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Coat of arms of Romainmôtier-Envy
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of VaudCanton of Vaud Vaud (VD)
District : Jura north vaudoisw
BFS no. : 5761i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 1323
Coordinates : 525 251  /  171814 coordinates: 46 ° 41 '36 "  N , 6 ° 27' 41"  O ; CH1903:  525251  /  171814
Height : 674  m above sea level M.
Height range : 535–912 m above sea level M.
Area : 6.98  km²
Residents: 539 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 77 inhabitants per km²


Location of the municipality
Genfersee Neuenburgersee Lac de Saint-Point Lac de Remoray Lac des Rousses Lac de Joux Lac Brenet Frankreich Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Freiburg Kanton Neuenburg Bezirk Broye-Vully Bezirk Broye-Vully Bezirk Gros-de-Vaud Bezirk Lausanne Lavaux-Oron Bezirk Morges Bezirk Nyon Bezirk Ouest lausannois Bezirk Riviera-Pays-d’Enhaut Agiez L’Abbaye L’Abergement VD Arnex-sur-Orbe Ballaigues Baulmes Bavois Belmont-sur-Yverdon Bioley-Magnoux Bofflens Bonvillars Bretonnières Bullet VD Chamblon Champagne VD Champvent Chavannes-le-Chêne Chavornay VD Chêne-Pâquier Le Chenit Cheseaux-Noréaz Les Clées Concise Corcelles-près-Concise Cronay Croy VD Croy VD Cuarny Démoret Donneloye Ependes VD Fiez Fiez Fontaines-sur-Grandson Giez VD Grandevent Grandson Juriens Le Lieu Lignerolle Mathod Mauborget Molondin Montagny-près-Yverdon Montcherand Mutrux Novalles Onnens VD Orbe VD Orges VD Orzens Pomy VD La Praz VD Premier VD Provence VD Rances VD Romainmôtier-Envy Rovray Sainte-Croix VD Sergey Suchy Suscévaz Treycovagnes Ursins Valeyres-sous-Montagny Valeyres-sous-Rances Valeyres-sous-Ursins Vallorbe Vaulion Villars-Epeney Vugelles-La Mothe Vuiteboeuf Yverdon-les-Bains Yvonand TévenonMap of Romainmôtier-Envy
About this picture

Romainmôtier-Envy is a municipality in the Jura-Nord vaudois district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland . The municipality was created in 1970 through the merger of the previously independent villages Romainmôtier and Envy . The former German name Romansmünster for Romainmôtier is no longer used today.


Aerial photo (1949)

The double community Romainmôtier-Envy is located 6 km southwest of Orbe and 17 km southwest of the district capital Yverdon-les-Bains (beeline). Romainmôtier ( 674  m above sea level ) extends in the narrow valley of the Nozon river , where it emerges from the Jura . Envy is 691  m above sea level. M. in a short southern side valley of the Nozon, also at the foot of the Jura.

The area of ​​the 7.0 km², heavily branched municipal area includes a section of the Jura foot plateau. The northern part of the area is occupied by the narrow valley of the Nozon, which is sunk up to 100 m into the plateau of the Jura foot plateau. To the west, the municipality in the Nozontal extends into the Jura and reaches the Mollendruz chain at 910  m above sea level on the northern slope . M. the highest point of Romainmôtier-Envy. North of the valley is the Bois de Forel forest (up to 770  m above sea level ). To the south the area extends to the Jura foot plateau sloping to the east and over the heights of La Planchette and La Reculanne to the Bec à l'Aigle ( 629  m above sea level ). A narrow point extends southwest into the Prins Bois forest below La Praz . In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 68% by forests and trees and 27% by agriculture.

Romainmôtier-Envy has a number of individual farms. Neighboring municipalities to Romainmôtier-Envy are Premier , Bretonnières , Bofflens , Croy , La Sarraz , Ferreyres , Moiry , Juriens and Vaulion .


With 539 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Romainmôtier-Envy is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 91.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.3% German-speaking and 2.1% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Romainmôtier-Envy was 480 in 1900. Thereafter, a decrease of around a third to 331 inhabitants was recorded by 1960. Only since 1980 (342 inhabitants) has a slightly increasing trend been observed.


Romainmôtier-Envy used to be a predominantly agricultural village. Today agriculture and forestry only play a marginal role in the income structure of the population.

Since the 19th century, the Nozon's hydropower has been used by several mills. Around 1900 there was a brickworks, a textile machine factory and a file grinding shop in Romainmôtier (until 1928). Today the community draws its income from tourism and crafts. Almost 70% of the workforce is also employed in the tertiary sector. Romainmôtier-Envy has a center for graphic arts and crafts and an old people's and nursing home.


The municipality is located off the main thoroughfares on a connecting road from Orbe via Croy to Vaulion and over the Jurassic Pass Pétra Félix into the Vallée de Joux . Romainmôtier is connected to the public transport network by a post bus that runs from Croy to Vaulion. Another bus line serves the Croy-Romainmôtier-La Praz-L'Isle route. About 1.5 km east of Romainmôtier is the Croy-Romainmôtier train station on the Lausanne - Vallorbe railway line . The northern part of the station area is also located in the municipality of Romainmôtier-Envy.


The municipality of Romainmôtier-Envy was already inhabited in Roman times. Remains of the iron smelting furnace in the forest of Bellaires to the south-east of the village are evidence of this time. Two smelting furnaces from the 6th century have been preserved.

The further history of Romainmôtier is closely related to that of the Romainmôtier monastery , which, according to tradition, was founded in the middle of the 5th century. The name Romanis monasterium first appears in the documents around the middle of the 8th century. A settlement gradually developed next to the monastery, which benefited from the heyday of the monastery from the 11th to the 15th centuries. In the 13th century Romainmôtier came under the influence of the Dukes of Savoy .

Romainmôtier 1904/05

With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the monastery was secularized and the monastery property was confiscated from Bern. As a result, Bern established the Bailiwick of Romainmôtier, which, along with Lausanne, was the richest bailiwick in the Vaud region. It comprised the area of ​​Romainmôtier, reached in the north to the Orbe , in the south to La Sarraz and Cuarnens , and also included the enclaves of Apples and Bursin . The entire Vallée de Joux was also part of the Bailiwick of Romainmôtier. In 1589 Romainmôtier was given the title of city .

After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the place belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 Romainmôtier was assigned to the Orbe district. The former bailiwick area was divided between the districts of Orbe and Cossonay, while the Vallée de Joux has since formed its own district.

On January 1, 1970, the two previously independent municipalities Romainmôtier and Envy were merged and have since formed the twin municipality Romainmôtier-Envy. Envy, which was first mentioned in 1216 under the name Envi , had 45 inhabitants in 1960 and is still a farming village today.


The most important attraction of the place is the Romanesque collegiate church of the former Romainmôtier monastery . The clock tower west of the collegiate church, which once formed the gate in the surrounding wall of the monastery, dates from the 14th century. Next to the tower is the house of Lieutenant Baillival, built in 1685, who was bailiff's governor. Several stately houses from the 16th to 18th centuries have been preserved in the village, including the Glayre house and the rectory from 1746. The monastery museum has been located in the so-called monk's house since 1986.

Web links

Commons : Romainmôtier-Envy  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .