|Residents||20,182 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||505 inhabitants / km²|
|Popular name||Gallipolini, Gallipolitani|
|Patron saint||San Sebastiano, Sant'Agata (January 20th)|
Gallipoli is a southern Italian port city.
Gallipoli consists of the old town (centro storico) and the village (Italian: Borgo), the new town. The old town lies on a rocky island and is connected to the new town on the mainland by a bridge.
The city was founded as Kallipolis by Greek colonists . The Greek name means “beautiful city”. 265 BC It allied itself with the neighboring Greek colony Taras (Tarento) against the Romans . However, the resistance was broken. The conquerors declared the city a Roman municipality and stationed a garrison. The Romans called the city "Gallipoli". In the 5th century AD, the Vandals sacked the city.
In the Middle Ages , the city was first Norman , later Staufer , before it fell to the House of Anjou in 1266 under Charles I , under which the Castello was built and rebuilt several times. The advancing Venetians were victorious in 1484 against strong resistance, but did not destroy the city.
The French-friendly Gallipoli fought against the English fleet in 1809.
Gallipoli was a bishopric until 1986 and has a museum.
In addition, there are three other stops in the city :
- Gallipoli Baia Verde (Casarano – Gallipoli railway)
- Gallipoli Via Salento (Casarano – Gallipoli railway)
- Gallipoli Via Agrigento (Lecce – Gallipoli line)
The former Gallipoli Porto stop and the port connection are no longer served.
- Cathedral of Sant'Agata (1629–1696)
- Fort (13th - 17th centuries)
Gallipoli maintains the following cities partnerships :
sons and daughters of the town
- Gian Domenico Catalano (approx. 1550 / 60–1628), painter
- Giovanni Andrea Coppola (1597–1659), Baroque painter
- Giuseppe Tricarico (1623–1697), Baroque composer
- Rocco Buttiglione (* 1948), politician
- Salvatore Farina (* 1957), General