Zau de Câmpie
Zau de Câmpie
|Historical region :||Transylvania|
|Time zone :||EET ( UTC +2)|
|Area :||51.08 km²|
|Residents :||3,236 (October 20, 2011)|
|Population density :||63 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||547660|
|Telephone code :||(+40) 02 65|
|License plate :||MS|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Community type :||local community|
|Structure :||Zau de Câmpie, Bărboși , Botei , Bujor-Hodaie , Ciretea , Gaura Sângerului , Malea , Ștefăneaca , Tău|
|Mayor :||Alexandru Iurian ( PNL )|
|Postal address :||St. Republicii nr. 18
loc. Zau de Câmpie, jud. Mureș, RO-547660
The place is also known by the Romanian outdated names Zăul de Câmpie , Zau and Moineşti . Under the name Moineşti , the place was only known for a short time around 1926.
The municipality of Zau de Câmpie is located in the Transylvanian Heath (Câmpia Transilvaniei) - part of the Transylvanian Basin - in the west of the Mureș district on the Pârâul de Câmpie, a right tributary of the Mureș (Mieresch) . On the county road (Drum județean) DJ 151 and the railway line Luduş – Măgheruş Șieu is the place Zau de Câmpie 20 kilometers north of the small town Luduş (Ludasch) and about 50 kilometers northwest of the district capital Târgu Mureş (Neumarkt am Mieresch) .
The place Zau de Câmpie was first mentioned in a document in 1339 and was mainly inhabited by Romanians in the Middle Ages.
Archaeological finds on the area of the community center point to the Bronze and Roman Ages ; Finds near Cireşaş on the area of the incorporated village of Bărboşi ( Mezőszakál in Hungarian ) also point to Roman times .
In the Kingdom of Hungary , the places of today's municipality belonged to the Marosludas chair district in the Torda-Aranyos County and then to the historical Mureș County and, from 1950, today's Mureș County.
The population of the municipality of Zau de Câmpie developed as follows:
Since 1850, the highest number of inhabitants in the area of today's municipality was determined in 1977. The highest number of Romanians (3,958) was registered in 1966, that of Roma (425) was registered in 2002, that of Magyars (671) in 1910 and that of Romanian Germans (41) in 1900.
- In Zau de Câmpie the entire estate of the castle of the Hungarian noble family Ugron , built in 1911 and its dendrological park, and an estate in Str. Republicii nr. 5 built in the 19th century are under monument protection.
- In the incorporated village of Bărboși the wooden church and a Catholic chapel.
- The approximately 0.4 hectare nature reserve Bujorii de stepă Zau de Câmpie ( Foreign Peony ) is located on the territory of the municipality . This is classified as a Category IV protected area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ).
- Fish is farmed and caught on the Pârâul de Câmpie reservoir.
- 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
- Arcanum Kézikönyvtár: Historical-administrative book of place names of Transylvania, Banat and Partium. Retrieved May 12, 2019 (Hungarian).
- Information on Zau de Câmpie in the municipal representation , accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- Heinz Heltmann, Gustav Servatius (Ed.): Travel Guide Siebenbürgen . Kraft, Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-8083-2019-2 , p. 517 .
- Institute Of Archeology - Zau de Câmpie , accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- Institute Of Archeology - Barbosi , accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- Censuses 1850–2002, last updated November 2, 2008 (PDF; 1 MB; Hungarian).
- List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2015 (PDF; 12.7 MB; Romanian).
- Information on the wooden church in Bărboși at biserici.org, accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- Information on the Catholic chapel in Bărboși at biserici.org, accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- European Environment Agency: Rezervatia de bujori Zau de Câmpie. www.eea.europa.eu, accessed on May 14, 2019 (Romanian).
- Picture of the reservoir at Pârâul de Câmpie