Seljony Bor (Kaliningrad)
Seljony Bor ( Russian Зелёный Бор , German Karalene , 1938-1945 Luisenberg , Lithuanian Karalienė ) is a place in the Russian Oblast of Kaliningrad . It belongs to the local government unit Stadtkreis Tschernjachowsk in chernyakhovsky district .
Seljony Bor is located eleven kilometers east of the town of Chernyakhovsk (Insterburg) and can be reached from there in a branch from the side road via Lesnoje (Dwarischken / Eichenberg) to Gussew (Gumbinnen) . The nearest train station is Chernyakhovsk.
In the small village called Wolfshagen until 1811, an educational institution was established in 1811 on the initiative of Queen Luise , from which a teachers' college later grew. In memory of the queen, the place was called from November 30th 1811 "Karalene" ( Lithuanian Karalienė = "Queen"). In 1815 the place counted 60 inhabitants and in 1874 in the District (no longer in existence today) Kummetschen in district Insterburg in Administrative district Gumbinnen in the Prussian province of East Prussia incorporated.
In 1895 there were already 128 people living in Karalene. In 1903/07 the Karalene Manor was incorporated into the Kummetschen Manor, and only a few years later - on April 1, 1918 - the Kummetschen Manor was converted into the new rural municipality of Karalene. The Kummetschen district was not renamed "Karalene district" on August 26, 1931. The village had a total of 406 inhabitants in 1933 and - after the incorporation of the Nausseden community (no longer existing today) on April 1, 1939 - already 520. Shortly before that - on June 3, 1938 with official confirmation of July 16, 1938 - Karalene had been renamed "Luisenberg" for political and ideological reasons (in defense of the Lithuanian language), as was the administrative district on September 13, 1938.
As a result of the war, the place came to the Soviet Union with northern East Prussia in 1945 . In 1947 he received the Russian name "Seljony Bor" and was assigned to the village soviet Krasnopoljanski selski soviet in the Chernyakhovsk district . From 2008 to 2015 Seljony Bor belonged to the rural municipality of Svobodnenskoje selskoje posselenije and since then to the urban district of Chernyakhovsk.
Karalene / Luisenberg district (1931–1945)
When the Kummetschen district was renamed "Karalene District" on August 26, 1931, eight rural communities were incorporated:
|Surname||Change of name
until 1928: Tarpupönen
until 1928: Dwarischken
|Nausseden||1939 incorporated into Luisenberg|
|Powehlischken||Luck of hope||1939 incorporated into Eichenberg|
On January 1, 1945, only the six municipalities of Angerbrück, Angermoor, Bergfriede, Eichenberg, Jessen and Luisenberg belonged to the district now renamed "Luisenberg".
Karalene Teachers' College (1811-1924)
See the Insterburg teacher training college section
Until 1924 there was a teachers' college in Karalene, which grew out of an educational institution especially for the Prussian-Lithuanian population. During the time of its existence, 2,365 educators were trained by 86 directors and teachers, among them Ewald Rudolf Stier .
Karalene resp. Luisenberg belonged with its almost exclusively Protestant population to the parish of the Luther Church in Insterburg (today Russian: Tschernjachowsk) and thus also to the parish of Insterburg in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . This affiliation also remained when a free-standing church was built in the building complex of the teachers' college and on November 17, 1859 a separate pastor's office was set up there. The pastors were also leaders of the seminary. The teacher training college was closed in 1924, and with it the local church also went out, and the mother church in Insterburg was again the central place of worship.
Today Seljony Bor is in the catchment area of the newly established Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chernyakhovsk (Insterburg) with the parish seat for the church region of Chernyakhovsk in the provost of Kaliningrad of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia .
Between 1859 and 1924, the pastors officiated at the seminary chapel in Karalene as leading clergy:
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- D. Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Luisenberg
- The teacher training college in Selony Bor - Karalene / Luisenberg at ostpreussen.net
- Rolf Jehke, Kummetschen / Karalene / Luisenberg district
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Insterburg (Russian Chernyachovsk). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 17 ноября 1947 г. «О переименовании населённых пунктов Калининградской области» (Ordinance of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR "On the Renaming of Places in Kaliningrad Oblast" of November 17, 1947)
- The teachers' seminar in Selony Bor - Karalene / Luisenberg at ostpreussen.net (as above)
- Walther Hubatsch , History of the Evangelical Church of East Prussia , Volume 3: Documents , Göttingen, 1968, page 481
- Evangelical Lutheran Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Friedwald Moeller, Old Prussian Protestant Pastor's Book from the Reformation to the Expulsion in 1945 , Hamburg, 1968, page 62