Eberhard August Franz Ewald "Hardy" Krüger (born April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding ) is a German film actor , voice actor and writer . He was one of the most successful German actors of the 1950s and 1960s and became world famous through international film productions.
Education, war experience and political orientation
Eberhard August Franz Ewald Krüger was born as the son of the engineer Max Krüger (manager of the BeTaLag ) and his wife Auguste, nee. Meier, born. He had a sister, Ilse. The family moved to Berlin-Biesdorf in the 1930s , where Krüger grew up. In 1941, he was the age of thirteen at the request of his parents in the elite boarding the Nazi-oriented and Hitler Youth belonging to Adolf Hitler Schools (AHS). At that time the training took place at the Ordensburg Sonthofen due to the lack of existing school buildings . His schoolmates included u. a. Jakob Muth and Theo Sommer . Until 1944, Krüger was educated at the AHS for a future management position in the Nazi state , although his career aspiration was an engineer.
During his school days in Sonthofen , Krüger was selected in 1943 to play the apprentice Heinz Baum, known as "Bäumchen", for the Nazi propaganda film Junge Adler , directed by Alfred Weidenmann . The film was shot in the UFA studios in Babelsberg in 1943 and was released in cinemas on May 24, 1944. From then on, the film determined Hardy Krüger's further life. During the shooting, Krüger also got to know the criminal side of the Nazi state and thereby changed his views. He made the acquaintance of Albert Florath and Hans Söhnker , who at great risk helped Jews to flee and informed him about the regime. Kruger was now even acting as a secret courier.
At the age of sixteen, in March 1945 - in the last phase of the Second World War - Krüger was drafted to the western front as a group leader of the Waffen SS division “Nibelungen” due to his previous military training . When he refused to shoot an American scouting party in which black Americans also served, he was sentenced to death , but the SS officer in charge did not carry out the execution , instead making Krüger his reporter . On his second report he deserted , hid in the forests of the Bavarian Alps and finally got to Hamburg.
On the advice of Wolfgang Liebeneiner , Eberhard Krüger became an extra in the Hamburger Schauspielhaus and at the same time spokesman for the then NWDR . After moving to Hanover , his acting talent soon crystallized. In the 1950s he became a popular film star in Germany, but found German post-war cinema too shallow, which is why he increasingly looked for international offers. His portrayal of the fighter pilot Franz von Werra in the British war film One Came Through made him known in English-speaking countries in 1957. In the following years, Krüger appeared alternately in German and international productions until the early 1960s, although the quality of the German films increased after his return from England in 1957 ( Der Fuchs von Paris , Banktresor 713 , Confess, Dr. Corda! , the two Käutner productions Der Rest ist Schweigen and Die Gans von Sedan as well as Boomerang and Zwei unter millions ) noticeably improved.
After the war he was one of the few German actors who made an international film career; he now called himself Hardy Krüger . He was involved in numerous productions until the 1980s , including Howard Hawks ' animal catcher film Hatari! alongside John Wayne , in the mercenary flick The Wild Geese appear alongside Richard Burton and Roger Moore , in the star -studded plane crash drama The Flight of the Phoenix by Robert Aldrich, starring James Stewart , Richard Attenborough and Peter Finch , and in The Red Tent , a Soviet one - Italian co-production with Sean Connery and Claudia Cardinale . In France, he played a German captain in the desert war drama Taxi to Tobruk alongside Lino Ventura and Charles Aznavour and took on the male lead in the drama Sundays with Sybill , which won the Oscar in 1963 in the category of best foreign language film .
Due to his Nordic appearance (blonde hair and blue eyes), Krüger was often cast as a Wehrmacht officer of the Second World War, especially in English-language films, for example in the all-star movie The Arnhem Bridge, his flight by Phoenix comrade Attenborough, and in the war comedy The secret of Santa Vittoria as the antagonist of Anthony Quinn and Anna Magnani . However, he was also given roles with positive character traits that were supposed to embody “good Germany”.
In 1971, Hardy Krüger starred in the Durbridge television crime novel The Knife . German television viewers also know Krüger from the travel stories of the television series Hardy's logbook , which was produced by Radio Bremen in the 1960s. At the end of the 1980s, Hardy's log book was continued in the TV series Weltenbummler on ARD , which was produced until 1995. From this time on he withdrew increasingly from the acting business. In 2011 he stood at the side of Dennenesch Zoudé in the ZDF television film Family Secrets - Love, Guilt and Death for the first time in a long time in front of the camera.
In the mid-1980s, Kruger officially ended his film acting career with a less significant Swedish-British co-production.
In 1970, Kruger began a second career as a writer. He published several novels, short stories and reports in which he could fall back on his experiences as a well-traveled cosmopolitan.
Krüger worked in the documentary Von Werra by Werner Schweizer . The film reports without comment about the rise of the Nazi flying ace Franz von Werra in the era of National Socialism . The pictures and quotes that the director uses to tell the story of Franz von Werra speak for themselves. The script is based on the dissertation Between Ancien Régime and Modernism: The Aristocratic Family von Werra by the historian Wilfried Meichtry . Krüger, who played Von Werra in The One that Got Away in 1957 , reads his notes and describes his own childhood. Krüger's escape from the Prisoners of War Camp at the end of the war is contrasted with Von Werra's escape to New Orleans . Krüger also played a role in Nazi propaganda as an apprentice "Bäumchen" in the film Junge Adler (1944). The escape of the feature film The One that Got Away is commented on by contemporary witnesses in Von Werra . The sequence of the scenes, the entanglement of the actions, the documents and the themes are intended to contrast the people portrayed on film in the double portrait. As a teenager at a Nazi elite school like Franz von Werra, Krüger dreamed of an instrumentalized and very specific “ dream of flying ”. Later, however, his views became more critical when he came to love the films made by Jewish directors. In dealing with his own history, he states in the documentation Von Werra that his life and that of Franz von Werra ran in opposite directions from one point in time. Von Werra did everything in his power to return to National Socialist Germany after he was once a British prisoner of war. Krüger, on the other hand, describes how he later did everything to evade the Nazi dictatorship and also to get out of Germany at the end of the war. Hardy Krüger is asked about his own understanding of roles in the popular film One Came Through , as well as about the function of his portrayal in “ post-war Germany ”.
In 2013 he founded the initiative Together against right-wing violence together with Exit Deutschland , Klaus Bednarz , Hark Bohm and Dieter Hallervorden . The aim of the initiative is prevention work against right-wing extremism. He is also a supporter of courage against right-wing violence .
Since 1978 he has lived in his third marriage with the American Anita Park in California or Hamburg . Until 2013, the family lived in a log cabin near Lake Arrowhead in a wooded area of the San Bernardino Mountains above Los Angeles , and since then he has lived in Palm Springs every six months .
Awards and honors (selection)
- 1959: Bravo Otto (bronze)
- 1960: Bravo Otto (silver)
- 1983: German Film Award
- 1987: Golden Camera
- 2001: Knight of the French Legion of Honor
- 2002: Bavarian Film Award , Honorary Award
- 2008: Bambi , honorary award for his life's work
- 2009: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 2011: Jupiter Award for his life's work
- 2014: Stern on the Boulevard der Stars in Berlin
- 1954: German film award in silver for As long as you are there
- 1962: German film award in gold for two in a million
- 1966: Golden Globe Award for The Flight of the Phoenix
- 1943: Young eagles
- 1949: I'll never forget this night!
- 1949: Katchen for everything
- 1949: The young lady and the vagabond
- 1950: Girls from the South Seas - Director: Hans Müller
- 1950: Insel ohne Moral - Director: Volker von Collande
- 1951: You have to be beautiful
- 1951: My friend the thief
- 1952: My name is Niki
- 1952: I cannot marry all of them
- 1952: Illusion in minor
- 1953: The maiden on the roof
- 1953: As long as you are there
- 1953: Do you have to get a divorce right away?
- 1953: me and you
- 1954: the last summer
- 1955: On the beautiful blue Danube
- 1955: Heaven is never sold out
- 1955: Alibi
- 1956: Christel from the post office
- 1956: Liane, the girl from the jungle
- 1957: One came by (The One That Got Away)
- 1957: The Fox of Paris
- 1957: Bank vault 713
- 1958: Confess, Dr. Corda!
- 1959: The Deadly Trap (Blind Date)
- 1958: With your head through the wall (Bachelors of hearts)
- 1959: The rest is silence
- 1959: The Sedan Goose (Une fleur au fusil)
- 1960: boomerang
- 1960: Taxi to Tobruk (Un taxi pour Tobrouk)
- 1961: two in a million
- 1961: Lieschen Müller's dream
- 1962: Hatari!
- 1962: Sundays with Sybill (Les Dimanches de Ville d'Avray)
- 1963: Hardy's logbook - Director: Hardy Krüger (TV series, until 1968)
- 1964: His biggest shoot (Le gros coup) - directed by Jean Valère
- 1965: The temptation is called Jenny (Los pianos mecánicos)
- 1965: And the woods will be silent (Le chant du monde) - Director: Marcel Camus
- 1965: The Flight of the Phoenix (The Flight of the Phoenix)
- 1966: Silent Guns (The Defector)
- 1967: A girl like the sea (La grande Sauterelle)
- 1968: Le franciscain de Bourges - Director: Claude Autant-Lara
- 1969: The Battle of the Neretva (Bitka na Neretvi)
- 1969: The Nun of Monza (La monaca di Monza)
- 1969: The red tent (La tenda rossa)
- 1969: The Secret of Santa Vittoria (The Secret of Santa Vittoria)
- 1971: Diabolic / The witness behind the wall (La tua presenza nuda! / Night child / What the peeper saw) - directed by James Kelley, Andrea Bianchi
- 1971: The Knife (three-part television film)
- 1972: Single-handedly (Le solitaire) - Director: Alain Brunet
- 1972: Death of a Stranger - Directed by Reza S. Badiyi, Uri Massad
- 1973: The fifth offensive - Kesselschlacht an der Sutjeska (Sutjeska) - Director: Stipe Delic
- 1974: Paper Tiger (Paper Tiger)
- 1975: Barry Lyndon
- 1975: Potato Fritz
- 1977: The Arnhem Bridge (A Bridge Too Far)
- 1977: The Wild Geese (The Wild Geese)
- 1978: Die Sturmfahrt der Blue Fin (Blue Fin) - Director: Carl Schultz
- 1981: Fine company - limited liability
- 1982: Flames on the Horizon (Wrong is Right)
- 1982: The World from Above - Director: Dieter Seelmann, Hardy Krüger (TV documentary series)
- 1984: Inside Man (The Inside Man)
- 1986: Sonnenschauer - Director: Christian Görlitz (episode from the TV series: Stories from Home)
- 1986: Reunion in Autumn - Director: Mario Adorf (TV play)
- 1987: Globetrotter - Director: Hardy Krüger (ARD television series, until 1995)
- 2002: Von Werra - director: Werner Schweizer, documentary
- 2011: Family Secrets - Love, Guilt, and Death
- A farm in Africa . Rowohlt, Reinbek 1970; Bastei Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1993, ISBN 3-404-12020-5 .
- Sawimbulu , Munich 1971; New edition 1982, ISBN 3-88010-110-4 .
- The children from the Kastner Farm , Munich 1973, ISBN 3-505-03794-X .
- Those who die standing live longer . Roman, Percha 1973; Bastei Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1993, ISBN 3-404-11981-9 .
- Sound barrier . Roman, Munich 1978; ISBN 3-404-11965-7 .
- The Greek's wife . Stories, Munich 1980; Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1995, ISBN 3-404-12273-9 .
- Young unrest , novel. Bertelsmann, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-570-01399-5 .
- Siberia trip. Diary of a trip . Blanvalet, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-7645-3174-6 .
- Breakfast with Theodore . Novel. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1990, ISBN 3-7857-0591-3 .
- Globetrotter , 3 volumes:
- Wandering years. Encounters with a young actor . Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1998; Paperback, ibid. 2000, ISBN 3-404-14434-1 .
- Scenes of a clown . Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 2001; Paperback, ibid. 2003, ISBN 3-404-61533-6 .
- Delicate flower hope. Love letters from a divided city . Novel. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 2005; Paperback, ibid. 2007, ISBN 978-3-404-92250-5 .
- The other side of the sun . Stories. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 2007; Paperback, ibid. 2009, ISBN 978-3-404-16323-6 .
- Tango africano . Novel. Lübbe, Cologne 2010; Paperback, ibid. 2012, ISBN 978-3-404-16692-3 .
- What life allows itself. My Germany and me . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-455-50397-5 .
- A book of death and love . Collection of stories. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-455-00421-2 .
- Hardy Krüger in the German synchronous file
- Official website of Hardy Kruger
- Literature by and about Hardy Krüger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Hardy Krüger in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Hardy Krüger on filmportal.de
- Hardy Krüger biography on "Who's who"
- Der Tagesspiegel , Interview with Hardy Krüger ( Memento from April 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Images by Hardy Krüger In: Virtual History
- Hardy-Krüger Story “- TV documentary 2019 ARTE by Patrick Zeilhofer
- "Hardy Krüger - a German legend - TV documentary 2020 ZDF by Patrick Zeilhofer
- 30 minutes audio interview with Hardy Krüger
- Anna Kentrath: “You are talented - no question about it!” How the actor Hardy Krüger became a bestselling author who lives his dreams and never tires of standing up for democracy with his personal story. 3-page interview. Centaur, customer magazine of the drugstore chain Dirk Rossmann GmbH , online edition, June 2018 issue. Accessed June 7, 2018 .
- Andreas Conrad: Action star in the economic wonderland . In: Der Tagesspiegel , April 12, 2018, p. 21.
- Harald Ruppert: The great actor and author read from his books in the Ravensbuch bookstore in Friedrichshafen. Hardy Kruger shakes hands with Hemingway . In: Südkurier of December 8, 2008.
- According to our own information in the Beckmann television program on April 14, 2008
- Kruger, Hardy. In: Wer ist Wer ?: The German Who's Who . Vol. 39, Verlag Herrmann Degener, 2000, p. 801.
- In 90 years Hardy Krüger was given life several times in WAZ on April 12, 2018
- Film star Hardy Krüger turns 90: "Somebody wanted me to go on living" , spiegel.de , October 8, 2019
- Hardy Krüger: 1945: Almost early death. November 2015, accessed October 3, 2018 .
- Hardy Krüger on bild.de about his membership of the Waffen-SS ( Memento from December 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- World star Hardy Krüger turns 90.Süddeutsche de GmbH, April 12, 2018, accessed on August 14, 2020 .
- Bernhard Krebs: Actor Hardy Krüger: From the Hitler School to the Fighter Against Right. In: Kölnische Rundschau . November 5, 2013, accessed November 25, 2018 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Krüger, Eberhard August Franz Ewald|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German film actor, voice actor and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 12, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin-Wedding|