of the 13th century. It is located on a mountain spur south of the village, above the Orbe plain. Four round corner towers of unequal size flank the castle. The largest of these previously served as a keep, but was shortened by 15 meters in the 18th century and the height of the other three towers was adjusted. Otherwise, the castle largely retained its original shape. The Gothic castle chapel is also remarkable . Champvent Castle is still privately owned and is therefore not open to the public.

Web links

Commons : Champvent  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .