Fântânele (Mureș)

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Fântânele (Mureș) does not have a coat of arms
Fântânele (Mureș) (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Mureș
Coordinates : 46 ° 25 '  N , 24 ° 46'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 25 '17 "  N , 24 ° 46' 7"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 336  m
Area : 64.14  km²
Residents : 4,693 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 73 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 547235
Telephone code : (+40) 02 65
License plate : MS
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : local community
Structure : Fântânele, Bordoşiu , Călimăneşti , Cibu , Roua , Viforoasa
Mayor : József Varga ( UDMR )
Postal address : Str. Principală nr. 124
loc. Fântânele, jud. Mureș, RO-547235
Website :

Fântânele old spelling Fîntînele [ ˈfɨntɨnele ] (outdated Gialacuta ; Hungarian Gyulakuta ) is a municipality in the Mureș County , in the Transylvania region in Romania .

The place Fântânele is also known under the Transylvanian-Saxon name Gielekonten and the Hungarian Gyalakuta .

Geographical location

Location of the municipality of Fântânele in Mureș County

The municipality of Fântânele is located in the Kokeltal (Podișul Târnavelor) in the Transylvanian Basin . On the Târnava Mica (Kleine Kokel) , the national road DN13A and the railway line Blaj-Târnăveni-Praid , the place Fântânele is six kilometers west of the small town Sângeorgiu de Pădure (Sankt Georgen auf der Heide) and about 28 kilometers southeast of the district capital Târgu Mureș (Neumarkt am Mieresch) away.


The place Fântânele, founded by Szekler , was first mentioned in a document in 1332.

In the area of ​​Fântâneles, by the brook Hrean (Tormás) , a hatchet was assigned to the Bronze Age during excavations . Remains of a bug between the streams Taurului (Bikás) and Szele have not yet been assigned to an era, at Pădurea sașilor (Szászok erdeje) urns of the Roman era . Remains of a castle surrounded by an earth wall in the area of ​​the incorporated village of Călimăneşti (Hungarian Kelementelke ), on the area called Cetatea turcilor by the locals , has not yet been assigned to an era. Archaeological finds on the area of ​​the incorporated villages of Roua (Hungarian Rava ) and Viforoasa (Havadtő) near Făgetul Mare were assigned to the Neolithic and Hallstatt periods , according to Márton Roska and Gábor Téglás .

In the 16th to the 18th century, the place Fântânele belonged to the Hungarian noble family Lázár, from which the Hungarian writer János Lázár (1703–1772) comes.

In the Kingdom of Hungary , the places of today's municipality belonged partly to the Maros alsó ("Unter-Maros") district in the Maros-Torda County and partly to the Székelykeresztúr district in Udvarhely county, then to the historical Odorhei district and from 1950 to the present Mureş district.

Here in Fântânele, once the largest gas-fired power plant in Romania, built in 1952 by a Russian company and completed by a German , had an output of 250  MW ; was shut down in the mid-1990s. In 2014, Electrocentrale Bucharest (ELCEN) and the Japanese company Marubeni signed a contract to build a new one next to the former power station here in Fântânele by 2017.


The population of the municipality of Fântânele developed as follows:

census Ethnic composition
year population Romanians Hungary German other
1850 3,690 53 3,375 - 262
1930 4,496 141 4.173 2 180
1966 6,922 655 6,018 105 144
1977 6.009 116 5,604 22nd 267
2002 5,067 68 4,749 1 249
2011 4,693 69 4,301 2 321

Since 1850, the highest number of Romanians, Magyars and Romanian Germans was in the area of ​​today's municipality in 1966; of Roma (265) registered in 1977.


  • In the community center, the reformed church built in the 13th century and renovated in the 18th is a listed building.
  • In the community center, the Lazar House built in the 18th century and the property in Hauptstrasse No. 83 built in the 19th century are under monument protection.
  • In the incorporated village of Bordoșiu (Bordosch) the Roman Catholic church and the bell tower built in the 15th century, renewed in 1857, and its rectory built in 1812, are listed.
  • In the incorporated village of Roua (Hungarian Rava ) the Unitarian church built in the 18th century and the bell tower built in 1723, renewed in the 19th, are listed.
  • In unincorporated village Viforoasa (Hungarian Havadtő built), the Reformed Church 1826th

Web links

Commons : Fântânele  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania ( MS Excel ; 1.3 MB)
  2. Arcanum Kézikönyvtár: Historical-administrative book of place names of Transylvania, Banat and Partium. Retrieved April 7, 2019 (Hungarian).
  3. a b Heinz Heltmann, Gustav Servatius (Ed.): Travel Guide Siebenbürgen . Kraft, Würzburg 1993, ISBN 3-8083-2019-2 , p. 517 .
  4. ^ Institute Of Archeology - Fântânele , accessed April 9, 2019 (Romanian).
  5. ^ Institute Of Archeology - Călimănești , accessed April 9, 2019 (Romanian).
  6. ^ Institute Of Archeology - Roua , accessed April 9, 2019 (Romanian).
  7. ^ Social strategy for Fântânele. (PDF; 1 MB) Retrieved April 10, 2019 (Romanian).
  8. Titi Dălălău: The investment in the Fântânele power plant fell through on March 22, 2017, at punctul.ro , accessed on April 10, 2019 (Romanian).
  9. Censuses 1850–2002, last updated November 2, 2008 (PDF; 1 MB; Hungarian).
  10. a b c d List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2015 (PDF; 12.7 MB; Romanian).
  11. Information on the Reformed Church in Mureni at biserici.org, accessed on April 10, 2019 (Romanian).