Chon Buri (Province)
|Population density :||385 E / km²
|ISO 3166-2 :|
Chon Buri ( Thai : ชลบุรี , [ tɕ͡ʰōn būrīː ], , also reproduced as Chonburi ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the eastern region of Thailand , but administratively it is counted to central Thailand . The capital of the province is also called Chon Buri .
A low mountain range extends through the province from northwest to southeast. The fertile plain in the north has been used for agriculture for a long time . Sattahip in the south is one of the few deep sea ports in the country.
The most famous city of the province is probably less the provincial capital than the city of Pattaya , one of the tourist centers of Thailand.
|Adjacent provinces and areas:|
|west||Coast to the Gulf of Thailand|
Economy and Importance
The tourism is significant because of the beautiful sandy beaches and the protected location of the province. In addition, there is agriculture that consists less of rice cultivation , but rather forms more tapioca and coconut plantations and processes sugar cane , as well as fishing , which is carried out near the coast but also in the deep sea.
Many manufacturing companies have settled in order to use the convenient transport links to the deep sea port of Sattahip and to avoid the constant traffic chaos in the capital. The economic area of Thailand's East Coast (Eastern Seabord) , the core of which is in the province of Chon Buri, has developed into the second most important industrial region in the country after the greater Bangkok area. In 2011, the container port of Laem Chabang was the 23rd among the most visited container ports in the world, with a turnover of 5.73 million TEU (slightly less than the Bremerhaven container terminal ).
The "Gross Provincial Product" ( GDP ) of the province in 2011 amounted to 635.605 billion baht (about 15.5 billion euros). This made it the third most economically important in the country and after Rayong the second most important outside of the greater Bangkok area. This corresponds to an annual economic output of 522,511 baht per capita (approx. 12,800 euros), also the third highest value nationwide.
The top performing industry was manufacturing, which generated 370.3 billion baht. It was followed by wholesale and retail with 66.6 billion, transport, storage and communication with 38 billion, and energy and water supply with 36 billion baht. Agriculture and fishing, on the other hand, accounted for 20.3 billion baht and the hotel and restaurant industry for 20 billion baht.
The minimum wage has been 196 baht (around 5 euros) per day since January 1, 2011.
The table below shows the share of the economic sectors in the gross provincial product in percent:
- Bangkok- Suvarnabhumi International Airport , approx. 60 km northwest of Chon Buri (city) in the province of Samut Prakan
- U-Tapao-Pattaya International Airport is located directly on the border of the provinces of Chon Buri and Rayong , approx. 45 km southeast of Pattaya, scheduled flights to Phuket , Ko Samui , Hua Hin and Siem Reap
A branch of the east line of the Thai State Railways runs through Chon Buri Province. Chon Buri, Bang Lamung and Pattaya are served once a day from Bangkok. The route ends in the small town of Ban Plu Ta Luang, Amphoe Sattahip . Since 2007, additional freight lines from the port of Laem Chabang to Bangkok- Lat Krabang and to Nakhon Ratchasima in northeast Thailand have been under construction. A high-speed line is planned from Bangkok via Chon Buri to Rayong. According to the Ministry of Transport (as of March 2013), the section to Pattaya is to be put into operation in 2018.
Chon Buri is connected to Bangkok by the eight-lane, toll road Bangkok-Chonburi Motorway (National Road 7). There is also the older Thanon Sukhumvit (the main eastern arterial road of Bangkok; National Road 3), which leads through Chon Buri and Pattaya to Rayong and to the Cambodian border.
The state Burapha University has its main campus in Bang Saen , Amphoe Mueang Chon Buri , the Technical University of Rajamangala Tawan-ok in Bang Phra, Amphoe Si Racha . There are also sub-campuses in the province of Kasetsart University (Si Racha) and Thammasat University (Pattaya).
Since 1993 the private Asian University is located in Tambon Huay Yai , Amphoe Bang Lamung . It offers courses in engineering, management and English. In addition, Sripatum University , which is also private, has a subsidiary campus in Chon Buri.
Chon Buri has a long history that goes back to the Khmer times. After the Khmer were pushed back, the kingdom of Ayutthaya took control and never gave it up. After the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, Chon Buri was also nominally placed under Burmese rule, but their occupation forces were not strong enough to rule the country. General Taksin gathered troops and initially went to Rayong and Chon Buri with 500 followers to gather more strength and wait for a favorable opportunity. After the Burmese were driven out of Siam, Taksin then founded the new capital Thonburi , which today forms part of Bangkok.
- Nong Nor - archaeological site in the alluvial plain of the Bang Pakong River , Amphoe Phanat Nikhom ,
- Khok Phanom Di - archaeological site about 14 km north of Nong Nor.
- Pattaya ( pronunciation : [ pʰát tʰá jaː ], ) is an internationally known seaside resort on the Gulf of Thailand .
- Bang Saen - 10 kilometers outside the provincial capital; the "Ocean Park" has a number of water slides and a mountain and valley railway. Burapha University , which specializes in marine science and an extensive saltwater aquarium , the "Scientific Marine Center" is located in the village .
- Ko Sichang - about twelve kilometers from Si Racha in the sea, on which the Wimanmek Palace was originally located, which was built at the instigation of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) and professionally dismantled in 1900 and is the largest teak building in Bangkok has been rebuilt worldwide. In addition to Wat Asdang Nimit, a Buddhist temple ( Wat ) built in the style of a Christian chapel, there is also a Chinese temple here.
- Water buffalo races - The water buffalo races held annually in October are famous, in which the animals that normally work in the rice fields serve for amusement and hold races and participate in a kind of bloodless bullfight.
The seal of the province of Chon Buri shows the hill Kao Sam Muk with a sacred smokehouse. It is believed that the spirit of the hill can keep fishermen safe from all evil.
The local tree and flower is the Narrabaum ( Pterocarpus indicus , also: "Padouk").
The motto of Chon Buri Province is:
- "The province by the beautiful sea,
- Delicious Khao Laam sticky rice in bamboo is grilled,
- Famous for sweet beet and fine wicker,
- Buffalo races are held here every year . "
Chon Buri's politics is dominated by Somchai Khunpluem ("Kamnan Poh"), an influential person with criminal connections (Chao Pho) , and his family. He is considered the "godfather" of Chon Buri or even the entire eastern region. Somchai is the son of a former village chief. With the distribution of spirits, investments in the construction and property development sector, but also illegal activities such as smuggling, he gained great economic and political influence. He became the mayor of Saen Suk (known for the seaside resort of Bang Saen ) and when he was promoted to town, he became its mayor. In general elections in the constituencies of Chon Buri, the candidates supported by Somchai Khunpluem usually win. In the 1970s he allied himself with the Social Action Party , in 1992 he supported the Samakkhi Tham Party , then the Chart Pattana Party until 1995 , then the Chart Thai Party until 2001 . Somchai promoted the development of the east coast into one of the most important industrial regions of Thailand, at the same time he also benefited greatly from it. Somchai's economic empire now extends to mining, real estate, trade, hotels, transport, ports and shipping in addition to the construction and real estate industries. Somchai's three sons also hold important positions in the province. The oldest, Sontaya , has been a minister several times and has been a minister again since 2012. He is also President of Pattaya United . The second, Wittaya , is the chairman of the Chon Buri Provincial Administrative Organization and President of Chonburi FC . The third, Ittipol , is the mayor of Pattaya. Somchai Khunpluem was sentenced to 25 years in prison for murder in 2004, but managed to escape and was not caught until January 2013. Since 2011 the Khunpluem family has had its “own” party called Phalang Chon .
A provincial administrative organization ( บริหาร ส่วน จังหวัด , อบ จ for short , Ongkan Borihan suan Changwat ; English Provincial Administrative Organization , PAO) exists for the entire area of the province .
In the province there is the autonomous city of Mueang Pattaya ( เมือง พัทยา ), which is the only city in Thailand to have a special administrative statute in addition to the capital Bangkok, two large cities ( เทศบาล นคร - Thesaban Nakhon): Laem Chabang and Chao Phraya Surasak ( เทศบาล นคร เจ้าพระยา สุรศักดิ์ ) and nine cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - Thesaban Mueang):
- Nong Prue ( เทศบาล เมือง หนอง ปรือ )
- Sattahip ( เทศบาล เมือง สัตหีบ )
- Ang Sila ( เทศบาล เมือง อ่าง ศิลา )
- Ban Suan ( เทศบาล เมือง บ้าน สวน )
- Saen Suk ( เทศบาล เมือง แสนสุข )
- Ban Bueng ( เทศบาล เมือง บ้านบึง )
- Si Racha ( เทศบาล เมือง ศรีราชา )
- Phanat Nikhom ( เทศบาล เมือง พนัสนิคม ) and
- Chon Buri ( เทศบาล เมือง ชลบุรี ).
There are also 22 small towns in the province ( เทศบาล ตำบล - Thesaban Tambon).
- Gross Regional and Provincial Product, Chain Volume Measures 2011 (PDF; 1.5 MB), National Economic and Social Development Board. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013 ; accessed on November 28, 2015 .
- GROSS PROVINCIAL PRODUCT AT CURRENT MARKET PRICES: Eastern Region, National Economic and Social Development Board, 2011
- Thailand in Figures (2011), p. 285
- High-Speed Rail Project. ( Memento of the original from September 17, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Pattaya Daily News , Sept. 14, 2013.
- High-speed train to Pattaya in 5 years. In: Bangkok Post , March 11, 2013.
- Megumi Naoi: Contested Forces? Economic openness and political responses to regional inequality in East Asia. Dissertation, Columbia University, New York 2006, p. 282.
- Rohini Pande: Understanding Political Corruption in Low Income Countries. In: Handbook of Development Economics. Volume 4, North-Holland, Amsterdam 2008, p. 3163.
- Gavin Shatkin: Globalization and Local Leadership. Growth, Power and Politics in Thailand's Eastern Seaboard. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , Volume 28, No. 1, March 2004, pp. 11-26, doi : 10.1111 / j.0309-1317.2004.00500.x
- Fugitive Somchai Khunpluem arrested following tip off. In: The Nation , January 30, 2013.
- Kamnan Poh behind bars. In: Bangkok Post , January 30, 2013.
- Sonthaya's family sets up Palang Chon Party. In: The Nation , April 28, 2011.
- Department of Provincial Administration : As of 2012 (in Thai)
- Chon Buri Provincial Administration website (in Thai)
- Overview map of Chon Buri province (names in Thai and English) [last accessed on November 15, 2013]
- Thailand in Figures . 13. A. Nonthaburi: Alpha Research 2011. ISBN 9786167526034 .