Installation (art)

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HA Schult : Trash People in front of Cologne Cathedral

The installation is in the visual arts a mostly room-filling, site-bound and often location- or situational-dimensional work of art . The term, which has been used with regard to art since the late 1970s, is now also used for earlier room-expanding productions .


A starting point for this form of artistic representation is - similar to the environment of the 1950s and 1960s - a spiritual or conceptual approach. In contrast to the environment, the starting point of which is often the confrontation with the everyday world and the world of goods, the installation does not usually aim at a narrative spatial staging, as it is e.g. B. can be found in the work of Edward Kienholz .

Related to the Intervention and Land Art , the installation is predominantly a three-dimensional, space-related art form indoors and outdoors and enables the use of any material, including time, light, sound and movement in space - see light art , sound art , media art and kinetics .

Installations are regularly shown at major group exhibitions such as the Venice Biennale and the documenta in Kassel.

The history of art considered today as the first installations in the aforementioned interior designs and concepts of the first half of the 20th century, such as the staging of Piet Mondrian's now torn off studio (1921-1936, Paris, Montparnasse rue, du Départ) by El Lissitzky Prounen - Raum (1923) or his Cabinet of Abstracts (1928), as well as the round room in the Musée de l'Orangerie (1927, Paris) specially designed for Claude Monet's large-format water lily paintings . More direct predecessors of today's installations are Kurt Schwitters' Merzbau (1923–1936 / 37, Hanover), which was destroyed during the Second World War , and Oskar Schlemmer's unrealized lacquer cabinet (1940). The Galerie Parnass showed in 1963, the first time the installation cycle The Black Room of Wolf Vostell from the year 1958th

Gregor Schneider's Totes Haus ur 1985-Gegenwart is one of the most important existing room installations of the present.

Peter Struycken : light installation, Rotterdam
Kurt Fleckenstein : Fitness
The Guardians of Time by Manfred Kielnhofer in front of the French Cathedral on Berlin's Gendarmenmarkt during the Festival of Lights 2011
Dagmar Schmidt : Excavation cities , Halle-Silberhöhe

List of installation artists

This list does not claim to be complete. More artists under category: Installation artists .

See also


  • Sotirios Bahtsetzis: History of the Installation. Situational shaping of experience in modern art . Dissertation, TU Berlin 2005 ( full text ).
  • Mark Rosenthal: Understanding Installation Art . St. Gallen 2005, summarized text (PDF; 433 kB).

Web links

Commons : Installation  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Willi Baltzer, Alfons W. Biermann: Meeting Point Parnass Wuppertal 1949–1965 . Rheinland-Verlag, 1980.