Rottenburg an der Laaber
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|Height :||453 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||90.12 km 2|
|Residents:||8411 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||93 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||84056|
|Primaries :||08781, 08785|
|License plate :||LA , MAY , MAL , ROL , VIB|
|Community key :||09 2 74 176|
|LOCODE :||DE RLA|
|City structure:||69 districts|
City administration address :
|Neufahrner Str. 1
84056 Rottenburg adLaaber
|Mayor :||Alfred Holzner ( FW )|
|Location of the city of Rottenburg adLaaber in the Landshut district|
The city is located in the northern, rural area of the Landshut an der Große Laber district . The easternmost foothills of the urban area also touch the valley of the Kleine Laber , in which Inkofen with Rahstorf and Allgramsdorf are located.
Rottenburg as a large village is next to the main town of the districts Högldorf , Inkofen , Munster , Lower Eulenbach , Oberotterbach , Oberhatzkofen , Oberroning , Pattendorf and Pfeffendorf in which previously independent municipalities were and 1972-1978 Rottenburg incorporated were. In addition to these ten places, 59 other places belong to Rottenburg, so that a total of 69 places form the city:
Until the 18th century
Around the birth of Christ, the Romans built a fortified guard system on the Hofberg to protect the Roman road to Regensburg . After the Bavarian and Germanic landings in the centuries to come, Count Rodolt or Rodin from the influential Ebersberg family built the remains of the Roman complex into a castle. When the Sempt and Ebersberg family died out in 1045, the lords and later Counts of Roning took over the inheritance. Count Otto, who founded the Roning-Rottenburg branch, expanded the castle in terms of defense and living space around 1100 in order to inhabit it himself. With the death of Count Konrad III. In 1180 the line died out, which resulted in bloody inheritance disputes. The Moosburger dynasty decided this for itself and expanded the castle into a mighty fortress.
After the counts of Moosburg-Rottenburg died out in 1279, the Rottenburg fortress and the surrounding area became the property of the Wittelsbach duke Heinrich von Niederbayern . As a result, Rottenburg became the seat of a huge regional court that reached as far as the gates of Landshut . In the course of the construction of a connecting road between the ducal cities of Kelheim and Landshut, a ducal tavern was built at the foot of the fortress. When the traffic from Nuremberg- Kelheim-Rottenburg-Landshut increased after the construction and more and more craftsmen settled down, the town of Rottenburg was granted market rights in 1378 by the dukes Otto and Friedrich . This was confirmed by Duke Friedrich in 1393 and Rottenburg finally received its own market seal in 1396. In the 15th century the construction of the fortification began. A flourishing community emerged with many guilds.
In the 17th century, however, Rottenburg suffered significant economic and cultural setbacks during the Thirty Years' War . The Swedes pillaged the fortress, the market and the surrounding area several times. In 1632 the castle was burned down to the keep . In 1669 and 1681 there were further fire disasters. In the 18th century the market and the surrounding area suffered from the consequences of the War of the Austrian Succession .
19th to 21st century
Being located in Bavaria in 1862 performed the separation of justice and administration, Rottenburg seat was a Royal Bavarian Regional Court (from 1879 Amtsgericht ) and received a district office and notary. In 1872 the market got its own hop seal to protect the local hops from counterfeiting.
In 1900 the Landshut – Rottenburg railway was opened. In 1905 Rottenburg got a permanent power supply and street lighting from the municipal power station. In 1907 the citizens got access to the water supply. In 1961 Rottenburg was named a “central location” and received state subsidies for the newly developed industrial area “Galgenlohe”. Because of the construction work for the Olympics, the anti-aircraft missile battalion 34 had to be relocated from Munich- Oberwiesenfeld to Rottenburg. In 1969 Rottenburg became a garrison location after the barracks were handed over. The Bavarian Interior Ministry raised the market Rottenburg 1971 on the city . A year later, the city lost its status as a district town and was incorporated into the enlarged Landshut district. In 2007 the city officially celebrated its 750th anniversary.
On July 1, 1972, the previously independent communities Högldorf and Oberotterbach were incorporated. On January 1, 1974, a large part of the dissolved community of Niedereulenbach was added. On May 1, 1978, the city became a large municipality as part of the municipal reform . About a third of the former district area of Rottenburg was incorporated, namely Inkofen , Münster , Oberhatzkofen (with the towns of Bogenhausen and Niederhatzkofen incorporated on May 20, 1874, and Unterlauterbach , incorporated on April 1, 1971 ), Oberroning , Pattendorf (with one on May 1, 1874 ) July 1972 incorporated part of the dissolved communities Wolferthau and Pfeffendorf ).
According to the Bavarian State Office for Statistics , the population figures developed as follows on December 31 of each year:
Since 1972, the year of the municipal reform, the population has increased by 709 people until 2015. This corresponds to a growth of 9.96 percent. In the last ten (five) years the population grew by 2.42 (3.16) percent.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population rose from 6,734 to 8,267 by 1,533 inhabitants or 22.8%.
|Age||Residents by age|
|younger than 18||18.7%|
|18 to 29||12.8%|
|30 to 49||28.9%|
|50 to 64||20.5%|
|older than 65||19.1%|
Eight months after the end of the war, the first municipal elections (municipal council elections ) took place in the municipalities of Bavaria on January 27, 1946 . In April and May 1946 the first elections for mayors, district administrators and district assemblies followed. In 2006 the 60th anniversary was celebrated.
The city of Rottenburg is a member of the following special-purpose associations:
- Regional planning association Landshut
- Association for water supply Rottenburger Gruppe Pattendorf
The municipal administration provides 304 different official services.
The city council consists of 20 people. After the local elections on March 15, 2020 (for comparison: 2014 local elections ), 14 (14) are men and six (six) women. It led to the following distribution of seats:
- CSU : 4 (5) seats
- SPD : 2 (2) seats
- Free voters (FW): 7 (8) seats
- Christian Voters City and Suburbs (CWSU): 3 (3) seats
- FDP : 0 (1) seat
- Young voters (JW): 0 (1) seat
- Citizens' Forum ROL: 4 (0) seats
In the city council election, 6,644 (6,157) citizens were entitled to vote. 4,174 (3,773) of them took part as voters, which corresponds to a turnout of 62.82 (61.28) percent.
The distribution of seats in the city council has developed as follows since 2002:
|CSU||SPD||FW||CWSU||FDP||JW||Citizens' forum ROL||total|
|2002||7th||2||7th||4th||n / A||n / A||n / A||20 seats|
|2008||6th||2||9||3||n / A||n / A||n / A||20 seats|
|2014||5||2||8th||3||1||1||n / A||20 seats|
|2020||4th||2||7th||3||0||n / A||4th||20 seats|
The next local elections are expected to take place in March 2026.
Alfred Holzner ( FW ) has been mayor of Rottenburg since 2008 . He had replaced Hans Weinzierl (FW). In the local elections in 2014 and 2020, he was confirmed in his office in the first ballot.
- Former mayor
|Term of office||mayor|
|until 2008||Hans Weinzierl|
Economy and Infrastructure
The largest resident company is the spirits manufacturer Rola , which produces around 50 million bottles a year, mainly for discounters such as Aldi . Inergy is also located in Rottenburg, a manufacturer of fuel tanks that belongs to the French Plastic Omnium group.
The upcoming renovation of the town center is being funded by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior with funds from the urban development program.
As a result of a corresponding assessment of the economic strength of the city of Rottenburg an der Laaber, the key allocations increased by 52.3 percent from 1,419,352 euros in 2019 to 2,161,416 euros for 2020.
|City of Rottenburg an der Laaber||1,181,188||1,225,444||1,038,944||1,168,316||1,419,352||2,161,416|
building and living
85 € BP barracks
|€ 105||35 €||6 €|
|Oberhatzkofen||65 €||€ 60||6 €|
|Niederhatzkofen||65 €||€ 60||6 €|
|Oberotterbach||€ 70||6 €|
|Pattendorf||€ 85||€ 70||30 €||6 €|
|Oberroning||80 €||€ 70||6 €|
|Ink oven||45 €||6 €|
|Muenster||€ 60||50 €||30 €||5 €|
|Niedereulenbach||45 €||6 €|
|Högldorf||35 €||6 €|
|Unterlauterbach||35 €||35 €||6 €|
|Bogenhausen||65 €||6 €|
|Gebersdorf||50 €||6 €|
As part of the guideline for promoting the development of high-speed networks in the Free State of Bavaria of July 10, 2014, the municipalities have a funding amount of at least 500,000 euros and a maximum of 950,000 euros; for Rottenburg this is up to 920,000 euros.
Today (as of February 21, 2014) electricity consumption in Rottenburg adLaaber is around 56,669 MWh / year. This is offset by around 26,132 MWh / year of electricity produced in the city from renewable energy sources (recorded by the EEG - Renewable Energy Act ). This means that the share of electricity from renewable energies is 46% (for comparison: in the Landshut district, this share is 43%). The largest expansion took place between 2009 and 2012.
Around 5,166 MWh / year are generated in nine biomass plants in the area of the city of Rottenburg adLaaber. The biogas plants are located in:
- Eschenloh - 30 kW electric ,
- Parcel 417 / Rottenburg - 400 kW electric ,
- Gisseltshausen - 20 kW electric ,
- Lurz - 30 kW electric ,
- Niedereulenbach - 8 kW electric ,
- Niederroning - 30 kW electric ,
- Rottenburg - 37 kW electric , 3 kW electric ,
- Wolferthau - 190 kW electric .
Almost 20,825 MWh / year of solar power are produced in the area of the city of Rottenburg adLaaber with 869 systems on the roofs of private, commercial or agricultural buildings. The installed electrical output is almost 20 MW peak .
There are no wind turbines in the area of the city of Rottenburg adLaaber . There is potential for the construction of wind turbines. By decision of January 13, 2014, the government of Lower Bavaria declared the sixth ordinance amending the Landshut regional plan to be binding, which regulates the availability of areas for wind power. This provides for priority areas but no reserved areas for Rottenburg adLaaber. Priority areas for wind power are therefore:
- WK 22 Oberlauterbach North
- WK 32 Türkenfeld
- WK 35 Münster
- WK 36 Hague
As of April 2013, the city was also in the process of changing the land use plan in order to identify further concentration zones for the use of wind power.
Around 140 MWh / year are generated in eight hydropower plants in the area of the city of Rottenburg adLaaber. The hydropower plants are located in:
- Gisseltshausen - 2 kW electric ,
- Högldorf - 8 kW electric ,
- Ink oven - 6 kW electrical ,
- Oberaichgarten - 11 kW electric ,
- Oberhatzkofen - 3 kW electric ,
- Preckmühle - 11 kW electrical ,
- Rahstorf - 8 kW electric ,
- Unteraichgarten - 6 kW electric .
- Youth meeting next to the multi-purpose hall
- 3 kindergartens each in Rottenburg, Oberroning and Oberhatzkofen
- Multi-purpose hall “Laabertal” with outdoor sports facility
- Community library
Rottenburg adLaaber has the following educational institutions:
- City music school
- Elementary and middle school
- Oberroning secondary school
- State secondary school Rottenburg
- Oberroning secondary school
- Astrid Lindgren School - Special Education Center
There is an open all-day school (oGTS) at the elementary school in Rottenburg adLaaber .
Rottenburg adLaaber is located in the catchment area of the following high schools:
- Johannes-Nepomuk-Gymnasium Rohr
- Burkhart grammar school Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg
- Marist High School Furth
- Gabelsberger Gymnasium Mainburg
Voluntary fire brigades
For defensive fire protection and for general assistance are ten volunteer fire departments and the base fire department in Rottenburg available. The volunteer fire brigades are located in Oberhatzkofen, Oberroning, Pattendorf, Oberotterbach, Pfeffendorf, Inkofen, Unterlauterbach, Münster, Högldorf and Niedereulenbach.
Culture and sights
- Old town hall, neo-Gothic building with stepped gable from 1885
- Brauereigasthof Marktstraße 19, main building of a three-wing complex with a stepped gable end of the 19th century
- Parish Church of St. George , 1868-1869, designed by Leonhard Schmidtner built
- Schäfflertanz (every seven years, next performance in 2023)
- Fasting market (penultimate Sunday before Easter)
- Rottenburg Music Night (Saturday evening in April or early May)
- Volksfest (last weekend in June)
- City festival Rottenburg with city party the evening before (Assumption Day, August 15)
- Martini market (last Sunday in September)
- Christmas market (first Sunday in December)
→ Main article: List of honorary citizens of Rottenburg an der Laaber
sons and daughters of the town
- Knight Max von Müller (* 1887, † 1918), successful fighter pilot of the Royal Bavarian Air Force in the First World War
- Father Wilhelm Fink (* 1889; † 1965), historian (history of the Metten Monastery ), honorary citizen
- Max Kirschner (* 1906; † 1992), Bavarian dialect poet, author and local researcher
- Josef Reichl (* 1907 in Schaltdorf; † 1986), politician (Bavarian Party, CSU)
- Karl Riedl (* 1907 in Inkofen; † 1985), lawyer
- Hanns Maier (* 1922; † 2016), building contractor
- Wilhelm Wimmer (* 1931), economist
- Josef Maß (* 1936; † 2006), Roman Catholic clergyman and church historian
- Hubert Aiwanger (* 1971), politician for the Free Voters and Deputy Prime Minister of Bavaria (since 2018)
- On Niederhatzkofen Castle, in: Harald Stark , Herbert Maurer: The Notthracht family - looking for traces in Egerland, Bavaria and Swabia . Späthling, Weißenstadt 2006, ISBN 3-926621-46-X .
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Location portrait. In: www.rottenburg-laaber.de. Rottenburg an der Laaber, accessed on April 1, 2020 .
- Rottenburg adLaaber in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on August 25, 2018.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 563 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 615 and 616 .
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing: Persons by age (5 age groups) for Rottenburg adLaaber (district: Landshut, district) - in% - . Online at results.zensus2011.de. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- City of Rottenburg adLaaber: Results of the municipal elections 2014 . Online at rottenburg-laaber.de ; Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- City of Rottenburg adLaaber: Results of the local elections 2020 . Online at rottenburg-laaber.de ; accessed on May 3, 2020.
- INFORMATION (To all households!); Published by the Adlkofen municipality, No. XX / 04 - 2006
- Bavarian Authority Guide - Rottenburg adLaaber: Memberships in special-purpose associations , online at www.verwaltungsservice.bayern.de, accessed on November 3, 2019.
- Rottenburg adLaaber: Preferences. Allocation of seats in city council election 2014 Rottenburg . PDF. Online at rottenburg-laaber.de. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing: First Mayor / Lord Mayor in the municipalities belonging to the district as of May 1, 2008 . Online at wahlen.bayern.de, accessed on April 5, 2014.
- Landshuter Wochenblatt: Money for Gerzen and Rottenburg, August 27, 2014.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Vitamin injection for financially weak municipalities, December 12, 2015.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Key allocations 2017 of the municipalities, December 17, 2016.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Key assignments 2018, January 20, 2018.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Key assignments 2019, February 15, 2019.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Strong financial injection for the region, December 13, 2019.
- Landratsamt Landshut (expert committee): List of standard land values for the calendar years 2011 and 2012 . Online at landkreis-landshut.de. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- Bavarian Ministry of Finance, Regional Development and Homeland: Guideline for the Promotion of the Development of High-Speed Networks in the Free State of Bavaria (Broadband Guideline - BbR) ( Memento from August 12, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Announcement of July 10, 2014, Az.:75-O 1903-001-24929 / 14. PDF. Online at Schnelles-internet-in-bayern.de. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- Landshuter Zeitung: More funding for fast Internet, July 21, 2014.
- EnergyMap.Info: City of Rottenburg an der Laaber . Online at energymap.info. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Regional planning association Landshut: Printed matter No. 2.1 / 25. March 2014 - Submission to the planning committee of the regional planning association Landshut - Item 2.1: Sixth ordinance amending the regional plan Landshut; Creation of a chapter B VI Energy / sub-area wind Acknowledgment of the binding declaration . Online at region.landshut.org. Retrieved April 18, 2014
- Rottenburg adLaaber: schools . Online at www.rottenburg-laaber.de. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Municipal Music School Rottenburg: Current . Online at www.rottenburg-laber.de. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Landshuter Zeitung: Great challenges , August 15, 2017.
- Hubert Aiwanger - MDL Hubert Aiwanger. Retrieved December 12, 2019 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Rottenburg an der Laaber in the database of the House of Bavarian History